Tactics of Operative Treatment for Closed Long Bone Fractures in Patients with Polytrauma in Early Period

Abstract


Results of the treatment of 218 victims with polytrauma were analyzed during the period from 1998 to 2202. There were 127 patients with one and 91 patients with several closed fractures. Authors consider osteosynthesis for closed long bone fractures to be an urgent operation of third term. Osteosynthesis is absolutely indicated to the patients with psychomotor excitation, in cases of the threat for skin perforation by bone fragments and in patients requiring intensive nursing for their life rescue. The choice of operative method depends on polytrauma severity and fracture type. When osteosynthesis is performed by urgent indications in patients with polytrauma the requirements to osteosynthesis stiffness are higher than in isolate injuries, as the rotation displacement, migration and fixator deformity frequently take place in unconscious patients who need constant intensive nursing. In patients with concomitant thorax injury urgent intramedullar osteosynthesis by nail is contraindicated due to the possibility of fat embolism syndrome development. In these patients plate osteosynthesis is preferred. If there are no absolute indications to urgent osteosynthesis this operation could be performed on 3-10 days after trauma using lightly traumatic and invasive methods not waiting for the complete normalization of homeostasis parameters and restoration of soft tissues in the fracture zone. In closed long bone fractures tactics of early osteosynthesis allows to decrease the rate of hypostatic complications and mortality by more than 10% and achieve good functional results.

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