Intraoperative multi-pulse transcranial electric stimulation: the effect of general anesthetics impact on the excitability of the pyramidal tract

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Abstract


The results of intraoperative neurophysiological monitoring during neurosurgical treatment of pathological processes in the central nervous system are analyzed. The mechanisms of action of general anesthetics on the excitability of the pyramidal system during anesthesia with propofol and sevoflurane have been clarified. It has been established that anesthetics with different mechanisms differ in their effect on excitability and conductivity in the system «motor neuron of the cortex – pathways – alpha-motor neuron». Inhalation anesthetic sevoflurane causes a slowdown in the conduction of a nerve impulse and a violation of the mechanisms of convergence of excitation on the alpha-motor neuron of the spinal cord. In this regard, during general anesthesia with sevoflurane, in order to achieve the effectiveness of transcranial electrical stimulation, the number of stimuli in the package should be increased first with a relatively high stimulation current. Under general anesthesia with propofol, the processes of convergence of excitation are not inhibited, therefore, effective electrical stimulation is achieved by increasing the stimulation current with a stable number of stimuli. With an increase in doses of general anesthetic to a level at which periodic patterns are recorded on the electroencephalogram, a deep inhibition of the excitability and conductivity of the pyramidal system occurs. Under these conditions, effective performance of transcranial electrical stimulation is achieved with submaximal values of the current strength and the number of stimuli.


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About the authors

O. A. Toporkova

Almazov National Medical Research Centre

Author for correspondence.
Email: vmeda-nio@mil.ru

Russian Federation, Saint Petersburg

M. V. Aleksandrov

Almazov National Medical Research Centre;

Email: vmeda-nio@mil.ru

Russian Federation, Saint Petersburg

R. V. Nazarov

Северо-Западный окружной научно-клинический центр им. Л.Г. Соколова

Email: vmeda-nio@mil.ru

Russian Federation, Санкт-Петербург

V. S. Chernyj

Институт токсикологии

Email: vmeda-nio@mil.ru

Russian Federation, Санкт-Петербург

References

Supplementary files

Supplementary Files Action
1.
Fig. TPP parameters: I - stimulation current; n is the number of stimuli in a pack (n = 5 in the diagram); t is the duration of an individual stimulus; isi - interstimulus interval; T is the total duration of the pack; tgα is the summation coefficient. The stimulation power corresponds to the shaded area of the stimuli in the packet

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Copyright (c) 2020 Toporkova O.A., Aleksandrov M.V., Nazarov R.V., Chernyj V.S.

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

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