Meningococcal infection in modern conditions: clinical, microbiological and preventive aspects

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Abstract


The problem of meningococcal infection remains relevant due to the high epidemiological and social significance throughout the world, the unpredictability of the course, a wide range of clinical manifestations (from asymptomatic carriage to extremely severe generalized forms) with a high risk of life-threatening conditions and deaths, and a significant incidence of disability after past illness (loss of limbs, deafness, mental inferiority, and more). The changing serogroup landscape of meningococcal infection with an increase in the incidence of diseases caused by Neisseria meningitidis serogroup W, Y and others is noteworthy. The article presents an analytical review of literature and reflects current clinical, epidemiological, diagnostic and preventive trends in the Russian Federation and abroad. The review focuses on the epidemiological features of meningococcal infection, depending on the serogroup affiliation of meningococcus, the variety of clinical manifestations of the generalized form of meningococcal infection, including atypical manifestations, age-related features, depending on the serogroup of the pathogen. New diagnostic approaches and the possibilities of specific prophylaxis are highlighted. Attention is focused on the importance of monitoring the clinical and epidemiological characteristics of meningococcal infection depending on the genetic characteristics of the pathogen, and the need for further in-depth studies of this problem.


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About the authors

Кsenija V. Markova

North-Pediatric Research and Clinical Center for Infectious Diseases

Author for correspondence.
Email: ksenija-sidorova@mail.ru

Russian Federation, Saint Petersburg

Postgraduate Student, Department of Neuroinfections and Organic Pathology of the Nervous System

Natalia V. Skripchenko

North-Pediatric Research and Clinical Center for Infectious Diseases; Saint Petersburg State Pediatric Medical University

Email: snv@niidi.ru

Russian Federation, Saint Petersburg

MD, PhD, Dr Med Sci, Honored Scientist of the Russian Federation, Professor, Deputy Director for Research

Yuriy V. Lobzin

North-Pediatric Research and Clinical Center for Infectious Diseases

Email: niidi@niidi.ru

Russian Federation, Saint Petersburg

MD, PhD, Dr Med Sci, acad. Russian Academy of Sciences

Vadim E. Karev

North-Pediatric Research and Clinical Center for Infectious Diseases

Email: vadimkarev@yandex.ru

Russian Federation, Saint Petersburg

MD, PhD, Dr Med Sci, Head of the Department of Tissue and Pathomorphological Methods

Alla A. Vilnits

North-Pediatric Research and Clinical Center for Infectious Diseases; Saint Petersburg State Pediatric Medical University

Email: vilnitz@mail.ru

Russian Federation, Saint Petersburg

MD, Ph.D., Art. Scientific Member of the Department of Neuroinfections and Organic Pathology of the Nervous System

Eugeniy Yu. Gorelik

North-Pediatric Research and Clinical Center for Infectious Diseases

Email: e.gorelik@mail.ru

Russian Federation, Saint Petersburg

MD, Ph.D, Acting Head of the Department of Neuroinfections and Organic Pathology of the Nervous System

Elvira A. Martens

North-Pediatric Research and Clinical Center for Infectious Diseases

Email: eamartens@yandex.ru

Russian Federation, Saint Petersburg

Head of the Laboratory of Medical Microbiology

Sergey V. Sidorenko

North-Pediatric Research and Clinical Center for Infectious Diseases

Email: sidorserg@gmail.com

Russian Federation, Saint Petersburg

Head of the Department of Molecular Microbiology and Epidemiology

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Copyright (c) 2020 Markova К.V., Skripchenko N.V., Lobzin Y.V., Karev V.E., Vilnits A.A., Gorelik E.Y., Martens E.A., Sidorenko S.V.

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