Vol 20, No 2 (2012)

Articles
K.V. Sudakov – vekhi nauchnoy deyatel'nosti
Zakharov N.D., Lapkin M.M., Belov A.F.
Abstract
I.P. Pavlov Russian Medical Biological Herald. 2012;20(2):7-9
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Investigation of pancreas neuroendocrine organization of some fishes’ species ( Pisces)
Savelieva E.S., Proshchina A.E., Saveliev S.V.
Abstract
Immunhistochemical analysis of endocrine pancreas innervation of fishes was spent on 6 species (22 specimen) – Brown-banded cat shark ( Ch. punctatum Müller and Henle, 1838), Motoro Sting Ray ( P. motoro Müller & Henle, 1841), Sterlet (A. ruthenus L., 1758), Anguilla river ( A. anguilla L., 1758), Trout rainbow ( S. irideus L., 1758), Pike usual ( E. lucius L., 1758). Antibodies to glucagon (Lab Vision), insulin (Sigma), neuron specific enolase (Lab Vision), neuron specific β-III tubulin (Abcam), S-100 (Lab Vision), synaptophysin (Abcam) end neuropeptide Y (Abcam) were used for immunhistochemical study. Two mechanism of control functional activity of pancreas were detected. One of them (archaic mechanism) is under construction on immediate regulation of activity endocrine end exocrine cells and functions by means of peripheral nervous system. The other operates by means of synthesis of signal endocrine cells’ neuropeptides.
I.P. Pavlov Russian Medical Biological Herald. 2012;20(2):10-17
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VARIABILITY OF PARAMETERS OF NEPHRITIC VEINS IN THE COURSE OF AGING
Kafarov E.F., Stabredov A.V.
Abstract
146 preparations of kidneys of people, at the age from 21 years till 85 years which were lost from diseases, not connected with a pathology urological system are investigated. Methods of anatomic preparation are used and 146 corrosion preparations of venous system of a kidney of the person are made. Also the data 76 МСКТ and 34 МРТ has been used. The morphometry data was processed by methods of variation statistics on the personal computer under programs «Excel» (Ver.10.2701) and «Statwin» (Ver.5.1). The research analysis has shown that with the years there is a gradual increase in diameters of nephritic veins (till 50 years), however this process proceeds non-uniformly. Parts of a nephritic vein differ the form, in the sizes, a wall structure, individually changeable, and have topometrytical features. External diameter, thickness of a wall, internal diameter and the area of cross-section section of a gleam, the relation of a thickness of a wall to diameter of a gleam of parts of a nephritic vein, change in the course of aging non-uniformly.
I.P. Pavlov Russian Medical Biological Herald. 2012;20(2):18-24
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MORPHOFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OF THE MUCOUS MEMBRANE OF THE OESOPHAGUS IN THE CASES OF BRONCHIAL ASTHMAOF VARYING SEVERITY
Golovanova V.E., Mikhaleva L.M., Barkhina T.G., Schegoleva N.N., Ivanova E.V.
Abstract
Studying morphofunional conditions of a mucous membrane of oesophagus of patients with a bronchial asthma of different severity became the research objective. We confirmed the combination of a bronchial asthma with eosinophilicesophagitis and nonspecific chronic esophagitis, aggravated in process of asthma progressing. In the work the necessity of differentiated tactics and conducting of the patients with bronchial asthma in the cases of accompanying pathology of oesophagus is scientifically grounded. We notice a problem of insufficient diagnostics and ineffective treatment of eosinophilic esophagitis in the cases of bronchial asthma.
I.P. Pavlov Russian Medical Biological Herald. 2012;20(2):25-32
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CONSTRUCTION INFORMATION SYSTEM OF MENTAL Architectonics
Sudakov K.V.
Abstract
In the present study attempts to provide the logic of the construction of cerebral architectonics of the systemic organization of mental activity that combines physical and physiological information (ideal) processes in their close cooperation. Information processes in the brain, as a wave and discrete atomic processes, probably closely related to a discrete organization, which is close to quantum physics, but in living organisms, they certainly have the qualitative features.
