Vol 3, No 1 (2013)

Articles
THE MAIN AREA OF THE TOWN PLANNING: CENTRAL, MIDDLE, PERIPHERAL; INDUSTRIAL TERRITORIES IN THE CITY STRUCTURE
ABAKUMOVA A.V.
Abstract

The article reveals the characteristics of the main urban zones: central, middle, peripheral. The place and the role of industrial areas in the structure of the major planning zones of the city are examined. The priority areas for change and a new functional content of degraded industrial areas based on the location in the central or peripheral area of the median are identifi ed.

Urban construction and architecture. 2013;3(1):6-9
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PARTICIPANTS AND COMPONENTS OF STREET SPACE. URBAN TRANSPORT POLICY
KUZNETsOVA Y.A.
Abstract

Article focuses on the questions: who and what forms a street space, who and in what hierarchy is involved in traffic, what are the problems in the transport policy of the Russian cities, what is the transport policy of progressive foreign cities.

Urban construction and architecture. 2013;3(1):10-14
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BACKGROUND OF THE APPLICATION OF THE ERGONOMIC RESEARCH IN DESIGN PROCESS
MALYShEVA S.G., ALTUNYaN K.O.
Abstract

The article analyzes the conditions and background for the introduction of ergonomic research in design process. A man and his activities in terms of production have always been the main subject of ergonomic investigation in order to improve the working environment, tools and working conditions. For more than 60 years of existence, the priorities of the research have changed due to the emergence of new trends and specific problems. It is quite obvious that design and ergonomics are mutually conditioned and their simultaneous study and application are very important.

Urban construction and architecture. 2013;3(1):15-18
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DESIGN, CONSTRUCTION AND MODERN RESTORATION OF ORTHODOX CHURCHESIN the first half of the 19th century IN THE SOUTHERN URALS
PONOMARENKO E.V.
Abstract

In article the wide range of the questions connected with designing of churches of Orenburg Diocese in first half XIX centuries and their restoration now is considered. Based on the analysis of archival materials, studies of the churches and the memories of eyewitnesses identified the features of design and construction of churches in the first half of the XIXth century. The basic problems of restoration of temples in Southern Ural are considered.

Urban construction and architecture. 2013;3(1):19-24
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LANDSCAPE AND ECOLOGIC PROBLEMS OF A CITY ON THE EXAMPLE OF INNER AREAS OF RECREATIONAL WATERS OF SAMARA
ROZhDESTVENSKAYa E.S.
Abstract

The article considers the problem of inner city areas of recreational waters of Samara. Their typological relation to town planning grounds, recreational use, sanitary and hygienic condition, landscape and environmental conditions, visual aesthetic and compositional characteristics are viewed.

Urban construction and architecture. 2013;3(1):25-30
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ESPECIALLY URBAN TRANSFORATSY FORMER INDUSTRIAL AREAS (EKO-TEСH CONSTRUCTION PROJECTS IN THE CITY OF SWEDEN)
SOLODILOV M.V.
Abstract

We consider the question of urban transformation of former industrial areas in modern cities. The legacy of the industrial past, city gets the vast areas not functioning plants, river ports, storage areas, burdened with a dysfunctional environment. The including of these areas in the functioning urban fabric is proposed. From the analysis of foreign experience, we can see that such initiatives can become the main vector of development of modern construction and urban technologies.

Urban construction and architecture. 2013;3(1):31-37
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FOREIGN AND RUSSIAN EARTHEN BUILDING EXPERIENCE
ChESNOKOVA D.M.
Abstract

The objects of research are the earth and unfired clay as building materials used for architectural forming. The article shows the research regarding the traditional techniques of foreign and Russian Earthen Architecture, which offers a new development prospective of architecture of different times. The usage of those techniques allowed the construction of energy-efficient houses, which means that in spite of the weather conditions, the living standard in those houses is quite high and at the same time the use of heating and airconditioning systems is minimized. Building technologies and their historical development are viewed.

Urban construction and architecture. 2013;3(1):38-44
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STUDY OF SORBENT OBR -1 CHARACTERISTIC FOR TERTIARY TREATMENT OF DRINKING WATER FROM HEAVY METAL IONS AND ORGANIC SUBSTANCES
ABUOVA G.B., BORONINA L.V., KIChIGIN V.I.
Abstract

High sorption capacity of OBR-1 in relation to the studied substances is determined. It is shown that the desorption (elution) of the studied organic and nonorganic compounds from OBR-1 doesn’t practically occur in conditions of getting treated water (pH, temperature, concentration). The article describes the theoretical study of organic and nonorganic compounds at particular structural units of OBR-1 using the up-to-date quantum-chemical method that makes it possible to represent the experiment and theorybased models of adsorption units.

Urban construction and architecture. 2013;3(1):46-50
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NATURAL AND WASTE WATER TREATMENT BY ELECTROCHEMICAL FILTRATION
NAZAROV M.V.
Abstract
Installing chemical power sources in the filter makes the treatment of natural and waste water from organic substances more intense and results in reducing carbonate hardness. The design of the chemical power sources is optimized on the basis of their parameters’ measuring. Electrochemical filters with a number of power sources are described in the article. The process of increasing the effect of water conditioning in the filters can be seen.
Urban construction and architecture. 2013;3(1):51-60
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STUDING QUALITY CHARACTERISTICS OF SURFACE RUNOFF COMING FROM RAILWAYS
STRELKOV A.K., TEPLYKh S.Y., GORShKALEV P.A.
Abstract

The article provides the results of the research aimed at determining and studying quality characteristics, i.e. concentration of pollutants, of surface runoff from railways. The research was made at Samara railway stations. The classification of railways is given according to ballast pollution which in its turn influences the concentration of pollutants in the surface runoff. Criteria for putting the railway in the appropriate classification item have been worked out. There have been found and mathematically described the dependence of pollutants’ concentration in the surface runoff from railway ballast pollution.

Urban construction and architecture. 2013;3(1):61-68
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ASSESSMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL AND HYDRAULIC FACILITIES CONDITION OF LAKE SERNOYE (SERNOVODSK SETTLMENT, SERGIEVSK DISTRICT, SAMARA REGION)BASED ON MONITORING RESULTS OF 2012
MEShchERYaKOVA Z.V., ERMAKOVA I.V., ORLOVA A.A., KARPOVA V.I.
Abstract

Natural observation material of environmental and hydraulic facilities’ conditions during 2012 was considered. Pressure and culvert facilities were visually examined. Conclusions were made and the recommendations were given for repairing and reconstructing the object in order to provide further reliable operation of environmental and hydraulic facilities.

Urban construction and architecture. 2013;3(1):71-74
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GUIDANCE ON ACCOUNTING FOR TREES AND SHRUBS IN THE CALCULATION OF SLOPE STABILITY
ARSLANOV A.A., MUSTAFIN R.F.
Abstract

The authors suggest a method for defining the share of roots in the volume of ground layer as a basis for calculating the stability of slopes covered with tree-bush vegetation.

Urban construction and architecture. 2013;3(1):71-80
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ERECTION OF A CUPOLA ON THE 13TH LEVEL OF THE IVERSKY MONASTERY BELL TOWER IN SAMARA
DOLADOV Y.I., DOLADOVA I.P.
Abstract

The work production plan of the Iversky monastery bell tower building is viewed. Formwork of dome erection is projected by the authors, concreting procedure is proposed.

Urban construction and architecture. 2013;3(1):82-87
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WORK PRODUCTION PLAN OF BUILD PROCEDURE OF CELLULAR RADIOTELEPHONE TOWER
DOLADOV Y.I., PANFILOV D.A.
Abstract

The project realized in the Eastern Siberia mountains is viewed. Bilding-up of a tower with 22 m boom. The height of a tower is 70 m, the weight is 30 t. Unusual reeving scheme is proposed, cable diameter and erection diagram for the most difficult block are selected.

Urban construction and architecture. 2013;3(1):88-92
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ANALYSIS OF CORRUGATED AND UNEVEN SURFACE INFLUENCE ON HYDRAULIC RESISTIVITY AND HEAT EMISSION FOR TURBULENT CURRENTS OF LIQUID FLOW IN INDUSTRIAL PIPES
LUKS A.L., KRESTIN E.A., ShUVALOV M.V.
Abstract

Features of corrugated and uneven surface of pipes and grooves and their influence on hydraulic resistivity and heat emission for turbulent currents of liquid flow are analyzed. In autonomous area the resistivity of pipes cannot be found by using a single geometric parameter (equivalent height of roughness peaks), which is typical for even-granular, or sandy unevenness. It is proposed to use several geometrical parameters (d/D, t/D, etc.) for theoretical and experimental study of occurring wave moves in the liquid flow in pipes. Methods and results for modeling wave motions by using different turbulence creators for wall layers (i.e. diametrical grooves, wire ruts and spirals) and precise instruments. Main influence of corrugated and uneven pipe surfaces on structure changes in the wall layers of fluid flow was identified. Practical guidelines for measurements of hydraulic resistivity of the pipes in engineering networks and systems are described.

Urban construction and architecture. 2013;3(1):93-113
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TECHNICAL SAFETY QUESTIONS OF SCHOOL BUILDINGS EXPLOITATION
YaKOVLEVA M.V., FROLOV E.A., ISAEV V.I., FROLOV A.E.
Abstract

The article deals with current questions related to security in the school sector in the city and in the countryside. On the example of a school located in Koshkinsky area the results of a survey of school complex are shown. Recommendations to strengthen the damaged structures and to ensure the safe operation of the school complex are proposed. Photos of the fragments school with injuries and after the reconstruction are provided.

Urban construction and architecture. 2013;3(1):114-120
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