Vol 5, No 4 (2015)

Articles
IRRELEVANT ASSESSING THE VALUE OF ARCHITECTURAL HISTORICAL ENVIRONMENT BY AN EXPERT QUALIMETRIC METHOD
VAVILONSKAYA T.V.
Abstract
The description developed in а scientific and practical work the author method of expert qualimetric method the value of a city architectural and historical environment, approved by the example of Samara city. Through this method obtained а pragmatic (qualimetric) value pattern. Sociological questionnaire express monitoring allowed to make a mental value pattern. A comparative analysis of the pragmatic and mental value patterns found a significant overlap. Both from the study value patterns are subjective and heavily biased towards the objective value pattern. Thus, the contradiction of objectives and results in the protection of cultural heritage is due to irrelevant ratio objective, mental and pragmatic value pattern of architectural and historical environment.
Urban construction and architecture. 2015;5(4):6-12
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CONVERSION METHOD DEVELOPS OR HAS DEVELOPED PLANNING STRUCTURE LARGE CITIES
VERETENNIKOV D.B.
Abstract
On the basis of the historical and genetic analysis, incremental quantitative and qualitative changes of planning structures of the largest cities of the Volga region: Ulyanovsk, Samara, Saratov, Volgograd; analysis, identifying common to their development stages of structural reforms and laws of formation of planning structures, proposed a method for identifying stable over time the structural and planning foundations of the city, which could help to preserve the principle of urban planning continuity in the development of existing cities at the present stage of their evolution, and would help greater objectivity of urban planning decisions. As part of the method, the technique of perspective transformation of the existing planning structures the listed cities.
Urban construction and architecture. 2015;5(4):13-22
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SUSTAINABLE ARCHITECTURE. ENERGY EFFICIENCY AND ECOLOGICAL COMPATIBILITY OF LARGE-SCALE AFFORDABLE HOUSING WITH HONG KONG AS AN EXAMPLE
GENERALOV V.P., GENERALOVA E.M.
Abstract
The article discusses issues related to the need for sustainable development of th-city environment, analyzes the problems arising in the process of formation of modern standards of energy efficiency and sustainability of affordable mass housing in Russia. Lighting beauty rich experience of Hong Kong in the use of green technologies during construction and operation of high-rise complexes, public housing, site improvement, development of public infrastructure, as well as criteria certification based on the level of environmental efficiency. Specifics of using different types of renewable energy, the active planting areas, protection measures against noise and innovative design approaches in terms of high-density development when the inclusion of residential units in the urban environment is based on the collection and comprehensive processing of large amount of information, covering architectural design, engineering, technological, economic and other aspects.
Urban construction and architecture. 2015;5(4):23-29
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RESTORATION OF MICHAEL THE ARCHANGEL ORTHODOX CATHEDRAL IN DERGATCHI VILLAGE (KOLYVAN), KRASNOARMEYSK DISTRICT OF SAMARA REGION
LITVINOV D.V., IVANOVA L.I., TUZOV A.V.
Abstract
The paper looks into the principles of scientific restoration and reconstruction of religious architecture monuments, the stages of research and design of restoration works and their properties. It thoroughly describes the stages of the restoration design and research works taking A. Tuzov’s degree project as an example. Particular attention is paid to the investigation into the damages and to the account of the preserved architectural, design and painterly parts of the cathedral. The authors put forward recommendations for its restoration and reconstruction and present detailed graphics. The project of analog reconstruction of the cathedral area introducing.
Urban construction and architecture. 2015;5(4):30-36
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CATEGORY ABSTRACT FORM IN THE STRUCTURE OF THE COMPOSITE DESIGN METHOD
MALAKHOV S.A.
Abstract
Discusses the abstract category of form, i.e. the phenomenon of «separation» binary formulas «function-form» in the interests of the form not at the level of abstract reasoning and generally accepted, and in the discourse it is valid and productive to the project method of substantionally. Therefore, the author proposes to legalize an abstract form as an artistic genre and a specific type of models, although the actual application of these models emerged in the era of the propaedeutic experiments of the Bauhaus and the VKhUTEMAS. Developed by the author for composite design method abstract form (form as a separate substance activity) means a fundamental prerequisite for the reconstruction of architectural activity in a holistic relationship to the landscape and development as relevant to the profession’s reality of the author.
Urban construction and architecture. 2015;5(4):37-42
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COMPOSITION AND RESEARCH, CONCEPT AND CONTEXT - THE MAIN METHODOLOGICAL PRIORITIES OF THE DEPARTMENT OF INNOVATIVE DESIGN SAMARA STATE UNIVERSITY OF ARCHITECTURE AND CIVIL ENGINEERING
MALAKHOV S.A., REPINA E.A.
Abstract
The article theory of architecture identified with the Genesis of the personal design experience of the architect: how successful, so wealthy theory. Examines the relationship between theoretical and methodological developments of the Department of innovative design aimed at a gradual transition from the corporeal-sensual, compositional experience to contextual and analytical, conceptual, and, ultimately, the environmental approach to solving design problems. In the basis of methodology of the Department of innovative design - the activity of the academic workshop of Sergey Malakhov and Eugenia Repina, the key principles which were published in the monograph from the series «TATLIN MONO» (April 2012). The article determines that the design strategies should focus on the holistic understanding of the environment as basic values of the design profession as an architect and designer.
Urban construction and architecture. 2015;5(4):43-52
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EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF THE EFFECT OF WATERPROOF MATERIAL ON WATER-THERMAL REGIME OF THE SOIL SAMPLE
PERMITINA T.V.
Abstract
This article deals with the problem of water and thermal regime of subgrade of the road in the far north. The measures to regulate water and thermal regime of soil of roadbed are described. An experimental study to evaluate the effect of the waterproof materials on the temperature and humidity regime of the road construction. The tasks, aimed at identifying patt erns of change in the physical and mechanical characteristics and the migration of moisture in the subgrade of the road and in the active layer of permafrost, reinforced waterproof element, are set.
Urban construction and architecture. 2015;5(4):53-58
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EVOLUTION OF RIBBON DEVELOPMENT: DAMMERSTOCK, KARLSRUHE, 1928-1929
FILIPPOV V.D.
Abstract
This publication is the first part of the paper which will further present contemporary examples of ribbon development in Samara region. It describes the very first experience of ribbon development in the area of Dammerstock, the city of Karlsruhe, completed by German architects in 1928-1929. In addition to the description of basic ideas that have become the source of the given town-planning method, the article gives the detail description of solutions found by architects for organizing proper residential environment in the Dammerstock district.
Urban construction and architecture. 2015;5(4):59-66
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ON THE ISSUE OF WATER SUPPLY AND SEWAGE IN THE VOLGA REGION AND SOFTWARE METHODS FOR PROBLEM SOLUTION
SAYRIDDINOV S.S., SELEZNEV V.A., SELEZNEVA A.V.
Abstract
The state of surface and underground sources, networks and installations of drinking water supply facilities and networks of water disposal systems in the Volga region on the example of Togliatti. Priorities are defined in accordance with the strategy of socio-economic development of Samara region for the period up to 2020 carried out ecological and statistical analysis of supply sources; technological analysis of the treatment and transportation of drinking water, status of feeder pipelines and the degree of their accidents, leaks; technological analysis of the operation of the networks and structures of drainage systems. It was noted that increased levels of anthropogenic pollution of drinking water sources, significant wear of facilities and equipment the water sector, the lack of a backup water source (Avtozavodskiy district) determine the urgency of the problem to guarantee the residents with clean drinking water and dispose of it in the priorities of socio-economic development in Togliatti. Noted that organization of joint actions of bodies of Executive and legislative authorities, enterprises of the water sector, investors, technical experts, the population of the city to create in the water sector efficient, qualitatively new, modern forms and methods of management. The magnitude of the problem determines the need to develop programs using program-target solutions of complex organizational-technical, legal, economic, social and other tasks and events, providing conditions for its implementation.
Urban construction and architecture. 2015;5(4):68-77
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ON PRODUCTION OF RECULTIVATING MATERIALS ON THE BASIS OF LIQUIDATED SLUDGE STORAGE COLLECTORS
CHERTES K.L., TUPICYNA O.V., PYSTIN V.N., SHTERENBERG A.M.
Abstract
The paper deals with suitability of water industry sludge for production of soil-like recultivating materials. It has been proposed to use sludge storage collectors as the main source of raw materials. An example of estimating water industry sludge storage collectors with the help of digital state matrix has been given. The paper presents structural and technological design of complex production of recultivating materials on the basis of the liquidated sludge storage collector. It has been proposed to locate the complex structures on the reinforced surface of the collector.
Urban construction and architecture. 2015;5(4):78-84
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THE INFLUENCE OF OPERATION CONDITIONS OF HYDROELECTRIC POWER PLANTS THE CHOICE OF THE MAIN PARAMETERS OF THE SUCTION PIPES
BALZANNIKOV M.I.
Abstract
Considered run-of-river hydropower plants (HPP). Notes the importance of technical-economic calculations in the justifi cation of large water-conducting elements of the path these types of HPP. The methodology of economic substantiation of the expediency of increasing the length of the draft tube. Using the technique of the calculations for lowpressure hydroelectric run-of-river type. The results of the analysis of the influence of the operating conditions of the hydroelectric power station on basic geometrical parameters of draft tube.
Urban construction and architecture. 2015;5(4):86-92
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THE SELECTION OF BUILDING MATERIALS TO IMPROVE THE COMFORT AND ECOLOGICAL SAFETY OF CITY HOUSING
ZHIGULINA A.Y., CHUMACHENKO N.G.
Abstract
The article is devoted to problems of creation of comfortable microclimate. Identifi es sources of pollution, completed their evaluation. Special att ention is paid to the selection of environmentally friendly building materials. In the production of building materials where toxic components can be industrial waste, replacing natural raw materials and chemical additives regulating the properties. In the operation of many building materials, especially those based on polymers, it is necessary to control the release of toxic substances resulting from degradation. For the assessment of comfort and environmental safety of housing is offered to create «Passports of residential buildings», which should be provided with information about construction materials used to evaluate this parameter, environmental home safety, including chemical safety as its component.
Urban construction and architecture. 2015;5(4):94-99
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ON TECHNOLOGY OF PASSIVE DEGASSING OF SOLID MUNICIPAL WASTE LANDFILL FACILITIES
ZELENTSOV D.V., SAVELYEV A.A., CHERTES K.L.
Abstract
The paper describes the technology of passive degassing of solid municipal waste landfill facilities. When landfill gas penetrates into the environment it causes negative effects. The described method is used to prevent uncontrolled emission of landfill gas into atmosphere. Passive degassing of solid municipal waste landfill is carried out with the help of a chain of gas draining boreholes. The technique for calculating the chain of gas draining boreholes and their structural design has been given.
Urban construction and architecture. 2015;5(4):100-102
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ANALYZING PLANNING SOLUTIONS FOR RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS WITH ACCOUNT OF THEIR ENERGY EFFICIENCY
SOLOGUBOV Y.P., GORDEEVA T.E.
Abstract
The paper introduces the analysis of interrelation of a space planning solution with energy efficiency of building envelops and building structures insolation. The aim of the research is to find out an energy-efficient planning solution for a definite construction area, that of Samara city. The authors compare buildings key dimensions and introduce their energy performance certificates. Heat losses through front building envelops are also calculated. The paper concludes that from the standpoint of their energy efficiency corridor-type arrangements are preferable to tower blocks.
Urban construction and architecture. 2015;5(4):104-107
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THE INTERRELATIONSHIP OF FRACTIONAL COMPOSITION, SUPRAMOLECULAR STRUCTURE AND PERFORMANCE OF ROAD BITUMEN. PART II
SHEINA T.V., SAMOKHINA A.A.
Abstract
The paper thoroughly investigates the composition, structure and properties of road bitumen malthenes. It describes the infl uence of the nature of raw materials and ways of their processing on the deformation properties of the binderm and the infl uence of quantitative relation of malthenes faction hydrocarbons of their structural characteristics.
Urban construction and architecture. 2015;5(4):108-114
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