Study on the optimization of linear induction motor traction system for fast-speed maglev train

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Abstract


Background: The short stator linear induction motor (LIM) is normally used in medium-low speed maglev train.

The restriction by mounting space on bogie and motor input voltage from the third power supply rail lead that the maximum speed of medium-low speed maglev train can reach no more than 120 km/h.

Aim: In this paper, by means of the LIM design optimization, improvement of the LIM force characteristic in high speed range, the maximum speed of medium-low speed maglev train can reach 160 km/h.

Methods: After comparing the LIM theoretical calculation and actual test data, it shows that the new designed LIM is effective.

Conclusion: Afterwards, by installing the new designed LIMs, the traditional medium-low speed maglev train becomes a fast-speed maglev train, and it has a bright future in transportation applications.


INTRODUCTION

Till now, three maglev research and development groups in China have respectively built three 1.5~1.7 km long medium-low speed maglev engineering test line in Zhuzhou, ShanghaiandTangshan. All these three test trains on the three test lines use linear induction motors (LIM) with VVVF converter and control system. Due to the restriction of mounting space on the suspension bogie and motor input voltage (DC 1500V converted for 5 series connection motors), the maglev train can reach the highest limit speed about 100 km/h.

As China's first, the world's longest commercial short stator medium-low speed maglev line - Changsha maglev express was put into application in 2016, the medium-low speed maglev train with advantages of green, quiet and comfortable, strong climbing ability, small turning radius and low construction cost, reflects the strong adaptability to the environment and higher economy in city rail transportation applications [1]. The Changsha maglev express as showed in Fig. 1 uses short stator linear induction motor (LIM, the structure is indicated in Fig. 2) to drive, since LIM with simple structure and no intermediate transmission device that can directly generate linear movement thrust, has been widely used in the fields of industry applications such as transportation, maglev train, subway / light rail train, piling machine, pumping device, electric vehicle door [2, 3]. Maglev train with no traditional wheel and rail, and the state of train operation, such as traction and braking, positive and reverse operation, is completely realized by linear motor frequency converter system. The main circuit of the traction system of maglev train consists of traction inverter, linear motor and corresponding control and detection circuit [4]. Due to the special structure of the maglev vehicle, the linear motor in the medium-low speed maglev train with the short length of air gap, terrible electromagnetic load, weight index of strict restrictions, leads to some difficulties for the design and manufacture. Generally, in order to achieve matched traction / braking characteristics, the speed of the maglev train resistance characteristics is calculated firstly, then, the related technical parameters and the design of single motor and traction inverter for obtaining the required traction power and traction characteristics are specified.

Many researches of the design and performance analysis of LIM have been done around the word, and in those researches also a lot of simulations and measurements are carried out [5, 6]. With some of those studies, the formation of improvement design of LIM have provided experience for faster speed applications.

Fig. 1.The levitation and traction structure of medium-lowspeed maglev train

 

Fig. 2.The primary and secondary parts of a LIM

 

For some application situations of urban or suburban, higher maximum speed maglev trains are expected, for example airport or satellite city connection to downtown. Therefore, a new LIM is specially proposed and realized to meet the higher speed requirement. Through optimization of the traction system including VVVF converter, the highest speed could reachup to 160 km/h according to theoretical calculation and actual comparison.

DESIGN OF THE NEW LIM FAST-SPEED MAGLEV TRAIN IN COMPARISON WITH THE ORIGINAL LIM FOR CHANGSHA MAGLEV EXPRESS

Tab. 1 shows the main parameter and dimension of the LIM which is utilized in 160 km/h fast-speed maglev train and the LIM which is used in Changsha maglev express. The whole speed rang force calculation showed that with thenew LIM the train has the ability to run up to 160 km/h.

 

Table 1.  Design data and performance of the new LIM for Fast-speed Maglev Train and the original LIM for Changsha maglev express

Items

Design Data

Sign

LIM of Fast-speed Maglev Train

LIM of Changsha Maglev Express

Performance

Max.linevoltage (RMS)

V

220 V

220 V

Max.primarycurrent

I1

450 A

340 A

Capacity

S

170 kVA

130 kVA

Max.outputpower

Pm

48 kW

36 kw

Max.thrust

Fm

2800 N

3100 N

Max. speed

vm

160 km/h

100 km/h

Items

Design Data

Sign

LIM of Fast-speed Maglev Train

LIM of Changsha Maglev Express

Stator Parameter

Numberofphases

m

3

3

Numberofpoles

2p

8

8

Polepitch

 

225 mm

202.5 mm

Lengthofstator

L

2020 mm

1820 mm

Thicknessofironcore

H

220 mm

220 mm

Heightofironcore

da

58 mm

58 mm

Overalldimensions

 

2020×600×110 mm

1820×580×101 mm

Numberofstatorslots

 

80

80

Windingconstruction

 

doublelayerlapwinding

doublelayerlapwinding

Wirematerials

 

 silk-coveredaluminiumwire

 silk-coveredaluminiumwire

 Coolingmethod

 

Naturalwindcooling

Naturalwindcooling

Fig. 3. Traction characteristic curve of the original LIM for Changsha maglev express (calculation with constant slip frequency 13.7 Hz)

 

Fig. 4. Traction characteristic curve of the new LIM for Fast-speed maglev train (calculation with constant slip frequency 15 Hz)

 

Fig.5.1 Equivalent stress and deformation calculations of the original LIM for Changsha maglev express (impact acceleration value 15 g)

 

Fig. 6. Equivalent stress and deformation calculations of the new LIM for Fast-speed Maglev Train (impact acceleration value 15 g)

 

Table 2. The Statistical results of equivalent stress and deformation

Model

Max. Equivalent Stress (MPa)

