Diagnostic Value of Contrast Radiologic Examination for Rational Planning of Surgical Treatment of High Congenital Hip Dislocation in Children


Diagnostic value of contrast radiologic examination of hip joint was analyzed in 49 children aged from 1 to 12 years with high congenital hip dislocation. Informativeness of 38 standard hip joint arthrograms was studied for the choice of treatment technique and preoperative planning. It was stated that arthrography did not provide sufficient information on the changes in soft tissue and cartilaginous structures of the joint. Experience in joint pathologic changes diagnosis using contrast computed tomography (11 patients) was presented. Potentialities of that examination technique were determined. It was shown that in high dislocation of femoral head it provided real picture of interrelation of all articular structures. That enabled to take objectively substantiated decision on open or closed correction of dislocation and perform an adequate preoperative planning.


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