History of the Hospital Surgery Department of St. Petersburg State Pediatric Medical University (to the 80th anniversary of the Department)

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The hospital surgery department of the St. Petersburg Pediatric Medical University was organized in the besieged Leningrad in 1942. The aim of the department was to train pediatricians with wide clinical background in surgery including peacetime and wartime injuries. During its existence, the department was headed by many famous surgeons: I.D. Anikin, A.A. Rusanov, A.D. Kartavova, M.S. Grigoryev, L.N. Kamardin, A.F. Romanchishen, A.V. Gostimsky.

The article represents the history of the department’s foundation and development of its main scientific and practical directions. The contribution of its leaders to the formation of educational process, training of young surgeons and improvement of treatment work at the clinical bases are considered.

The main direction of scientific and practical activity of the Department for the last 35 years is endocrine surgery. In recent years, a new section of the Department’s work has appeared: cardiovascular and X-ray endovascular surgery. Its appearance was a result of close cooperation with the staff of profile departments of the City Mariinskiy Hospital and the City Hospital 40 of the Kurortny District.

The teaching staff of the Department, in addition to work with students, trains clinical residents, conducts postgraduate educational cycles in general, endocrine, cardiovascular and X-ray endovascular surgery. For the last 10 years the teaching staff has published more than 200 scientific works, 17 of them are monographs, devoted to various sections of surgery. During the same period the collaborators of our department have defended 4 Doctoral and 10 PhD theses.

Further perspectives are related to clinical work in the field of endocrine surgery, as well as the development of topics on cardiovascular and endovascular, thoracic and abdominal surgery.

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About the authors

Igor V. Karpatsky

St. Petersburg State Pediatric Medical University

Author for correspondence.
Email: ikar122@list.ru

MD, PhD, Assistant Professor, Department of Hospital Surgery

Russian Federation, Saint Petersburg

Zoya S. Matveeva

St. Petersburg State Pediatric Medical University

Email: ikar122@inbox.ru

MD, PhD, Assistant Lecturer, Department of Hospital Surgery

Russian Federation, Saint Petersburg

Alexander S. Kuzmichev

St. Petersburg State Pediatric Medical University

Email: alkuz02@mail.ru

MD, PhD, Dr. Sci. (Med.), Professor, Department of Hospital Surgery

Russian Federation, Saint Petersburg

Alexey L. Akinchev

St. Petersburg State Pediatric Medical University

Email: alkuz02@mail.ru

MD, PhD, Assistant Professor, Department of Hospital Surgery

Russian Federation, Saint Petersburg

Dali V. Makharoblishvili

St. Petersburg State Pediatric Medical University

Email: spb.dali@gmail.com
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5358-4017

MD, PhD, Assistant, Department of Hospital Surgery

Russian Federation, Saint Petersburg


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Supplementary files

Supplementary Files
1. Fig. 1. Ivan D. Anikin (1887–1978)

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2. Fig. 2. Maxim S. Grigoryev (1903–1973)

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3. Fig. 3. Lev N. Kamardin (1929–1991)

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4. Fig. 4. Anatoliy F. Romanchishen

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5. Fig. 5. Alexander V. Gostimsky

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6. Fig. 6. Mikhail D. Khanevich

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