The psychosocial impact on society of the COVID-19 epidemic

Cover Page

Full Text

Open Access Open Access
Restricted Access Access granted
Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access


The issues of psychosocial and other impact of COVID-19 on the epidemiological specificity of the disease are considered in the interests of effective medical, psychological and social interventions to preserve the epidemiological well-being in society during the period of the COVID-19. It is shown that the spread of this disease had a sharply negative impact on the economy, in particular, of our country, since for a long time certain industries that served as sources of budget revenues were “paralyzed”, and the population’s ability to pay sharply decreased, the volume of financial inflows into the service sector decreased, which is reflected in the field of public health. Therefore, within the framework of the anti-crisis COVID-19 measures, one can single out such areas as education, employment, support for vulnerable groups and information support, which are carried out in various countries based on the existing practices, methods and financial capabilities. In addition, the fact that the current outbreak of COVID-19 provokes stigmatization and discriminatory behavior of society towards representatives of certain ethnic groups, as well as towards people suspected of having contact with carriers of the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus infection, is of great epidemiological significance. The widespread prevalence of COVID-19 is believed to be not a pandemic, but a syndemia (not just comorbidity, but an integration that identifies biological and social interactions important for prognosis, treatment and health policy), characterized by biological and social interactions between conditions and conditions, interactions that increase a person’s susceptibility to harm or worsen their health. Thus, in the case of COVID-19, the fight against non-communicable diseases (hypertension, obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular and chronic respiratory diseases, cancer, snake bites, epilepsy, kidney disease and sickle cell anemia) and socioeconomic inequality will also become a prerequisite for its successful containment.

Full Text

Restricted Access

About the authors

Vasily N. Bolekhan

Military Medical Academy named after S.M. Kirov

Author for correspondence.

doctor of medical, sciences associate professor

Russian Federation, Saint Petersburg

Igor M. Ulyukin

Military Medical Academy named after S.M. Kirov


candidate of medical sciences

Russian Federation, Saint Petersburg

Ekaterina V. Shulyatyeva

Military Medical Academy named after S.M. Kirov



Russian Federation, Saint Petersburg


  1. Vremennye metoditceskie rekomendatcii. Profilaktika, diagnostika I lechenie novoy koronavirusnoy ingekcii (COVID-19). Versia 9 (26.10.2020). Moscow: Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation Publisher; 2020. (In Russ.)
  2. Yakovleva EN, Yashalova NN, Ruban DA, Vasil’tsov VS. Methodological approaches to valuation of natural-climatic risks for the purposes of country’s sustainable development. Proceedings of the Russian state hydrometeorological university. 2018;52:120−137. (In Russ.).
  3. Kaliakina IM, Avanesian EA, Saifullin AS. Impact of COVID-19 on the Russian economy. Moscow journal. 2020;6:245–240. (In Russ). doi: 10.24411/2413-046Х-2020-10429.
  4. Shestopalov AM, Kononova YuV, Gadzhiev AA, et al. Biodiversity and epidemic potential of Chiropteran coronaviruses (Nidovirales: Coronaviridae). South of Russia: ecology, development. 2020;15(2):17–34. (In Russ.) doi: 10.18470/1992-1098-2020-2-17-34
  5. Bolotin EI, Ananiev VYu. Spatial and temporal structure of the infectious diseases incidence in the population of the South of the Russian Far East: system approach. Parasitology. 2006;4:371–383. (In Russ.)
  6. Bolotin EI, Fedorova SY. Some peculiarity of relation of climate and infection diseases. Journal Human Ecology. 2009;3:44−48. (In Russ).
  7. Savushkina OI, Cherniak AV, Kryukov EV, et al. Pulmonary function after COVID-19 in early convalescence phase. Medical alphabet. 2020;25:7–12. (In Russ.) doi: 10.33667/2078-5631-2020-25-7-12
  8. Barlow A, Landolf KM, Barlow B, et al. Review of Emerging Pharmacotherapy for the Treatment of Coronavirus Disease 2019. Pharmacotherapy. 2020;40(5):416–437. doi: 10.1002/phar.2398
  9. COVID-19 Treatment Guidelines Panel. Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Treatment Guidelines. N.Y.: National Institutes of Health; 2020. 224 р.
  10. Frolov DV, Kryukov EV, Svetlitskaya MV, et al. Fizitceskaya reabilitatsia patsientov s novoy koronarovirusnoy infekciey COVID−19 v voennom statsionare s ispolzovaniem telekommunikacionnykh tekhnologiy. Vremennye metodiyceskie rekomendacii (Physical rehabilitation of patients with the novel coronavirus infection COVID-19 in a military hospital using telecommunication technologies. Temporary guidelines). Moscow; 2020. (In Russ.)
  11. Kaur SP, Gupta V. COVID-19 Vaccine: A comprehensive status report. Virus Res. 2020;288:198114. doi: 10.1016/j.virusres.2020.198114
  12. Shvartz YS, Stavitskaya NV, Kudlay DA. BCG vaccination as protection from COVID-19: epidemiological and molecular biological aspects. Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases. 2020;98(5):6–14. (In Russ.) doi: 10.21292/2075-1230-2020-98-5-6-14
  13. Romanov BK. Coronavirus disease COVID-2019. Safety and Risk of Pharmacotherapy. 2020;8(1):3–8. (In Russ.). doi: 10.30895/2312-7821-2020-8-1-3-8
  14. Kutyrev VV, Popova AYu, Smolensky VYu, et al. Epidemiological Features of New Coronavirus Infection (COVID-19). Communication 1: Modes of Implementation of Preventive and Anti-Epidemic Measures. Problems of Particularly Dangerous Infections. 2020;1:6–13. (In Russ.). doi: 10.21055/0370-1069-2020-1-6-13
  15. Varfalovskaya RA, Varfalovskiy AV. Management decisions of the PRC under the conditions of global infection of COVID-19. Education and law. 2020;4:418–422. (In Russ.) doi: 10.24411/2076-1503-2020-10465
  16. Horton R. Offline: COVID-19 − a reckoning. Lancet. 2020;395(10228):935. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30669-3
  17. Bagnenko SF, Rassokhin VV, Belyakov NA, et al. COVID-19 coronavirus infection. Treatment and prevention. HIV Infection and Immunosuppressive Disorders. 2020;12(2):31–55. (In Russ.).doi: 10.22328/2077-9828-2020-12-2-31-56
  18. Horton R. Offline: COVID-19 − a crisis of power. Lancet. 2020;396(10260):1383. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(20)32262-5
  19. Bradford S, Cullen F. Youth policy in austerity Europe. Inter. J. of Adolescence and Youth. 2014;19(S1):1–4. doi: 10.1080/02673843.2013.874104
  20. Novye formy razvitia I podderzki molodezhi v period pandemii, vyzvannoy COVID-19 (New forms of development and support for young people during the COVID-19 pandemic). Issledovania po povestke Foruma "Silnye idei dlia novogo vremeni" (Research on the agenda of the Forum "Strong ideas for a new time"). Мoscow; 2020. (In Russ.)
  21. Leizarenko D. Vse drug druga perezarazhayut: v Moskve obrazovalis ocheredi v metro I dorozgnye probki posle vvedenia sysnemy propuskov ("Everyone re-infects each other": queues in the metro and traffic jams appeared in Moscow after the introduction of the pass system). 2020 (In Russ.)
  22. Girolamo de G, Cerveri G, Clerici M, et al. Mental Health in the Coronavirus Disease 2019 Emergency − The Italian Response. JAMA Psychiatry. 2020;77(9):974–976. doi: 10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2020.1276
  23. Varnavskaia EV, Afanasyev SO, Yakovenko NS. Lexical markers of social anxiety. International J. of Humanities and Natural Sciences. 2020;7-3(46):62−64 (In Russ.).doi: 10.24411/2500-1000-2020-10813
  24. Chekletsov VV. Social assessment of digital reality challenges and modeling the development of cyberphysical systems in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic. Philosophical problems of IT and Cyberspace. 2020;17(1):4–15. (In Russ.). doi: 10.17726/philIT.2020.1.1
  25. Tulinov D. Neuronet. Technology breaks into our brains. Schrödinger’s cat. 2015;7–8(9–10). (In Russ.)
  26. O napravlenii dlia ispolzovania v rabote rekomendaciy po voprosam organizatcii psikhologicheskoy I psikhoterapevticeskoy pomoshchi v sviazi s rasprostraneniem novoy koronavirusnoi infekcii COVID−19 (On the direction for use in the work of recommendations on the organization of psychological and psychotherapeutic assistance in connection with the spread of the new coronavirus infection COVID−19) : Letter of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation dated 07.05.2020, № 28−З/И/2−6111. Мoscow; 2020. (In Russ.)
  27. Danilenko DM, Komissarov AB, Stukova MA, Lioznov DA. To be or not to be: forecast of Covid-19 epidemic development in Russia. Jurnal Infektologii. 2020;12(3):6–11. (In Russ.). doi: 10.22625/2072-6732-2020-12-3-6-11
  28. Singer M, Bulled N, Ostrach B, Mendenhall E. Syndemics and the biosocial conception of health. Lancet. 2017;389(10072):941–950. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(17)30003-X
  29. Horton R. Offline: COVID-19 is not a pandemic. Lancet. 2020;396(10255):874. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(20)32000-6
  30. Zajcev AA, CHernov SA, Kryukov EV, et al. Prakticheskij opyt vedeniya pacientov s novoj koronavirusnoj infekciej COVID-19 v stacionare (predvaritel’nye itogi i rekomendacii). Lechashchij vrach. 2020;6:74–79. (In Russ.)
  31. Maksimova EV, Morozov VV. COVID-19 and Globalization. Innovations and Investments. 2020;5:86–90. (In Russ.)
  32. Krastev I. Is it tomorrow, yet? Russia in Global Affairs. 2020;18(3):42−62. (In Russ.)



Abstract: 218


Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...


Copyright (c) 2021 Bolekhan V.N., Ulyukin I.M., Shulyatyeva E.V.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies