Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Access granted  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Vol XLVI, No 4 (2014)

Articles
DYNAMICS OF START OF CONDUCT DISORDERS IN ADOLESCENTS: CONNECTION WITH PSYCHOACTIVE SUBSTANCE USE
Grechanyi S.V., Egorov A.Y., Krupitsky E.M.
Abstract
293 adolescents with conduct disorder and the comorbid use of opioids, volatile solvents, alcohol and the associated use of stimulants and cannabinoids were studied. It was found that in patients with the early onset of the disease medical and psychiatric consequences of substance use have dominated and them there were more significant quantitative characteristics of this abuse, while the later substance onset has shown more pronounced social and legal consequences with larger meanings of alcohol use.
Neurology Bulletin. 2014;XLVI(4):5-10
views
LEADING COPING MECHANISMS IN PATIENTS WITH THE TEMPOROMANDIBULAR JOINT PAIN DYSFUNCTION SYNDROME
Kotsyubinskaya Y.V., Lopushanskaya T.A., Mikhailov V.A., Ashnokova I.A.
Abstract
There have been determined the leading coping mechanisms and their interaction with neurotic symptoms and with the quality of life of patients with the TMJ pain dysfunction syndrome. The results have shown that various facial pains, increased tone of chewing muscles, depressive complaints and anxiety hamper dramatically the formation of successful therapeutic alliance and adjustment. It is necessary to develop a diagnostic algorithm for psycho-emotional disorders in patients with TMJ and muscle dysfunctions and to carry out a timely and adequate correction of the disorders according to their intensity.
Neurology Bulletin. 2014;XLVI(4):11-15
views
Р 300 IN THE DIAGNOSIS OF COGNITIVE IMPAIRMENT AT MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS
Karpov S.M., Gnezdizkiy V.V., Pazhigova Z.B., Shevchenko P.P.
Abstract
With the aim of early diagnosis of multiple sclerosis there were studied neurophysiological peculiarities of cognitive disorders. Clinical- neurophysiological examination of patients with recurrent multiple sclerosis revealed mild disability according to the EDSS scale. The number of patients with an average degree of gravity prevailed in secondary progressive MS, with an increase in 3 times, and with a heavy degree of 5.5 times. Neurophysiological study revealed that at different types of the disease course the reduction of the cortical response and longer latency (PL) period of cognitive wave P300 occur. Decrease in the amplitude of the response wave P 300 indicates reduced activation of neurons involved in the processing of the signal in consequence of the processes of demyelination.
Neurology Bulletin. 2014;XLVI(4):16-19
views
THE HAND DYSFUNCTION IN PATIENTS WITH ACUTE NON-TRAUMATIC INTRACEREBRAL HEMORRHAGE
Grigorjeva V.N., Kalinina S.Y.
Abstract
We investigated frequency and causes of the hand dysfunction in patients with intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) in the acute period. The most frequent cause of the hand dysfunction (more than 60 %) was paresises and paralysises, both isolated and complex. They provoked the most severe case of reduced mobility of the hand. Apraxia was the second cause of the hand dysfunction in the patients with acute intracerebral hemorrhage. The depth localization of ICH was connected with more pronounced functional impairments than superficial ICH.
Neurology Bulletin. 2014;XLVI(4):20-25
views
THE USE OF SUCCINATES FOR THE CORRECTION OF METABOLIC DISORDERS IN THE PENUMBRA IN PATIENTS WITH STROKE
Odinak M.M., Yanishevskii S.N., Tsygan N.V., Golokhvastov S.Y., Vozniuk I.A., Trufanov A.G.
Abstract
The aim of the study was to determine the quantitative content and correlation between metabolites in the core ischemic zone, the ischemic penumbra and the intact tissue of the opposite hemisphere in the acute stage of ischemic stroke using MR-spectroscopy. We studied 72 patients, including 37 patients (the main group) treated with the antioxidant mexidol (2-ethyl-6-methyl-3-hydroxypiridine succinate) in addition to standard therapy and 35 patients who received standard therapy only. The severity of stroke was assessed using the NIHSS. The Barthel index and Rankin scale were used to evaluate functional outcome in the 30th day, hydrogen MR-spectroscopy was used twice: in the first 24 h from disease onset and in the 5th day. Mexidol used in dose 500 mg intravenously during 14 days reduced significantly the content of lactate (p=0.002) and inositol (p=0.005) in the cells compared to the control group that enhanced the restoration of the balance between aerobic and anaerobic mechanisms of oxidation and positively influenced on the rehabilitation of patients. Positive correlations between the content of lactate in the ischemic penumbra and NIHSS scores (r=0.5786; p=0.049) and the negative correlation between the content of lactate in the ischemic penumbra and the degree of functional restoration assessed by the Barthel index (r= -0.6305; p=0.028) were found. These findings support the evidence for the interaction between the disturbance of glucose metabolism in conditions of hypoxia and the degree of nervous tissue damage.
Neurology Bulletin. 2014;XLVI(4):26-31
views
BACK PAIN: THE MOST GENERAL PRINCIPLES OF CLASSIFICATION, DIAGNOSIS AND THERAPY
Altunbaev R.A., Khayrutdinova O.S.
Abstract
There were considered and presented the modern common principles of classification, methods of clinical and instrumental diagnostics, conservative and surgical treatment of patients with back pain. There are given data on the use of botulinum toxin, combination of QX-314 (a derivative of lidocaine) and capsaicin when lumbar pain occurs, also there are described modern methods of surgical treatment.
Neurology Bulletin. 2014;XLVI(4):32-36
views
POSTOPERATIVE PAIN - HOW TO MINIMIZE IT OR AVOID?
Bayalieva A.Z., Giniyatullin R.A., Davletov B.A., Yamalieva I.I., Davidova V.R.
Abstract
In this review is covered the current data about the origin of post-operative pain and effective methods of pain relief. Article contains the following sections: mechanisms of postoperative pain and causes of transition of acute pain to the chronic pain syndrome, prevention methods, and new principles of acute pain treatment with a specification of main pharmacological approaches.
Neurology Bulletin. 2014;XLVI(4):37-43
views
REFRACTORY MIGRAINE: MODERN METHODS OF MEDICAL THERAPY
Ekusheva E.V., Damulin I.V.
Abstract
There were described modern methods of medical therapy of refractory migraine, being a clinical variation of the migraine, in which there is absence or minimal effect of the standard therapy with the proved efficacy both for attacks prevention and for coping them. Due to this therapeutic tactics of this category of patients is rather difficult for neurologists. Multidisciplinary approach is the basis of long-term and stable clinical improvement, when rational combined pharmacotherapy is coupled with a big range of nonmedicinal drugs.
Neurology Bulletin. 2014;XLVI(4):44-52
views
DEPRESSIVE SYNDROME AFTER ONCOGYNECOLOGICAL OPERATIONS: CLINIC FEATURES AND APPROACHES TO THERAPY
Mendelevich V.D.
Abstract
The analysis of psychopathological and psychological researches of the women after oncogynecological operations (hyster- and an ovariectomia) is provided in the review. Clinical features of mental disorders are described (a depressive spectrum in particular), and the contribution of social, psychological, endocrine and other factors to their psychogenesis is estimated. There are given data on efficacy and safety of antidepressants in coping disorders of depressive spectrum in the women after oncogynecological operations.
Neurology Bulletin. 2014;XLVI(4):53-60
views
THE PROBLEM OF PAIN AND ANALGESIA IN THE NEONATAL PERIOD
Fazleeva L.K., Sungatullina A.O.
Abstract
There were presented data on some studies, devoted to the problems of pain and analgesia in the neonatal period. The peculiarities were considered, as well as their morphological and functional immaturity compared to adults, so specific features of pain reactions of newborn, demanding special approaches to explanation of pain mechanisms and analgesia.
Neurology Bulletin. 2014;XLVI(4):61-71
views
THEORETICAL ASPECTS OF THE USE OF BOTULINUM TOXIN AND CGRP RECEPTOR ANTAGONIST IN CHRONIC MIGRAINE AND CERVICOGENIC HEADACHE THERAPY
Khayrutdinova O.S., Giniatullin R.A., Davletov B.A., Altunbaev R.A.
Abstract
The mechanisms of generation of extra-intracranial interaction of the excitation processes in the Central nervous system on models of migraine in animals were studied and described in this article. There was described the possible mechanism of relationship between migraine and cervicogenic headache. Recently there was developed innovative drug on the base of botulinum toxin A, and it was described the mechanism of its assembly and therapeutic effect. Also we have provided an overview of modern anti-migraine drugs.
