Analysis of long-term functional results of surgical treatment of spondylolisthesis in middle-aged and elderly patients

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BACKGROUND: Insufficient attention has been paid to the analysis of the use of instrumental methods of examination in assessment the long-term results of surgical treatment of spondylolisthesis in middle-aged and elderly patients.

AIM: To show the peculiarities of strength characteristics of lower limb muscles and temperature and pain sensitivity in the dermatomes of the cauda equina roots in middle-aged and elderly patients in the distant terms after surgical treatment of spondylolisthesis depending on the etiology of the disease.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: An analysis of the results of functional studies of 21 patients with spondylolisthesis aged 41 to 74 years (12 with degenerative, 9 with isthmic) is presented. The research done before treatment and 75–99 months after surgery. The following research methods were used: analysis clinical (neurological status), visual analog scale (VAS), Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), radiology (functional X-ray examination), magnetic resonance imaging, anthropometry, the lower limb muscles dynamometry, esthesiometry, statistical.

RESULTS: In the long term after surgical treatment, patients with isthmic spondylolisthesis had a predominant increase in the moment of force in all muscle groups (39–75% of cases). Negative dynamics prevailed in the group of patients with degenerative spondylolisthesis — a decrease in muscle strength characteristics in 50–94% of cases. According to esthesiometry, more pronounced negative changes in the values of temperature and pain sensitivity thresholds were observed in patients with degenerative spondylolisthesis.

CONCLUSION: The analysis of muscle strength characteristics and esthesiometry data determined a different degree of compensation and recovery during surgical treatment of patients with spondylolisthesis, depending on the etiology of the disease.

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About the authors

Nikita S. Gvozdev

National Ilizarov Medical Research Centre for Orthopaedics and Traumatology

Author for correspondence.
ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3428-3742
SPIN-code: 1412-5077


Russian Federation, Kurgan

Elena N. Shchurova

National Ilizarov Medical Research Centre for Orthopaedics and Traumatology

SPIN-code: 6919-1265

Dr. Sci. (Biol.), leading researcher

Russian Federation, Kurgan

Oksana G. Prudnikova

National Ilizarov Medical Research Centre for Orthopaedics and Traumatology

ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1432-1377
SPIN-code: 1391-9051

MD, Dr. Sci. (Med.), traumatologist-orthopedist

Russian Federation, Kurgan


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Supplementary files

Supplementary Files
1. Fig. Dynamics of indicators of the absolute maximum moment of force of the muscles of the lower extremities (%): positive (a) and negative (b).

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