Acoustic assessment of pulmonary ventilation in children with bronchial asthma on the background of a single exposure to microwave radiation

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Abstract


Summary. Diseases of the respiratory organs of children, occurring with obstructive syndrome, represent one of the most serious problems in terms of transition to chronic forms. The chronic process is accompanied by a decrease in pulmonary ventilation, which leads to the search for effective methods of complex therapy of diseases.

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the dynamics of acoustic indicators of pulmonary ventilation in children with bronchial asthma, against the background of non-invasive non-thermal microwave radiation.

Materials and methods. 122 children with bronchial asthma aged from 3 to 17 years were examined. 113 patients underwent a single session of non-invasive microwave therapy with the Aster device. Comparison of acoustic characteristics of pulmonary ventilation was carried out taking into account the severity of the disease and the age of children with bronchial asthma. Acoustic assessment of ventilation function was performed using the computer bronchophonography complex Pattern-01 before the Aster procedure, after 5 and 15 minutes. In 20 (16.4%) patients with bronchial asthma, the dynamics of cough was evaluated against the background of Aster therapy for 7 days.

Results. Improvement of bronchial patency was registered in all age groups with mild bronchial asthma. In the group of moderate asthma, exposure to electromagnetic radiation led to a significant reduction in ventilation disorders in children aged 7–11 years. As patients grow older, as well as with severe bronchial asthma, the smallest dynamics of the parameters of pulmonary ventilation was observed against the background of Aster therapy. The use of electromagnetic radiation in addition to traditional basic therapy for 7 days leads to a faster regression of cough in patients with bronchial asthma.

Conclusion. The combination of traditional basic therapy with electromagnetic non-thermal radiation in patients with bronchial asthma reduces obstructive pulmonary ventilation disorders and promotes faster cough regression.


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About the authors

Natalya L. Potapova

Chita State Medical Academy, Ministry of Healthcare of the Russian Federation

Author for correspondence.
Email: nataliapotap@yandex.ru

Russian Federation, Chita

MD, PhD, Associate Professor, Head Department of Outpatient Pediatrics with a Course of Medical Rehabilitation

Inessa N. Gaymolenko

Chita State Medical Academy, Ministry of Healthcare of the Russian Federation

Email: ingaim@mail.ru

Russian Federation, Chita

MD, PhD, Dr. Med. Sci., Professor, Head Department of Pediatrics

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Supplementary files

Supplementary Files Action
1.
Fig. 1. Dynamics of the acoustic work of respiration coefficient at the level of small bronchi (K2) under the electromagnetic influence of “Aster” in patients with mild bronchial asthma

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2.
Fig. 2. Dynamics of the coefficient of acoustic work of respiration at the level of small bronchi (K2) under the electromagnetic influence of “Aster” in patients with moderate bronchial asthma

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3.
Fig. 3. Dynamics of the coefficient of acoustic work of respiration at the level of small bronchi (K2) under the electromagnetic influence of “Aster” in patients with severe bronchial asthma

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Copyright (c) 2020 Potapova N.L., Gaymolenko I.N.

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