Vol VII, No 3 (1899)

Articles
On the location of the motor centers of the cerebral cortex in a person according to the results of irritation by their faradic current during cerebral operations
Bekhterev V.M.
Abstract

The question of the location of the motor centers of the cerebral cortex in a human until late time can be clarified only on the basis of the observation with the destruction of certain parts of the motor areas and those cases in which the pathological nest served as a source of irritation and led to local seizures. Valuable as these observations are, they did not often make it possible to find out with such strict accuracy the position and boundaries of the motor centers of the cortex in humans, as they make it possible to perform experiments on animals. Only in a later time, along with the development of brain surgery, during the production of Horsley's operations in cases of epilepsy, did it become possible to study the motor centers of the human cerebral cortex with the help of an electric current, that is, in the same way as we do it animals.

Neurology Bulletin. 1899;VII(3):1-5
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About the feeling function of the so-called the motor region of the human cerebral cortex
Bekhterev V.M.
Abstract

How known is the question of whether we have only motor centers in the region of the central convolutions, or together with the feeling and feeling centers, hence, the so-called. sense-motor centers, still remains not completely clarified.

Neurology Bulletin. 1899;VII(3):6-10
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Hemiplegia complicated by opposite hemichorea
Popov N.M.
Abstract

Hemiplegias of cranial origin are among such clinical pictures, with which a neuropathologist meets especially often. But, in spite of this, science has not yet said its last word about them. Moreover, some of the symptoms of suffering still remain poorly understood even from the outside, not to mention their pathogenesis. We know, for example, that movement disorders during hemiplegias also extend to the healthy half of the body; these disorders, which have long attracted the attention of observers, are in their considerable part described with sufficient detail; However, at least from time to time, the clinic presents us with new combinations, which indicate how deeply and together with how differently the disease of one hemisphere can affect the motor functions of the other.

Neurology Bulletin. 1899;VII(3):11-28
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"To the question of the descending fiber systems in the posterior columns of the spinal cord"
Yanishevsky A.E.
Abstract

Among the still very few elucidated questions about the course of fibers in the spinal cord is the question of the descending systems in the posterior columns. Until recently, a view was adopted that the posterior columns of the spinal cord pass through the systems of fibers, going in the direction of the brain. This view was mainly based on the fact that in case of spinal cord disorders, the Wallerian regeneration of the fibers was higher than the damage.

Neurology Bulletin. 1899;VII(3):29-43
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Galvanometric determination of cerebral cortex currents in the area of tone centers in case of irritation of peripheral auditory organs
Larionov V.E.
Abstract

At the suggestion of the highly respected prof. VM Bekhterev, I began studying the currents in the cerebral cortex in dogs under the influence of peripheral irritations of the auditory organs with tuning fork currents. Even last year, I performed several experiments in this direction with a Wiedemann-d'Arsonval galvanometer in the physical office of the Military Medical Academy of the much-respected prof. N. G. Egorov with the kind assistance of his assistant N. N. Georgievsky, as well as in the physiological office of prof. Pavlova under the leadership of V.I. Vartanov.

Neurology Bulletin. 1899;VII(3):44-64
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Physiological and psychological basis of aesthetics
Smirnov A.I.
Abstract

From everything that has already been stated and explained, it follows that the physiological condition of aesthetic effects consists in such functioning of living tissues of nerves and muscles, which achieves the greatest amount of energy detection with the least fatigue, or depletion of the corresponding organs. Analyzing the sensations of light and colors, we are convinced that only visual sensations are pleasant and can therefore be an element of aesthetic combinations, which represent healthy excitation of the optic nerve with the least of its fatigue.

Neurology Bulletin. 1899;VII(3):65-102
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Pathological and anatomical changes in the cerebral cortex in acute hallucinatory disturbances (amentia Meu-nert'a, delirium hallucinatorium Kraft-Ebing'a)
Gerver A.V.
Abstract

Despite the fact that in the literature we come across many works devoted to the study of the clinical features of acute hallucinatory insanity, the issue of pathological and anatomical changes in the brain in this form of mental illness seems to be completely undeveloped at the present time.

Neurology Bulletin. 1899;VII(3):103-137
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About auditory centers in the cortex of hemispheres
Bekhterev V.M.
Abstract

The subject of research on the cortical auditory center from the number of mammals, as is known, were dogs and monkeys. The main studies of the auditory center in monkeys and dogs are studies of Ferrier'a and Munk'a. The first showed that the auditory center is placed in the first temporal gyrus in monkeys: according to Ferrier, when this gyrus is destroyed in one hemisphere, hearing is lost on the opposite side, when the same gyrus is destroyed in both hemispheres, deafness occurs in both ears. Although these observations by Ferrier were subsequently disputed, in later experiments carried out with Jeo, Ferrier reaffirms the results of his earlier studies.

Neurology Bulletin. 1899;VII(3):138-154
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Prof. Dallemagne. The will in its relations with penal responsibility. — Paris. Scientific Encyclopedia of Aide-Mémoire published under the supervision of M. Léanté, Member of the Institute
Vorotynskiy B.I.
Abstract

Dr. Dallemagne, Professor of Forensic Medicine in Brussels, has long been working in the field of criminology. Known, by the way, of his recent research in this direction, published in separate editions under the title of the title: "Anatomical stigmata of crime"; "Biological and sociological stigmata of crime"; "New theory of crime"; "Physiology and pathology of will". Although the author is not a psychiatrist in his specialty, however, in his works he reveals a complete acquaintance with the new successes of psychiatry. The author should be credited with the fact that he bases all his conclusions and conclusions on the positive data of psychopathology.

Neurology Bulletin. 1899;VII(3):155-156
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Dr. Ed. Bérillon. Hypnotism and mental orthopedics. — Paris, 1898
Vorotynskiy B.I.
Abstract

In this brochure, the author continues to defend and develop further his view on the meaning of hypnotism in its application to pedagogy, a view expressed by him back in 1886 at the Nancy congress. Dr. Bérillon is an advocate of the belief that hypnosis can be of great service to the interests of pedagogy. Numerous experiments carried out on two different classes of society convinced the author that children from 5 to 15 years old generally quite easily fall into hypnosis. It is difficult for hypnosis to be given to those who have severely expressed signs of severe neuropathic inheritance. Children-idiotes do not fall into hypnosis; Although feeble-minded children fall asleep, their sleep is usually not deep, it is impossible to induce automatism in them, and it is also impossible to achieve the fulfillment of suggestion after hypnosis. Children with the stigmata of hysteria succumb to hypnotic suggestion, but it is possible to evoke deep sleep in them only after a series of preparatory sessions.

Neurology Bulletin. 1899;VII(3):156-157
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Cutting the nerve and its consequences 1. Biedl. Ueber das histologische Verhalten der peri pheren Nerven und ihrer Centren nach der Durchschneidung. Wien. Klin. Wochenschrift, 1897 № 17. 2. Marinesco. On the phenomena of reporation in the nerve centers after the section of peripheral nerves. Press medic .; 1898 № 82. 3. A. Van-Gehuchten. The repair phenomena in the nerve centers after the section of the peripheral nerves. Press medic .; 1899 № 1. 4. М. А. Halipré. State of the nucleus of the hipoglossus nineteen months after the section of the corresponding nerve in the rabbit. C. r. h. d. s. d. the Soc. of Biology. 1899 № 3, p. 43—44.
Murzaev B.
Abstract

The question, about which will be discussed below, with all the mania, which he repeatedly turned out to be observers, is still far from complete solution. New and new research arouses new interpretations. Biedl (1), dealing with this issue using the Nissl method, obtained such data. Along the nerve cut in the ganglion cells, which represent the beginning of its fibers, after 3 days, one can detect degenerative changes in the cellular structure in the form of dilution and fine-grained decay of the chromatin substance in the spinal nodes.

Neurology Bulletin. 1899;VII(3):157-163
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G. Etienne. Generalized paralysis in typhoid fever. Neurological review. February 1899
Obraztsov V.
Abstract

Prof. Etienne devotes his article to the analysis of three clinical cases of general paralysis depending on typhus. In the first case, the general paralysis observed by the author came on 3-4 days after he recovered from typhoid fever. It began with the lower extremities, crossed over to the upper limbs, captured the muscles of the trunk, and the patient died with the appearance of asphyxiation for several days. Paralysis developed painlessly. On the part of the rectum and urinary bladder, incontinence is noted. Such cases are usually diagnosed as Landry's disease, that is, a motor pair of an ascending type, ending with lethal bulbar phenomena, without disturbances from the side of sensitivity and without trophic disorders.

Neurology Bulletin. 1899;VII(3):163-165
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Chronicle and mix
Abstract

Lаеhr, the author of "Die Heil und Pflegeanstalten für phychische Kranke des Deutschen Sprachgebietes", intending to present a multivariate edition of complete information about private, state and regional cultural institutions for mental patients at all AI Rote with a request to take the trouble to deliver information on the history of psychiatry in Russia.

Neurology Bulletin. 1899;VII(3):166-170
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Epilepsy in the history of Europe in the 19th century
Popov N.M.
Abstract

Epilepsy, or epilepsy, belongs to the number of very common nervous diseases and without doubt, I have even seen seizures with which it manifests itself: a man, apparently completely healthy, suddenly cries out and, as if struck by some mysterious force, without consciousness falls to the ground; terrible convulsions engulf his entire body; foam near the mouth, not lightly stained with blood. This usually lasts not for a few minutes; then the patient falls into a deep sleep, coming out of which, he does not remember anything that happened, but only complains of general weakness and fatigue.

Neurology Bulletin. 1899;VII(3):a1-a20
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