Antioxidant activity of the dry extract from Silene jeniseensis Willd at experimental immunodeficiency

Cite item

Full Text

Open Access Open Access
Restricted Access Access granted
Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access


Rationale. Many vital metabolic and physiological processes occurring in the body are closely related to free radical oxidation. Toxic peroxide free radicals and reactive oxygen species damage important structural and functional proteins and lipids, enzyme and membrane systems of cells that results in the suppression of the functional activity of immunocompetent cells and emergence of various immunopathological processes. The use of new immunomodulators based on plant raw materials with antioxidant activity is relevant for their correction. The aim of this work is to evaluate the antioxidant properties of the dry Silene jeniseensis Willd extract in experimental immunodeficiency. Material and methods. Studies were conducted on Fl(CBAxC57BI/6) mice. Immunodeficiency was simulated by intraperitoneal administration of cyclophosphamide. S. jeniseensis extract was administered at a dose of 100 mg/kg in association with cyclophosphamide. The intensity of lipid peroxidation and the state of the endogenous antioxidant system were evaluated by determining of the malonic dialdehyde (MDA) and reduced glutathione (GSH) content and catalase activity in the spleen homogenate. The membrane-stabilizing activity was evaluated using a model of peroxide hemolysis with a suspension of red blood cells from donor blood. Antiradical activity was determined by the ability of the remedy to bind 2,2'-diphenyl-l-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH'), 2,2'-azino-bis-3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid (ABTS,+), superoxide anion radical (О2”) and Fe2+. Results. The introduction of S. jeniseensis extract reduced the severity of oxidative stress in immunosuppression: the MDA content decreased by 2.0 times; the catalase activity and GSH content increased by 2.3 and 1.5 times, respectively, compared to the level of suppression. S. jeniseensis is characterized by pronounced membrane-stabilizing activity, shows the anti-radical effect against DPPH1, ABTS’+ and O2” radicals, also it has Fe2+- chelating activity. Conclusions. S. jeniseensis extract has a pronounced antioxidant activity in experimental immunodeficiency which is manifested by the decrease of the malonic dialdehyde concentration, increase of catalase activity and increase of the reduced glutathione content, also it has the membrane-stabilizing and anti-radical effects.

Full Text

Restricted Access

About the authors

A. V Khalzanova

Buryat State University named after Dorzhi Banzarov

Post-graduate Student, Department of Pharmacology and Traditional Medicine, Medical Institute Ulan-Ude

A. A Toropova

Institute of General and Experimental Biology SB RAS; Buryat State University named after Dorzhi Banzarov

Ph.D. (Biol.), Research Scientist, Laboratory of the Biologically Active Substances Safety, Institute of General and Experimental Biology SB RAS; Senior Lecturer, Department of Infectious Diseases, Medical institute, Buryat State University named after Dorzhi Banzarov Ulan-Ude

V. B Khobrakova

Institute of General and Experimental Biology SB RAS; Buryat State University named after Dorzhi Banzarov

Dr.Sc. (Biol.), Associate Professor, Head of the Laboratory of Experimental Pharmacology, Institute of General and Experimental Biology SB RAS; Professor, Department of Human General Pathology, Medical Institute, Buryat State University named after Dorzhi Banzarov Ulan-Ude


  1. Фархутдинова Л.М. Окислительный стресс. История вопроса. Вестник Академии наук Республики Башкортостан. 2015; 20(1): 42-49.
  2. Pham-Huy L.A., He H, Pham-Huy C. Free radicals, antioxidants in disease and health. International journal of biomedical science. 2008; 4(2): 89-96.
  3. Студенцов Е.П., Рамш С.М., Казурова Н.Г., Непорожнева О.В., Гарабаджиу А.В., Кочина Т.А., Воронков М.Г., Кузнецов В.А., Криворотов Д.В. Адаптогены и родственные группы лекарственных препаратов - 50 лет поисков. Обзоры по клинической фармакологии и лекарственной терапии. 2013; 11(4): 3-43.
  4. Wismann D., Binder C.J. The innate immune response to products of phospholipid peroxidation. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (Biomembranes). 2012; 1818 (10): 2465-2475.
  5. Reyes-Mungma A., Carrillo-Inungaray M. L., Carranza-Alvarez C., Pimentel-Gonzalez D. J., Alvarado-Sanchez B. Antioxidant activity, antimicrobial and effects in the immune system of plants and fruits extracts. Frontiers in Life Science. 2016; 9(2): 90-98.
  6. Kumar S., Abhay K. Pandey. Free Radicals: Health Implications and their Mitigation by Herbals. British Journal of Medicine & Medical Research. 2015; 7(6): 438-457.
  7. Камышников В.С. Клиническая лабораторная диагностика (методы и трактовка лабораторных исследований). М.: МЕДпресс-информ, 2017. С. 720
  8. Королюк М.А., Иванова Л.И., Майорова И.Г., Токарев В.Е. Метод определения активности каталазы. Лабораторное дело. 1988. 1: 16-19.
  9. Shaik I.H., Mehvar R. Rapid determination of reduced and oxidized glutathione levels using a new thiol-masking reagent and the enzymatic recycling method: Application to the rat liver and bile samples. Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry. 2006; 385(1): 105-113.
  10. Хобракова В.Б., Торопова А.А., Разуваева Я.Г., Гармаев Д.Э. Иммуномодулирующая и антиоксидантная активность настойки Cimicifuga dahurica (Turcz.) Maxim. Биофармацевтический журнал. 2019; 11(2): 45-51.
  11. Adesanwo J.K., Makinde O.O., Obafemi C.A.J. Phytochemical analysis and antioxidant activity of methanol extract and betulinic acid isolated from the roots of Tetracera potatoria. Pharmaceutical Research. 2013; 6: 903-907.
  12. Tu P.T., Tawata S. Anti-oxidant, anti-aging, and anti-melano-genic properties of the essential oils from two varieties of Alpinia Zerumbet. Molecules. 2015; 20: 16723-16740.
  13. Rahini D., Anuradha R. In vitro antioxidant activity of Arta-botrys hexapetallus. Research Journal of Pharmaceutical, Biological and Chemical Sciences. 2014; 5 (2): 396-405
  14. Оленников Д.Н., Зилфикаров И.Н., Торопова А.А., Ибрагимов Т.А. Химический состав сока каллизии душистой (Callisia fragrans wood.) и его антиоксидантная активность (in vitro). Химия растительного сырья. 2008; 4: 95-100.
  15. Сейдахметова Р.Б., Романова М.А., Мукушева Г.К., Сейтембетов Т.С., Адекенов С.М. Антиоксидантная активность природных флавоноидов и их производных. Иммунопатология, аллергология, инфектология. 2018; 2: 32-35.
  16. Sofna B., Artanti N. Antioxidant properties of flavonoids. Medical Journal of Indonesia. 2015; 23: 239.
  17. Mamadalieva N.Z., El-Readi M.Z., Janibekov A.A., Tahrani A., Wink M. Phytoecdysteroids of Silene guntensis and their in vitro cytotoxic and antioxidant activity. Journal of biosciences. 2011; 66 (5-6): 215-224.
  18. Taskin T., Biti L. Antioxidant activity of Silene alba subsp. divaricata and Stellaria media subsp. media from Caryophyl-laceae. Spatula DD - Peer Reviewed Journal on Complementary Medicine and Drug Discovery. 2013; 3 (1): 1-5.
  19. Mamadalieva N.Z., Lafont R., Wink M. Diversity of secondary metabolites in the genus Silene L. (Caryophyllaceae): structures, distribution and biological properties. Diversity. 2014; 6: 415-499.
  20. Chandra S., Rawat D.S. Medical plants of the family Caryo-phyllaceae: a review of etno-medicinal used and pharmacological properties. Integrative Medicine Research. 2015; 4: 123-131.

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies