Vol V, No 1 (1897)

Articles
A rare deformity of the brain, accompanied by incomplete separation of the cerebral hemispheres
Osipov V.P.
Abstract

The case, the description of which will be the subject of this article, belongs to the number of rare deformities of the central nervous system, presenting very sharp deviations from the normal type of brain development. The brain belongs to a stillborn premature fetus, which appeared in the light under the following conditions:

In the fall of 1895, S.P. A pregnant woman came to the Burgsk Clinical Military Hospital, stating that she felt the approach of childbirth, although she still had about a month to go; at the same time, she explained that she was serving in a tobacco factory, where three days ago she was hit in the stomach by a heavy bale that had fallen on her; soon after that she stopped feeling the fetal movement, and then labor pains began. The objective examination of the woman in labor, carried out in the maternity ward, confirmed the death of the fetus, and a few hours later, the premature birth was followed by the dead fetus.

Neurology Bulletin. 1897;V(1):1-19
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Pathological and anatomical changes in the brain in acute delirium
Popov N.M.
Abstract

T.F., about 30 years old, a peasant from the Chistopol district of the Kazan province, entered the Kazan District Medical Clinic on December 25, 1894). From the scanty preliminary information, it is only clear that on December 4 of the same year she gave birth in a city shelter for women in labor.
During the admission to the hospital, F. was extremely restless, clung to others, sat on the floor, and screamed furiously. Carried in her arms to the compartment, she continued to make noise and resist, so she had to be forcefully stripped and put into the bath. She refused food, first tried to knock a mug of milk out of the nurse's hands, and then, typing it in her mouth, sprinkled it on the sick, shouted that she had not received communion, she should soon die; she baptized all corners, was baptized herself. In view of the excited state, she was placed in the isolation ward. Here she spent the whole day in tireless movement, running from corner to corner, then baptizing the door, then stripping naked, she danced and shouted: “Lord have mercy, let me retire, oh, oh!” She was afraid for some reason on the mattress. She turned to the doctor who entered with a question, will she die soon? All day I did not eat or drink anything. Unkempt. Temperature in the evening 37.4 (under the arm); pulse 114.

Neurology Bulletin. 1897;V(1):20-48
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The current state of the science of aphasia
Idelson G.
Abstract

VIII.
The Grashey case and its implications.
A patient with Grashey, in the face of a cranial injury, fell ill with a disorder of the tongue of a sensory character, which soon gave way to another peculiar disorder. The patient did not find the names of the objects around him, except by resorting to the following means; he gazed intently at the known object, and recalled in order the individual letters of the given word; He wrote these letters in order, according to the time he remembered them, and only after all the letters written in this way made up a word, the patient could pronounce the given word. If the object was removed earlier, before he had time to draw the name, then to bring the name, displaying consistently one sign after another, he could not — and, thus, could not, of course, pronounce this word. If the patient was pronounced the word by syllable, then, having reached the last syllable, he no longer remembered the first, because of which he could not repeat it.

Neurology Bulletin. 1897;V(1):49-69
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The volume of changes in the cerebral cortex in senile dementia
Zhestkov V.I.
Abstract

With an increase in the number of people lived, the process of destruction in a human organism, like in any other, takes over the process of creation. But in one, the signs of reverse development begin late, manifest themselves gradually, mental life resists old age for a long time, in the other, the weakness of the body is already relatively early in the eye, and, above all, the manifestations of premature dying are found in the spiritual side of life. Sometimes they act so sharply, so far go beyond the limits of physiological changes, that a picture of a clearly expressed psychosis is obtained. Since, in many cases, the phenomena of dementia come to the fore in this picture, the disorder is called senile dementia.

Neurology Bulletin. 1897;V(1):70-82
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Catatonia
Chizh V.F.
Abstract

Since in the beautiful study of Serbian all the literature of catatonia is given before 1890, then I do not find it necessary to list in detail the opinions of psychiatrists about catatonia. I will confine myself only to a brief outline of the position of this issue and point out the opinions and messages expressed after the appearance of Serbian's work.
Very competent authors - Westphal, Mendel, Sander, Seglas and Chaslin, Tigges do not at all recognize catatonia as an independent disease; Finally, an extensive Serbian work is devoted to proving that catatonia, as an independent disease, does not exist.

Neurology Bulletin. 1897;V(1):83-106
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Case of Periodic Oculomotor Nerve Palsy
Klyachkin G.A.
Abstract

Periodically recurring paralysis of the oculomotor nerve (migraine ophthalmoplegique French authors) is not often observed. In foreign literature, I managed to collect 24 cases, and in Russian literature, as far as I know, there is only one observation by prof. L.O.Darkshevich. In view of this, I think it is interesting to give a brief history of the illness of one patient, in whom, during the last day, I observed periodic paralysis of the oculomotor nerve

Neurology Bulletin. 1897;V(1):107-114
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Report on the Fourth International Congress of Criminal Anthropology in Geneva, read by V.P. Serbsky in the Moscow Psychological Society
Postovsky N.
Abstract

Sessions of the Congress took place in the assembly hall of the university; the occupation lasted 6 days (from 12th to 17th August). The Congress attracted about one hundred participants of the most diverse nationalities; the prevailing element in the quantitative relation was made up of the representatives of the French language — the French, the Swiss and the Belgians, there were quite a few Russians) and very few English and Germans; There were many Italian scientists, and the present congress owes its interest and revitalization mainly to their presence.

Neurology Bulletin. 1897;V(1):115-130
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A case of feigned dementia (simulatio dementiae)
Smelov N.Y.
Abstract

The authors' views on the simulation of mental illnesses are distinguished by significant disagreements, reaching at some points to complete contradiction. Some authors, such as, for example, Schüle, in the course of 15 years of psychiatric practice did not encounter a single case of feigned insanity, it is emphasized that the pretense in mental illnesses "exists sooner as a ghostly fact, rather than". regarding the simulation of psychosis Jessen, Sander (out of 190 subjects, I met only two cases of pretense), Moeli, Vingtri nier (out of 43,000 criminals, only one was found to have simulated psychosis) and friend. These authors, as it were, in explaining their conclusions regarding the simulations psychoses say that simulation, in fact, is a symptom of an illness, it is the result of mental disorder, that only a mentally ill person or a subject highly predisposed to mental illness can simulate well, because, according to their opinion, there can be a consistency and coherence, if there is no rudiment of real madness in its foundation procession"(Maudsly). Apparently, prof. Korsakov In his guide, he writes: “in the vast majority of cases, a person who has real inclinations of illness begins to simulate a mental illness”. he says that only especially important reasons can induce a mentally healthy person to simulate insanity"; in addition, he adds that simulators, in the face of the strong mental stress to which they subject themselves, in the conclusion of their experience can continue to be useful.

Neurology Bulletin. 1897;V(1):131-146
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About fusion or stiffness of the spinal column, as a special form of disease
Bekhterev V.
Abstract

In 1892 I published in Physician and in Neurol. Centralbl. work under the title: "Stiffness of the spine with its curvature, as a special form of the disease in which, on the basis of five observations presented to me, I tried to find out the symptomatology of a special and still very little known in the neuropathological literature of immobility of pain behind or of the spinal column and a whole series of nervous disorders characteristic of this form of the disease.

Neurology Bulletin. 1897;V(1):147-159
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Differential diagnosis of multiple neuritis. Polyesthesia and macroesthesia
Shcherbak A.E., Ivanov I.I.
Abstract

During the 1894/95 academic year, we had the opportunity to observe the following case in the clinic.
The patient, Adam M-sky, 30 years old, was admitted to the clinic on December 10, 1894. He fell ill in the month of the same year, after he slept, during the last rest, on the ground. When he woke up, he felt severe pain in his arms and legs on the left side (on which he slept), somehow reached with the help of others to the house, where he was forced to go to bed. There was a chill at night; More accurate data on fever cannot be reported.

Neurology Bulletin. 1897;V(1):160-170
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Н. Hudden. Klinische und anatomische Beiträge zurKenntniss der multiplen alcohol. Neuritis. —Archiv für Psy-chiatrie, ХХVIII Bd., Heft 3
Abstract

The work of Hudden presents a large monograph on alcoholic neuritis, five complete histories of the disease with detailed pathological studies and two brief histories of the disease without opening. The author comes to the following conclusions: The mental illness described by S.S.Korsakov in polyneuritis is also observed regardless of the polyneuritis. When combined with alcoholic neuritis, psychosis often occurs encephalitic lesion of the cerebral trunk, especially around the 3rd ventricle; the centers of the eye nerves can be whole. Atrophy of the corp.mammill is not uncommon in psychosis, combined with alcoholic neuritis.

Neurology Bulletin. 1897;V(1):171-171
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M. Laehr. Ueber Störungen der Scbmerz und Temperatur empfindung in Folge von Erkrankungen des Rückenmarkes. — Archiv. f. Psychiatrie, Bd XXVIII, Heft. 3
Abstract

In a very extensive work, based on the observations of other authors and eleven own cases, Laehr comes to the following conclusions. With syringomyelia, as well as with other central diseases of the spinal cord, the prevalence of disorders of skin sensitivity is of a certain nature. These sensory lesions are similar to those caused by lesions of the posterior roots or transverse cuts of the spinal cord. The anatomical reason for the disorder of skin sensitivity is the destruction of the posterior sacrago substance at the corresponding level of the spinal cord.

Neurology Bulletin. 1897;V(1):172-172
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А. Cramer. Ueber Sinnestauschungen bei geisteskranken Taubstunimen. —Archiv f. Psychiatrie, Bd. XXVIII, Heft 3
Abstract

In view of the insufficient understanding of this very important issue, the author's work is of considerable interest, although it consists of a description of one well-studied case and a brief note about another. Cramer argues that with congenital deafness, higher mental development can be achieved in the absence of sound images of words.

Neurology Bulletin. 1897;V(1):172-173
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L. Bruns. Klinische und pathologisch-anatomische Beit räge zur Chirurgie der Rückenmarkstumoren. Archiv f. Psychiatrie, Bd. ХХVIII, Heft. 1
Abstract

Based on two own observations with consistent pathological and anatomical studies and critical analysis of the literature of the subject, the author comes to the conclusion that in one third of cases of spinal cord tumors, surgery can lead to cure. The precise recognition of the tumor site, which is necessary for success, is possible much more often than it was customary to think until recently.

Neurology Bulletin. 1897;V(1):173-173
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Е. Hallerworden. Ueber anämische Sprachstörung. — Archiv f. Psychiatrie, Bd. Heft. I
Abstract

The author cites three stories of illness, proving that one anemia of the brain can be the cause of anartric and aphasic disorders of the tongue; aphasia during anemia was in one case sensory, in two motor sensory; in all three cases, in addition, paraphasia was observed, however, none of the disorders of the tongue reached full development; Dysphrasia and dysphrasia were very limited. The intensity of the disorder changed depending on the position of the body and the degree of fatigue of the patients. All three patients recovered completely.

Neurology Bulletin. 1897;V(1):173-174
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Н. Liepmann. Ueber Albuminurie, Albumosurie und an dere körperliche Symptome bei Delirium tremens. —Archiv f. Psychiatrie, Bd. ХХVIII, Heft. II
Abstract

On the basis of a study of one hundred and ten cases, the author asserts that a single examination on a block does not yet give the right to conclude that, indeed, a patient has drunken delirium there is no problem. At the height of the disease, 76% have protein; 36% of the blocks were in large quantities, 52% only temporarily. Albuminuria is not worth in accordance with fever, but with delirium and pulse.

