Urban construction and architecture


  • Samara State Technical University.


  • Aleksander K. Strelkov, PhD, Professor (Samara, Russian Federation)


The journal is included in the Russian Science Citation Index (RSCI) database with its full-text electronic version hosted in the Scientific Electronic Library (www.elibrary.ru). Each paper in the journal is given a digital object identifier (DOI), which serves as a unique electronic identification tag for that paper.

Articles selection process

All submitted manuscripts undergo official independent peer-review by either the members of the Editorial Board and or by Russian leading scientists working in the field of scientific issues of the journal.


The journal is published once a quarter (four times a year) in Open Access and covers the following fields: «Architecture and Civil Engineering» and «Energy Engineering».

Research topics

The topics and sections of the journal are as follows:

  • Architecture and Civil Engineering:
    • 05.23.01 – Building structures, buildings and constructions
    • 05.23.03 – Heat Supply, Ventilation, Air Conditioning, Gas Supply and Lighting
    • 05.23.04 – Water Supply, Sewage, Construction Systems for Protection of Water Resources
    • 05.23.05 – Building Materials and Products
    • 05.23.07 – Hydraulic Engineering
    • 05.23.08 – Technology and Organization of Construction
    • 05.23.19 – Ecological Safety of Construction and Urban Economics
    • 05.23.20 – Theory and history of architecture, restoration and reconstruction of architectural heritage
    • 05.23.21 – Architecture of Buildings and Constructions. Creative Concepts of Architectural Activity
    • 05.23.22 – Urban Planning, Planning of Rural Settlements
  • Energy Engineering:
    • 05.14.02 – Electric Power Stations, Networks, and Grids
    • 05.14.04 – Industrial Thermal Power


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Current Issue

Vol 13, No 1 (2023)


Formation of a maneuverable fund with the use of assembled structures
Guzhova O.A., Didkovskaya O.V., Khairullin M.F.

The article outlines the need to improve the system for the formation of a maneuverable fund. The purpose of the study is formulated – to improve the provisions of the mechanism for the formation of a maneuverable housing stock in Russia based on the use of prefabricated structures. The features of the construction of flexible housing using modular structures are considered. Examples of their use in world practice, theoretical and methodological provisions for the formation of a maneuverable fund are presented. A block diagram has been developed for the formation and provision of an additional volume of the maneuverable fund to the municipality based on the use of prefabricated structures.

Urban construction and architecture. 2023;13(1):4-9
pages 4-9 views
Strength, stiffness and crack resistance of a lightweight slab structure model with spherical void formers
Toshin D.S., Dolgopolov D.A.

Precast concrete has been used for many decades with optimized consumption of concrete and reinforcement. The use of monolithic reinforced concrete in the Russian Federation cannot be called balanced in terms of its material consumption. One of the design ideas for creating lightweight slab reinforced concrete structures in monolithic construction is the BubbleDeck technology. Spherical bushings are located in places of the least stresses in the structure, which leads to a significant reduction in the own weight. The article presents the results of assessing the strength, stiffness and crack resistance of a reduced model of a reinforced concrete slab in comparison with similar parameters of a solid section slab.

Urban construction and architecture. 2023;13(1):10-16
pages 10-16 views


Manganese: benefit or harm? (overview)
Kichigin V.I.

It has been shown that manganese (Mn) is an essential trace element for all life on Earth. Excess or deficiency of this nutrient from the norm leads to severe diseases of plants, animals and humans. It has been established that so far there is no single point of view on the permissible content of Mn in drinking water. It varies from 0.05 mg/dm3 in Europe to 0.4 mg/dm3 in Singapore. The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends the maximum permissible concentration of manganese in drinking water at 0.5 mg/dm3, and the desired concentration is 0.1 mg/dm3. In groundwater, a multiple excess of drinking water standards is typical, especially in the waters of Western Siberia and the northern regions of the European part of the Russian Federation. Thus, in groundwater not associated with Mn deposits, its content can reach 4 mg/dm3, associated with deposits – above 300 mg/dm3. In surface waters manganese concentrations up to 8 mg/dm3 are observed. In river waters, the manganese content usually ranges from 0.001 to 0.160 mg/dm3.

Urban construction and architecture. 2023;13(1):17-29
pages 17-29 views
Development and justification of the technology of sorption post-treatment of industrial wastewater
Panfilova O.N., Stepanov S.V.

The technology for the production of sorbents based on clays has been developed, the design parameters of the process, the schematic diagram and the calculation method of the process of sorption post-treatment of wastewater on the example of galvanic production have been given, a technical and economic comparison of options for the construction of wastewater treatment facilities of galvanic production has been carried out.

Urban construction and architecture. 2023;13(1):30-36
pages 30-36 views
Using granuated buckwheat husks in urban surface runoff treatment
Samodolova O.A., Ulrikh D.V., Lonzinger T.M.

In recent years, the Russian Federation has paid more attention to protecting the environment from the negative impact of various pollutants. The goal of the Closed Loop Economy federal project, for example, was to stimulate the use of recyclable material. The agro-industrial complex produces a huge amount of waste during the processing of crops. One of these wastes is buckwheat husk. There are a number of studies proving the application of buckwheat husks in large quantities as a sorbent for certain wastewater treatment methods. However, the low strength of husk leads to a number of technological difficulties in operation.

The goal of this study is to increase the performance of buckwheat husks through granulation and evaluate the sorption capacity of granulated buckwheat husks when treating urban surface runoff. In this study we used granulated buckwheat husks produced in a method analogous to fuel pellets. Tests were run on real runoff collected from storm sewers in Chelyabinsk. We determined that granulated buckwheat husks effectively remove pollutants from runoff.

In static conditions at a temperature of 10°C to 20°C, aluminum was most effectively sorbed upon contact with the sorbate over 168 hours (94.12%). At 0°C, slightly less aluminum was sorbed (82.35%). Cobalt, chromium, copper, and zinc are completely extracted from runoff after 3 hours of sorption, regardless of temperature changes.In dynamic test conditions, we determined that the buckwheat husk granules totally extract heavy metals (cobalt, chromium, copper) from storm drain runoff. The concentration of aluminum cations was reduced to 68%. Lower concentrations of sodium and silicon cations were also noted.

Urban construction and architecture. 2023;13(1):37-44
pages 37-44 views
Reconstruction of rain sewer networks in the historical border of the city of Samara
Strelkov A.K., Shuvalov M.V., Pavluhin A.A., Chernosvitov M.D.

The state of the centralized wastewater disposal system has undergone some changes over several decades, the article presents the problem of the negative impact of reducing water consumption costs on engineering structures, from precipitation and cementation of sediment in pipelines and concentration of runoff due to reduced flow, to the impact on the operation of pumping stations and treatment facilities. It is suggested that the problem under study can be partially solved with the help of rainwater, which is discharged without proper treatment into water bodies. The article discusses the existing drainage systems in Samara, the cost of treatment facilities for rainwater, as well as the proposed project for the reconstruction of the rain network for outlets located within the boundaries of the historical part of Samara.

Urban construction and architecture. 2023;13(1):45-52
pages 45-52 views
Using pipes from various materials for water supply pipe line network
Shuvalov M.V., Tarakanov D.I.

Presents the analysis of data on Russian settlements water supply pipe line networks as of 2016-2022. All the settlements are divided into seven groups depending on the population size. For each group, the distribution of water supply line depending on the material of the pipes is established. The most widespread pipes are steel and cast-iron pipes, which have been widely used in the last 100 years. Schedules for the commissioning of water supply line from various materials by years have been constructed. Over the past 25 years, plastic pipes have become the most widely used. After 2010, they accounted for 86.5% of newly built water supply line, excluding data for Moscow and St. Petersburg. Information was collected on the timing of commissioning of individual sections of water supply line. The largest number of operating water supply pipe line networks were built in the period from 1980 to 1989. In general, in all settlements, the standard service life was exceeded for 40.8% of networks. The authors believe that there will be a significant increase in the number of plastic pipes in the total length of water supply pipe line networks in the next few years.

Urban construction and architecture. 2023;13(1):53-59
pages 53-59 views


Building an algorithm for calculation of distances between overground gas pipeline supports of different diameters depending on climatic characteristics
Balandina O.A., Filatova E.B., Puring S.M., Filatova A.I.

The use of averaged norms in the process of performing engineering calculations of gas distribution systems significantly reduces the design time, but does not take into account the influence of climatic operating conditions of linear sections of the aboveground gas network. The paper considers the possibility of using a tabular model of the algorithm for determining the distances between the supports of aboveground gas pipelines of various diameters depending on climatic characteristics on the example of the Samara region. Examples of visualization of the information structure of computational algorithms by means of spreadsheets are given. A block diagram of an algorithm for calculating the values of average spans between aboveground gas pipeline supports for various climatic conditions is proposed. The advantages of using the proposed tabular modeling technique in engineering calculations of gas distribution systems are shown.

Urban construction and architecture. 2023;13(1):60-66
pages 60-66 views
Energy efficiency study of the system air conditioning with secondary cooling circuit
Edukov D.A., Saimanova O.G., Edukov V.A.

The article presents the results of a multivariate study of the energy efficiency of the chiller-fan coil air conditioning system with a secondary cooling circuit installed in a hotel building near the coastal zone. A description of the design of the investigated installation is given. As a result of studying the effect of changing sea water temperature and cooling capacity steps on the energy efficiency of the air conditioning system, response surfaces and regression equations have been obtained that allow predicting energy consumption during the operation period.

Urban construction and architecture. 2023;13(1):67-73
pages 67-73 views
Improving the thermal protection characteristics of building enclosing structures of the Samara Academic Drama Theater building
Saparev M.Y., Vytchikov Y.S., Chulkov A.A., Dyadin A.A.

Preservation of the architectural appearance of buildings of historical and cultural heritage is a prerequisite for their energy modernization when performing major repairs or reconstruction. In this regard, it is not possible to use facade systems to reduce heat losses by external walls. The use of internal insulation, as construction practice has shown, quite often led to a violation of the humidity regime of enclosing structures and, as a result, to the formation of dark spots and mold fungi on the internal surfaces. To prevent moisture accumulation in enclosing structures, with internal insulation, only thermal insulation materials with a low coefficient of vapor permeability should be used. The article presents the results of a thermal imaging survey of the facades of the Samara Academic Drama Theater building, which indicate increased heat loss in the basement of the building and the exterior walls made of silicate bricks after reconstruction in 1967. In order to meet modern regulatory requirements for the thermal protection of buildings of historical and cultural heritage, it was proposed to additionally insulate the exterior walls from the inside above the zero mark with foam glass, as well as warm plaster – in the basement and basement of the building. Solutions are proposed for the replacement of window structures, entrance doors, coverings and ceilings to increase the energy efficiency of the operated building. When performing the thermophysical calculation of the above-listed enclosing structures, the author’s methodology for estimating the plane of possible condensation was applied, which allows for a higher probability of assessing moisture accumulation in them.

Urban construction and architecture. 2023;13(1):74-81
pages 74-81 views


Research of technical characteristics of glass-fiber concrete
Kondratyeva N.V., Golovatyuk M.A.

The article examines the technical characteristics of glass fiber reinforced concrete based on experimental research and selection of the optimal composition of fiber reinforced concrete. When selecting the composition, various technologies for introducing fibers, the percentage of fibers introduced, and the characteristics of the sand used were analyzed. The obtained research results allow us to determine the effectiveness of the use of glass fiber reinforced concrete structures in the reconstruction of buildings and structures. In the manufacture of test samples, materials of domestic production were used.

Urban construction and architecture. 2023;13(1):82-91
pages 82-91 views
To the question of structure optimization for producing high-strength ceramics
Chumachenko N.G., Tyurnikov V.V., Nedoseko I.V.

The article outlines the principles that ensure the production of high-strength ceramic bricks. The change in the phase composition of clay raw materials during firing is analyzed. The role of the calculation method for determining the amount and composition of the melt formed during firing is determined. The value of the glass phase in the strengthening of the ceramic shard has been determined. Taking into account the properties of neoplasms, various types of structures were analyzed. The optimal structures for increasing the strength of fired ceramics are determined. The main factors that increase the strength of ceramic bricks and methods for their implementation were established. The factors that increase the strength of ceramic bricks are determined. Implementation methods are recommended.

Urban construction and architecture. 2023;13(1):92-96
pages 92-96 views


New methods in building design
Didkovskaya O.V., Vlasova N.V., Selezneva Z.V.

The study highlights the main aspects of the use of new building design methods using information modeling technologies, considers the practical application of information modeling of objects in the foreign and Russian markets, identifies the main problems of using the information model of a future object in Russia, and suggests scenarios for using modern enterprise-based software. The stages of introduction of modern technologies for designing buildings have been developed, which will improve the quality of project documentation, reduce the time for the implementation of the future construction object.

Urban construction and architecture. 2023;13(1):97-104
pages 97-104 views


Conceptual foundations of the post-industrial city
Danilova E.V., Valshin R.M.

The article is devoted to urban concepts – eco-city, creative city, smart city – which underlie the development of the city in the post-industrial era. The historical prerequisites for the formation of concepts are considered. The origins of each concept, which were formulated by sociologists, economists and urbanists, are analyzed. The principles of ecological urbanism, a creative city and the main characteristics of a smart city are described. A comparative analysis of the principles of each city is carried out, and general provisions are identified that are present in each of the described urban concepts. In conclusion, a description is given of the image of a post-industrial city, which is alternative to an industrial city.

Urban construction and architecture. 2023;13(1):105-113
pages 105-113 views
Adjustment and reconstruction of red brick monuments of 19th century architecture in the modern Loft style
Litvinov D.V., Yashina A.V.

The article analyzes examples of renovation of red-brick architectural monuments as a result of their adaptation and reconstruction for current functions. In many large cities, the red brick architecture of the XIX century has been preserved, but unfortunately, there is not always the opportunity and funding to maintain the preservation of monuments in its original historical form. In addition, it often happens that the original function of the building loses its relevance, or the building itself ceases to fit the planning standards, here the question arises which approach to use in the reconstruction and modernization of the building to preserve its integrity as much as possible. The Loft style, with its clean lines, simplicity and minimalism in decoration, open, solid glazing and restrained contrasting colors, is most suitable for the reconstruction of red brick architecture of the XIX century. The studied examples give a complete idea of the style in both exterior and interior decoration.

Urban construction and architecture. 2023;13(1):114-120
pages 114-120 views
“Circumbaltian space”: historical background and theoretical and methodological foundations of delimitation
Monastyrskaya M.Y.

The Circumbaltian Space is presented in the work as the core of the peripheral local civilization of Europe – the Baltic Sea civilization, which has become the natural and social basis for the formation of the modern Baltic region. Regional borders are marked in accordance with current scientific and practical approaches to the delimitation of spaces and habitats: natural science, program-strategic and socio-humanitarian. It is shown that the dominant factor in the formation, development and spread of civilizational and, consequently, region–creating processes in the Baltic Sea has been, since the turn of the VII – VIII centuries and retaining its importance today, the urbanization of Primorye. In order to identify, construct, characterize and formalize the genetic code of the latter, a working definition of «Circumbaltics» is proposed as an «objective reality» or «physical entity», which in physical and geographical terms is a geotory (geospatial form). On the basis of the geotorial concept and the geospatial model of the core of the Baltic Sea civilization – the «centripetal» focus of the region – the methodology is substantiated and the method of its delimitation is developed in the context of solving the problems of historical and urban planning research. It is suggested that the genetic code of the Baltic urbanization, the indicators of which are the patterns and specifics of the spatial organization of the Primorsky urbanized settlement system, can serve as the basis for regional identification and/or reidentification of urban development activities carried out within the boundaries of the Northwestern Federal District of the Russian Federation, the European part of Russia as a whole, and thereby contribute to its improvement.

Urban construction and architecture. 2023;13(1):121-134
pages 121-134 views
Architecture of underground objects of the “reserve” capital of the USSR − the city of Kuibyshev
Samogorov V.A.

Strategic objects built in Kuibyshev during the Great Patriotic War are considered, their urban planning situation, features of the architectural and planning organization are examined, historical documents and archival materials are provided that reveal the features of the construction and functioning of these objects. The material about this closed page of the history of the city, which currently exists in the form of disparate facts, is systematized, which recreates the picture of the construction of closed strategic facilities of wartime and their architecture, which is absent to date.

Urban construction and architecture. 2023;13(1):135-141
pages 135-141 views
Question of creating the historical center of Togliatti: psychological prerequisites and project practice of preserving the memory of a place
Solodilov M.V., Ivanova A.A.

The purpose of the article is to raise the question of the feasibility of creating the historical center of the city of Togliatti in the structure of the Central District on the basis of a new building and transferred from the territory of the flooded Stavropol in the mid-50s. This idea was repeatedly raised at the administrative level and was partly expressed in the projects for the reconstruction of the Central Park, the Museum Quarter and a number of other project proposals. The issue of determining the urban centers of all districts of Togliatti is still being discussed and is debatable, on which there is no consensus. It is proposed to carry out an audit of the preserved historical and architectural heritage, to identify the optimal territory of the historical center with a subsequent design proposal for its improvement. All this leads to the search for conceptual foundations, because the historical heritage of the city with a centuries-old history is almost lost. Architectural methods of preserving the “memory of place” come to the rescue: commemoration, reminiscence, retrospection, reconstruction. Another task of the study is to combine design practices with psychological techniques aimed at maintaining a stable psycho-emotional state of a person.

Urban construction and architecture. 2023;13(1):142-150
pages 142-150 views


Atrium spaces of highly urbanized multifunctional units of urban structure
Kolesnikov S.A., Medvedeva N.Y.

The paper actualizes the concept of the atrium space of a building in the context of the development of modern highly urbanized multifunctional architecture. A retrospective analysis of the development of typological characteristics of atrium spaces in architectural structures from ancient civilizations to the present day is proposed. The hypothesis of an integral connection of the atrium with the concept of multifunctionality of an architectural object is put forward. The factors influencing the evolution of atrium spaces are proposed. Functional components of atrium spaces of modern multifunctional architecture are considered: organization of entrance zones, provision of microclimate in the building, communication and communicative function.

Urban construction and architecture. 2023;13(1):151-157
pages 151-157 views
Protomuseum – immersion – proto-spectactor. Visual nature of immersivity. Spatial and sensual experience
Shlienkova E.V., Kaygorodova K.V.

The article is devoted to the study of the immersiveness of proto-museum and museum environments in a historical context: from proto-interfaces (rock paintings, frescoes, hunting pseudo-targets) to meta-visualization (new media and a museum without walls, tangible objects – broadcasting intangible values). The basis of the studied typology of museumified environments are: pre-museum collections (Primitive society / protomuseum, Ancient world / protomuseum-temple / treasury, Middle Ages / protomuseum-theatre). The methodological basis of the study is the analysis of strategies for organizing space and information, which are the main marker of the evolution of the sensual and epistemological nature of man. Based on the prevailing visual practices, the concepts are derived: The Place protomuseum, The Time protomuseum, The Thing protomuseum and, accordingly, scenarios of immersiveness in these environments: immersion – bodily (autosuggestion) and speculative (apperception).

Urban construction and architecture. 2023;13(1):158-165
pages 158-165 views


Process of adapting international concepts of sustainable construction in Russia
Rynkovskaya M.I., Tcurin E.D.

This article discusses the process of adapting international concepts of sustainable construction in Russia. A review of “green” standards and an ecological approach to design within the framework of the Russian construction industry has been made. A comparative analysis of Russian and foreign software was made using the example of Renga, ModelStudioCS and Revit in the context of solving problems of sustainable design. The initial experimental stage of adaptation of ecological construction in Russia was identified and the relationship between legal documents, regional conditions for the use of “green” solutions in construction and the capabilities of Russian software systems was given. A comparative analysis showed the low readiness of Russian computer-aided design programs to solve specific problems of analyzing the energy efficiency of buildings, lighting, acoustics and construction waste.

Urban construction and architecture. 2023;13(1):166-176
pages 166-176 views
Role of religious complexes in the development of the territory of Penza
Tyuklenkova E.P., Pershina M.E.

The issues of placement of religious complexes in urban areas are highlighted. Formed problems, traditions and main factors taken into account at the stage of reconstruction and design are identified. The role of temples in the formation of the architectural and compositional complex is shown.

Urban construction and architecture. 2023;13(1):177-181
pages 177-181 views

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