Vol 12, No 2 (2022)


Research of stress-deformed states of eccentrally compressed elements of annular section

Mordovsky S.S., Frantseva D.O.


The results of the study of eccentrically compressed reinforced concrete elements of an annular section are compared in terms of strength characteristics. The analysis carried out basically contains the use of a non-linear deformation model, which brings the behavior of concrete closer to real experimental conditions. A comparative analysis of the results of calculating the strength of reinforced concrete elements of an annular section according to the method proposed in the current set of rules, the author's program for determining the stress-strain state of a reinforced concrete column of an annular section, implemented in the MathCad software environment, and a numerical experiment in the Lira-SAPR software package is given. Calculations and schemes are given taking into account the possibility of conducting an experimental study.

Urban construction and architecture. 2022;12(2):4-9
pages 4-9 views


Causes of defects of the heating network

Zelentsov D.V.


The errors that occurred during the design of a channelless heat network and led to defects in the process of functioning of the heat supply system are considered and analyzed. To determine the cause of defects, the work performed was checked for compliance with the adopted design decisions, as well as an analysis of the design decisions themselves. It was found that the cause of defects during operation are errors in the adopted design decisions.

Urban construction and architecture. 2022;12(2):10-13
pages 10-13 views


Features of operation of ultra-small sewage water treatment plants of northern design with membrane technology

Morozov S.A., Serpokrilov N.S.


The conditions of operation of ultra–small sewage treatment plants SWTP - 30 with membrane technology located at a warehouse production facility in the Arctic of Russia with coordinates 67.4973, 86.3261 are considered. The parameters of the SWTP operation are explained after the modernization to supplement the cleaning scheme with a secondary clarifier.

Urban construction and architecture. 2022;12(2):14-22
pages 14-22 views

Major rebuilding and reconstruction of sewer networks in Samara

Shuvalov M.V., Shuvalov R.M.


In Samara, capital rebuilding and reconstruction of sewer networks are carried out using modern trenchless methods of restoration (renovation) and rehabilitation of pipelines, as well as using the traditional method, which consists in replacing pipes in the repaired section of the pipeline network using an open trench mining method. A limited time is allotted to carry out work to eliminate an accident on the sewer network, therefore, the choice of technology for cleaning the pipeline and (or) its restoration (renovation) must be carried out promptly on the basis of pre-developed technological maps, taking into account information and documents from the information model of this section of the sewer network .

Urban construction and architecture. 2022;12(2):23-28
pages 23-28 views


Ensuring reliable operation of the hydraulic unit through the laws of contact hydrodynamics

Evdokimov S.V., Orlova A.A.


The article discusses the basic laws of contact hydrodynamics, which studies complex phenomena occurring in the lubricating layer separating the elastically deformable surfaces of various parts, and thus solves the complex problem of hydrodynamics, elasticity theory, thermodynamics, rheology of lubricants and materials science. For a long time, contact hydrodynamics was considered a secondary direction in hydraulic engineering, however, the main aspects of contact hydrodynamics allow determining the thickness of the lubricating layer in the elastic metal-plastic segments of the hydraulic unit bearings, ensuring the reliability and durability of their operation. Thus, contact hydrodynamics allowed us to gain a positive experience of long-term operational tests of elastic metal-plastic segments in the supports of hydraulic units of the largest hydroelectric power plants. In addition, contact hydrodynamics solved the problem of transferring all hydraulic units of large hydroelectric power plants of the country from rigid babbit supports to elastic composite ones; and all newly built hydro generators should be equipped with elastic segments of a new design.

Urban construction and architecture. 2022;12(2):29-33
pages 29-33 views


Analysis of organizational features of the work of assembly cranes in cramped conditions construction

Zorina M.A., Ryazanova G.N.


The possibilities of placing erection cranes in cramped conditions are considered. The factors for determining the type of crane and the conditions for its operation at the construction site are given. The principles of determining the conditions of tightness of the construction site in accordance with the regulatory documentation are shown. The possibilities of limiting the boundaries of the dangerous zone of the crane are considered. The designs of various cranes are analyzed from the point of view of their placement in cramped conditions. Data are given on the features of the use of bottom-slewing and top-slewing tower cranes in the construction of civil buildings of different heights. The possibility of replacing tower cranes with fast-mounted ones during the construction of low-rise public buildings is being considered. Recommendations are given on the placement of cranes of various designs, the definition of the technological sequence of the construction of the building.

Urban construction and architecture. 2022;12(2):34-40
pages 34-40 views

Technological features of the ducker device for transportation of petroleum products

Ryazanova G.N., Churilina Y.Y.


The efficient operation of main oil pipelines - one of the most important and urgent problems of Russia. Ducker - one of the most technologically advanced stages of construction of the road trunk pipeline. It is important to make the right choice of the method for installing the pipeline, since the speed of construction, economic costs of work, the reliability of the underwater crossing section, and, as a consequence, the uninterrupted operation of the entire main oil pipeline, environmental friendliness of both the installation and further operation will depend on this. underwater passage. Thus, the purpose of this work is to perform a comparative analysis of the methods for the construction of siphons, highlighting the advantages and disadvantages of each method. The results of the work can be applied in the construction of a new route, as well as in the overhaul of underwater crossings that have worked out their time.

Urban construction and architecture. 2022;12(2):41-47
pages 41-47 views


Features of the residential development of Telyachya Street

Ageeva E.Y., Oskirko A.A.


In this paper, using the example of residential buildings on Telyachyaya Street (now Gogol Street) located in Nizhny Novgorod, we analyze the features of the use of “exemplary” projects, the influence of the system of exemplary projects on the formation of the architectural appearance of the street and on the creation of a harmonious image of the street as a whole. The potential for preserving and restoring residential buildings of the 19th century is estimated.

Urban construction and architecture. 2022;12(2):48-53
pages 48-53 views

Principles of preservation of the historical and cultural multilayer public spaces: dialogue of times

Akhmedova E.A., Kuznetsov I.I.


The article is devoted to the study of the "dialogue of the old with the new" approach in the historical urban environment for the formation of unique artistic images that preserve a multi-layered historical and cultural identity in public space renovation projects. The latest examples of public space projects in the architectural and planning structure of the Museum Island in Berlin demonstrate the principles of stability of place memory, continuity, historical and cultural multilayering and identity. They show that the preservation of traces of history and memory is becoming an important part of public space projects in historical public centers of global capitals.

Urban construction and architecture. 2022;12(2):54-62
pages 54-62 views

Architectural planning and construction features of Shcherbachev's revenue houses

Litvinov D.V., Yashina A.V.


The article compares the revenue houses of the architect A. Shcherbachev, built for the merchant D.E. Chelyshev at the end of the XIX century in Samara. At the moment, most of these houses are in disrepair or have been lost, so it is necessary to collect all available information on these architectural monuments in order to understand the principles and patterns of architect A. Shcherbachev's design, including the first revenue buildings in Samara, for their preservation and restoration. The facade solutions of each of the structures are compared. All of them were built in the "neo-Russian style", of red brick without the use of plaster. It is possible to note the gradual evolution of the style from the first house to the last, as well as the similarity in the layout of apartment buildings. In addition, the article contains a brief historical background that helps to understand the causes of apartment buildings, their features in the design.

Urban construction and architecture. 2022;12(2):63-76
pages 63-76 views

Religious architecture of the Penza region as a visual code of local identity

Lyzina A.G.


Architectural and town-planning characteristics and their significance for the visual code of local identity are considered on the example of the architecture of Orthodox churches in the Penza region. A system of criteria for classifying religious buildings according to the originality of their architectural qualities is proposed. The visual and mental significance of religious architecture and its determining factors are highlighted.

Urban construction and architecture. 2022;12(2):77-82
pages 77-82 views


Modern features of the formation of the architectural appearance of buildings from precast concrete

Generalova E.M., Generalov V.P.


The paper deals with the current topic of improving industrial construction methods, which include prefabricated and prefabricated monolithic technologies for the construction of buildings. It is emphasized that, despite a number of indisputable advantages of these technologies, there are also disadvantages concerning, first of all, the architectural uniformity of the facades. In this regard, both in precast and in precast-monolithic technologies, the most interesting are the features of the formation of facade structures, which have a direct impact on the architectural appearance of the building and its aesthetic appeal. Therefore, the purpose of the study is to analyze the current level of development of the production of prefabricated reinforced concrete facade systems both in domestic and foreign industrial housing construction. It was revealed that one of the promising directions for increasing the aesthetic appeal of facade panels is the use of architectural precast concrete. The characteristic features of this innovative material are presented and examples of industries on which the direction of production of various products using architectural prefabricated reinforced concrete is actively developing are given.

Urban construction and architecture. 2022;12(2):83-97
pages 83-97 views

Problems and regulation methods of urban development

Gromilina E.A.


Cities are a key element for research and development of activities to achieve sustainable development goals. The urbanization process entails population migration, which can be caused by both demographic factors and economic and political factors. The urban environment is a complex system of connections and is an object of strategic planning with high potential in an integrated policy aimed at sustainable development. The article discusses issues related to the formation of the architectural and planning structure of the city. To determine the directions for the future development of normative legal acts in the field of urban planning, the existing systems of legal regulation were considered. The study of the development processes of the urban structure is aimed at identifying problems and can later be used in the development of new methods of urban planning management, land management and land use planning aimed at sustainable urban development.

Urban construction and architecture. 2022;12(2):98-103
pages 98-103 views

Diffraction effects of artistic perforation in architectural form modeling

Karakova T.V., Danilova A.V.


The authors analyzed the objects of architecture and design, in the design of which the technique of art perforation is used. The types of composite structures of the perforation pattern are differentiated: geometrical, bionic, pattern-symbol. The principles of interaction of perforated plane with light flux in the modeling of architectural form are considered. The authors made an analogy between the diffraction grating and perforation as identical structures of the physical and optical laws of light beam operation and described the experiment of the interaction of luminous flux, a perforated plane with different types of composite structures of the pattern and simple geometric shapes. The conclusions are made about the extensive compositional and artistic possibilities of receiving an artistic perforation.

Urban construction and architecture. 2022;12(2):104-112
pages 104-112 views

Principles of formation of architectural and planning organization of social residential buildings taking into account transformation aspect

Pestryakova E.R.


This article raises questions about the relevance of designing social residential buildings, taking into account the transformation. The main features of human adaptation to certain conditions of life are considered. To improve living conditions, the main principles of the transformation of residential buildings for social purposes are considered. Emphasis is placed on the concept of a comfortable environment, taking into account the growth in the number of people in one family. A logical model for the formation of the process of transformation and adaptation of the internal space of the living environment is also presented. The possibility of applying the transformation of living space can be considered as the possibility of changing architectural and planning, space-spatial and compositional solutions in the design of housing.

Urban construction and architecture. 2022;12(2):113-119
pages 113-119 views

Space-void dichotomy in architecture

Repina E.A., Kursova M.G.


The article raises the issues of annihilation of places without a direct function in the urban space in the context of the implementation of standards for the development of territories and the desire for their mass replication. In view of the widespread perception of urban wastelands with a negative connotation, the article explores the understanding of the category of void in architectural theory and practice on a positive basis. The differences between the attitude to space as an object in the modernist design method and void as the subject of the modern postmodernist method are described. The properties and values of void are considered in order to return subject-subject relations to void as a value, to clarify its potential for introduction into the project method as a category that has significant axiological properties in comparison with space. Rehabilitating the repressed meaning of void is seen as the key to major professional change. It is proposed to consider void as an integral part of poetic experience and as a manifesto of a new form of architecture.

Urban construction and architecture. 2022;12(2):120-134
pages 120-134 views

A.L. Kanevsky - architect of the socialist city Kuybyshev

Samogorov V.A.


The work of the Samara architect and urban planner Kanevsky Abram Lvovich, who made a significant contribution to the development of the city of Kuibyshev in the 1930-1950s, which remains underestimated to date due to the status of Kuibyshev as a "closed city" and the "secret" label under which the design documentation of that time was published, is considered. As part of the ongoing study of the architectural and urban development of Samara (Kuibyshev) in the 1930-1950s, the important role of architect A.L. Kanevsky was revealed, who led key architectural and urban planning projects in city design organizations - APU Gorkomkhoz, APM Gorproekt, Kuibyshev branch of Giproaviaprom.

Urban construction and architecture. 2022;12(2):135-146
pages 135-146 views

Theory and practice of updating the model of starting entrepreneurial projects

Smirnov S.A., Rakov A.P.


The article attempts, based on the experience of the Innovative Design Chair of SamSTU and LLC "Smirnov Design", to formulate a simple and understandable recipe for launching an entrepreneurial project for students, using the time and opportunities of studying at the university for this purpose. Within the framework of this article, the authors, based on their own experience, attempt to clarify the well-known model of launching an entrepreneurial project, which would take into account the specifics of the participation of university teachers and students in the project. The authors of the article sincerely believe that the proposed model of interaction between education and business can significantly improve the effectiveness of education at the university, while reducing the costs and risks of entrepreneurs. The relevance of involving universities in entrepreneurial projects is explained on the one hand by the need to modernize and transform the educational process, and on the other hand by the need to reduce the burden and minimize risks for small and medium-sized businesses.

Urban construction and architecture. 2022;12(2):147-153
pages 147-153 views


Features and specificity of including underground space in the planning structure of railway stations

Alekseev Y.V., Kuznetsov I.V.


The intensive development of the transport infrastructure of the largest cities in the world creates urban planning problems associated with the search for new solutions for street and off-street transport systems, as well as the street and road network in combination with public buildings that are part of the city’s public service system. New solutions require effective interconnection of “flat” development of urban areas at the ground level and “spatial” development of aboveground and underground levels, which would provide a rational architectural and planning organization of the components of the territory and types of buildings and structures of territorial-spatial objects. These components and types include urban areas near the station and station complexes, in the architectural environment of which a large number of local people and those who come from other cities move on a daily basis. Features and specifics of the inclusion of underground space in the planning structure of these components and types, affecting the comfortable stay of people in them, are considered in this work.

Urban construction and architecture. 2022;12(2):154-160
pages 154-160 views

Ways to improve the system of public spaces in Almaty by methods of underground urbanism

Kozbagarova N.Z., Ibragimova K.T., Ajtileu Z.E.


The article deals with modern social, transport and environmental problems of the largest city of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Almaty, which are identical for the largest cities in the world. Examples of leading countries in the active development of underground spaces are given. The data of the analysis of the current situation in the city of Almaty on the development of underground spaces of the city with the functional differentiation of real estate objects are presented. The balance of their localization by administrative districts of the city is given. The structure of the existing line of the Almaty metro and the possibilities of interrelation of its prospective development with the expansion of the functional diversity of the system of public spaces due to the active use and underground environment of the city are given.

Urban construction and architecture. 2022;12(2):161-167
pages 161-167 views

Development of spatial-recreational frame in dense residential areas of megapolis

Lutchenko S.I., Bosak V.V.


The study analyzes aspects of the impact of high-density development on the periphery of the largest cities. The relevance of the study is dictated by the current situation of large-scale housing construction on the border of St. Petersburg and adjacent districts, which create preconditions for a further reduction in the area of ​​forest areas and an increase in the recreational load on the preserved natural objects. The aim of the study is to develop scientifically grounded recommendations for the functional planning development of the buffer zone between the built-up, subject to development and natural territory in the suburban areas of St. Petersburg in order to preserve the ecological balance of the territory.

Urban construction and architecture. 2022;12(2):168-174
pages 168-174 views

Problems of organization and development of infrastructure for eco-friendly modes of transport in Russia

Nikishin S.A., Sukhinina E.A., Dyadchenko S.F.


The article discusses the features of infrastructure development for eco-friendly modes of transport caused by the increasing interest of most large states in environmental conservation, and the associated accelerated transition to carbon-neutral modes of transport. The number of electric vehicles in a number of countries is estimated, and the level of infrastructure development of charging stations. Their classification and features of architectural solutions are considered. The necessity of applying a new approach in the design of infrastructure for charging stations, with an increase in their environmental friendliness and rationality of planning solutions, is substantiated.

Urban construction and architecture. 2022;12(2):175-185
pages 175-185 views

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