Neurology Bulletin. 1897;V(1):174-174
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Е. Tromner. Beitrag zur Kenntniss der Störungen der aüsseren Sprache, besonder bei multipier Sclerose und Dementia paralytica. —Archiv f. Psychiatrie. Bd. XXVIII, H. 1
Abstract

Having grouped everything known in the literature on this issue and supplemented with his own observations, the author came to the following conclusions. In case of multiple sclerosis, there are the following disorders of the growling: slowing down of the growling, monotony of the growling — it is devoid of an accent; inconsistency in pitch; nasal sound of speech, chanting; dysarthria muscular and fascicular; dysrhythmia and ataxia. With progressive paralysis, the disorder of the hand is as follows: in tempo — acceleration and deceleration, in rhythm — pseudoscanning; in the accent - its absence; dysarthria — bulbar, cortical and atactic in nature.

Neurology Bulletin. 1897;V(1):175-175
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Alzheimer. Ein "geborener Verbrecher". —Archiv f. Psych. Bd. XXVIII, H. 2. II. Kurella. Fetischismus oder Simulation? Jd. Heft. 3
Abstract

These two articles deserve great attention, as a sign of the times: even in such a magazine as Archiv f. Psychiatrie, the question of a congenital criminal is already being discussed; A work has been published here, proving that many criminals are completely incomprehensible either to psychiatry or to criminal law. These two articles, one must think, are only the beginning of a whole series of works, which will radically change the scope and principles of psychiatric examination.

Neurology Bulletin. 1897;V(1):175-177
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Ferrari. Mental disorders in combination with multiple neuritis. (Korsakov's Cerebropathia psychica toxaemica, Polyneuritis Psychosis by other authors). —The Alienist and Neurologist, January 1896, no. 1
Abstract

Under the name Polyneuritis psychosis, Korsakov described a disease that differs from typical polyneuritis by the predominance of disorders on the part of the mental sphere. It begins with somatic symptoms — vomiting, difficulty walking, pain and muscle atrophy; the electrical excitability of the muscles disappears, there are contractures; knee reflex disappears early, others remain normal or even increased. Death occurs from paralysis of the respiratory muscles. As for mental disorders, the last ones appear in the beginning of the disease in the form of simple irritability, after which amnesia comes to the fore.

Neurology Bulletin. 1897;V(1):177-178
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Harriet С. В. Alexander. —Abuse of bromides. —The Alienist and Neurologist, 1896, № 3
Abstract

The author has collected important observations concerning the side effects of bromide drugs used in large doses. Most often, the skin (dermatoses) is affected, then the organ of vision (conjunctivitis, amblyopia, myopia, diplopia, etc.), the bladder, abdominal organs and, finally, the central nervous system. The author cites from his own practice 8 cases of epilepsy (grand mal et petit mal), treated with bromide preparations, mainly potassium bromide, in doses equal to 12 grm. pro die.

Neurology Bulletin. 1897;V(1):178-179
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D-r. Travie Drennen. Syphilis as an aetiological factor in the production of locomotor ataxia. —The alienist and neurologist, 1896, № 4
Abstract

In 40 - 60% tabes dorsalis the ethiological moment is lues. The author cannot agree to accept syphilis as such for the cause of tabes dorsalis. In his opinion, only that syphilitic is sick with tabes dorsal, who has been abusing for a long time the internal methods of iodine drugs. If syphilis really was such a common cause of tabes dorsalis, then the latter would have met incomparably more often in such peoples who are especially often sick with syphilis. Between the two, neither the author himself, during 12 years of practice, nor Dr. James lelks for 19 years, have met a single case of tabes dorsalis among blacks who so often suffer from syphilis. In Japan, syphilis is very common, and tabes is extremely rare.

Neurology Bulletin. 1897;V(1):179-180
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V.A.Muratov. To pathological physiology and differential diagnosis of cortical epilepsy. Medical Review. 1896, n ° 1
Zhestkov V.
Abstract

The author cites the history of the illness of one patient with manifestations of cortical epilepsy: convulsions began on the face, then passed on to the arm and leg, for the most part the seizure was limited to one left side. Left n. facialis was paralyzed; in the left extremities - paresis with reduced rigidity and increased tendon reflexes, while in the arms paresis and rigidity were almost the same, and rigidity prevailed in the legs. After the seizure, the paralysis intensified sharply. Some seizures were preceded by a motor aura: clonic convulsions in the paralyzed limbs. Left side sensitivity was decreased; muscle feeling — weakened, stronger in the arms, less in the legs. The patient died of tuberculous pneumonia. When opened, found in the right hemisphere softening, which occupied the lower third of the posterior central gyrus. Gyrus marginalis in the anterior part was destroyed. The softening into the depths did not extend equally. In the rear part, it went quite deep; the radiant end in the supramargi nalis area is softened, the system of long connecting paths, apparently, is not affected; small focus — in the superior parietal gyrus In the middle of the focus, destruction is limited to the cortex. In the front part, the softening was located under the cortical layer and reached the inner capsule. Deep-lying gray masses, corpus callosum and cingulum have survived from destruction. Microscopic examination showed extensive degeneration in connective and adhesive pathways; the descending rebirth was barely expressed and was found only in Marchi.

Neurology Bulletin. 1897;V(1):180-181
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L.O. Finkelstein. A case of acute dementia in case of gaz pauvre poisoning. Archive psychiatrist. T. 26, book. 1
Zhestkov V.
Abstract

Gaz pauvre, used recently in technology as an engine, due to the high content of carbon monoxide, is extremely fatal for the body and, as the case reported by F. shows, poisoning by it can cause mental disorder.

Neurology Bulletin. 1897;V(1):181-182
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Dr. Ant, Ritti. Les psychoses de la vieillesse. —Archives cliniques de Bordeaux. № 8, 1895
Abstract

The group of senile psychoses, the author says, can only include those that develop in old people who have not suffered from any mental disorder before. The author tries to classify the psychoses of old age, at which it is stipulated that he proposes his own classification “without claims to its naturalness”.

Neurology Bulletin. 1897;V(1):182-185
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Chronicle and mix
Zhestkov V.I.
Abstract

- The preliminary draft of the Charter of the Russian Union of Psychiatrists and Neuropathologists has already been sent out for consideration to special scientific societies, institutions, as well as to individuals. The Society of Neuropathologists and Psychiatrists at the Imperial Kazan University will deal with this project in one of its next appointments.

Neurology Bulletin. 1897;V(1):186-190
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The chronicle of the society of neuropathologists and psychiatrists at the imperial Kazan University. Minutes of the meeting on October 27
Popov N.M.
Abstract

Chaired by N. M. Popov under the secretary V. I. Zhestkov; attended by Messrs. acting members: K. A. Arnstein, I. M. Dogel, N. A. Mislavskiy, N. A. Tolmachev, B. I. Vorotynskiy, S. D. Kolotinskiy, D. V. Polumordvinov, N. Ya. Smulov , P. I Tikhov, S. N. Urvantsov; guests: V. A. Popov, Trustee of the Kazan Educational District, and about 40 students.

Neurology Bulletin. 1897;V(1):190-192
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Report on the scientific activity of the society of neuropathologists and psychiatrists at the Imperial Kazan University for 1896, with the inclusion of data on the state of the library and the fund of the society
Vorotynsky B.I.
Abstract

By this year, the Society of Neuropathologists and Psychiatrists at the Imperial Kazan University begins the sixth year of its scientific activity. This activity over the past year was expressed in the following way.

Neurology Bulletin. 1897;V(1):192-197
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