Congenital Abnormalities (developmental defects) and Musculoskeletal System Deformities in Children

Abstract


Data of RF Health Ministry official statistics, Federal Genetic Register and Congenital Defects Monitoring Center, and St. Petersburg Diagnostic (Medical Genetic) Center were analyzed. It is stated that within XVII Class of ICD-10 “Congenital abnormalities (developmental defects), deformities and chromosomal disorders” congenital malformations (developmental defects) and musculoskeletal system (MSS) deformities make up 20 - 22% and handicapped children account for 25 - 28%. The rate of MSS abnormalities diagnosed in maternity hospitals is 4.0 - 4.4 per 1000 of newborns. Rate and structure of MSS malformations in newborns and handicapped children was studied and compared. The number of handicapped children with various forms of MSS congenital developmental defects changes with age that reflects both progression of disease and deformity relapse as well as treatment efficacy. Rate indices and data on the structures of various forms of congenital developmental defects may be used for disability prognostication when planning the requirements in treatment and rehabilitation.

About the authors

A. G Baindurashvili

The Turner Scientific and Research Institute for Children's Orthopedics, Saint-Petersburg, Russia


K. S Solov’yova

The Turner Scientific and Research Institute for Children's Orthopedics, Saint-Petersburg, Russia

Email: omoturner@mail.ru

A. V Zaletina

The Turner Scientific and Research Institute for Children's Orthopedics, Saint-Petersburg, Russia


Yu. A Lapkin

The Turner Scientific and Research Institute for Children's Orthopedics, Saint-Petersburg, Russia


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