I.P. Pavlov Russian Medical Biological Herald. 2012;20(2):33-47
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NEUROVISCERAL COUPLING DURING EMOTIONAL RESPONDING IN MAN
Aftanas L.I., Brack I.V., Makhnev V.P.
Abstract
Assessment of defensive behavior in the cardiovascular system is based on the presentation of an intense aversive unexpected stimulus that prompts a specific phasic cardiovascular reactivity pattern (usually HR and arterial BP reactivity) coined as the cardiac defense response (CDR). The CDR indexes activity of the defensive motivational system and behavioral coping programs. Using the CDR as a model of defensive behavior, the aim was to analyze putative contribution of brain oscillations into central mechanisms of enhanced cardiovascular stress reactivity in arterial hypertension patients. To address this issue the CDR was elicited in controls (n=19) and naive unmedicated hypertensives (n=17). Heart rate (HR) and arterial blood pressure (BP), based on the beat-by-beat technology (Finometer®) along with 64-channel EEG were simultaneously recorded while the 3 CDR were sequentially evoked. As for the neurophysiological analysis of the CDR’s time-course the event-related synchronization/desynchronization (ERD/ERS) of EEG in different frequency bands was calculated throughout the all recorded CDRs. It was revealed that long-latency BP increases in hypertensives were marked by lack of the alpha-2 (10-12 Hz) ERS over the central and centro-parietal cortex bilaterally. On the contrary, the controls manifested alpha-2 ERS over these regions which was concomitant to the lowered long-latency BP reactivity. High frequency brain alpha oscillations of the centro-parietal cortex are involved into the top-down inhibitory control of BP stress reactivity, and arterial hypertension may be associated with the deficiency of this mechanism.
I.P. Pavlov Russian Medical Biological Herald. 2012;20(2):48-59
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COMPARATIVE NEUROPHYSIOLOGICAL ANALYSIS OF THE SUPPORT AND USEFUL ADJUSTING RESULT: LOGIC AND FACTS
Zhuravlev B.V.
Abstract
In the article the physiological principles and processes are stated from the point of view of the theory of functional systems of the academician P. K. Anokhin. On the basis of development of these representations, and also received experimental dates the concept about result as system-organization factor is offered. Useful adaptation effect determinate physiological process occurring in the central nervous system of the basis of feed back afferents about parameters of result of action to the neurons included in structure of the towards model of results of action. The logic and experimental dates of representation about result at a regulation of blood pressure level, feed behavior and social form of activity of the man are given. Are considered neurophysiological processes at goal-directed activity of animal, underlying formations useful of result as «effect» in system (reinforcement).
I.P. Pavlov Russian Medical Biological Herald. 2012;20(2):60-69
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ABOUT THE CONNECTION BETWEEN VEGETATIVE NERVOUS SYSTEM TONUS AND FUNCTIONAL INTERHEMISPHERIC BRAIN ASYMMETRY AMONG PUPILS DEPRIVED OF HEARING
Akulina M.V., Endolov V.V.
Abstract
121 pupils of specialized boarding school for deaf children and children with poor hearing were examined. While the four year research of vegetative nervous system (VNS) tonus and individual display of functional interhemispheric brain asymmetry it was found out that the adaptation of deaf pupils and pupils with poor hearing happens with higher tonus of sympathetic section of vegetative nervous system than among pupils with good hearing. It was also found the connection between VNS tension with interhemispheric brain asymmetry and hearing factor.
I.P. Pavlov Russian Medical Biological Herald. 2012;20(2):70-74
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CONVENTIONAL RESPIRATORY REFLEX TO INCREASED RESPIRATORY RESISTANCE AS AN EXPERIMENTAL MODEL OF ADAPTIVE ACTIVITY
Byalovskiy Y.Y.
Abstract
State Budget Educational Institution of Higher Professional Education “Ryazan State Medical University named after academician I.P. Pavlov” of the Ministry of Public Health and Social Development of the Russian Federation, Ryazan In the article it’s verified that conventional respiratory reflex to resistive load is the organism’s multicomponent reaction which can be used adequately as a model of adaptive human activity due to some methodical advantages: rapid reflex formation, relative strength, distinct quantitative evaluation criteria of components, relative simplicity of fulfillment of the methods. A step-like change in reinforcement of congenital respiratory reflex essentially rebuilts spatiotemporal structure of adaptive activity as well as its physiological cost.
I.P. Pavlov Russian Medical Biological Herald. 2012;20(2):75-84
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Characteristics of phylogenetically different parts of rats brain cortex after irradiation
Ilicheva V.N., Ushakov B.N.
Abstract
Morphofunctional changes in neocortex, archicortex and paleocortex were studied in experiment on white male rats after single and fractionized irradiation in a doze of 0,2 Gy. The comparison of morphometric parameters in the studied parts of brain was carried out.
I.P. Pavlov Russian Medical Biological Herald. 2012;20(2):85-89
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THE RELATIONSHIP OF THE DIFFERENT TACTICS TO ACHIEVE THE RESULT OF THE SENSO-MOTOR ACTIVITY WITH THE SPECTRAL CHARACTERISTICS AND COHERENT OF THE BACKGROUND EEG OF THE SUBJECTS
Murtazina E.P.
Abstract
Correlation analysis showed that the level of spectral power of the theta rhythm in the frontal and parietal cortex of the left hemisphere was inversely proportional to success, stability, sustainability of an inconsistent after errors and positively correlated, as well as capacity alpha-1 rhythm of the parietal and visual areas of the cortex of the right hemisphere of the brain, to the effectiveness of the points and risky nature of the subjects. Power beta 1 rhythm EEG central, parietal and occipital areas of the brain cortex are interconnected with the success of the subjects with both tactics of implementation the visual-motor test. Found asymmetry and different structural representation of the linkages tactics performance and characteristics of the background EEG test subjects.
I.P. Pavlov Russian Medical Biological Herald. 2012;20(2):90-95
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Fractal-fluctuation analysis of heart rate nonlinear components to parameterize the functional condition
Lapkin M.M., Vikhrov S.P., Alpatov A.V., Mitrofanova M.Y.
Abstract
The article explains the use of the local fractal analysis of heart rate fluctuation that extends the standard fluctuation analysis DFA method and allows the assessment of real-time functional state of man as a quasi-stationary conditions and in conditions of transition.
I.P. Pavlov Russian Medical Biological Herald. 2012;20(2):96-106
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CALL FOR INTERACTION OF ULTRASOUND IN RATS
Pertsov S.S., Koplik E.V., Saharov D.S., Sudakov K.V., Karkischenko N.N.
Abstract
The article presents data illustrating the changes in the characteristics of ultrasonic vocalizations in rats (mean frequency, duration and power ranges of ultrasonic waves) in acute emotional stressor impact. In the ultrasonic vocalizations of rats reflects individual motivation emotive, dominating at a certain time. These data illustrate the importance of ultrasound information in mammals.
I.P. Pavlov Russian Medical Biological Herald. 2012;20(2):107-116
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About the nature subjective in activity of a brain of the person
Yumatov E.A.
Abstract
In article questions of a parentage internal subjective, an inner world of the person which remains one greatest riddles of the nature are considered. In it pioneer researches of the author of direct objective registration of subjective conditions of the person are presented, unknown persons before the phenomenon and property of a brain are described. For the first time it is shown that subjective conditions of the person can be registered objectively. Existence of the special field named the author by "a psychogenic field», reflecting a subjective condition of a brain of the person is established. Representation is stated that in a live brain there are specific physical phenomena which can't be in the lifeless nature. The new paradigm of activity of the brain, surveying possibility of existence unique for a live brain of the physical phenomena both cerebral fields, and their role in a parentage of a subjective condition is offered.
I.P. Pavlov Russian Medical Biological Herald. 2012;20(2):117-132
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Expression of GABA transporter (GAT-1) and GLIAL FIDRILLAR ACIDIC PROTEIN (GFAP) in maturated human neocortex
Godovalova O.S., Savel’ev S.V.
Abstract
GABA transporter (GAT-1) distribution in the human neocortex sulcuses (fetus from 14 weeks prenatal till four years old human) was researched by immunohistochemistry method. Intensive GAT-1 positive staining in the fissure lip from fetus neocortex was detected. GAT-1 positive staining decreased with different intensivity in the sulcuses and in the straight surfaces of neocortex, depended of fetus age. After birth the lips and the straight surfaces of neocortex was stained uniform, but was kept the decay of labeling in the fissures. From 26 till 33 prenatal weeks GAT-1 positive terminals innervated subventricular/ventricular zone, where they blocked cell progenitor proliferation, whereby triggered the astrocytic differentiation.
I.P. Pavlov Russian Medical Biological Herald. 2012;20(2):133-138
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Academician I.P. Pavlov – a prophet of scientific, social, and political ideas in Russia in the XXI century
Bolondinsky V.R., Samoilov V.O.
Abstract
Pavlov’s ideas, scientific principles and, on the whole, his world outlook in the field of physiology, neurology, education, and psychology are in the foundation of these concepts in the XXI century. His democratism, free-thinking, protests against repressions and terror are what has become reality in the XXI century in Russia. Being an atheist, he came out against persecution of religion, for freedom of personality and independent existence in the country of different parties and organizations, including the Academy of Sciences.
I.P. Pavlov Russian Medical Biological Herald. 2012;20(2):139-142
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COMPLEX ASSESSMENT OF CHRONIC TOXICITY OF THE PREPARATIONS FROM THE BIOMASS OF THE POLISCIAS FICIFOLIA BAILEY CELLULAR CULTURE AS PART OF ITS PRECLINICAL STUDY
Ryabkov A.N.
Abstract
This work is devoted to a comprehensive experimental study of the possible toxicity of the preparations from the biomass of the poliscias filicifolia bailey cellular culture, administered for a long time in high doses.
I.P. Pavlov Russian Medical Biological Herald. 2012;20(2):143-148
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THERMAL CONDITION OF THE ORGANISM OF THE WORKERS employed PROCESSED battery scrap
Chudinin N.V., Kiryushin V.A., Bolchakov A.M.
Abstract
The choice of method for processing of secondary lead in many respects determines the sanitary conditions of labor. Complex comparative approach to the study of existing conditions reveals the most negative factors affecting the workers and to quantify the existing differences. We conducted a prospective study in non-ferrous metals industry, has revealed that one of the disadvantages of the working environment is heating microclimate. Statistical analysis allowed us to establish priorities for the factors acting on the heat-stressed body workers, and to quantify the differences in thermal effects and thermal state of the organism of workers employed by different methods of recycling of lead.
I.P. Pavlov Russian Medical Biological Herald. 2012;20(2):149-155
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NEED OF PATIENTS WITH CONCOMITANT INJURIES IN MEDICAL SPECIALISTS’ CONSULTATION AND CLINICODIAGNOSTIC TESTS
Zhelezin O.V., Konovalov O.E.
Abstract
In the article the questions of needs of patients with concomitant injuries in consultative and clinicodiagnostic care in hospital environment have been given consideration to. The main trends in improvement of therapeutic–diagnostic tactics at pre-hospital and hospital levels of medical care delivery in case of concomitant injuries have been presented.
I.P. Pavlov Russian Medical Biological Herald. 2012;20(2):156-159
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THE PECULIARITIES OF CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEMS IN PATIENTS SUFFERING ISCHEMIC HEART DISEASE IN ASSOCIATION WITH CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE LUNG DISEASES
Maghraoui W., Koubaji K., Solovjova A.V., Kaminnii A.I.
Abstract
We studied the peculiarities of cardiovascular systems in patients suffering ischemic heart disease in association with chronic obstructive lung diseases. We recruited 100 patients divided into two groups; 50 with IHD and 50 with COPD and IHD. All patients were investigated using echocardiography and spirometry. Deterioration of the structural and functional parameters of cardiorespiratory function was revealed in patients with combined pathology.
I.P. Pavlov Russian Medical Biological Herald. 2012;20(2):160-163
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PSYCHOLOGICAL AIMS IN THE CLINICAL WORK OF THE CANCER CARE PROFESSIONALS
Malova Y.V.
Abstract
Revue describes the modern approaches in understanding of the psychological goals in clinical cancer care. The components of the professional activity such as building of confidence and emotional responsibility, individual psychological attitude, understanding of basic psychological needs, are considered. The influence of the psychological well-being on quality, such as on duration of cancer survival, is stressed. The psychological aims and principles of communication in children cancer care and family consulting are described. The importance of the psychological need “to be known” is stressed as one of the most meaningful for the development of the effectiveness of clinical cancer care.
I.P. Pavlov Russian Medical Biological Herald. 2012;20(2):164-169
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Psychological defense mechanisms of patients with epilepsy AND FACTORS DETERMINING THEIR
Krivtsova A.Y., Zhadnov V.A., Yakovleva N.V.
Abstract
Expression of individual defense mechanisms in patients and healthy people varies. Leading psychological defense mechanism of patients with epilepsy – regression, and the vast majority of these patients have a disability group. Several defense mechanisms are associated with specific clinical and psycho-parameters, which leads to the predominance of a particular type of personal protective behaviors.
I.P. Pavlov Russian Medical Biological Herald. 2012;20(2):170-173
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HISTORICAL AND METHODOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF PSYCHOLOGICAL APPROACH TO THE RESEARCH OF PERSONALITY IN THE CONDITIONS OF ILLNESS
Perezhigina N.V., Drynova M.V.
Abstract
This work is devoted to the historical and methodological analysis of three approaches to the problem of personality and searching of the bases of their correlation in research and diagnostic practice. The first approach is based on the I.V.Davydovsky-S.N.Davidenkov's pathogenetic concept. The second approach uses the concept of personality of the Soviet psychological school of L.S.Vygotsky and A.N.Leontev. The third approach is based on pre-revolutionary traditions of the philosophical and anthropological approach to understanding of personality. Discrepancies between methodology and the methodical tools in modern clinical pathopsychological practice are considered and the conclusion about the presence of system-methodological inversion in the system of relations among sciences resulting from the revolution in the approach to the problem of personality is made.
I.P. Pavlov Russian Medical Biological Herald. 2012;20(2):174-180
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Comparative characteristic of the quality of life of mental patients of various nosological group having in-patient treatment
Petrov D.S.
Abstract
In the article the question of life quality of mental patients has been studied. We present the results of investigations of life quality of a group of schizophrenic patients, patients suffering from schizotypical disorders with various duration of disease to Ryazan regional clinical psychiatric inpatient hospital. The results have been obtained with the help of WHOLQ-100 questionnaire. We’ve estimated showings of fundamental spheres and subspheres of the respondents’ life. The importance of life quality showings of mental patients of various nosological categories taking in to account the duration of disease in case of optimization of therapeutic- rehabilitation actions has been given attention to.
I.P. Pavlov Russian Medical Biological Herald. 2012;20(2):181-189
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ADOLESCENT PREGNANCY AND BIRTH – OPTIMIZATION OF OBSTETRIC MANAGEMENT
Petrova Y.A.
Abstract
This article presents the problem of pregnancy of minors. As a result of the undertaken study it was established that pregnancy and birth complications as well as newborn distress for minor mothers are typically higher than for women of optimal reproductive age. Recommendations concerning optimization of obstetric care for young women are presented.
I.P. Pavlov Russian Medical Biological Herald. 2012;20(2):190-195
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Ultrasound duplex scanning in evaluation of long-term results of reconstructive surgery in patients with peripheral occlusive arterial disease
Kalinin R.E., Suchkov I.A., Puchkova G.A.
Abstract
The most frequently used operations in patients with peripheral occlusive arterial disease are aorto-femoral bypass (AFB) and femoro-popliteal bypass (FPB). In cases non suitable for direct reconstruction femoro-femoral cross-over grafting (FFCG) is used. One of the most frequent causes of unsatisfactory long-term results of reconstructive surgery in patients with peripheral occlusive arterial disease is restenosis in reconstruction area. One of the most frequently used methods of evaluation of reconstruction area alteration is ultrasound duple x scanning (UDS) of arteries of lower extremity. The abstract represents the analysis of efficacy of ultrasound duplex scanning in evaluation of long-term results of reconstructive surgery in patients with peripheral occlusive arterial disease. The study included 52 patients. The patients were divided into three groups according to the method of operative treatment used: AFB was performed in 13 patients, FFCG was performed in 9 patients, FPB was performed in 25 patients.
I.P. Pavlov Russian Medical Biological Herald. 2012;20(2):196-201
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FACTOR OF IMMUNOLOGICAL CONTROL IN THE TACTICS OF MANAGING OF PATIENTS WITH URGENT SURGICAL PATHOLOGY
Fedoseev A.V., Abuvarda F.H., Budarev V.N., Muraviev S.U., Mikhaylov I.A.
Abstract
For successful treatment of patients with urgent surgical pathology the deep knowledge of different clinical syndromes is necessary. One of such syndromes is the syndrome of enteric insufficiency. As the result of our research the presence of statisticaly reliable connection between the immunological indexes and the expression of this syndrome was found.
I.P. Pavlov Russian Medical Biological Herald. 2012;20(2):202-207
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The dynamics of adrenal cortex and renal renin-angiotensin system hormone level of the patients with simple solitary cysts, complicated by symptomatic arterial hypertension
Cherenkov A.A., Aristarkhov V.G.
Abstract
The article deals with the results of the symptomatic arterial hypertension surgical correction of 95 patients, suffering simple solitary renal parenchyma cysts. These patients were examined for hormone levels of renin, aldosterone and cortisol versus figure dynamics of systolic and diastolic arterial tension. A hypothesis about a dependence of arterial hypertension forming mechanism on simple renal cyst topography is formulated on the basis of data analysed.
I.P. Pavlov Russian Medical Biological Herald. 2012;20(2):208-214
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Effect of combined application of ozone therapy and millimeter wave therapy on the clinical course of the postoperative period after surgery "sinus-lift"
Durnovo E.A., Klochkov A.S., Yanova N.A., Kazakov A.V., Marochkina M.S., Sakharova S.E.
Abstract
The possibility and effectiveness of ozone therapy and Millimeter wave therapy in the complex of therapeutic measures after surgery on the maxillary sinus (patent application number 2011137869 from 15.09.2011.) Using the presented method allows to reduce time of postoperative rehabilitation, which clinically manifested by a decrease in swelling, no pain and an earlier primary epithelialization of wounds, against a background of positive dynamics of laboratory data.
I.P. Pavlov Russian Medical Biological Herald. 2012;20(2):215-219
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Pathologic teeth and oral cavity mucous membrane of cellulose-paperfactory workers
Amirhahov T.N., Dergunov A.V.
Abstract
This research reveals in finance of professional pathogenic factors of cellulose-paper industry on oral cavity membrane and teeth tissues of cellulose-paper factory workers. Due to this connection methods of prevention and cure of workers cavity illnesses are founded on the pathogenesis
I.P. Pavlov Russian Medical Biological Herald. 2012;20(2):220-226
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COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF AMINO ACIDS IN LEAVES OF Pulmonaria mollis, P. obscura AND P. officinalis
Kruglov D.S., Fursa N.S.
Abstract
By means of amino acid analyzer compound identity and content adjacency of amino acids in the leaves of Pulmonaria obscura, P. mollis and P. officinalis were determined.
I.P. Pavlov Russian Medical Biological Herald. 2012;20(2):227-233
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Embolism of main arteries in atrial fibillation
Kalinin R.E., Suchkov I.A., Boguto O.N.
Abstract
The abstract represents the analysis of incidence of embolism of main arteries in atrial fibrillation, peculiarities of clinical picture, different classifications of acute ischemia, matters of techniques of treatment and prophylaxis of embolism, and treatment strategy for embolism of main arteries based on data published in foreign and national literature.
I.P. Pavlov Russian Medical Biological Herald. 2012;20(2):234-241
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EVALUATION OF ADAPTATION BY MEANS OF VARIABILITY OF CARDIAC RHYTHM ANALYSIS IN SURGICAL AND ONCOLOGICAL PRACTICE
Semionkin E.I., Kulikov E.P., Trouchin S.N., Bublikov I.D.
Abstract
In the investigation literature analysis data are given, which concern a possibility of cardiac rhythm analysis use in surgery and oncology to evaluate adaptation processes.
I.P. Pavlov Russian Medical Biological Herald. 2012;20(2):242-245
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K SVEDENIYu AVTOROV
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Abstract
I.P. Pavlov Russian Medical Biological Herald. 2012;20(2):247-250
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