History, Present and Future of Knee Arthroplasty

Abstract


The review covers different aspects of knee joint arthroplasty. With improvement of arthroplasty techniques the joint implants are constantly perfected: the more strong alloys with high biocompatibility are used for their production, design is developed using mathematical models, endoprosthesis friction node are subjected to long-term bench testing. All these innovations are directed at the improvement of implant quality, increase of their survival time, minimization of toxic effect on the patient’s organism. Taking into account all advantages and disadvantages of the available joint implants with different design and various friction pairs being detected from literature data and by our experience it was concluded that elaboration of joint implant with increased wear resistance is required.

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About the authors

V. M Prokhorenko

Tsiv’yan Novosibirsk Research Institute of Traumatology and Orthopedics

Email: niito@niito.ru
Novosibirsk, Russia

A. A Mamedov

Tsiv’yan Novosibirsk Research Institute of Traumatology and Orthopedics

Novosibirsk, Russia

V. S Baitov

Tsiv’yan Novosibirsk Research Institute of Traumatology and Orthopedics

Novosibirsk, Russia

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