Vol XLVII, No 1 (2015)

Articles
THE SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED INFECTIONS IN PATIENTS OF A PSYCHIATRIC HOSPITAL
Petrova N.N., Chumakov E.M.
Abstract
The article presents data on the prevalence of sexually transmitted infections in patients of psychiatric hospital. We present the social characteristics of the study group, features of the addictive behavior and the structure of mental disorders. We have found that the prevalence of HIV infection among patients of a psychiatric hospital was higher than the average rate of HIV infection in Russia and St. Petersburg in 2013. The prevalence of syphilis was also higher than the average rate in Russia.
Neurology Bulletin. 2015;XLVII(1):5-8
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ASSESSMENT OF THE DYNAMICS OF THE FUNCTIONAL STATE OF POST-STROKE PATIENTS WITH SPASTIC HEMIPARESIS IN THE COURSE OF REHABILITATION INTERVENTIONS
Mikhailov V.A., Zakharov D.V., Dyagileva J.I.
Abstract
The article describes the assessment of the dynamics of the functional state of post-stroke 62 patients with spastic hemiparesis in the course of rehabilitational interventions (Group 1) and a combination of rehabilitational interventions and botulinum therapy (Group 2). A positive dynamics of the functional state was revealed in both patient groups. However, a reduction in the level of spasticity and an amelioration of the functioning of paretic extremities were more significant in the patient group treated with botulotoxinum type A.
Neurology Bulletin. 2015;XLVII(1):9-16
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QUALITY OF LIFE OF PATIETS WITH PACEMAKERS IMPLANTED IN CHILDHOOD
Petrova N.N., Sysoeva V.S., Vasichkina E.S., Egorov D.F., Gordeev O.L.
Abstract
The quality of life (QOL) of patients with cardiostimulators (CS) implanted in childhood has been studied from the standpoint of subjective satisfaction with the level of physical, mental and social functioning. QOL of patients with CS and of those who are undergoing conservative therapy is mediated by interaction of a number of socio-demographic, clinical, and personal and psychological factors. A significant contribution to the reduction of QOL of patients in both groups is introduced by the factor of mental and emotional condition that causes the relevance of psychological treatment.
Neurology Bulletin. 2015;XLVII(1):17-21
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PERSONAL AND GENDER PREREQUISITES OF DEPRESSIVE DISORDERS WITH SOMATIC SYMPTOMS IN ADOLESCENCE
Chebotarov E.V.
Abstract
We examined 72 adolescent patients with a diagnosis of depressive disorder with somatic symptoms. Pathocharacterological and gender preconditions of somatization of depression in adolescence were defined. Female adolescents are characterized by the following personal prerequisites: significant hypochondriac attitude regarding their own health in premorbid stage of disease on the background of sharpened cycloid and labile features with demonstrative traits. For adolescent males, the predominance of social introversion with psychasthenic and anxious traits with tendencies toward social isolation and psychopathization was more specific.
Neurology Bulletin. 2015;XLVII(1):22-26
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STUDY OF POSSIBLE RISK FACTORS FOR ANXIETY AND DEPRESSIVE DISORDERS IN PATIENTS WITH PARKINSON’S DISEASE IN THE REPUBLIC OF BASHKORTOSTAN
Akhmadeeva G.N., Tayupova G.N., Bajtimerov A.R., Magzhanov R.V., Hidijatova I.M., Husnutdinova J.K.
Abstract
The features of anxiety and depressive disorders in patients with Parkinson’s disease in Republic of Bashkortostan according to sex, clinical form, age of onset, daily activities and the degree of movement disorders have been studied. It is found that anxiety and depressive disorders are prevalent in female patients. It is shown that the possible risk factors for anxiety and depressive disorders, in addition to a female, are low levels of daily activity and a high degree of motor impairment. Anxiety is significantly more often detected in patients with akinetic-rigid and rigid-trembling forms, and depression - in patients with akinetic-rigid-trembling form. Dependence on the age of manifestation was found only in men.
Neurology Bulletin. 2015;XLVII(1):27-31
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NEUROPATHIC AND DYSFUNCTIONAL PAIN AT RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS
Muslimova E.V., Yakupova S.P., Yakupov E.Z., Sakovets T.G.