Neurology Bulletin. 2014;XLVI(4):72-76
views
FACTORS, AFFECTING ACTIVITY OF SEEKING HEALTH CARE IN PATIENTS SUFFERING FROM DEPRESSIVE AND NEUROTIC DISORDERS
Tsygankov B.D., Malygin Y.V., Ismailova S.F., Zykova A.S., Kuranova A.V.
Abstract
With the aim of literature analysis there were revealed factors affecting activity of health care seeking behavior. It was established that health care seeking behavior in patients suffering from depressive and neurotic disorders is affected by clinical, social, demographic, psychological factors and psychiatric literacy. Complex scientific works including different groups of factors have not been found.
Neurology Bulletin. 2014;XLVI(4):77-79
views
POST-STROKE PAIN IN THE SHOULDER: CAUSES, DIAGNOSTIC, REHABILITATION TREATMENT
Shagivalieva T.P., Starostina G.K., Muhamadeeva L.A.
Abstract
This review presents recent data concerning possible causes and the main conditions of post-stroke pain in the shoulder. Diagnostic aspects of post-stroke pain in the shoulder joint are considered. Review presents current concepts according to foreign and domestic authors on basic physiotherapy techniques of physical therapy for pain in the shoulder after acute lesion of cerebral circulation. There has been made an analysis of methods of rehabilitation treatment of patients with this pathology.
Neurology Bulletin. 2014;XLVI(4):80-86
views
CHRONIC MUSCULOSKELETAL PAIN IN RELATION TO CARDIO-VASCULAR AND METABOLIC RISK FACTORS
Mäntyselkä P., Giniatullin R.A.
Abstract
Aim of this review is to understand connection of chronic musculoskeletal pain and cardiovascular and metabolic risk factors, including metabolic syndrome obesity. The existing scientific evidence indicates that there may be common pathophysiological features explaining the existence of both musculoskeletal pain and cardio metabolic risk factors. However, the causal relationships are not clear and the findings are partly controversial leaving doubts for intervening variables such as depression.
Neurology Bulletin. 2014;XLVI(4):87-90
views
AUTONOMIC CONSTITUTION, DISBALANCE OF AUTONOMIC NERVOUS SYSTEM, AUTONOMIC DYSFUNCTION SYNDROME
Ismagilov M.F.
Abstract
Modern views on functioning of autonomic nervous system were summarized as well as the role of its congenital features i.e. autonomic constitution, in life activity of organs and systems. There was given an assessment of somatic diseases development from the viewpoint of peculiarities of person’s autonomic constitution. Historic metamorphosis of main clinical syndromes of vegetative dysregulation was presented.
Neurology Bulletin. 2014;XLVI(4):91-96
views
CASE OF A 38-YEARS FAVORABLE CURRENT OF PREMENSTRUAL PSYCHOSIS
Mendelevich D.M., Gatin F.F., Mitrofanov I.A.
Abstract
The article presents a case of the fourteen year-old patient, which has happened a few days before the first menstruation. There is a trace of the clinical picture and course of the disease for 4 decades until the complete recovery in menopause. According to the analysis of literature and history case of N. it is discussed the wrongful exclusion of the nosological classification of the actual menstrual psychosis.
Neurology Bulletin. 2014;XLVI(4):97-105
views
PREVALENCE OF INJECTION-RELATED COMPLICATIONS IN INJECTING DRUG USERS: RESULTS OF OUTREACH WORK
Fyodorova S.S.
Abstract
The high prevalence of injection-related complications in injecting drug users is a matter for attention. The findings revealed a high prevalence of chronic venous disorders, particularly leg ulceration.
Neurology Bulletin. 2014;XLVI(4):106-108
views
CHARACTERISTICS OF CLINICAL PICTURE AND THERAPY IN MEN WITH ALCOHOL DEPENDENCE IN RUSSIA AND IN GERMANY
Denisenko M.K.
Abstract
During this study the alcohol-dependent men from Russia and Germany were examined to find out, whether there were any differences in sociodemographical variables, drinking history, alcoholization style and treatment results among alcohol-dependent patients hospitalised for treating withdrawal syndrome. Therapy strategies of treating withdrawal syndrome (pharmacotherapy, duration of hospitalisation) and recommendations after that were totally different in Russian and in Germany.
Neurology Bulletin. 2014;XLVI(4):109-111
views

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies