Dynamics of parental attitudes of women before and after the birth of the first child

Cover Page

Cite item

Full Text

Open Access Open Access
Restricted Access Access granted
Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access


The demographic situation against the background of the reproductive attitudes of young people urgently requires research into the dynamics of parental attitudes, especially among women. Identification of potential resource areas and risk zones will make it possible to determine the main directions of psychological work with young people at the pre-parental and parental stages, strengthening the value of families and children among young people. The purpose of the study is to study the dynamics of parental attitudes before and after the birth of the first child. Sample: stage 1 (n = 50) — married pregnant young women (first pregnancy in the third trimester, no history of complications); Stage 2 (n = 39): young mothers with a baby from 3 to 5 months. Data collection was carried out in the course of a longitudinal study using psychological testing — methods: PARI E.S. Schaefer and R.K. Bella (adapted by T.V. Neshcheret); “Ideas about the ideal parent” R.G. Ovcharova; “Relationship Color Test” by A. Etkind. The results showed that women at the stage of early motherhood showed changes in all components of parental attitudes — cognitive, emotional, behavioral. The greatest dynamics occur in the emotional sphere, which is characterized by ambivalence of experiences, and in the mother’s self-awareness. The systems of attitudes towards the child and the maternal role (attitude towards oneself as mother and motherhood) are gradually differentiated. There is a restructuring of marital interaction and relations with the parental family: rapprochement with one’s own mother while distancing from a marriage partner. Thus, at the stage of early parenthood, a woman needs to form the skills of emotional and volitional self-regulation and increase the level of communicative competence, which are of central importance for high-quality relationships with a child and a spouse.

Full Text

Restricted Access

About the authors

Arina Yu. Malenova

Kostroma State University; Dostoevsky Omsk State University

Author for correspondence.
Email: malyonova@mail.ru

Cand. Sci. (Psychological), Senior Research Associate, Kostroma State University; Associate Professor, Department of General and Social Psychology, Dostoevsky Omsk State University

Russian Federation, Kostroma; Omsk


  1. Arkhireeva TV. Metodika izmereniya roditel’skikh ustanovok i reaktsii. Voprosy Psychologii. 2002;(5):144–153. (In Russ.)
  2. Biletskaya MP, Malikova TV. Semeinaya psikhologiya i semeinaya psikhoterapiya. Ch 1: Perinatal’nyi period razvitiya (uchebno-metodicheskoe posobie). Saint Petersburg: SPb GPMA, 2008. (In Russ.)
  3. Borisova SN, Sedelnikova YuR. The ratio of the value of motherhood and the psychological readiness to motherhood with major life motives and values in young female students. Vestnik PGGPU. Ser. 1. Psikhologicheskie i pedagogicheskie nauki. 2018;(1):119–129. (In Russ.)
  4. Bouehn M. Teoriya semeinykh sistem Myurreya Bouehna: Osnovnye ponyatiya, metody i klinicheskaya praktika. K. Beiker, A.Ya. Varga, editors; transl. by A.I. Mirer, T. Drabkina, E. Daichik, et al. Moscow: Kogito-Tsentr, 2015. 496 p. (In Russ.)
  5. Dobryakov IV. Perinatal’naya psikhologiya. Saint Petersburg: Piter, 2015. 370 p. (In Russ.)
  6. Zhupieva EI. Peculiarities psychological readiness to maternity among female students. Siberian Journal of Psychology. 2015;(56):100–108. (In Russ.) doi: 10.17223/17267080/56/8
  7. Zmievskaya AA. Vzaimosvyaz’ sub»ektivnoi kartiny zhiznennogo puti zhenshchiny i normativnykh aspektov detorozhdeniya. Proceeding of the ХХХIII International Science and Practice Conferences “Sovremennye problemy gumanitarnykh i estestvennykh nauk”. Moscow, 2015. P. 286–293. (In Russ.)
  8. Kulikov LV, Malyonova AYu, Potapova YuV. Subjective picture of motherhood in Russian and foreign studies. The Moscow University Herald. Ser. 14. Psychology. 2020;(4):135–167. (In Russ.)
  9. Liders AG. Psikhologicheskoe obsledovanie sem’i: uchebnoe posobie-praktikum. 2nd edition. Moscow: Akademiya 2007. 432 p. (In Russ.)
  10. Lisetzky KS, Storozhenkova NI. Psychological readiness for motherhood. Nauchnye vesti. 2018;(2):37–48. (In Russ.)
  11. Makarentseva AО. The dynamics of motherhood entry in modern Russia. Universe of Russia. 2022;31(1): 162–182. (In Russ.) doi: 10.17323/1811-038X-2022-31-1-162-182
  12. Malenova AYu. Gendernye osobennosti reproduktivnykh ustanovok v shkol’nom vozraste. Interial. 2018;(1):132–141. (In Russ.)
  13. Malenova AYu. Express assessment of students’ parental attitudes. The Herzen University Studies: Psychology in Education. 2021;(4):378–385. (In Russ.) doi: 10.33910/herzenpsyconf-2021-4-47
  14. Polivanova KN. Parenting and parenthoodas research domains. Psychological Science and Education psyedu.ru. 2015;7(3):1–11. (In Russ.) doi: 10.17759/psyedu.2015070301
  15. Popova LA, Shishkina MA. Marriage and family and reproductive attitudes of today’s young people. Problems of territory’s development. 2016;(5):57–71. (In Russ.)
  16. Sul’dyaikina NV. Otnoshenie zhenshchin k pozdnemu detorozhdeniyu i materinstvu. Ogarev-Online. 2017;(5):1–6. (In Russ.)
  17. Shapovalenko IV. Modern parenthood: new research approaches. Journal of Modern Foreign Psychology. 2022;11(1):58–67. (In Russ.) doi: 10.17759/jmfp.2022110106
  18. Ehidemiller EhG, Dobryakov IV, Nikol’skaya IM. Semeinyi diagnoz i semeinaya psikhoterapiya. Uchebnoe posobie dlya vrachei i psikhologov. Saint Petersburg: Rech’, 2006. 352 p. (In Russ.)

Copyright (c) 2022 Eco-Vector

СМИ зарегистрировано Федеральной службой по надзору в сфере связи, информационных технологий и массовых коммуникаций (Роскомнадзор).
Регистрационный номер и дата принятия решения о регистрации СМИ: серия ПИ № ФС 77 - 69634 от 15.03.2021 г.

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies