Surgical Treatment of Severe Congenital Scoliosis

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Abstract

Retrospective analysis of treatment results for 36 patients (31 females, 5 males) aged 2 - 31 years with congenital scoliosis was performed. Malformation of vertebrae was present in 23 patients, disorder of segmentation - in 9, combined anomalies - in 4 patients. Posterior fusion was performed in 15, combined anterior and posterior fusion - in 7, removal of the semivertebra - 13, and VEPTR technique - in 1 patient. Treatment results were assessed by roentgenographic data and the results of SRS-24 questionnaires. Follow up period made up from 1 to 7 years. Differentiated approach to treatment enabled to create conditions for the proper development of the spine and formation of adequate frontal and sagittal balance as well as to increase patient’s self-appraisal and daily activity.

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