Vol XLVII, No 3 (2015)

Articles
RISK FACTORS FOR COGNITIVE IMPAIRMENT AND NIGHT SLEEP DISORDERS IN PATIENTS WITH PARKINSON’S DISEASE
Akhmadeeva G.N., Tayupova G.N., Magzhanov R.V., Bajtimerov A.R., Hidijatova I.M.
Abstract
The features of cognitive impairment and night sleep disorders in patients with Parkinson’s disease, depending on gender, clinical form, time of onset, disease duration and degree of motor impairment have been studied. It was found that cognitive impairment and night sleep disorders become not only stronger in the course of the disease, but are closely related to each other. The degree of movement disorders linked with sleep disorders can be seen in men only. In addition, we found that cognitive deficits, as well as sleep disturbances, do not depend on sex, clinical forms of PD and the age of onset of the disease.
Neurology Bulletin. 2015;XLVII(3):5-10
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PSYCHOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF WOMEN PLANNING AESTHETIC FEATURAL SURGERY
Kireyeva T.I., Makhlin A.E.
Abstract
The article presents the results of a psychological examination of patients of aesthetic surgery departments, applied on the facial surgery (plastic ears, nose, blepharoplasty, face lift oval). A description of their personality characteristics that influence the decision about cosmetic surgery was given. New data about the features of self-perception of appearance, self-esteem and level of aspiration in this group of patients were obtained. The main directions of psychological support in order to increase the level of satisfaction and results of surgical intervention were considered.
Neurology Bulletin. 2015;XLVII(3):11-16
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THE SYMPTOMS OF THE DISEASE ONSET AND CLINICAL SIGNS OF VESTIBULAR SCHWANNOMAS
Rudenko P.G.
Abstract
There were investigated clinical symptoms and duration of the disease in Objective: Analysis of clinical symptoms and duration of disease 70 patients with vestibular schwannomas (VS), who were operated in the Neurosurgical Department of Krasnoyarsk Regional Hospital.in patients with vestibular schwannomas (VS). it was found that the mean duration of disease was 29,88 ±2,53 months. The early symptoms were hearing loss and tinnitus. More than one third of patients were admitted to hospital in severe condition. We found a high percentage of patients with facial nerve paresis and pyramidal disorders. The careful assessment of clinical signs and neurological status of patients is the basis of diagnosis of VS.
Neurology Bulletin. 2015;XLVII(3):17-19
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FEATURES OF CLINICAL MANIFESTATIONS AND DIAGNOSTIC EVALUATION OF COORDINATION DISORDERS IN CHIARI MALFORMATION TYPE 1
Dunin D.N., Mendelevich E.G., Valieva L.K.
Abstract
Coordination disorders in patients with MK1 found in 73.3% of patients and an objective common to 40.6% without complaint were shown. Vertigo is the debut display of nearly 50% of cases. In addition to non-systemic nature of dizziness (44.7%), with MK 1 common vertigo was observed in 34.2% of patients with complaints of dizziness. The delimitation of the nature of dizziness was the most informative impulse test, revealing the peripheral nature of dizziness in 59% of patients with symptomatic group. Phenotype dizziness, similar to the positional and DPPG can be an expression of MK 1, occurring at the 13.1% of the patients.
Neurology Bulletin. 2015;XLVII(3):20-24
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TO THE QUESTION OF COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT OF CHILDREN WITH HYPERKINETIC DISORDER
Gasanov R.F.
Abstract
A comparative analysis of the level of intellectual development in children of 6-8 years with hyperkinetic disorder (HD) was performed. A group of children with HD was divided into subgroups depending on the directions of the activity of catecholaminergic systems. The obtained data allowed revealing the peculiarities of psycho-physiological structure of intelligence of children in the selected subgroups. It was found that deficit of the organization and functions of attention and voluntary activities, as well as the safety and stability of the operational systems of the various activities is associated with the imbalance of monoaminergic systems, where dopamine system plays a key role.
Neurology Bulletin. 2015;XLVII(3):25-29
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AUTONOMY - SOCIOTROPY: THE RESULTS OF PERSON INDIVIDUAL PSYCHOLOGICAL PREDISPOSITION STUDIES IN ASSESSING THE DEGREE OF ADAPTABILITY IN A DIFFICULT SITUATION (ON THE EXAMPLE OF MOTHERS WITH CEREBRAL PALSY CHILDREN)
Kolpakova L.M.
Abstract
The analysis of experimental data relating to the detection of individual psychological predispositions causing the adaptive activity of behavior is presented. In view of the general laws of psychic mechanisms of adaptation and subjective-personal potential, the results were obtained, which indicate that in the complex set of personality individually-typological structure an important role is played by the autonomy (independence), as one of the main components of a subject of adaptability while overcoming emotional stress situations. It is noted that the subjective principle makes it possible to expand the understanding of the adaptability mechanisms due to situational and individual psychological variables. It was revealed that individual psychological predisposition “autonomy” - “sociotropy” significantly affects the likelihood of protective reactions and behavior strategies in difficult (stressful) situations thus represent the reference data, taking into account of which makes it possible not only to assess the severity of an individual pattern of behavior, but also to measure the level of adaptability and disadaptability. The experimental study involved mothers of children with cerebral palsy (CP) with intact intellect.
Neurology Bulletin. 2015;XLVII(3):30-37
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NONPSYCHOTIC MENTAL DISORDERS OF WOMEN WITH CHRONIC SALPINGO-OFORITIS AND SEXUAL DYSFUNCTIONS
Kutashov V.A., Konovalov V.G.
Abstract
The article discusses the mutual influence of the border psychopathology (neurotic disorders), chronic salpingo-ophoritis and sexual disorders in women. Of the 100 women with chronic salpingo-ophoritis neurotic disorders were found in 50% of cases, and sexual dysfunctions in 67%. Neurotic disorders in women with chronic salpingo-ophoritis were presented by the following nosologic units: somatoform disorders (F45) - 29,9%, phobic anxiety disorders (F40) - 22,4%, conversion disorder (F44) - 14,9%, neurasthenia (F48.0) - 7,5%.
Neurology Bulletin. 2015;XLVII(3):38-42
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DIFFERENTIAL-DIAGNOSTIC PSYCHOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF PATIENTS WITH ISCHEMIC HEART DISEASE AND MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION
Chapala T.V.
Abstract
The article presents the results of a psychological study of 152 patients suffering from coronary heart disease and patients after myocardial infarction. There were given differential diagnostic psychological characteristics with regard to the diagnosis of patients. We used a new psycho-diagnostic complex. There was provided a qualitative and comparative analysis of psycho-diagnostics. New data on psychological risk factors that are important for carrying out corrective treatment with this patient population were obtained.
Neurology Bulletin. 2015;XLVII(3):43-46
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FEATURES OF MENTAL ADAPTATION IN BURN DISEASE
Ilmuzina A.V.
Abstract
The study revealed the factors contributing to the recovery at burn disease- a source of stress and possible psychotic disadaptation. On the basis of the data obtained a program of psychological support of patients with burn disease was formed. The main places take the techniques of cognitive-behavioral campaign.
Neurology Bulletin. 2015;XLVII(3):47-51
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EARLY CLINICAL FEATURES OF SOMATIZED MENTAL DISORDERS WITH CARDIOVASCULAR SYMPTOMS
Pogosov A.V., Nikolaevskaya A.O.
Abstract
It was established that about 40% of patients with somatized mental disorders apply for medical care to specialists in primary health care. Many investigators are recognizing the need to identify somatized mental disorders at the early stages of their development. Early diagnosis is contributes the preventive, rehabilitation potential and decreased of stigmatization. Somatized mental disorders are common and unexplored pathology that occurs in the city polyclinics, somatic and psychiatric practice. Therefore is necessary to study the peculiarities of somatized mental disorders at the early stages of disease in patients of city polyclinics.
Neurology Bulletin. 2015;XLVII(3):52-58
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NEUROLOGICAL COMPLICATIONS OF CHRONIC LYMPHOCYTIC LEUKEMIA IN ADULTS
Teregulova D.R., Bakirov B.A., Baikov D.E., Akhmadeeva L.R.
Abstract
This is a review of neurological complications of chronic lymphocytic leukemia in adults. There was given their detailed clinical description as well as the main principles of their diagnosis and management.
Neurology Bulletin. 2015;XLVII(3):59-66
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POLYNEUROMYOPATHY OF CRITICAL CONDITIONS: POSSIBILITIES OF EARLY REHABILITATION
Gaifutdinov R.T.
Abstract
Due to the improvement of resuscitation technologies growth of the persons which drove out of critical conditions is noted. More than a half of them have the permanent neuromuscular violations which appeared in the office of intensive therapy, and significantly limit physical activity of these patients further. The etiology of a polyneuromyopathy of critical conditions (PMKS) can be explained by many factors and is also connected both with the direct reasons which are directly defining defeat of the neuro and muscular device, and mediated, connected with the patient’s immobility of a patient in the critical condition. The undertaken review allows to present a situation concerning an etiology, pathogenesis, epidemiology, diagnostics and medical strategy of patients with PMKS.
Neurology Bulletin. 2015;XLVII(3):67-73
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ROLE OF VIOLATION OF VENOUS OUTFLOW IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF TRANSIENT GLOBAL AMNESIA
Belova L.A., Mashin V.V.
Abstract
The major etiological factors and pathophysiological mechanisms of development of transient global amnesia are presented. The role of violation of cerebral venous outflow in pathogenesis of transient global amnesia is discussed. Clinical characteristics of this state are submitted and modern recommendations about diagnostics and treatment are made.
Neurology Bulletin. 2015;XLVII(3):74-77
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INITIATION: ETHOLOGY-PSYCHIATRIC ASPECTS
Shevchenko Y.S.
Abstract
There have been studied universal mechanisms of initiation, its manifestation in the structure of deviant behavior and psychopathology of adolescents. Ethology oriented approaches to their correction and psychotherapy have been proved. Initiation is regarded as process, ritual and result of transforming of teen-ager from child status to status of adult member of society. Frustration of innate requirements in initiation leads to deviation behavior or to psychic disorders, reflecting general modules (components) of socio-biological program of initiation. Education and psychotherapy of teen-agers should be organized in accordance to ethology screen play of initiation.
Neurology Bulletin. 2015;XLVII(3):78-89
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MEDICAL REHABILITATION OF PATIENTS WITH ADDICTIVE PATHOLOGY
Kuznetsov V.V.
Abstract
By the Order of President of Russian Federation No. 507 the authority to coordinate rehabilitation (except for medical rehabilitation) and resocialization of drug users was transferred to Federal Drug Control Service of the Russian Federation. Narcological service was unprepared for this turn, since for the last two decades solely the concept of medical-social rehabilitation was being developed, while medical rehabilitation for narcological diseases is hardly mentioned in Russian literature. As of today, Russian narcology does not even have a definition for “medical rehabilitation for narcological diseases”, not even mentioning its boundaries, goals, objectives and ways to achieve them. An attempt was made to analyze the process of treatment and rehabilitation from the standpoint of general systems theory and to describe medical rehabilitation in narcology as a system function.
Neurology Bulletin. 2015;XLVII(3):90-98
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PSYCHOLOGY AND PSYCHIATRY OF SPECTRUM PSYCHOLOGICAL STATES AND MENTAL DISORDERS
Korolenko T.P., Shpiks T.A.
Abstract
Spectrum-oriented approach of the assessment and the diagnosis of the psychological states and mental disorders were presented. The authors singled out the borderline, spectrum, and its content has been analyzed. The clinical and psychoanalytical analysis of the signs of the borderline spectrum and its psychotic decompensation was provided. The special attention was focused on the sub-catatonic variant of the decompensation of the borderline personality organization.
Neurology Bulletin. 2015;XLVII(3):99-101
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ESCITALOPRAM’S EFFICACY IN TREATING ORGANIC DEPRESSIVE DISORDER ASSOCIATED WITH CEREBROVASCULAR DISEASES
Pribytkov A.A.
Abstract
An open-label 6-week trial of the escitalopram’s efficacy in treating depressive disorders associated with cerebrovascular diseases was conducted in 38 patients aged 54-73 years. The improvement was determined in the form of statistically significant amelioration of the patients’ signs (CGI) and reduction of the depressive disorders (MADRS) starting from the second week of treatment. In a 6-week period 77,8 % of the patients responded to the therapy whereas, 58,3 % - reached the state of remission. Escitalopram can be recommended for the organic depressive disorder treatment.
Neurology Bulletin. 2015;XLVII(3):102-105
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HIRAYAMA DISEASE OR DISTAL CERVICAL MYELOPATHY: NEW VARIANTS OF CLINIVAL AND MRI PARAMETERS
Mendelevich E.G., Valieva L.K., Bogdanov E.I., Anisimov V.I.
Abstract
There were presented three clinical observations of the rare type of cervical myelopathy - Hirayama’s Disease, having similar clinical features and different from the MR phenotype. Along with the fact that all three patients have clinical and MRI signs for Hirayama’s Disease, anomaly of posterior cranial fossa was also detected for them. The authors believe that this fact of combination is of interest to further studying this pathology.
Neurology Bulletin. 2015;XLVII(3):106-110
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