Urban construction and architecture

Founder

  • Samara State Technical University.

Editor-in-Chief

  • Aleksander K. Strelkov, PhD, Professor (Samara, Russian Federation)

Indexation

The journal is included in the Russian Science Citation Index (RSCI) database with its full-text electronic version hosted in the Scientific Electronic Library (www.elibrary.ru). Each paper in the journal is given a digital object identifier (DOI), which serves as a unique electronic identification tag for that paper.

Articles selection process

All submitted manuscripts undergo official independent peer-review by either the members of the Editorial Board and or by Russian leading scientists working in the field of scientific issues of the journal.

Publishing

The journal is published once a quarter (four times a year) in Open Access and covers the following fields: «Architecture and Civil Engineering» and «Energy Engineering».

Research topics

The topics and sections of the journal are as follows:

  • Architecture and Civil Engineering:
    • 05.23.01 – Building structures, buildings and constructions
    • 05.23.03 – Heat Supply, Ventilation, Air Conditioning, Gas Supply and Lighting
    • 05.23.04 – Water Supply, Sewage, Construction Systems for Protection of Water Resources
    • 05.23.05 – Building Materials and Products
    • 05.23.07 – Hydraulic Engineering
    • 05.23.08 – Technology and Organization of Construction
    • 05.23.19 – Ecological Safety of Construction and Urban Economics
    • 05.23.20 – Theory and history of architecture, restoration and reconstruction of architectural heritage
    • 05.23.21 – Architecture of Buildings and Constructions. Creative Concepts of Architectural Activity
    • 05.23.22 – Urban Planning, Planning of Rural Settlements
  • Energy Engineering:
    • 05.14.02 – Electric Power Stations, Networks, and Grids
    • 05.14.04 – Industrial Thermal Power

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Current Issue

Vol 11, No 2 (2021)

Articles

FEATURES OF THE STRAIN-STRESS STATE OF BEAMS WITH A CORRUGATED WALL OF VARIABLE RIGIDITY
MOLEVA N.Y.
Abstract
Corrugated steel beams represent a promising area of research in the fi eld of structural engineering today. The article studies the behavior of a metal beam with a corrugated wall of an I-profi le under bending conditions. Beam considered span of 12 m. A fi nite element model of the calculated structure was built in the LIRA-SAPR software package. The analysis of the stress-strain state of a corrugated beam of variable stiff ness, which has a fl at fragment in the central part of the wall, is carried out. The beam thus obtained has a number of advantages over beams with only a fl at or fully corrugated wall. The conclusions based on the results of the analysis of the calculation are presented.
Urban construction and architecture. 2021;11(2):4-8
pages 4-8 views
AN UPDATED METHOD FOR HEATING CALCULATING IN BUILDINGS WITH INTERMITTENT HEATING
VYTCHIKOV Y.S., CHULKOV A.A., GOLIKOV V.A.
Abstract

An updated method of heating calculation of buildings operated in the conditions of intermitt ent heating is considered. On the basis of the conducted studies, analytical dependences were obtained for determining energy consumption during heating of building enclosing structures, taking into account the infl uence of the order of location of thermal insulation and structural layers, as well as temperature changes during heating of each layer. Formulas for fi nding the change in the temperature of the internal air during the heating of the premises and the internal surface of the enclosing structures are obtained. On the basis of the proposed refi ned methodology, the calculation of the heating of the living room of a country cott age located on the territory of the Samara region was performed.

Urban construction and architecture. 2021;11(2):9-14
pages 9-14 views
THE RESEARCH THE INFILTRATION EFFECT OF OUTSIDE AIR ON THE VALUE OF AIR EXCHANGE IN LOW-RISE RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS
KOSTUGANOV A.B.
Abstract
This article presents the results of a theoretical study of the infl uence the outside air infi ltration through the enclosing structures of the walls on the amount the air’s exchange in low-rise residential buildings. Based on the information analysis from offi cial documents of state statistical and analytical bodies, the most frequently used external wall structures in modern low-rise residential construction have been determined. Based on the provisions analysis of modern regulatory documents in the construction’s fi eld, the minimum values the required air exchange were determined and the calculations of the values the infi ltration air fl ow through the outer walls for various premises of low-rise residential buildings were made. Based on the results of the analysis and calculations was made a generalizing conclusion that for the considered premises of modern low-rise residential buildings, at the expense of the infi ltration of outside air through the enclosing structures of the walls, it is impossible to provide even 20 % of the minimum air exchange.
Urban construction and architecture. 2021;11(2):15-22
pages 15-22 views
INTENSIFICATION AND STUDY OF HEAT TRANSFER AND FRICTION IN THE PLATE HEATING SURFACES OF THE KMS-2 AIR HEATER WITH A PRESSURE GRADIENT
PETROVA N.P., TSYNAEVA A.A., BELAYA V.V.
Abstract
A numerical study of heat transfer and friction in the heat exchanger channels in the presence of a variable pressure gradient is performed. The research was carried out in software complexes (Code_Saturne, Salome). The results of the validation of the research method are presented and they showed that the deviation of the numerical simulation results from the calculation data according to the known criterion equations is within the error of generalization of the experimental data by the criterion equations. According to the results of studies at Red=3000, Red=4177, Red=6000, it was found that the average value of the heat transfer coeffi cient of the channel of variable cross-section is up to 20 % higher than for the channel at dp/dx<0 and 16 % higher than for dp/dx>0. At the same time, the thermal-hydraulic effi ciency of the alternating channel (L=117 mm, l=58.5 mm, n=2) in the initial section at x =0...0.08 is lower than in the channel with dp/dx>0 by 26.7 %, and at x =0.08...1 it is higher by 5 ... 15 %, at dp/dx<0 the thermal-hydraulic effi ciency of the alternating channel is higher by up to 77 %.
Urban construction and architecture. 2021;11(2):23-29
pages 23-29 views
ANALYSIS AND TREATMENT OF WASTE WATER FROM FISH PROCESSING ENTERPRISES
STEPANOV S.V., PONOMARENKO O.S., AVDEENKOV P.P., BELYAKOV A.V., STEPANOV A.S., RUZANOVA J.V.
Abstract
A distinctive feature of waste water of fi sh processing enterprises is the high content of organic substances: COD - 620-3500 mg/L, BOD-220-2860 mg/L. The ratio of BOD:COD=0.68-0.83 in the waste water of fi sh processing enterprises shows a high potential for the use of biological treatment methods. Further study requires the removal of biogenic elements, because, for example, for a fi sh cannery, the ratio of BOD:N:P=100:3.79:1.08 and 100:4.77:0.57. This article presents the experience of design, construction, start-up and adjustment of sewage treatment facilities of a fi sh processing enterprise. For wastewater treatment, the following scheme was developed and manufactured by the ECOLOS company: a receiving well with a basket, a drum grate, a horizontal grease trap, an homogenizer, a reagent pressure fl otation unit, a membrane bioreactor, and ultraviolet disinfection. The quality of waste water at the outlet of the treatment facilities meets the requirements of the Normative- permissible discharge provided by LLC «Russkaya Treska».
Urban construction and architecture. 2021;11(2):30-36
pages 30-36 views
FEATURES OF THE HYDRAULIC CALCULATION OF HOUSEHOLD DRINKING WATER SUPPLY SYSTEMS OF APARTMENT BUILDINGS
STRELKOV A.K., ZOTOV Y.N., MIKHAILOVA I.Y.
Abstract
The article is devoted to the practical implementation of changes in the current system of legal regulation in the fi eld of water supply and sanitation of apartment buildings. The results of the analysis of operational and design standards of water consumption are presented. The necessity of adjusting the normative and technical documents in terms of improving the methodological foundations of designing indoor cold and hot water supply systems for an apartment building and creating a legitimate methodological toolkit is shown. Recommendations have been developed to supplement the norms of the set of rules 30.13330.2016 “Internal water supply and sewerage systems of buildings. Updated edition of SNiP 2.04.01-85 *».
Urban construction and architecture. 2021;11(2):37-41
pages 37-41 views
PROMISING METHODS FOR BIOLOGICAL REMOVAL OF PHOSPHATES FROM WASTEWATER
TEPLYH S.Y., BOCHKOV D.S., BAZAROVA A.O.
Abstract
The article compares the removal of phosphates from wastewater by promising biological methods, namely biotechnologies based on the use of phosphate-accumulating organisms. The microbial community under study gives great hopes for further fundamental studies of the metabolism of phosphate-accumulating organisms, and for improving biotechnologies for purifying wastewater from phosphorus.
Urban construction and architecture. 2021;11(2):42-47
pages 42-47 views
HIGH TEMPERATURE CORROSION OF THIN SHEET STEEL 08KP IN AIR
BOCHAROV N.M.
Abstract
The study of the nature of high-temperature corrosion of metals is one of the tasks in substantiating the relevance of the use of corrosion-resistant, heat-resistant coatings and barrier layers obtained on the basis of the natural oxidation process. The article presents the gradation of oxidation of surfaces of 08kp thin-sheet steel at diff erent temperature-time parameters of one cycle “heating-cooling”. To regulate the processing modes and register thermal eff ects, a diff erential thermal analysis device was used. It is shown that the eff ect of elevated temperatures on steel in air at atmospheric pressure triggers an intensive growth of scale, which peels off from the metal base and breaks down. After descaling on the steel surface, in addition to blue tarnishing, in some cases, fi lms of a red tint were found. Based on the data of diff erential thermal analysis, an att empt was made to separate and interpret transformations related directly to steel and to reactions in scale associated with iron oxides.
Urban construction and architecture. 2021;11(2):48-55
pages 48-55 views
STUDY OF THE INFLUENCE OF CALCIUM OXIDES IN LIGHT-FUSION RAW MATERIALS ON THE PROPERTIES OF A CERAMIC PRODUCT
KRASHENINNIKOV M.A.
Abstract
One of the main problems of modern building ceramics based on low-melting raw materials is the increased CaO content in the charge. This deviation from the normative values of the technological parameters of production leads to defects - underburning / overburning, quirks, looseness, low strength. Firing mode, molding parameters, addition of additives, preparation of raw materials are the factors for solving this problem. The Alekseevsk low-melting clay and the Yarmysh (Uzbekistan) loess-like loam were investigated, the destruction of the sample structure upon absorption of moisture from the CaO air was graphically modeled, the diagrams of the dependence of the fi ring temperature on the compressive strength were plott ed, the infl uence of molding and the fi neness of grinding of raw materials on the compressive strength and the nature of the formation of ceramic defects was derived.
Urban construction and architecture. 2021;11(2):56-61
pages 56-61 views
LOCAL STUDIES OF ICE COVER EFFECTS ON DAM GATES
EVDOKIMOV S.V., ROMANOV A.A., IVANOV B.G.
Abstract
The experience of operation of surface emergency gates in ice-breaking conditions at a number of hydroelectric power plants has shown the insuffi cient eff ectiveness of the methods used to combat freezing of structures. The rules for technical operation of spillway dam gates in winter provide for heating of structures by slots, threshold and skin in conjunction with measures to maintain mines before construction. However, measures to heat gates and build mines are not always suffi ciently justifi ed and justifi ed. In order to obtain full-scale data and scientifi c information for the development of recommendations on operating and accounting modes during design, full-scale studies of stresses and defl ections in the load-bearing elements of the watershed gate of the hydroelectric power station were carried out. This article presents the results of fi eld studies in comparison with calculated values. As a result of the studies, information on the static operation of fl at gates in winter conditions is obtained, which is of theoretical and practical interest. The materials can be used to clarify technical operation rules and to clarify regulatory documents for the design of hydromechanical equipment at hydroelectric power stations.
Urban construction and architecture. 2021;11(2):62-66
pages 62-66 views
ANALYSIS OF ORGANIZATIONAL AND TECHNOLOGICAL SOLUTIONS ON THE CHOICE OF THE CRANE WHEN DESIGNING BUILD PLANS IN CONSTRUCTION SITE CONDITIONS
ZORINA M.A., RYAZANOVA G.N., ILDIYAROV E.V.
Abstract
The principles of determining the conditions of tightness of the construction site in accordance with the requirements of normative documentation are shown. On concrete examples the features of defi nition of types of cranes, conditions of their placement on a construction site are considered. Shows examples of the placement of diff erent valves within a single construction site. The possibilities of limiting the boundaries of the zones of operation of the crane are determined. Possibilities of restriction of a dangerous zone of action of the crane according to the standard literature are presented.
Urban construction and architecture. 2021;11(2):67-76
pages 67-76 views
SAMARA CITY UNDERGROUND URBANIZATION DEVELOPMENT AND ITS CONSEQUENCES
VASILIEVA D.I., BARANOVA M.N., MALTSEV A.V., SOKOLOVA S.V., SHIMANCHIK I.P.
Abstract
Nowadays the area of cities is almost everywhere increasing - the territory urbanization is developing. At the same time, due to lack of land resources, the underground space development intensifi es, and the underground construction volume increases, i.e., underground urbanization takes place. This process has undoubtedly positive results, as it can help solve territorial, transport, environmental and other problems of cities while preserving the unique appearance of buildings in the historical centers of cities. At the same time, some engineering and geological processes may be activated as a negative underground urbanization result. The article deals with underground urbanization history in Samara and defi nes its main stages. More than one million people live in Samara city, subway line was built, there are subway objects of industrial and defense importance (bunkers) reaching considerable depth. Active underground construction can lead to geological processes strengthening (weathering, karst formation, suff osia, etc.), change of strength properties of rocks, violation of natural hydrological regime of the territory. The territory of Samara has an inhomogeneous geological structure and complex engineering and geological construction conditions. Seven engineering-geological districts have been identifi ed and studied, on the territory where underground construction development can lead to diff erent, including negative, consequences.
Urban construction and architecture. 2021;11(2):77-85
pages 77-85 views
HISTORICAL, CULTURAL, NATURAL AND RECREATIONAL POTENTIAL OF THE CITY FOREST PARK OF SLUZOVAYA MICRODISTRICT OF TOLYATTI
BOKAREVA K.A., SOLODILOV M.V.
Abstract
The purpose of the article is a comprehensive study of the urban forest park located within the boundaries of the Sluzovaya microdistrict, Komsomolsky district of Togliatt i, with a subsequent project proposal for its improvement. The historical analysis of the general plans and natural characteristics of the forest park is designed to rethink a particularly valuable territory for its preservation and development in the future. The task is to evaluate and compare the implemented objects of the adjacent historical development, in order to use the identifi ed language of forms in the new improvement proposal.
Urban construction and architecture. 2021;11(2):86-93
pages 86-93 views
RESTORATION OF BUILDINGS OF OLD PART OF THE SAMARA CITY
BUTENKO S.A.
Abstract
For residents of Samara, numerous tourists of the city, old Samara is of direct interest with its merchant way of life, historical monuments testifying to the emergence of a historical sett lement on the banks of the Volga and its development from the emergence of the wooden fortress “Samara town” to the modern million-plus city. The activity of Samara architects-restorers allows tracing this path of development. Carrying out restoration work is a very long and laborious process, including the study of historical documents and archaeological fi nds, research work.
Urban construction and architecture. 2021;11(2):94-100
pages 94-100 views
ARCHITECTURAL AND PLANNING ELEMENTS AS A FACTOR OF URBAN SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
GROMILINA E.A., SAMOGOROV V.A.
Abstract
Cities are complex systems consisting of capital objects (architectural objects, transport system and other infrastructural systems), state and non-state institutions, social and economic processes, people (in their various aspects and types of activities), also natural components (topography, hydrography, climate). The article discusses issues related to these specifi c aspects and the relationship between the elements of the architectural and planning structure of the city as a space and a system. Within the framework of the study, a morphological analysis of planning and development was carried out using the example of Samara in the context of sustainable development in order to identify and systematize universal urban elements.
Urban construction and architecture. 2021;11(2):101-110
pages 101-110 views
INDICATES OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN ARCHITECTURAL STRUCTURE ANALYSES
GROMILINA E.A.
Abstract
This article aims to investigate and compare indicators of sustainable urban development. The modern systems of indicators of sustainable development are considered. Based on the analysis of the approaches, the main indicators of the eff ective and sustainable development of cities have been identifi ed. The author describes two main ratings of Russian regions. According to the results of the study, indicators of sustainable development of the architectural and planning structure of the city are proposed.
Urban construction and architecture. 2021;11(2):111-116
pages 111-116 views
“RESLOBODIZATION” OF CITIES AS AN EFFECTIVE RESPONSE TO THE EPIDEMIOLOGICAL CHALLENGE OF THE CONTEMPORARY. PART II: PRECONDITIONS, ALGORITHMS, RESULTS
MONASTYRSKAYA M.Y.
Abstract
The article (part II) contains the results of studying the features of adaptation of the living environment of the population of the largest city to the vital challenges of the pandemic of the new coronavirus infection COVID-19. The verifi cation of the working hypothesis and the detailing of the main provisions formulated in the fi rst part of the article (see “Urban planning and architecture”. 2021, no. 1) were carried out on the example of an ordinary St. Petersburg locus, actively developed by the townspeople who observed the regimes of self-isolation, partial lifting of strict restrictions and minimal restrictions (2020), which is located within the boundaries of the former sett lement of the Life Guards Semyonovsky regiment, which gave the name to the historical district of the city “Sementsy” and the municipal district “Semyonovsky” (Admiralteisky district of St. Petersburg). In the course of the study, a relationship was established between the immanent properties and parameters of the transformed urban sett lement (territorial- urban-planning, situational-genesis, compositional planning, architectural-spatial, social-functional) and its “anti-epidemiological” potential, realized by the local population and the authorities in the conditions of “pandemic reality” by methods of social self-regulation and centralized management.
Urban construction and architecture. 2021;11(2):117-129
pages 117-129 views
METHODS OF ENSURING FUNCTIONAL QUALITY IN ARCHITECTURAL OBJECTS THROUGH TRADITIONAL AND INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGIES
PLESHIVTSEV A.A.
Abstract
The issues related to the analysis of technological methods for the formation of architectural objects are considered. The purpose of the research is to identify the scale and prospects for the use of traditional and innovative technologies. Solving problems associated with the development of technological methods and processes is accompanied by the development of general theoretical knowledge of architectural science and building materials science as ways to improve the functional quality of architectural systems and their display in the formats of buildings and structures. The real need to develop a systematic approach and the development of a methodology for integrating the technological component (more precisely, non-traditional or innovative methods and techniques) into the algorithm for the formation of architectural objects predetermined and determined the goal and objectives of this study. The theoretical base of research includes both scientifi c and philosophical works devoted to the object and subject of research in a global aspect, and scientifi c and technical literature, in relation to a specifi c area of architectural activity.
Urban construction and architecture. 2021;11(2):130-138
pages 130-138 views
A MODERN CITY. LIVING REALITIES OF HISTORY
DUTSEV M.V.
Abstract
The article is devoted to the reality of the modern historical city in the totality of the actual values of the valuable heritage, traces of the past, mental codes, archetypal images and the memory of civilization. The place of history in today’s socio-cultural fi eld and in the professional context is not clearly defi ned. Together with the understanding of the need to preserve the heritage, traces and memory of the past, there are global trends that mediate the features of the glocal in architecture. However, even this compromise cannot fully demonstrate the complexity of the historical city viability. According to the author, it is necessary to search for reasons that sometimes appear outside the material reality, but address directly to the spiritual world and mental space of a person, which is the main purpose of the article. The emphasis is placed on the artistic dimension of environmental realities, which allows us to determine the living connections of history and modernity on the basis of the author’s concept of artc integration. The article is illustrated by some results of cooperation between the Nizhny Novgorod State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering and the Polytechnic University of Milan (Politecnico di Milano) in the fi eld of reconstruction and renovation of historically valuable territories and author’s photographs.
Urban construction and architecture. 2021;11(2):139-154
pages 139-154 views
THREE-DIMENSIONAL MODELING TECHNOLOGIES IN INDUSTRIAL DESIGN
RAKOV A.P.
Abstract
Currently, specialists who use the skills of drawing, drawing, modeling and modeling in their work have largely begun to use the capabilities of computer technology and software. Working with digital models and three-dimensional modeling technologies are also within the competence of an industrial designer. This article att empts to make a selection of computer programs that are used in their work by industrial designers and classify the capabilities of this software according to its functional purpose. It is obvious that all the technologies of three-dimensional modeling listed in the article are very important for specialists engaged in technical aesthetics, artistic design, visualization, prototyping and prototyping of things.
Urban construction and architecture. 2021;11(2):155-161
pages 155-161 views
EFFICIENT CONTROL OF FUNCTIONING OF ELECTRICAL GAS PREPARATION COMPLEX TO TRANSPORTATION BY MAIN PIPELINE
DANILUSHKIN A.I., DANILUSHKIN V.A.
Abstract
The article discusses the problem of increasing the effi ciency of the linear section of the main gas pipeline system by developing eff ective control algorithms for the operating modes of the gas cooling unit. To develop control algorithms for a gas cooling unit, adapted mathematical models of thermal processes in air-cooled gas devices and in a gas pipeline are used. It is shown that when considering the dynamic modes, the gas pipeline system can be represented as consisting of two dynamic links. The link “gas cooling unit”, which includes up to 24 electric drives with heat exchangers, is characterized by relatively short time constants. In the main gas pipeline, heat exchange processes proceed much more slowly. This circumstance allows the main att ention to be focused on the development of an eff ective control system for the cooling plant. The control is carried out by discrete or continuous change in the fl ow rate of the cooling air through the heat exchanger by adjusting the number of switched on air coolers and changing the fan speed. The search for control algorithms for air coolers is carried out by formulating and solving the problem of minimizing the root-mean-square deviation of the gas temperature at the outlet from the heat exchanger from the required value. To implement the obtained control algorithms, a functional diagram of the automatic control system for the operating modes of the gas cooling unit has been developed.
Urban construction and architecture. 2021;11(2):162-170
pages 162-170 views
HYDRODYNAMIC CALCULATION OF CONTACTLESS SEALS WITH PLANE SLOTS IN DRIVES OF ELECTRIC POWER SYSTEMS
KRESTIN E.A., SEREBRYAKOV G.V.
Abstract
Non-contact seals with fl at slott ed gaps of drives of electric power systems used in switchgears of hydraulic units, as well as in pumps and hydraulic motors have been investigated. Calculation of seals based on average clearance results in an underestimation or overestimation of the leakage rate compared to the operational values. The regularity of the distribution of pressure and fl ow rate in the gap of a fl at conical slot is determined, and formulas for the fl ow rate (leakage) and friction forces acting on the walls of the conical slot are found. To solve the problem, the approximate Navier-Stokes and fl ow continuity equations are used. Several special cases of the fl ow of the working fl uid in diff erent gaps are considered: a plane-parallel gap with an oscillating wall and at a constant pressure gradient and a conical gap at diff erent ratios of the pressure drop and the frictional action of the moving channel wall. When the wall oscillates in a conical gap and constant pressure, the presence of an extremum is characteristic. In this case, an excess pressure appeared in the slott ed gap, creating a supporting force, and the pressure value became high enough. When the lower wall of the conical slot moves in the direction of the increasing gap, the pressure inside the slott ed channel, under certain conditions, can reach a complete vacuum, the value of which is limited by the bulk strength of the liquid and the pressure of saturated vapor at a given temperature. When the pressure drop and oscillations of the wall of the conical gap are additive, then at a suffi ciently high velocity of the wall movement, the pressure inside the slot can even increase and exceed the value of the supplied pressure.
Urban construction and architecture. 2021;11(2):171-177
pages 171-177 views

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