Open Access Open Access
Restricted Access Access granted
Restricted Access Subscription Access


Hormonal and immune disturbances were investigated in high-qualified sportsmen during different periods of training cycle. Changed correlation of cortisol and testosterone levels was revealed. This fact is directly associated with significant immune dysfunction of Tand B-systems which leads to progression of cellular and humoral autoimmune reactions. These changes occure in the transitional period of the training cycle. It was confirmed that autoimmune reactions may be considered as the earliest markers of stress cardiomyopathy. Those sportsmen who develop these reactions must be classified as a risk-group.

Full Text

Restricted Access

About the authors

Vladimir Stanislavovich Vasilenko

Saint-Petersburg State Pediatric Medical University

Dr Med Sci., Assistant Professor of Department of Hospital Therapy

Yuliya Borisovna Semenova

Saint-Petersburg State Pediatric Medical University

MD, PhD, Associate Professor of Department of Hospital Therapy


  1. Гаврилова Е. А. Спортивное сердце: стрессорная кардиопатия. — М.: Советский спорт, 2007. — 200 с.
  2. Гаврилова E. А. Стрессорный иммунодефицит у спортсменов. — М.: Советский спорт, 2009. — 192 с.
  3. Земцовский Э. В., Гаврилова Е. А., Бондарев С. А. Аритмический вариант клинического течения стрессорной кардиомиопатии // Вестник аритмологии. — 2002. — С. 19–27.
  4. Лебедев К. А., Понякина И. Д. Иммунная недостаточность. — М.: Медицинская книга; Н. Новгород: НГМА, 2003. — 443 с.
  5. Шубик В. М., Левин М. Я. Иммунитет и здоровье спортсменов. — М.: ФиС, 1985. — 175 с.
  6. Filaire E., Lac G., Pequignot J. M. Biological, hormonal, and psychological parameters in professional soccer players throughout a competitive season // Percept. Mot. Skills. — 2003. — Vol. 97, № 3. — P. 1061–1072.
  7. Pyne D. B., McDonald W. A., Gleeson M. et al. Mucosal immunity, respiratory illness, and competitive performance in elite swimmers // Med. Sci. Sports Exerc. — 2001. — Vol. 33, N 3. — P. 348–353.



Abstract - 1305

PDF (Russian) - 310


Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...



Copyright (c) 2013 Vasilenko V.S., Semenova Y.B.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies