Vol 9, No 1-6 (2015)


The national economy" of the post-reform Nonchernozem center in estimates of noble liberal economist V.P. Bezobrazov

Zozulya O.A.


The article considers a liberal approach to the problem of estimation of prospects of development of small-scale production of Central Russia in the post-reform period, which is reflected in the publications of one of the notable representatives of Russian economic thought - a senator and professor V.P. Bezobrazov. His work is distinguished by deep understanding of the specifics of Russian economic reality, creative search for ways to integrate traditional economy to the industrial paradigm of the second half of the XIX century.
Izvestiya MGTU MAMI. 2015;9(1-6):5-9
pages 5-9 views

Russia and Germany in the time of Minister President of Prussia Otto von Bismarck in the 60-s of the 19 th century

Zubov V.V.


The article, devoted to the Russian-German relations in the time of Minister President of Prussia Otto von Bismarck, tells about the origin of relations between the two countries in the 60-s of the 19 th century, when the Prussian government was led by Bismarck, about the role played by Russia in the unification of Germany “from above” under the leadership of Prussia.
Izvestiya MGTU MAMI. 2015;9(1-6):10-13
pages 10-13 views

The problem of placement of the United States national missile defense in Europe in the context of Russia-NATO relations

Kalachev D.N.


The article analyzes the history and current state of the US national missile defense system deployment in Europe in the context of the evolution of NATO-Russia relations. The article concludes inappropriate NMD deployment in Eastern Europe and the destructive nature of the position of the United States for the European security system.
Izvestiya MGTU MAMI. 2015;9(1-6):13-19
pages 13-19 views

Objective and subjective grounds of the Eurasian Union

Makhamatov T.M.


The article identifies and analyzes the objective and subjective factors of the formation of the Eurasian Union in the post-Soviet space. Eurasian integration encompasses dialectical contradiction - development of sovereignty of young states of Eurasia by entry into the Union. The most important element in formation of the Eurasian Union is sustainable development of culture of democracy and civil society.
Izvestiya MGTU MAMI. 2015;9(1-6):19-22
pages 19-22 views

Soviet participation in the work of the UN on nuclear safety

Panin E.V.


The article discusses the activities of the Soviet Union at the United Nations on issues of nuclear safety. It notes the role of the Soviet Union in curbing the spread of nuclear technology.
Izvestiya MGTU MAMI. 2015;9(1-6):22-29
pages 22-29 views

The Christian Church of Muslim Spain

Rybina M.V.


The article considers the main problem points in characteristic of Christian Church state in the conquered Arab-Muslim territories of the Iberian Peninsula. The author analyzes them in terms of the social role of the Church in conditions of coexistence of Christians with the politically dominant Muslim community.
Izvestiya MGTU MAMI. 2015;9(1-6):29-34
pages 29-34 views

Mandates of Little Russian nobles for the Legislative Commission of Catherine the Great (1767-1768)

Frantsuzova O.A.


Abolition of autonomies, gradual unification, centralization and Russification of the borderlands of the empire undertaken by Catherine the Great, faced with discontent of Little Russian gentry. Little Russian province nobility from Kiev, Chernigov, Mirgorod, Poltava, Pereyaslavl and Glukhov sought to preserve liberties obtained from Polish kings and Ukrainian hetmans, and still be equal rights with the Russian nobility. Socio-economic requirements set out in the mandates for the Legislative Commission in 1767-1768 included attachment of peasants to land, tax cuts, abolition of tax arrears. Little Russian nobles’ mandates contained a number of social demands and requests in the field of education.
Izvestiya MGTU MAMI. 2015;9(1-6):34-40
pages 34-40 views

Czech political Panslavism and ideas of the All-Slavic in the first half of the 19 th century

Frantsuzova O.A.


Originating as cultural panslavism in the Czech-Slovak environment, the idea of integration and political unity of the Slavs became widespread in the Czech political thought of the first half of the 19th century. The defeat of the Polish uprising in 1830 in lands that were part of Russia seriously shook Czech Russophilia and dealt a blow to the positive assessment of the monarchical form of government in Russia, but did not turn away Czech public figures from the ideas of Slavic solidarity. The majority of Czech society, loyal to the Austrian Government, moved to the position of Austroslavism. Ideas about political unification of the Slavs were expressed by Czech radicals, which held Pan-Slavic Congress in Prague in 1848.
Izvestiya MGTU MAMI. 2015;9(1-6):40-44
pages 40-44 views

P.B. Struve about economic freedom, private property and capitalism

Golovin Y.B.


The article describes the idea of P. B. Struve about economic freedom, private property and capitalism at different stages of his creative evolution. It points to the cultural role of capitalism and the free market economy. It is asserted that economic and political freedoms are connected.
Izvestiya MGTU MAMI. 2015;9(1-6):44-49
pages 44-49 views

V. I. Vernadsky and the problem of humanization of production and consumption in the process of global transformation

Kishlakova N.M.


The article attempts to understand the problem of the idea of humanity autotrophy of V. I. Vernadsky in the context of humanization of production and consumption in the process of globalization. It is shown that this idea is not only to look at totally different common ideology of consumer society, but also makes it possible to radically change the meaning and purpose of human existence, transforming the traditional ideological and methodological guidelines and putting forward as humanistic sense-priority issues.
Izvestiya MGTU MAMI. 2015;9(1-6):49-53
pages 49-53 views

The evolution of philosophical ideas N. Y. Grot

Samsonov N.G., Starchenko N.N.


The paper deals with evolution and development of philosophical views of N. Y. Grot in his scientific work. The author analyzes the contribution of the scientist in development of Russian philosophy of the second half of the 19th century.
Izvestiya MGTU MAMI. 2015;9(1-6):54-60
pages 54-60 views

Space philosophy of N.F. Fedorov

Sokurenko E.G.


The article is devoted to the works of the founder of the Russian cosmism N.F. Fedorov, who was the representative of its religious and philosophical direction. The author analyzes the main provisions of teachings of N.F. Fedorov called “Philosophy of the Common Task” and traces influence of the original philosophical teachings on the formation of modern globalism.
Izvestiya MGTU MAMI. 2015;9(1-6):61-65
pages 61-65 views

Historical analysis of formation of logical ideas in the Middle Ages

Ivlev V.Y., Ivleva M.L.


The article analyzes influence of ancient philosophy on formation of the medieval scholastic logic in writings of the most prominent European philosophers.
Izvestiya MGTU MAMI. 2015;9(1-6):65-68
pages 65-68 views

The problem of computer knowledge representation in the structure of artificial intelligence

Inozemtsev V.A.


The work is about philosophical and methodological analysis of contemporary interdisciplinary research areas, named Artificial Intelligence (AI), in which overall context the problem of computer representations of knowledge is made. The article differs understanding of AI as a project of the theory and a set of specific applications (so-called intelligent systems), isolates and studies approaches to build intelligent systems and examines the most important issues, sections and directions of AI research, the center of which is the problem of computer representation knowledge.
Izvestiya MGTU MAMI. 2015;9(1-6):68-74
pages 68-74 views

The problem of criteria of scientific social sciences and humanities

Kataeva O.V.


The article compares the scientific criteria of natural science, social and human knowledge. It highlights their similarities and differences with respect to rationality, reasonableness and objectivity.
Izvestiya MGTU MAMI. 2015;9(1-6):74-77
pages 74-77 views

National security and the challenges of modern terrorism from the standpoint of synergistic approach

Lazurkevich I.F.


This article examines the specifics of national security and anti-terrorist activities, as well as threats and challenges of terrorism from the standpoint of synergistic approach on levels of varying degrees of complexity and organization.
Izvestiya MGTU MAMI. 2015;9(1-6):77-82
pages 77-82 views

Information environment as a part of anthropo-ecosystem: philosophical analysis

Loshchilina M.A., Petrova E.V.


This article analyzes the information environment as a part of ecosystem, the center of which is the man - anthropo-ecosystem. anthropo-ecosystem plays an important role in human ecology. One of the main components of any anthropo-ecosystem is its information field generated by information flows. In the context of information explosion it is a very urgent task of analyzing the positive and negative aspects of adaptation process, thinking of new ways to adapt and human coadaptation and anthropo-ecosystems, as well as new forms of construction of the information environment that best meets the needs of society and an individual.
Izvestiya MGTU MAMI. 2015;9(1-6):82-88
pages 82-88 views

Information Society and Space of Freedom

Omarova L.B.


The article posed and solved the problem: interaction of existential and social freedom in the “network” (information) society, the role of information factor in formation of objective and subjective elements of freedom, real and virtual freedom in the Internet space.
Izvestiya MGTU MAMI. 2015;9(1-6):88-92
pages 88-92 views

The emergence of ideological elements of the concept of giftedness in antiquity and the Middle Ages

Ivleva M.L.


The article analyzes the theoretical and methodological background of psychological origin and development of the concept of giftedness, its philosophical foundations in terms of totality of influences exerted by social and cultural conditions of antiquity and the Middle Ages. This analysis allowed us to identify cosmocentric theocentric and socio-cultural paradigm, corresponding to certain historical periods.
Izvestiya MGTU MAMI. 2015;9(1-6):93-98
pages 93-98 views

Tendencies and prospects of development of empirical research of giftedness in contemporary psychology

Ivleva M.L., Inozemtsev V.A.


The article analyzes major trends and prospects for development of empirical studies of the phenomenon of giftedness taken in framework of modern psychology. The work carried out empirical studies typologization of giftedness
Izvestiya MGTU MAMI. 2015;9(1-6):98-104
pages 98-104 views

Legal state or change of priorities: analysis of messages of the President of the Russian Federation to the Federal Assembly

Marzak G.A.


This article analyzes the messages of the President of the Russian Federation to the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation with regard to the legal state and civil society in Russia The article deals with topical issues of the practice of lawful state formation in Russia. It is concluded that all Russian heads of state recognized importance of creating conditions for development of civil society.
Izvestiya MGTU MAMI. 2015;9(1-6):104-110
pages 104-110 views

Constitutional and legal regulation of use of languages in activities of government bodies and local authorities of the Russian Federation and Estonia

Machinskaya D.A.


The article deals with constitutional and legal regulation of the use of languages in activities of government bodies and local authorities of the Russian Federation and Estonia. The article conducted the detailed analysis of the legislation of the Russian Federation and Estonia. It is shown that special attention from the state paid to the use of languages in activities of state authorities and local self-government. This problem is studied not enough and requires further research.
Izvestiya MGTU MAMI. 2015;9(1-6):110-113
pages 110-113 views

The psychological aspect of language interference

Alimov V.V.


The article refers to the psychological aspect of interference. Perception of the text for translation is based on a number of attributes that are compared by a communicant with available in his memory standards: lexical, grammatical, stylistic and others, acquired during training and practice.
Izvestiya MGTU MAMI. 2015;9(1-6):113-115
pages 113-115 views

The role of the referential component in teaching Russian as a foreign language (intermediary language)

Artemyeva Y.V.


The article discusses the role of referential component in teaching of Russian as a foreign language (intermediary language). It is set based on theoretical and empirical analysis. Conscious use of referential component in teaching Russian as a foreign language improves mastering and presentation of didactic material. Application of the results: education system
Izvestiya MGTU MAMI. 2015;9(1-6):115-118
pages 115-118 views

The question of cultural and symbolic connotations in idiomatics

Arutyunyan V.S.


The article discusses the features of symbolic and cultural interpretations of phraseology of English and Russian languages. On the example of phraseological units with components animalisms and color designation components demonstrate the specificity of symbolic and cultural interpretations of phraseological stock of the language.
Izvestiya MGTU MAMI. 2015;9(1-6):118-122
pages 118-122 views

Socio-cultural component in vocational-oriented learning of foreign language

Bagramyants N.L.


The article discusses the role of socio-cultural foreign language competence as an important component of professiogram of a modern specialist to adapt to the new conditions of multicultural world.
Izvestiya MGTU MAMI. 2015;9(1-6):122-124
pages 122-124 views

Interactive methods in teaching translation

Borishanskaya M.M., Kurbakova M.A.


The article discusses the use of interactive methods in teaching of translation. By illustrative examples, the authors analyze the role of all participants of the process and demonstrate the opportunities of interactive approach
Izvestiya MGTU MAMI. 2015;9(1-6):124-127
pages 124-127 views

Euphemistic function of phraseological units (on material of Russian and English)

Karpova T.A., Voskovskaya A.S.


The article investigates the euphemistic phraseology in Russian and English. The main criteria are euphemistically phraseological units: contextual communications, specific structure and semantics of language units. The most successful ways to create phraseology, euphemisms are noted in the article.
Izvestiya MGTU MAMI. 2015;9(1-6):127-132
pages 127-132 views

Intellectual potential for improvement in the world scientific and educational cyberspace

Tsilenko L.P.


The article analyzes the problem of professional self-improvement personal competencies of a specialist of new generation in the world scientific and educational cyber space. Synergistic concept correlates as the basic. Knowledge of English is an undeniable segment in the characteristic of a competitive engineer.
Izvestiya MGTU MAMI. 2015;9(1-6):132-135
pages 132-135 views

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