Anniversary of the Kazan school of traumatology and orthopaedics

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Abstract


Two acting heads of the chairs of Kazan universities present a short historical background on the formation of the Kazan School of Traumatology and Orthopedics. The organization by Professor M.O. Friedland of a prosthetic-orthopedic infirmary in 1918 and subsequent organization of the chair of traumatology and orthopaedics at Kazan state institute for the improvement of physicians’ knowledge and skills is considered to be the starting point. However since the middle of the 19century the medical care was rendered in injuries and at Kazan University students were trained in surgical science and treatment of fractures. The first experience in anesthesia, introduction of antiseptics, improvement of desmurgy and the treatment of gunshot wounds were the basis for any surgical specialty. German professors, the founders of Kazan University, laid down the foundations and their first students N.I. Studenskiy, V.I. Razumovskiy and M.O. Fridland has contributed to the formation of a specialty in Kazan. At present time the chairs of traumatology and orthopaedics are organized at three universities and at the Center for High Technologies every physician and surgeon have an opportunity and to acquire new knowledge and skills.

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About the authors

I. F Akhtiamov

Kazan State Medical University

Butlerova str., 49, Kazan’, 420012, Russia

I. O Pankov

Kazan State Medical Academy

Mushtari str., 11, 420012, Kazan’, Russia

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