Abstract
The aim of this study was the evaluation of the neuropathic component influence on the pain intensity, formation of anxiety, depression and pain catastrophization in patients with RA. It was found that the presence of neuropathic pain in RA was associated with higher indexes of depression, anxiety, pain catastrophization level. Furthermore, neuropathic pain in RA led to more frequent occurrence of personal anxiety in more severe form and increased the pain catastrophization level. It turned out to be the aggravating influence of neuropathic pain on the level of psychological comfort and the formation of maladaptive pain settings in RA patients.
Neurology Bulletin. 2015;XLVII(1):32-38
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GLUTEN ATAXIA: PATHOGENESIS, CLINICAL MANIFESTATIONS, DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT
Kopishinskaya S.V., Svetozarskiy S.N., Gustov A.V.
Abstract
The authors discuss the use of antibodies against gliadin, reticulin, endomysium and tissue transglutaminase as a biomarker GA in patients with the supposed idiopathic sporadic cerebella ataxia. The article presents the main clinical features of the GA, сriteria for inclusion and exclusion of the GA in a diagnostic algorithm and data on the clinical efficacy of gluten-free diet are given.
Neurology Bulletin. 2015;XLVII(1):39-45
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PAIN AT OSTEOARTHRITIS: SYMPTOM OR DISEASE
Protopopov M.S., Giniatullin R.A., Lapshina S.A., Abdulganieva D.I.
Abstract
The article reviews the main aspects of pain in osteoarthritis (OA). Nociceptive pain is discussed as the main component of pain syndrome. The current evidence for the inflammation activation in OA is described; its role in the pathogenesis of the pain syndrome is discussed. The role of pro-inflammatory cytokines as well as prostanoids and prostaglandin E in developing inflammation and pain in OA is reviewed. The central sensitization and neuropathic pain are estimated as the components of the pain syndrome in OA. The role of a number of channel proteins and enzymes-coding genes polymorphisms in pain development and intensity in patients with OA is described. Perspectives for targeted pain-relieving treatments in patients with OA are discussed considering the pain pathogenesis.
Neurology Bulletin. 2015;XLVII(1):46-54
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COMPARATIVE PATHOGENESIS OF PRURITUS AND PAIN
Faizullin Y.V., Faizullina E.V., Giniatullina R.R.
Abstract
The review presents neuroanatomical, neurophysiological and neurochemical mechanisms of pruritus. The role of the peripheral nociceptive neurons and the central nervous system in itch development is elucidated in comparison with the known mechanisms of pain. The contribution of pruritus to a number of dermatoses and dermatitis is also presented.
Neurology Bulletin. 2015;XLVII(1):55-59
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PAIN PERCEPTION: FROM ANTICIPATION MEXANISMS TO EXPERIENCE OF INTENSIVITY OF PAIN
Granitsa A.S., Mendelevich V.D.
Abstract
Data of researches of contemporary studies on correlation of mechanisms of anticipation and experiences by an individual of pain intensity are provided in the review. Conclusions about this correlation are drawn on the basis of clinical and psychophysiological trials with application of fMRT and EEG.
Neurology Bulletin. 2015;XLVII(1):60-66
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INDIVIDUAL AND PERSONAL CHARACTERISTICS OF PATIENTS WITH MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS
Vasilyeva N.V., Nikolaev E.L.
Abstract
The analysis of research for psychological characteristics in patients with multiple sclerosis that are related to their personality traits and personality profiles, gender specificity of the disease, stress reactions, psychological defense mechanisms, coping strategies is given. The character of personality changes in patients is described. Peculiarities of disease image and social relationship are reviewed.
Neurology Bulletin. 2015;XLVII(1):67-72
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FORMATION AND DEVELOPMENT OF EARLY INTERVENTION FOR CHILDREN WITH DEVELOPMENTAL DISABILITIES IN RUSSIA AND SWEDEN
Akhmetzyanova A.I.
Abstract
The urgency of this problem is due to the uniqueness of infancy; early age is recognized as one of the most significant in terms of the formation of a number of mental functions of the child. System of early intervention provides the widest possible coverage of children with developmental disorders in the early stages of ontogenesis that promotes the prevention of secondary disorders in development, as well as the most effective use of sensitive periods of formation of higher mental functions for their recovery and development. As part of this work, the history of formation and development of the early intervention system will be considered abroad and in Russia.
Neurology Bulletin. 2015;XLVII(1):73-78
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ORGANIZATIONAL CHALLENGES FOR CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGIST IN MEDICINE AND PUBLIC HEALTH PRACTICE
Solovyova S.L.
Abstract
The paper considers basic organizational challenges for a position of Clinical Psychologist in public health in connection with current trends that are in place in the changing people’s health. The paper has shown both traditional diagnostic and correction challenges that clinical psychologists usually face at clinic, and new challenges, that require innovative organizational decisions and training solutions.
Neurology Bulletin. 2015;XLVII(1):79-84
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GLYCINE IMPORTANCE IN ACUTE ISCHEMIC STROKE THERAPY
Nartsissov Y.R., Sheshegova E.V., Mashkovtseva E.V., Maksimova L.N.
Abstract
There was shown the prevalence of vascular diseases, including acute cerebrovascular events, reasons of such disorders being multiple systemic changes of neuron metabolism. The correction of imbalance of excitatory and inhibitory neurotransmitter systems is one of the most promising methods of neuroprotection. Much attention is paid to the role of an inhibitory neurotransmitter glycine in the mechanisms of acute cerebral ischemia. Positive effects of glycine on neuronal mitochondrial metabolism have been observed under hypoxic (anoxic) conditions. It was also shown a reduction of events which had been induced by glutamate concentration excess. Along with the effect of direct vasodilation of glycine on arterioles of different tissues it enables to consider glycine as a neuroprotective compound i.e. the medicines which protect against ischemic cascade in therapeutic window.
Neurology Bulletin. 2015;XLVII(1):85-90
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A CASE OF MITOCHONDRIAL CYTOPATHY WITH THE EARLIER UNKNOWN MUTATION OF MITOCHONDRIAL DNA, WITH HEMIDYSTONIA SYNDROME
Ivanova T.A., Poluektov M.G., Philippova T.V., Golubev V.L.
Abstract
A case of mitochondrial cytopathy, which feature is the presence of previously described mutation of mitochondrial DNA, the phenomenon of anticipation and clinically manifested syndrome of the left-side hemidystonia. In the review section there are presented the modern concepts of etiology, pathogenesis, clinical manifestations, diagnosis and treatment of mitochondrial cytopathy.
Neurology Bulletin. 2015;XLVII(1):91-96
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PSYCHOPATHOLOGICAL AND SOCIAL PREDICTORS OF AUTOAGRESSIVE BEHAVIOR IN PERSONS OF MILITARY AGE
Mylnikova Y.A.
Abstract
In the examined 200 young men of military and preinduction age with autoagressive behavior in the anamnesis the clinical structure of psychopathological frustration is defined; the complex assessment of the biological and social predictors influencing formation of autoagressive behavior is carried out.
Neurology Bulletin. 2015;XLVII(1):97-100
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THE PROBLEM OF ASSESSING THE PREVALENCE OF ALCOHOL USE BY WOMEN DURING PREGNANCY
Kolpakov Y.V., Yaltonskaya A.V., Abrosimov I.N.
Abstract
The data literature review is presented on the issue of the prevalence of alcohol consumption in Russia in women during pregnancy, as well as the results of a pilot study of risk factors of formation of FAS / FASD in children of younger female students. There is shown the lack of accurate data on the prevalence of alcohol use by women during pregnancy, FAS and FASD. It is noted that the figures in Russia are at a high level. It is noted the need for the development and implementation of special programs for the prevention of alcohol consumption by women during pregnancy, risk reduction programs FAS / FASD in children born from these mothers.
Neurology Bulletin. 2015;XLVII(1):101-103
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THE PERSPECTIVE OF USING FUNCTIONAL MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING IN COMPLEX DIAGNOSTICS OF OPIOID ADDICTION POTENTIAL CONSCRIPTS
Pavlov R.A., Tarumov D.A.
Abstract
We investigated the functional state of brain in patients with the syndrome of opioid dependence in remission. It is found that all surveyed have significant functional changes in stem structures, prefrontal cortical divisions and structures of the hippocampus in the absence of signs of macroorganismic lesions of these areas of the brain.
Neurology Bulletin. 2015;XLVII(1):104-107
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THE COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF FEATURES OF PSYCHOACTIVE SUBSTANCE USE AMONG STUDENTS WITH REDUCED MENTAL STATURE
Fadeeva E.V., Kolpakov Y.V., Geronimus I.A., Tsvetkova Y.V.
Abstract
The given article presents the analysis of the peculiarities of different psychoactive substances use by students of special (correctional) educational establishments. The comparative analysis of the obtained results was carried out with the same parameters of the environment of healthy contemporaries. The obtained results showed that the consumption of psychoactive substances among individuals with cognitive disabilities, are no less prevalent than among persons without health issues, but also they have specific features.
Neurology Bulletin. 2015;XLVII(1):108-110
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