Urban construction and architecture


  • Samara State Technical University.


  • Aleksander K. Strelkov, PhD, Professor (Samara, Russian Federation)


The journal is included in the Russian Science Citation Index (RSCI) database with its full-text electronic version hosted in the Scientific Electronic Library (www.elibrary.ru). Each paper in the journal is given a digital object identifier (DOI), which serves as a unique electronic identification tag for that paper.

Articles selection process

All submitted manuscripts undergo official independent peer-review by either the members of the Editorial Board and or by Russian leading scientists working in the field of scientific issues of the journal.


The journal is published once a quarter (four times a year) in Open Access and covers the following fields: «Architecture and Civil Engineering» and «Energy Engineering».

Research topics

The topics and sections of the journal are as follows:

  • Architecture and Civil Engineering:
    • 05.23.01 – Building structures, buildings and constructions
    • 05.23.03 – Heat Supply, Ventilation, Air Conditioning, Gas Supply and Lighting
    • 05.23.04 – Water Supply, Sewage, Construction Systems for Protection of Water Resources
    • 05.23.05 – Building Materials and Products
    • 05.23.07 – Hydraulic Engineering
    • 05.23.08 – Technology and Organization of Construction
    • 05.23.19 – Ecological Safety of Construction and Urban Economics
    • 05.23.20 – Theory and history of architecture, restoration and reconstruction of architectural heritage
    • 05.23.21 – Architecture of Buildings and Constructions. Creative Concepts of Architectural Activity
    • 05.23.22 – Urban Planning, Planning of Rural Settlements
  • Energy Engineering:
    • 05.14.02 – Electric Power Stations, Networks, and Grids
    • 05.14.04 – Industrial Thermal Power


No announcements have been published.
More Announcements...

Current Issue

Vol 13, No 2 (2023)


Changes in the strength of wood and wooden structures in time
Balabanov M.S., Buteno S.A., Leonenko A.S.

The preservation of cultural heritage is one of the most important tasks in the modern world. Carrying out restoration work of buildings and structures requires a comprehensive study of an architectural monument, its appearance, building materials from which it is made, as well as its design features. During repair and restoration work, it is necessary to know the physical and mechanical characteristics of materials, including wood. In addition, you need to know the breed from which the structure is made. This can be done using only a set of studies – chemical, macrometric and micrometric. With the help of chemical reactions, it is determined what type of species this or that wood belongs to – coniferous or deciduous. The macrometric method determines such a feature of hardwood species as their diffuse-vascular or ring-vascular structure. Micrometric analysis makes it possible to study the obtained samples more subtly and, by their structure, unambiguously determine the specific rock from which the structure is made. In addition, a change in the strength of wood that has been used for more than a hundred years has been revealed, compared with reference data for these species.

Urban construction and architecture. 2023;13(2):4-9
pages 4-9 views
To the question of thermal weakening of stretched rods of steel trusses of coatings reinforced by welding
Rodionov I.K., Rodionov I.I.

The issues of thermal weakening, which develops in the process of strengthening by the method of increasing the section with the use of welding of tensioned rods of steel roof trusses, are considered. Solving the issue of the order of surfacing of seams, it is indicated that all possible technologies for attaching reinforcement elements proposed in different sources can be reduced to two main, fundamentally different welding technologies. The theoretical substantiation of a rational welding technology for strengthening stretched elements is given: it allows welding reinforced and reinforcing rods at full design load. Criteria are given for the safe conduct of welding operations when strengthening stretched rods by the method of increasing sections.

Urban construction and architecture. 2023;13(2):10-16
pages 10-16 views


Profiling of the blade of a hydroturbine of a micro hydroelectricpower plant by Bezier curves
Zelentsov D.V., Krasheninnikov S.V., Savchenko O.V.

In the water supply system of buildings and structures, in most cases, water pressure is excessive. This leads to the loss of energy spent on creating water pressure and causes an overexpenditure of energy resources. One of the ways to utilize the lost energy is to use it in the water supply systems of micro hydroelectric power plants. At the same time, there is no detailed methodology for designing such devices, which is an obstacle to their development and mass implementation. In particular, there is no methodology for designing the main unit of a microhydroelectric power station – a hydroturbine, which largely determines the efficiency of the device. The paper shows one of the methods for profiling the impeller of a radial-axial hydraulic turbine of a microhydroelectric power station using Bezier curves to achieve the highest efficiency of the device.

Urban construction and architecture. 2023;13(2):17-21
pages 17-21 views
Investigation of the dependence of sediment specific resistance on its humidity and initial concentration bentonite haddener
Kichigin V.I., Iudin A.A.

It was found that the intensity of the growth of the pH value in distillate solutions turned out to be somewhat higher than in solutions with water from the city waterworks (DHW). The absolute values of ORP were somewhat higher in a solution of bentonite clay with distillate than in a solution with DHW water. It has been proven that the rate of water loss of sediment r increased with an increase in the initial moisture content of the sediment Wn and the concentration of the turbidity Cn in the test solution, and the rate of water loss was higher in samples where water with hot water was used as a solvent. Mathematical models of the dependence of the sediment resistivity on its initial moisture content, the initial concentration of the opacifying agent, and the salt composition of the solvent are obtained.

Urban construction and architecture. 2023;13(2):22-30
pages 22-30 views
Features of drinking water in the rural settlement of Rozhdestveno, Samara region
Negoda L.L., Sudakova T.V., Kurmayeva T.V.

The article highlights the problems of providing high-quality drinking water to residents of the rural settlement of Rozhdestveno in the Samara region. The results of the analysis of drinking water of the specified population on such indicators as total hardness, hydrogen index (pH), total iron are presented. The influence of excessive content of calcium and iron ions on human health is noted. The analysis of various forms of the existence of iron in natural waters is carried out. As a result of the analysis of the chemical composition of the water, the absence of water treatment for the population was established. It is determined that when transparent artesian water is standing in the air, a brown precipitate appears. The article presents the authors’ opinions on how work should be carried out to improve the quality of water treatment before supplying water to the water supply network for the population in order to reduce the negative impact of such water on human health.

Urban construction and architecture. 2023;13(2):31-39
pages 31-39 views
Results of the application of aerobic thermophilic microorganisms for wastewater purification of the oil extraction industry
Strelkov A.K., Stepanov S.V., Morozova K.M., Bazarova A.O.

Experiments were carried out in a laboratory batch reactor on the wastewater of LLC “BoMEZ” p. Rich with the use of a biological product under aerobic conditions. The average efficiency of purification of organic substances by COD when using biological product No. 4 was: 1st mode – 62%, 2nd mode – 73%. When using biological product No. 5: 1st mode – 61%, 2nd mode – 74%. Biocenosis at a temperature of 35 to 55°C was represented by lower unicellular fungi immobilized on the load, at a lower temperature there was a symbiosis of bacterial activated sludge and unicellular lower fungi. When conducting an experiment on a pilot plant on the wastewater of JSC “Samaraagroprompererabotka” p.g.t. Bezenchuk, under various operating modes of the enterprise, the values of kinetic constants and coefficients of biological wastewater treatment of oil extraction production were obtained. The maximum rate of oxidation (Vmax) of organic pollutants according to COD was 500 mg/(l·h), Km – 553 mg/l, Si – 52 mg/l; according to BOD5 – Vmax – 333 mg / (l.h), Km – 217 mg / l; for fats Vmax – 55 mg / (l·h), Km – 51 mg / l; the average value of the temperature constant χ for all pollution is 0.048 °C-1. Technological scheme and methodology for calculation of facilities for biological wastewater treatment of oil extraction enterprises with the use of aerobic thermophilic microorganisms has been developed. A feasibility study was carried out for the use of aerobic thermophilic microorganisms for wastewater treatment of oil extraction production, the cost was 25.68 rubles/m3.

Urban construction and architecture. 2023;13(2):40-47
pages 40-47 views
Studying the quality of surface wastewater of a large industrial center on the example of the city of Samara
Strelkov A.K., Shuvalov M.V., Pavluhin A.A., Teplyh S.Y.

One of the factors of water pollution (in particular, the Volga and Samara rivers) is untreated surface wastewater. The article considers the reasons for the current negative situation, establishes the outlets of the historical part of the city that have a pernicious effect on the water body, some of which are located in the zones of sanitary protection of water treatment facilities. Information on the prevention of river pollution is presented, a classification of wastewater is developed according to the available long-term observation periods.

Urban construction and architecture. 2023;13(2):48-56
pages 48-56 views
Research to determine filtration flow from the railway
Teplyh S.Y.

The analysis and characteristics of surface runoff filtration in the ballast prism of the railway track are presented. It is shown that one of the tasks of designing and calculating surface drainage systems is to determine the parameters of the flow, primarily the flow. The most common schematization of the flow as a uniform flow is solved as a problem in a two-dimensional setting using the Chezy formulas, respectively, we obtain the formula for the flow rate of the seepage flow. It has been established that surface water seeps through the upper and lower structures of the ballast prism. There are two lateral ejections. The dependence of wastewater consumption on the pollution of railways is revealed. The concentration of oil products in surface wastewater significantly affects the flow rate and coefficient of surface runoff, as well as the flow rate of seepage flow. It is concluded that the more contaminated the railway tracks with binder oil products, the less liquid seeps through the ballast prism and the filtration runoff from the railway tracks decreases. The resulting impermeable layer of oil products, dust (suspended matter) affect the accumulation of surface sewage on and along the railway tracks. Accordingly, the more uncontaminated the paths, the greater the lateral seepage and the inflow of filtration runoff into the soil.

Urban construction and architecture. 2023;13(2):57-63
pages 57-63 views


Improving the efficiency of combined-cycle gas installations due to intermediate cooling cyclic air by turbine condensate
Kudinov A.A., Ziganshina S.K., Khusainov K.R.

To increase the efficiency of the combined-cycle gas plant, it is proposed to carry out the daily cooling of the cyclic air of the two-stage turbocharger of the gas turbine plant with turbine condensate, followed by its cooling with the make-up water of the district heating system, and after the gas condensate heater in the tail section of the two-circuit heat exchanger, additionally place the heat exchange surface of the source water heater. The proposed solution makes it possible to save in the combined Brighton-Rankin cycle the heat spent on intermediate cooling of the cyclic air of the GTU. At the same time, in order to increase the efficiency of the heat recovery boiler, the temperature of the exhaust gases discharged from it is reduced in the source water heater. The analysis of the operation of the combined-cycle power unit PGU-450 without the use and with the use of intermediate cooling of the cyclic air by a turbine condenser is carried out. It has been established that with the introduction of intermediate cooling of cyclic air, the specific consumption of conventional fuel for the generation of electrical energy for PGU-450 decreases from 239.16 to 235.81 g/(kWh).

Urban construction and architecture. 2023;13(2):64-72
pages 64-72 views


Researching of the influence of the structural-phase composition of cellular concrete on the internal heat release in the process of its autoclave treatment
Galitskov K.S., Baranova M.N., Bolkhovetskiy A.S.

The questions of the influence of the phase composition of cellular concrete on the value of internal heat release during the formation of hydrosilicates in its structure are considered. X-ray phase analysis, electromicroscopy and petrography of cellular concrete samples taken from different parts of the massif were carried out. Based on the data obtained, a qualitative and quantitative assessment of their phase composition was made. The limits of the deviation of the amount of tobermorite in terms of the volume of the studied cellular concrete mass were determined. A comparative analysis of the results obtained within the framework of this study was carried out.

Urban construction and architecture. 2023;13(2):73-78
pages 73-78 views
Aggregate for general purpose concrete based on silicate sodium composition
Zhigulina A.Y., Chiknovaryan A.G.

The presented research results allow solving the problem of expanding the range of porous fillers. A brief analysis of the characteristics of expanded clay gravel is given. The prospects of creating highly porous structures based on sodium hydrosilicate are substantiated. A description of the technology for the production of granulated material based on sodium hydrosilicate, sodium chloride and montmorillonite clay is given. The main characteristics of the developed granular material are given and conclusions are drawn about the possibility of its use as a fine aggregate for general construction concrete and heat-insulating fillings. Sufficient resistance of these concretes under conditions of alternating wetting and drying is proved. The experience of finding effective technological methods for reducing the average density of expanded clay concrete in the panels of the outer walls of residential and public buildings is outlined.

Urban construction and architecture. 2023;13(2):79-84
pages 79-84 views
Role of grinding sludge in the process of glass crystallization
Chumachenko N.G., Tyurnikov V.V., Popov V.P.

The article considers the properties of galvanic sludge. Taking into account the chemical and disperse composition, the role of galvanic sludge as a heterogeneous crystallization catalyst is substantiated. The effect of the amount of galvanic sludge, temperature and duration of heat treatment on the process of crystallization of glass mass has been studied. The results of the phase composition and strength characteristics of the studied compositions are presented. The required amount of galvanic sludge for maximum crystallization of glass mass has been established. The optimal mode of heat treatment is determined. Experimental data confirm the role of galvanic sludge as a low-temperature catalyst for the crystallization of amorphous cullet.

Urban construction and architecture. 2023;13(2):85-89
pages 85-89 views


Determination of the flow speed and forces, acting on the plunger, in seals of hydraulic drive of construction machines
Krestin E.A., Serebryakov G.V.

The flow rate of a viscous fluid in the slot gap of the hydraulic drive of machines and mechanisms used in construction technology is determined. For various combinations of pressure and friction effects in the case of a movable and stationary plunger, the force acting on the walls of the gap is found. The influence of the taper of the gap on the frictional flow along the fixed wall is considered. The coordinates of the transition of unidirectional fluid motion to multidirectional are found. The forces acting on the movable plunger of a non-contact seal are determined. To ensure complete static balance of radial and axial forces, it is necessary that the holes in the spool sleeve are strictly diametrically opposed. To reduce the force required to move the plunger under pressure, electromagnets with a large traction force are used. Graphic dependences of the forces acting on the plunger are constructed, taking into account the taper and eccentricity of the slot. It is usually not possible to accurately calculate the forces acting on the plunger, so any non-contact pair must be bench tested.

Urban construction and architecture. 2023;13(2):90-97
pages 90-97 views
Justification of the use of plastic pipes in uncompacted sandy grounds
Popov D.V.

The article discusses a method for determining the maximum pressure on the outer surface of the casing pipe, from the weight of the collapsed soil of the borehole walls, as well as a method for calculating the wall thickness of the casing pipe itself. The aim of the work is to substantiate the possibility of using plastic pipes as casing pipes used when drilling wells in unconsolidated sandy bases for the manufacture of bored piles. The presented technique allows to determine the wall thickness of the casing pipe from any material and any borehole diameter. Also, this article presents the results of calculations of the wall thicknesses of casing pipes made of fiberglass and PVC for different diameters of boreholes and compared them with similar steel ones.

Urban construction and architecture. 2023;13(2):98-102
pages 98-102 views
Analysis of types of non-removable formworks from wood-cement compositions
Ryazanova G.N., Kozlova E.S.

In the modern world, monolithic construction remains one of the most popular options for the construction of buildings and structures. Monolithic construction is applied using formwork, which is a classic construction solution. Currently, fixed formwork is increasingly being used – a block structure that is filled with concrete and, if necessary, reinforcement. After erection, the structure is not removed and serves as part of the finished building or structure. The advantage of this technology lies in the combination of various works in one production process. Thus, the installation of formwork, building insulation, sound insulation and preparation of walls for finishing takes place in a single complex. This article discusses the types of technology for the construction of enclosing structures in fixed formwork. An analysis, comparison is carried out and a conclusion is made about the most advantageous option.

Urban construction and architecture. 2023;13(2):103-109
pages 103-109 views


Principal diagram of intellectualization of a traditional city
Vavilonskaya M.A.

In the article, the intellectualization of a traditional city is considered as a process that manifests itself in the field of urban planning through the creation of a whole network of urban formations that serve as markers of innovative development, including “technopolises”, “innopolises”, “technoparks”, “technopoles”, “technological areas”. ”, “research parks” and “science parks”. The listed objects are, first of all, places of application of labor and from this position have a city-forming significance, however, all of them do not have an established social infrastructure, unlike a traditional city, which does not allow them to instantly become attractive to the population of megacities. Different territorial level and location of innovative town-planning formations (INGSO) made it possible to identify four principal schemes of intellectualization of a traditional city: indirect, local integrated, widespread. Widespread intellectualization is characterized by the fact that each sector of the economy has its own INGSO, and therefore, all areas of activity fall into the field of innovation. This intellectualization scheme is the most promising and viable.

Urban construction and architecture. 2023;13(2):110-117
pages 110-117 views
Methodological approaches to determining the borders of the territories of small historical settlements
Vavilonskaya T.V., Karpenko A.V.

The article reveals the established methodological approaches to determining the boundaries of the territories of historical settlements from among small towns and rural historical settlements. The analysis of the developed boundaries of territories for 30 historical settlements of the country is carried out, a classification of methodological approaches to determining the boundaries of historical settlements is proposed, the proposed author’s approach is considered in most detail, in which the boundaries of the historical settlement include mainly elements of the historical framework (historical streets, historical squares, historical park landscapes and etc.), i.e. public spaces. Fabric elements are included in the boundaries of the historical settlement only if their value is recognized.

Urban construction and architecture. 2023;13(2):118-124
pages 118-124 views
Valentin Kamensky (1907 – 1975): the stages of urban planning activities
Vaytens A.G.

The work of the outstanding Leningrad urban architect Valentin Alexandrovich Kamensky (1907 – 1975) is considered in the article. His name is associated with the stages of urban development of Leningrad in the late 1930s – early 1970s. V.A. Kamensky was one of the authors of the post-war General Plan for the Reconstruction and Development of Leningrad in 1948. In the first post-war years, he also headed the design of the reconstruction and development of the Kirovsky district of Leningrad. From 1951 to 1971 he was the Chief Architect of Leningrad and led the development of this city, while developing the General Plan of Leningrad, approved in 1966. This document was fully implemented by the mid-1980s. In accordance with it, the planning and engineering infrastructure of the city, which has been preserved to the present, has developed. Urban planning activity of V.A. Kamensky, its results and their generalizations became important aspects of the urban development of Leningrad in the post-war decades.

Urban construction and architecture. 2023;13(2):125-132
pages 125-132 views
Features of architecture of factories-kitchens of the south of Russia
Isakov A.S.

The experience of building factory-kitchens built in the 1930s in the southern regions of Russia is considered, the historical and social conditions of their implementation and the circumstances of their occurrence are analyzed. City-building situations in which kitchen factories, spatial and functional planning solutions, architectural and compositional features have appeared are investigated. Assessment of the existing state of co-stored objects of the considered typology is given, the directions of their further research are determined.

Urban construction and architecture. 2023;13(2):133-146
pages 133-146 views


Current architectural design trends in timesof sustainable development. Part 1. Impact of environmental factors
Vavilova T.Y.

The issues of the introduction of environmental-oriented methods into the practice of architectural design are considered. The object of the study was multifunctional compounds with a predominance of multi-apartment housing, as well as facilities of student dormitories. The subject of the study was architectural methods for improving the environmental properties of the living environment. The purpose of the work was to identify popular and most effective modern ways to reduce the negative impact of buildings on the environment. Tasks of the work: clarification of the range of problems in the course of familiarization with the current legislative framework and regulatory documents, search for relevant examples in the arsenal of best practices of domestic and foreign architectural bureaus and analysis of methods of ecologization used in the design. The results of the work were the systematization of effective modern ways of taking into account environmental factors and proposals for highlighting the relevant key principles of architectural design. They correspond to the tasks of reducing the ecological footprint — the cumulative damage from the building’s impact on the environment.

Urban construction and architecture. 2023;13(2):147-155
pages 147-155 views
Peculiarities of architectural design of sports schools of modern pentathole
Kuznetsova A.A.

The architectural objects of the children’s sports infrastructure are in need of a rethinking of the functional structure. The development of sports among schoolchildren is observed throughout the country. The existing facilities are obsolete and do not meet modern requirements, and a number of sports are not supported by the infrastructure for their development. The article deals with the issue of searching for a functional model of the modern pentathlon school. Based on a critical analysis of design examples, statistical data and current regulations, a functional planning model of the school has been developed that meets modern sports and educational criteria. A detailed description of the functional and technological scheme is given, a prototype of an architectural object has been developed with the identification of characteristic elements that form the space of a modern sports school.

Urban construction and architecture. 2023;13(2):156-162
pages 156-162 views


Technologies of planning and construction of high-rise complexes within the concept of development of «vertical city»
Veretennikov D.B.

The article discusses some of the main modern technologies used in the design and construction of high-rise buildings, which have the potential to develop the concept of a “vertical city”. Attention is drawn to innovativeness in the design of high-rise buildings and the contribution to the sustainable development of their complexes. It is said that thanks to the use of modern design and construction technologies in the planning, design and construction of “vertical cities”, it becomes possible to implement the idea of \u200b\u200bcontinuous vertical transformation of the city and the ability to adapt it in response to urban transformations. Attention is drawn to the fact that the design and construction of skyscrapers inevitably leads to the improvement and development of relevant technologies and competencies. It is concluded that as a result of improving building technologies, in the future cities will be able to produce a wider range of services both above the surface and in an urbanized underground.

Urban construction and architecture. 2023;13(2):163-171
pages 163-171 views
Interuniversity student quarter in Samara as a basis for forming innovative research potential of the region
Zhogoleva A.V., Teryagova A.N., Frank E.V.

The article discusses the theoretical and practical aspects of architectural, urban planning and urban transformation of university facilities and territories into open interuniversity complexes. Based on best practices, modern research and the history of the formation of Samara universities, the analysis of the variability of territorial placement of elements of the interuniversity complex “Open University” is carried out. A three-stage project concept for the creation of an interuniversity student quarter in the middle zone of Samara is described. Assumptions are made about the effects of the implementation of the design solution.

Urban construction and architecture. 2023;13(2):172-180
pages 172-180 views
The urban-forming role of industry in Vladikavkaz in the 19th – beginning of the 20th century
Sugarov D.A.

Urban development of cities is a complex process that includes many factors and takes a long time. What role does the historical development of industry play in this process and to what extent does it contribute to its economic growth, social security, the development of the planning structure, the appearance of the city and its ecological component? We will try to see the answers to these questions on the example of the historical city of Vladikavkaz.

Urban construction and architecture. 2023;13(2):181-185
pages 181-185 views

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies