Vol 2, No 3 (2021)


The solo violin sonatas of Ivan Handoshkin in the context of chamber and instrumental music оf eighteenth-century Russia

Dyatlov D.A.


This article deals with the composer and violinist Ivan Khandoshkin. The famous Russian virtuoso had a considerable influence on the formation of a national instrumental style. The article presents a panorama of Russian music of the eighteenth century in its various forms. It defines the typical features of the nascent national style in a synthesis of European forms and genres with characteristic

Sphere of culture. 2021;2(3):13-21
pages 13-21 views

Understanding the fate of literary anecdotes in contemporary philology

Golubkov S.A.


This article deals with the study of anecdotal forms in modern literary criticism. In recent decades, there has been a growing interest in the study of the semantics, pragmatics and poetics of the anecdote. It focuses on the books of the Slavist E. Ia. Kurganov, The Russian Munchausen (2017) and The Absurd in Russian Literature: The Historical Anecdote in Writers’ Texts (2020). The first book is mainly concerned with anecdotal forms of oral communication in Russian culture of the nineteenth century, while the second book traces the influence of anecdotal models on the construction of literary works by A. S. Pushkin, N. V. Gogol, V. F. Odoevsky, I. S. Turgenev, F. M. Dostoevsky, N. S. Leskov, A. P. Platonov, and S.D. Dovlatov. The current article discusses the connections of Kurganov’s works with the Russian scholarly tradition of studying the anecdote. It stresses the productivity of Kurganov’s view of the fluidity and historiosophical nature of the anecdote.
Sphere of culture. 2021;2(3):25-33
pages 25-33 views

The battle between a pig and a donkey: оn the reattribution of THE fable against Sumarokov from the literary war of the 1760s

Osokin M.Y.


He fable “The Pig in a Fox’s Skin” (1760) was attributed to F. I. Dmitriev-Mamonov in at least in two manuscripts of the eighteenth century. It was later reattributed to M. V. Lomonosov, mainly because this was seen as a response to A. S. Sumarokov’s fable “The Donkey in a Lion’s Skin” (1760) directed against Lomonosov. This article shows that this reattribution was mistaken. Based on the manuscript of Mamonov’s poem “Russia” (Poema Rossiia, 1773); on a letter newly attributed to Mamonov (dated May 11, 1770, to Moscow University); and on a previously known but incorrectly interpreted text (the preface to his translation of La Fontaine’s “Love of Psyche and Cupid”) we can reconstruct Mamonov’s language program and explain why he would have opposed Sumarokov in favor of Lomonosov in the literary conflict of the 1760s. The article also presents a heretofore-unpublished epigram from G.F. Müller’s papers concerning the same dispute that was overlooked by the first publishers of “The Pig in a Fox’s Skin.”
Sphere of culture. 2021;2(3):34-46
pages 34-46 views

The theatricalisation of life in the era of Peter the Great in B.A. Sadovsky’s novel “Karl Weber”

Kislova N.N., Zhurcheva O.V.


This article considers the phenomenon of the theatricalization of life as a source for creating plots by examining the 1928 novel by B.A. Sadovsky, The Adventures of Karl Weber. The novel depicts the era of Peter I and its parodic rituals (the wedding and funeral of jesters and other festivities) as perceived through the consciousness of a European. The hero of the novel witnesses the formation of a new kind of holiday of the new era. The carnivalesque behavior of the tsar and his entourage as well as the culture of jesters and skomorokhi provide the chaotic background for the adventurous world of the protagonist
Sphere of culture. 2021;2(3):47-56
pages 47-56 views

Musical metaphor in the artistic world of Dina Rubina

Kozinets S.B.


This article analyzes the use of musical metaphors in the works of Dina Rubina. The authors abundant use of a variety of musical terms in a figurative sense and her special predilection for them may be explained by her former profession as a musician. The article describes some musical metaphors that stem from the reinterpretation of the names of musical instruments and the peculiarities of sound. A significant number of special musical terms are also subject to metaphorization (e.g., arpeggio, diminuendo, crescendo, cadence). Analysis of this material leads us to conclude that Rubina significantly expands the metaphorical field of «music» by including special terms in it. This enrichment of the metaphorical system of the language reveals new possibilities for the figurative reinterpretation of lexical units and terms.
Sphere of culture. 2021;2(3):59-65
pages 59-65 views

Difficulties of semantization of preventive medicine terminology

Andreev V.P., Plakhotskaia Z.V.


This article suggests a solution to the problem of creating normative dictionaries of preventive medicine terms. This requires an in-depth study of the phenomena of polysemy and especially polysemy in the definition of specific terms. Variety in this part of the linguistic field can result both from natural processes of scientific language development and from superficial or even erroneous iudgments. Dictionaries are infiltrated by definitions of terms that do not correspond to the complexity of the objects being defined and that do not reflect essential aspects of the concepts being presented. A comparative analysis of dictionary entries and the contexts of their use in scientific publications allows us to remedy errors in the semantization of terms.
Sphere of culture. 2021;2(3):66-80
pages 66-80 views

The mediating role of karachai-balkar food in the rite of passage to the world of the dead in the late 19th - early 20th century

Khadzhieva M.K.


The article explores the role and functions of sacrifices and food gifts in the funeral and memorial rites Karachai-Balkarian people in the late nineteenth - early twentieth century. Sacrifices and gifts--with the aid of deceased relatives who have passed into the realm of their ancestors (ata-baba)-- help the community come to an agreement with the highest forces. In the ethnogenesis of the Karachay-Balkarian people, two components have played an equal role: the purely Caucasian substrate (the local Caucasian tribes, which are its ethnic core); and the nomadic steppe superstratum. Their common origin--one language, way of life, and national mentality-has led to the fact that by the beginning of the twenty-first century, the Karachai-Balkars, divided administratively, still constitute a single people and conside themselves as such. This study focuses on the role and functions of Karachay-Balkarian food in the rite of transition to the «world of shadows» (auan dunia). The author argues that in modern conditions, the scope of traditional rites is constantly narrowing; many of its elements disappear or are on the verge of extinction. In the twenty-first century, food is losing its magical function, which may lead not only to the waning of popular culture, but also to the erosion of ethnic and regional identity.
Sphere of culture. 2021;2(3):83-92
pages 83-92 views

The role of self-generating databases (CNSHB) in providing information to users

Pirumova L.N.


This article analyzes the purpose, use and need for databases (DB) that are self-generating (CNSHB). It reviews two lexicographic and five documentary databases that are used to search and select documents that meet the professional and scientific needs of users. The total number of uses (entries) to the CNSHB self-generated database from 2019 to the present day has been recorded at 666,053 calls.
Sphere of culture. 2021;2(3):95-106
pages 95-106 views

“In the service of peace and progress”: тhе Moscow international book fair of 1975

Pashkovskaia G.S.


The article examines the prehistory of the famous book exhibition in Russia - the Moscow International Book Fair. Specialists of the Laboratory of Standardization and Normative Research of the Research Institute for Complex Printing Problems studied the book products presented at the "Book-75" exhibition. The exhibition described the state of publishing in the USSR and foreign countries. The participating countries presented the best publications on political, scientific and technical, art history, artistic and children's topics and the peculiarities of their artistic and printing design.
Sphere of culture. 2021;2(3):109-118
pages 109-118 views
pages 119-138 views

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