Vol 49, No 2 (2000)

Original Research

The modern tendencies in surgical treatment of patients with mammary glands cancer

Skryabin O.N., Roman L.D., Bogorodsky Y.P.

Abstract

In the article, the modem aspects of surgical treatment ofpatients with mammary glands cancer are considered.

Journal of obstetrics and women's diseases. 2000;49(2):12-16
pages 12-16 views

Divitren in postmenopausal climacteric disorders treatment

Nikanorova S.A.

Abstract

In the article the data of clinical examination on Divitren application for climacteric syndrome treatment in postmenopausal women are given. The drug has shown a few side-effects, there are revealed a significant Cuperman index, gonadotropin levels decrease and estradiol level increase. The received data is evident for proper ground of Divitren application in flush disturbances treatment in postmenopausal women.

Journal of obstetrics and women's diseases. 2000;49(2):17-20
pages 17-20 views

The Doppler criteria of the efficiency of intraoperational prophylaxis of infection in high-risk patients after abdominal cesarean section

Pekarev O.G., Lusyanin Y.F., Posdnyakov I.M.

Abstract

The authors consider the ways for efficiency estimation of sorbent prophylaxis of infection in women after abdominal cesarean section.

Journal of obstetrics and women's diseases. 2000;49(2):21-23
pages 21-23 views

Usage of chemiluminescence of blood plasma and urine for prognosis of the inflammatory complications after induced abortions

Trubina T.B.

Abstract

This research was produced to definite the risk degree of arising complications after induced abortions and to prove the effect of differentiated application of semiconductor laser for prophylactics these complications. The study of 90 women after inducted abortions permitted to make the conclusion about possibility of prognostication the inflammatory complications after induced abortions by using induced chemiluminescence of blood plasma and urine. The effects of semiconductor laser were confirmed by cytology methods.

Journal of obstetrics and women's diseases. 2000;49(2):24-27
pages 24-27 views

Prenatal technology of prevention the premature delivery and neonatal mortality

Stepanova R.N.

Abstract

The implemented special prenatal technology (selection of pregnant women in group of high risk, sanation of the chronic tooth infection and infection of genital organs, prevention and treatment of ferrous deficiency anemia, correction of protein and mass body deficiency, early diagnostics and surgical correction of cervical insufficiency, elective hospitalization from 28 to 34 weeks of gestation, antenatal prevention of respiratory distress syndrome) has reduced preterm delivery from 45% to 6%, neonatal mortality from 28% to 0%, intrauterine growth retardation from 43% to 17%.

Journal of obstetrics and women's diseases. 2000;49(2):28-29
pages 28-29 views

The ethiopathogenic aspects of cervical pseudoerosions

Vishnyakova S.V., Pekarev O.G., Efremov A.V., Lusyanin Y.F.

Abstract

The article is devoted to consideration of the questions of ethiology and pathogenesis of cervix pseudo erosions.

Journal of obstetrics and women's diseases. 2000;49(2):30-32
pages 30-32 views

Clinical picture, diagnosis and treatment of urethritis in non-pregnant women

Selimyan N.K., Kalinina S.N., Pigina T.V., Savitcheva A.M., Savitsky G.A.

Abstract

22 patients with different duration of the disease with pronounced inflammatory changes in the urethra were observed. Ultrasound scanning allowed to see various urethral forms, cystourethral funnel, residual urine, renal doubling, nephroptosis and other disorders which were confirmed by intravenous urography. Among etiological factors of the inflammatory process E. coli, C. trachomatis, M. hominis, U. urealyticum, Candida albicans, Herpes simplex virus were identified. Antobiotics, nitrofurans, fitopreparations as well as interferon and laser therapy were used for the treatment. These measures resulted in the disappearance of clinical manifestations and positive dynamics of inflammatory changes under the urethrocytoscopic control.

Journal of obstetrics and women's diseases. 2000;49(2):33-36
pages 33-36 views

Processes of free radical oxidation (FRO) in placenta during premature labor

Prokopenko V.M.

Abstract

Using the method о f luminoldependent chemiluminescence combined with other biochemical methods it was shown that an increase о f FRO processes was noted in peripheral placental parts in cases of premature labor at 28-36 weeks of pregnancy. Intensification of FRO processes is associated with lipid peroxidation. The formation of oxygen active forms in placental tissues occurs both by SOD-dependent and SOD-independent ways, while in cases of premature labor the sheer оf the second mechanism is significantly lower. Content of the myeloperoxidase, the main enzyme of oxy gen-dependent antimicrobic system, decreases in premature labor irrespective of its localization. The results obtained show a reduction оf the defensive function in the fetoplacental system which is one of important pathogenic factors of late pregnancy abortion.

Journal of obstetrics and women's diseases. 2000;49(2):37-40
pages 37-40 views

The clinical estimation of efficiency of phytopreparation "Climadinon" in climacteric syndrome treatment

Vishnevsky A.S., Safronnikova N.R., Golovina L.I.

Abstract

In the prospective study the clinical efficiency of phytopreparation “Climadinon” (Bionorica, Germany) in climacteric syndrome treatment is estimated. It contains phytoestrogens and was used for 42 patient’s treatment. The high clinical efficiency is noted, that improved the vegeto-vessel disturbances in 66,6% patients.

The maximal therapeutic effect of Climadinon was noted by the 4th week of treatment and was more obvious in postmenopausal patients (86,6% of positive effects), compared to premenopausal patients (55,5%).


In perimenopausal patients the 3-months Climadinon therapy led to menstrual cycle repair in 63%. Inpatients over 50 years - there was noted amenorrhea (in 38,5% cases).

Journal of obstetrics and women's diseases. 2000;49(2):41-43
pages 41-43 views

The bacterial vaginosis treatment in pregnant women

Nesdominova E.I., Aksenenko V.A., Rogov V.M., Kornienko G.V., Stolyarova K.S.

Abstract

The study includes 50 patients in 1, 2 and 3rd trimesters of pregnancy with bacterial vaginosis. The efficiency of treatment with tissue carbon sorbent AUT-M was estimated and reached 80% during 10-days course and 88% - in 20-days course of therapy. The high efficiency and safety of the sorbent make it convenient for outpatient use.

Journal of obstetrics and women's diseases. 2000;49(2):44-50
pages 44-50 views

Reviews

Pathogenesis and diagnosis of autoimmune oophoritis

Potin V.V., Smagina E.E., Gzgzian A.M., Rulev V.V., Ioseliani T.G.

Abstract

A review of modem literature on problems of etiology, pathogenesis and diagnosis of ovarian autoimmune disorders is presented. Histologic and immunologic diagnostic methods are described. A comparison of our own and literary data allowed to substantiate the existence of normogonadotropic form of autoimmune oophoritis which is not accompanied by primordial follicles disorders and does not lead to the development of hypergonadotropic amenorrhea. This is confirmed by reliable differences in the occurrence of antigens of class IIHLA system in cases of normogonadotropic and hypergonadotropic forms of disease. Attention is attracted to the necessity of early diagnosis while of gonadotropins level is in the limits of physiological fluctuations.

Journal of obstetrics and women's diseases. 2000;49(2):59-66
pages 59-66 views

Current public health problems

The prophylaxis and early diagnostics of mammal cancer

Semiglasov V.F.

Abstract

In the article the modem questions of epidemiology, early diagnostics and prophylaxis of mammal cancer are discussed.

Journal of obstetrics and women's diseases. 2000;49(2):7-11
pages 7-11 views

Scientific activity

The main indexes of the work of obstetrical and gynecological services in Saint-Petersburg for 1999

Novikov B.N.

Abstract

In 1999, the city's obstetric and gynecological service underwent some changes. During the year maternity hospitals No.7 and No.13 were closed, and on their basis maternity hospital No.10 was organized, which had the largest number of deliveries - 3351. All maternity institutions can be divided into several groups according to the volume of work performed: over 3000 deliveries were performed in maternity hospitals 10, 6, 16; from 2000 to 3000 deliveries were performed in maternity hospitals MM 9, 15, 18, 13, 1; from 1000 to 2000 - in maternity hospital № 11, clinics of Obstetrics and Gynecology Institute named after D. O. Ott, I.P. Pavlov Medical University, Kolpin maternity department; in other obstetric facilities less than 1000 deliveries were performed during the year.

Journal of obstetrics and women's diseases. 2000;49(2):89-90
pages 89-90 views

Lectures

Mammary gland - organ of women reproductive system

Ilyin A.B., Beskrovny S.V.

Abstract

The authors consider the modem aspects on hormonal role in mammary glands formation and functioning, as well as оf pathogenic aspects оf hormonal mammary disorders treatment.

Journal of obstetrics and women's diseases. 2000;49(2):51-53
pages 51-53 views

Cervical pseudo-erosion (terminology, classification)

Kupert A.F.

Abstract

In the article the literary data on a terminology and classification of cervical pseudo-erosions are generalized. On the basis of conducted poly factor researches in the ontogenesis the own reasonable etiological, pathological, morphological and clinical classification of cervical pseudo-erosion is offered.

Journal of obstetrics and women's diseases. 2000;49(2):54-58
pages 54-58 views

Discussion

Ways to reduce abdominal delivery

Aylamazyan E.K., Abramchenko V.V.

Abstract

The article considers the decrease in the incidence of cesarean section by optimizing the management of pregnant women and women in labor and introducing new technologies. In recent years, there has been a decrease in the incidence of the operation from 24 to 20%.
Much attention is paid to the issues of cesarean section in perinatal medicine, as well as to the development of indications and contraindications for cesarean section in premature pregnancy both during pregnancy and in labor, which allowed to reduce perinatal mortality and morbidity in premature babies by three times.
Ways to further reduce abdominal delivery in complicated pregnancy and childbirth, as well as in the presence of certain diseases were outlined: diabetes mellitus in pregnant women, first-born women of advanced age with extragenital diseases.

Journal of obstetrics and women's diseases. 2000;49(2):69-74
pages 69-74 views

Casuistry

Gigantic pseudomysinosic ovarian cyst: Case report

Borisenko I.I., Kutlenkova S.N.

Abstract

We present an observation of an oversized ovarian tumor belonging to pseudomucinous cysts.

Journal of obstetrics and women's diseases. 2000;49(2):67-68
pages 67-68 views

Correspondence school

The influence of gestagen preparations on morpho-functional condition of mammary glands

Kira E.F., Beskrovny S.V., Ilyin A.B., Skryabin O.M., Tsvelev Y.V.

Abstract

The article describes the general effects of hormonal gestagen influence on the morphology and function of mammary glands.

Journal of obstetrics and women's diseases. 2000;49(2):75-84
pages 75-84 views

History page

Pavel Zakharovitch Kondoidi - reformator of health care system in Russia as well as of medical service and "Women Workshop"

Tsvelev Y.V.

Abstract

The article includes the historical information on the main points and facts from the life of famous Russian obstetrician P.Z.Kondoidi.

Journal of obstetrics and women's diseases. 2000;49(2):85-88
pages 85-88 views


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