Vol 83, No 2 (2016)


Viscosity and temperature properties of multicomponent mixed biodiesel fuel

Medvedev A.N., Tarasova D.A.


The article studies the viscosity and temperature properties of mixed biodiesel fuel based on rape oil with the use of ethanol and isopropyl alcohol as diluting additive.
Traktory i sel hozmashiny. 2016;83(2):3-5
pages 3-5 views

Parameter optimization of a modular diesel exhaust converter for automotive equipment

Chernetsov D.A., Kapustin V.P.


The article presents the main factors influencing on fuel efficiency of diesel engines. Parameter optimization of a modular diesel exhaust converter has been carried out.
Traktory i sel hozmashiny. 2016;83(2):5-7
pages 5-7 views

Substantiation of design parameters of extruder and determination of extrudate quality

Kushnir V.G., Gavrilov N.V., Kushnir A.S.


The article reviews the designs of extruders and screws. It describes the main known methods of determination of material quality. As a technical solution improving the design of extruder, a double-threaded screw that should be installed in the material forming zone is proposed.
Traktory i sel hozmashiny. 2016;83(2):7-10
pages 7-10 views

String module cultivator for surface tillage

Rudenko N.Y., Kayvanov S.D., Kalugin D.S., Zavyalik F.N.


A string modular cultivator has been developed. It provides surface tillage at the depth of 0,02-0,03 m. Such tillage is necessary before sowing small-seeded crops such as beet, rapeseed, onion, carrot, tomato and so on. The cultivator can be used in cultivation of fallow lands because it ensures soil moisture preservation and prevents bringing of moist soil to the surface.
Traktory i sel hozmashiny. 2016;83(2):10-12
pages 10-12 views

Seeder with bladed and milling working organs

Yevchenko A.V., Demchuk Y.V., Kobyakov I.D.


The paper considers the design of seeder for grain crops with bladed and milling working organs.
Traktory i sel hozmashiny. 2016;83(2):13-14
pages 13-14 views

Improvement of machinery for tuberous roots harvesting

Toshboltayev M.T., Norchayev Z.R.


The article presents the design of experimental digger for tuberous roots, describes its features and operational principle. The basic data and results of experimental researches of the digger are given.
Traktory i sel hozmashiny. 2016;83(2):14-15
pages 14-15 views

Estimation of use efficiency of automatic transmission of «torque converter - coupling - gearbox» type

Kotiyev G.O., Vasilyev V.V., Gorbatovskiy A.V.


The paper describes a mathematical model for wheeled vehicle with automatic transmission of «torque converter - coupling - gearbox» type. In order to compare this type of transmission and mechanical one with same number of gears and ratios, optimal characteristics of torque converter for considered vehicle are selected. The paper presents the results of simulation of wheeled vehicle moving for both variants of gearbox in conditions involving variable resistance and moving velocity assigned by driver. Efficiency of hydromechanical transmission use is estimated.
Traktory i sel hozmashiny. 2016;83(2):16-20
pages 16-20 views

Analysis of traction power of small-scale mechanization means

Devyanin S.N., Sapozhnikov I.I.


The article analyzes the traction power of small-scale mechanization means of agricultural engineering when performing agrotechnological operations.
Traktory i sel hozmashiny. 2016;83(2):21-24
pages 21-24 views

Experience and prospects of application of double-drum rotary tillage tools

Zvolinskiy V.N., Mosyakov M.A., Semichev S.V.


The article is devoted to finding ways to improve the crumbling of soil layer by rotary rippers through the use of double-drum schemes providing kinematic connection of drums.
Traktory i sel hozmashiny. 2016;83(2):24-27
pages 24-27 views

Experimental researches of a self-propelled potato harvester equipped with separation process control system

Slavkin V.I., Belov M.I., Krasnyaschikh K.A., Pronin V.Y., Zhuravlev A.V.


The article describes the structure and operation principle of separation process control system for the КСК-4-1 self-propelled potato harvester. It presents the results of laboratory and field tests and farm ones, as well as the results of operational and technological evaluation of performance of the harvester with separation process control system and without it. As a result, it is found that installation of this system on potato harvester increases its productivity by 6-8%, improves the quality parameters of the process, reduces downtimes by decreasing the clogging and overload of working organs, betters the working conditions of operator.
Traktory i sel hozmashiny. 2016;83(2):28-30
pages 28-30 views

Air flow distribution in excessive seeds dumping zone of a pneumatic sowing device of overpressure

Popov A.Y.


The article describes a computer model of air flow distribution in the seed chamber of pneumatic sowing device of overpressure. It presents the initial and boundary conditions of calculation of the model. Diagrams of distribution of air flow speed in excessive seeds dumping zone have been constructed. Influence of seeding plate protuberances’ form on the air flow distribution has been determined.
Traktory i sel hozmashiny. 2016;83(2):31-34
pages 31-34 views

Substantiation of installation place for bridge preventing device in a grain bin with side outlet

Kunakov V.S., Timolyanov K.A.


The article analyzes the results of experiment in finding of areas of bridging in a grain bin with side outlet; substantiates the place of installation of bridge preventing device; proposes a formula for calculation of maximum possible number of existing bridges. It also determines the heights of outlet whereby the impact on flow process is minimal or absent, depending on angle of bottom slope and dimensions of bridging section.
Traktory i sel hozmashiny. 2016;83(2):34-36
pages 34-36 views

Substantiation of kinematic parameters of a roller transporting device when planting sugar beet mother plants

Ovtov V.A.


The article presents the results of theoretical and experimental studies of rolls with spiral winding in the process of transportation of sugar beet mother plants to planting unit. The results of studies allow to substantiate the kinematic parameters of roller transporting device at the given rate of planting.
Traktory i sel hozmashiny. 2016;83(2):36-37
pages 36-37 views

Analysis of contemporary methods of service life extension for parts of cars and agricultural machines

Kotlyarov A.Y., Kutovoy S.S., Yefremov V.V.


The article describes the problem of selection of method and conditions of recovered surfaces grinding for increase of accuracy of parts’ geometric parameters.
Traktory i sel hozmashiny. 2016;83(2):38-41
pages 38-41 views

Influence of measurement errors on the results of grading during inspection of machine parts

Shkaruba N.Z.


The features of occurrence of control errors of the first and second kinds during inspection of machine parts in maintenance service are considered. New approach to the assessment of influence of measurement errors on the results of grading during inspection of machine parts is proposed. On the basis of the proposed approach, the parametrization of grading during inspection of machine parts is determined. The analysis of the obtained results is performed.
Traktory i sel hozmashiny. 2016;83(2):41-43
pages 41-43 views

Comparative evaluation of energy efficiency of ploughing units on the basis of tractors with diesel and gas-turbine engines

Shkrabak V.S., Dzhabborov N.I., Shkrabak R.V., Fedkin D.S.


The article presents the results of comparative evaluation of the efficiency of energy costs for technological process of ploughing units on the basis of the serial tractor (K-701), the gas-turbine engined one (K-701 Turbo) and the ПЛН-9-35 plough.
Traktory i sel hozmashiny. 2016;83(2):44-46
pages 44-46 views

Motion control of a wheeled tractor with the use of satellite navigation systems

Poddubny V.I., Pavlyuk A.S., Shaposhnikov Y.A., Kovalev I.M.


The article presents a developed electromechanical motion control system for wheeled tractors using GPS and GLONASS satellite navigation systems, a transmission system of differential corrections of the satellite signal, the results of laboratory and field tests of the control system.
Traktory i sel hozmashiny. 2016;83(2):46-49
pages 46-49 views

The 10th agroindustrial exhibition «AgroSeason - 2016»

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16 и 17 марта 2016 г. на территории Экспоцентра Воронежского государственного аграрного университета (ВГАУ) будет проходить юбилейная, десятая агропромышленная выставка «АГРОСЕЗОН - 2016. Современные техника и технологии в земледелии и животноводстве».
Traktory i sel hozmashiny. 2016;83(2):49-50
pages 49-50 views

The 75th anniversary of N.A. Scheltsyn

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9 февраля исполнилось 75 лет члену редколлегии журнала «Тракторы и сельхозмашины», заслуженному машиностроителю РФ, канд. техн. наук, проф. Николаю Александровичу Щельцыну.
Traktory i sel hozmashiny. 2016;83(2):51-52
pages 51-52 views

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