Vol 6, No 3 (2020)


Use of modern mechanisms of increasing efficiency of transport system elements of the coastal regions in the North Russia

Yushchenko V.V., Khrapov V.E., Turchaninova T.V.


The Russian Federation by its geographical position is a maritime power that had been occupying a leading position until a certain period of time. All the processes taking place in Russia during the transition period to a market economy negatively affected the country's maritime activities. In recent years, Russia has been making serious efforts to regain the leading position of a maritime power. In all the areas of maritime activities the Russian Federation provides support to domestic sectors of the economy using modern economic mechanisms for innovative development in order to increase the competitiveness of domestic business structures. One of the directions in the formation of a new structure of the Russian economy is the creation of state corporations, the merger of enterprises, the introduction of the cluster approach to the spatial integration of business entities located in separate territories.

In their article the authors suggested using modern mechanisms of increasing the efficiency of the elements of the transport system of the coastal regions in the North of Russia for enterprises with single and small-scale production, which include shipbuilding and ship repair enterprises, using clustering as an effective mechanism to increase competitiveness, both in the domestic and foreign markets.

The paper analyzes the use of modern economic mechanisms, such as joint ventures and the cluster approach in the shipbuilding industry of Russia, estimates the current state of ship repair enterprises in the coastal region of the North of Russia and proposes a conceptual approach to create a cluster of ship repair enterprises in the Murmansk region in order to satisfy the need for ship repair services, the volume of which has increased recently in all coastal regions of the North of Russia.

Transportation Systems and Technology. 2020;6(3):5-22
pages 5-22 views

Industrial uniformity or industrial diversification: the impact of hsr on the regional economy

Kamenkov A.L.


Aim: Identification of the degree of influence of high-speed lines on industrial specialization.

Methods: This paper examines the relationship between high-speed rail and the agglomeration economy. A literature review of the most popular points of view on the economy of agglomerations is carried out. The main task is to answer whether HSR contributes to the development of industrial uniformity or industrial diversification. The work will show a model for calculating the specialization index, and also, assess the degree of influence of distance from the high-speed rail on the specialization of the city.

Results: Three options for the location of cities and the industrial specialization of these cities were identified: right next to the HSR – diversified; at a distance of 270 km from HSR – uniform; at a distance of more than 500 km from HSR – diversified.

Conclusion: It is revealed that the single dominant industry receives the greatest benefit from agglomerations. Also-in this paper, the possibility of more effective orientation of the private sector by the state government is justified.

Transportation Systems and Technology. 2020;6(3):23-30
pages 23-30 views

A Maglev, a tunnel, a river. On the delays in the realization of the Tokyo-Nagoya Maglev line

Kluhspies J., Hekler M.


The Chuo Shinkansen is a Japanese maglev line under construction between Tokyo and Osaka. On a central section of the line, construction has come to a standstill in 2020 for reasons of regional policy. This threatens the completion of the entire line. The article describes some of the interests triggering the underlying conflict. Some of the key points contained in the Japanese solution proposals are summarized. Overall, the opening of the high-speed maglev system is likely to be postponed by several years.

Transportation Systems and Technology. 2020;6(3):31-42
pages 31-42 views

Original papers

Hyperloop – prediction of social and physiological costs

Almujibah H., Kaduk S., Preston J.


Background: Hyperloop is a new technological concept for a very fast magnetic levitation train that would travel through soft vacuum tubes and could achieve a speed of up to 1,200 km/h. As a new transportation system, it might bring some challenges related to human factors that should be tested and considered when designing and propagating Hyperloop.

Aim: This paper used literature review to identify potential physiological and social challenges. Some of these challenges might be high speed, high acceleration /deceleration, large magnetic forces, safety concerns, air pressure, motion sickness and cost as potential human-related challenges.

Methods: In this case, the method of literature review aimed to evaluate the potential physiological effect of these factors on the passengers. It investigated physiological consequences of very high speed, high acceleration/deceleration, and a high magnetic field, as well as human factors of the Maglev trains.

Results: The literature identified high acceleration/deceleration, high speed and high magnetic field as potential risks or sources of discomfort for the passengers.

Conclusion: To the knowledge of the authors, it is the first attempt to identify social and physiological challenges related to the Hyperloop trains concept. It is aimed to inform the development and policies to achieve the safest and most comfortable transportation form.

Transportation Systems and Technology. 2020;6(3):43-59
pages 43-59 views

Simulation of the operation of an oil loading terminal for viscous petroleum products

Karpova T.S., Moiseev V.I., Ksenofontova V.A.


The article discusses problems encountered in the carriage of viscous petroleum products at low temperatures and proposes solutions.

Aim: Construction of a mathematical model describing the business process; solution of the constructed problem using simulation.

Materials and Methods: The position of probability theory and mathematical statistics; the development of a mathematical model; the development of a simulation model using the Business Studio platform.

Results: mathematical and simulation models of the discharge of viscous petroleum products have been constructed showing possibilities of reducing the discharge time; the work of the enterprise was analyzed with additional equipment.

Conclusion: a function is defined, which returns the quantity of unloaded wagons, steam and electricity consumption; simulations are carried out.

Transportation Systems and Technology. 2020;6(3):60-75
pages 60-75 views

Model for making decisions on renewal the railway rolling stock of a transport organization

Palkina E.S.


Background: At present, there is an urgent problem of renovation of rolling stock characterized by a high degree in Russia. The leading position in the country's transport system belongs to railway transport. In the context of declining demand for transportation investments in railcars, which represent a significant amount of capital investment, require reasonable management decisions.

Aim: is to work out a decision-making model for renewal the transport organization's railway rolling stock.

Methods: of technical, economic, investment and financial analysis, “decision tree”, graphical modeling, system approach.

Results: The basic components of the decision-making model are determined. The key indicators of railway rolling stock renewal are defined, reflecting the criteria for making managerial decisions in the field of operational, investment and financial activities. A graphical model is proposed that interprets the decision support system for purchasing new railcars.

Conclusion: Using the proposed model of decision-making in the field of renovation of rolling stock allows to transfer this process to a qualitatively new level, based on the results of an objective assessment of the current and forecast state of the management object according to various alternative scenarios and based on the selection of the rational decision by comparing the expected results for each of the considered alternatives and analysis degree of their compliance with the determined goals due to its versatility and complexity.

Transportation Systems and Technology. 2020;6(3):76-87
pages 76-87 views

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