Max.Deformation (mm)

Yield strength of material (MPa)

Theoriginal LIM

188

0.122

235

Thenew LIM

168

0.111

235

 

Table 3. The Statistical results of traction and breaking

Operation

Items

The new LIM

The original LIM

Speed (km/h)

Thrust (N)

Speed (km/h)

Thrust (N)

Traction

Start-up

0

2816

0

3105

Turning point

70

2508

41

2920

Max. speed point

160

726

100

708

Breaking

Turning point end

5

2820

5

3198

Turning point start

135

2744

85

3198

Max. speed point

160

1593

100

1938

 

As can be seen from Fig. 5, 6 and Tab. 2, the new LIM has better performance of equivalent stress and deformation than the original LIM.                                                               

PRODUCTION AND INSTALLATION OF THE LIMS

Since the new LIM is only 200 mm longer than the original LIM, the suspension bogie size of Fast-speed maglev train is unchangeable with respect to Changsha maglev express. With consideration of the support wheel and skids, some incidental modifications of the new LIM has been carried out (Fig. 7, 8).

       

Fig. 7. The Original LIM (1820 mm) - Fig.8. The New designed LIM (2020 mm)

 

The support wheels and skids of the Fast-speed maglev train are similar with the ones of Changsha Maglev Express, which are located by the end of the suspension bogie close to the end of the LIM windings (Fig. 9, 10).

Fig. 9. The original suspension bogie applied in the Changsha Maglev Express

 

Fig. 10. The new designed suspension bogie for Fast-speed Maglev Train

 

The Fast-speed maglev train with the new LIMs is composed of 3 marshalling vehicles, andeach vehicleowns5suspension bogies. The input DC 1500 V is converted to alternative voltage and equally distributed tofive series connection LIMs. The maximum voltage foreach LIM is about AC 220 V. According to the propulsion calculation and whole-size model simulation with Finite Element Analysis (FEA), the maximum speed of the maglev train equipped with new LIMs is up to 160km/h, and the remainder acceleration value is 0.15 m/s2.

CONCLUSION

The fast-speedmaglev train with three vehicles marshalling has been produced and tested on the Zhuzhoumedium-lowspeed maglev test line (Fig. 11) in the middle of 2018. The new designed LIMs’ propulsion and suspension bogie dynamic performance weretotally verified, but due to the limitation that the length of test line is only 1.55 km, the maximum running speed was 70 km/h.

Fig. 11. Zhuzhou Fast-speed maglev train with three vehicles marshalling (in 2018)

ACKNOWLEGEMENTS

This paper is supported by the National key Research and Development Plan (No. 2016YFB1200601).

Ying Yang

CRRC Zhuzhou Locomotive CO., LTD

Author for correspondence.
Email: 2560828867@qq.com
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3125-2126

China, No.1, Tianxin Road, Shifeng District, Zhuzhou City, Hunan Province

Master, Professor Level Senior Engineer

Jiangmin Deng

CRRC Zhuzhou Locomotive CO., LTD

Email: senmingt@163.com
ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3450-2386

China, Tianxin Road, Shifeng District, Zhuzhou City, Hunan Province

Doctor, Senior engineer

Laisheng Tong

CRRC Zhuzhou Locomotive CO., LTD

Email: alanatlsh@126.com
ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6905-5198

China, No.1, Tianxin Road, Shifeng District, Zhuzhou City, Hunan Province

Ph.D, Professor Level Senior Engineer

Xiaoсhun Li

CRRC Zhuzhou Locomotive CO., LTD

Email: 6258755@qq.com
ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6439-7711

China, No.1, Tianxin Road, Shifeng District, Zhuzhou City, Hunan Province

Master, Senior engineer

Qibiao Peng

CRRC Zhuzhou Locomotive CO., LTD

Email: pengqibi@sina.com
ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0082-4221

China, No.1, Tianxin Road, Shifeng District, Zhuzhou City, Hunan Province

Bachelor, Professor Level Senior Engineer

Wenhui Zhang

CRRC Zhuzhou Locomotive CO., LTD

Email: 122784486@qq.com
ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1739-8724

China, No.1, Tianxin Road, Shifeng District, Zhuzhou City, Hunan Province

Master, Engineer

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Supplementary files

Supplementary Files Action
1. Fig. 1.The levitation and traction structure of medium-lowspeed maglev train View (429KB) Indexing metadata
2. Fig. 2.The primary and secondary parts of a LIM View (130KB) Indexing metadata
3. Fig. 3. Traction characteristic curve of the original LIM for Changsha maglev express (calculation with constant slip frequency 13.7 Hz) View (247KB) Indexing metadata
4. Fig. 4. Traction characteristic curve of the new LIM for Fast-speed maglev train (calculation with constant slip frequency 15 Hz) View (150KB) Indexing metadata
5. Fig.5.1 Equivalent stress and deformation calculations of the original LIM for Changsha maglev express (impact acceleration value 15 g) View (238KB) Indexing metadata
6. Fig. 6. Equivalent stress and deformation calculations of the new LIM for Fast-speed Maglev Train (impact acceleration value 15 g) View (230KB) Indexing metadata
7. Fig. 7. The Original LIM (1820 mm) Fig.8. The New designed LIM (2020 mm) View (334KB) Indexing metadata
8. Fig. 9. The original suspension bogie applied in the Changsha Maglev Express View (122KB) Indexing metadata
9. Fig. 10. The new designed suspension bogie for Fast-speed Maglev Train View (120KB) Indexing metadata
10. Fig. 11. Zhuzhou Fast-speed maglev train with three vehicles marshalling (in 2018) View (113KB) Indexing metadata

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Copyright (c) 2018 Yang Y., Deng J., Tong L., Li X., Peng Q., Zhang W.

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