Vol XLVIII, No 1 (2016)

Articles
ENIGMA OF PERFORMANCE ARTIST PETR PAVLENSKY: PSYCHOPATHOLOGY OR MODERN ART?
Mendelevich V.D.
Abstract
In the article the behavior of the performance artist Petr Pavlensky during political actions is analyzed from a position of modern psychiatry. This behavior is estimated as reflection of psychopathology. Results of own psychopathological investigation are given. It is noted that diagnosing of Pavlensky of personal disorder by psychiatrists is unreasonable. This case allows drawing attention of experts to a problem of development of more accurate criteria of differentiation of behavioral disorders and deviations of behavior. Especially actual the matter becomes at an assessment of mental health of persons, showing political activity, and persons of the modern art.
Neurology Bulletin. 2016;XLVIII(1):4-16
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CEREBRAL BLOOD FLOW IN WOMEN WITH PRIMARY HEADACHES AND ANTIPHOSPHOLIPID SYNDROME
Gaynetdinova D.D., Tukhfatullina S.I.
Abstract
20 patients with headache (migraine - 7, tension headache -13) associated with hypercoagulable syndrome and 20 healthy women were screened. All patients underwent neurological and transcranialdoppler ultrasonography examinations. Transcranial Doppler ultrasonography measured increased parameters of cerebral blood flow in all patients with a headache associated with hypercoagulable syndrome. All the parameters were higher in elderly patients with primary antiphosholipid syndrome. A significant correlation between patient’s age and blood flow was found.
Neurology Bulletin. 2016;XLVIII(1):17-24
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RELATION OF PERSONAL DYSFUNCTION AND PERCEPTION OF FAMILY SITUATION IN RELATIVES OF PATIENTS WITH HEROIN ADDICTION
Bocharov V.V., Shishkova A.M., Krupitsky E.M., Vuks A.Y., Yakovleva O.V.
Abstract
Results of research of personal functioning and perception of a family situation of 234 close relatives (fathers, mothers, brothers, sisters, wives) of patients with heroin addiction are presented,revealed with application of cluster analysis. The existence of interrelation of a personal dysfunctionality and characteristics of perception of a family situation of relatives of patients with drug addiction is established. There were described three main scenarios of psychological adaptation of relatives to addiction of a family member. The first scenario is characterized by relatives’ attempts to use maximally social forms of interpersonal interaction and thus to limit psychological trauma, caused by social stigmatization. The second one is connected with the attempt of super-rational overcoming of difficult life situation due to strict organization of family relations and extreme motivation of the family members for achievement of normal cultural values. The third one is characterized by refuse from both family interaction and social interaction. Importance of further study of the factors, influencing family and personal functioning of the patient’ is stressed. The obtained data can provide guidance for directed psychotherapeutic and psychosocial interventions for relatives of patients with addictive disorder.
Neurology Bulletin. 2016;XLVIII(1):25-35
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COMPARISON OF STRATEGIES OF ACUTE ENDOGENOUS PSYCHOSES THERAPY
Veraksa A.E., Egorov A.Y.
Abstract
There are different therapeutic strategies for the relief of acute endogenous psychoses (AEP), a condition characterized by rapid onset, pronounced affective component, polymorphous symptoms, with the deployment of oneiroid and catatonic symptoms. The aim of the study was to analyze the pharmacotherapy of patients suffering from AEP, to establish the most effective and safe treatment regimens. It was found that the most quick and safe way to relief AEP s benzodiazepine usage. Combination of several drugs, especially antipsychotics, as well as the excess of the recommended dose leads to a prolonged duration AEP and frequent occurrence of side effects.
Neurology Bulletin. 2016;XLVIII(1):36-41
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FUNCTIONAL BRAIN ASYMMETRY AND CLINICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF ALCOHOL DEPENDENCE
Tarkhan A.U., Nezhdanov G.A., Zubova E.Y., Popov Y.V., Chekhlaty E.I., Neznanov N.G., Rybakova K.V., Krupitsky E.M.
Abstract
The study of 435 patients with Alcohol Dependence (AD) showed that they displayed greater manifestation of left- handedness that plays negative role in AD with comorbid with organic brain syndrome. Right (R) hemisphere type of functional brain asymmetry, which prevailed in patients with AD, was less favorable clinically and prognostically. The prevalence of R brain deficiency (BD) negatively affects personality changes, patients’ status at the time of hospital release and its dynamics; the prevalence of left hemisphere BD affects advancement of the disease, the complexity of structure of alcohol anosognosia, and the effectiveness of treatment.
Neurology Bulletin. 2016;XLVIII(1):42-52
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AFFECTIVE DISORDERS IN PATIENTS WITH DEPENDENCE ON SYNTHETIC CAANNABINOIDS, UNDERGOING PSYCHOSIS
Patrikeeva O.N., Ovchinnikov A.A., Solovieva I.G.
Abstract
The article presents the results of a study of affective disorders in patients undergoing psychotic states due to the use of synthetic cannabinoids. There is evidence of the high level of anxiety, dissociative disorders and alexithymia among those who were surveyed. At the same time it was determined the dynamic nature of violations.
Neurology Bulletin. 2016;XLVIII(1):53-56
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COMPARISON OF ANTICIPATION AND SOCIAL INTELLIGENCE IN PATIENTS WITH SCHIZOPHRENIA AND WITH MENTAL RETARDATION
Vasilevskaya E.A.
Abstract
We have investigated the anticipation (probabilistic forecasting), the level of social intelligence and IQ in patients with schizophrenia and in people with mental retardation. There were 100 people (50 men and 50 women) in each group. In both groups, there was revealed a reduction of social intelligence and dominance a reduction in capacity for anticipation. Then we compared the results obtained in both groups. It was determined that the patients with schizophrenia showed significantly higher level of probabilistic forecasting, IQ, and ability to analyze and understand the nature and nuances of human relationships. The patients with mental retardation had significantly lower IQ level and higher the capacity for understanding and analyzing emotions, facial expressions and gestures of others.
Neurology Bulletin. 2016;XLVIII(1):57-62
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EVALUATION OF BIOCHEMICALAND NEUROPSYCHOLOGICAL CORRELATES IN PATIENTS WITH CHRONIC ISCHEMIA OF THE BRAIN AT AN INITIAL STAGE
Hyanikyaynen I.V., Mikhailov V.A.
Abstract
We studied some laboratory markers and neuropsychological features (brief tentative test, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale) of chronic cerebral ischemia (CCI) at an initial stage during outpatient dispensary examinations of organized population of Petrozavodsk Hyperhomocysteinemia, hypercholesterolemia and relative (compared with the healthy ones) macrocytosis of red blood cells are typical for patients with psychopathology: mild cognitive dysfunction, subclinical depression and clinically significant anxiety (p<0, 05). The identified biochemical and neuropsychological correlates should be taken into account during medical and psychological rehabilitation of these people.
Neurology Bulletin. 2016;XLVIII(1):63-68
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PECULIARITIES OF NEUROCOGNITIVE DEFICIT IN PATIENTS WITH NEURAL ANOREXIA (CRITICAL REVIEW)
Grachev V.V., Shevchenko Y.S.
Abstract
In recent years has been a considerable interest in the study of the neuropsychological basis of anorexia nervosa (AN). Significant number of research works is based on neuropsychological-oriented method, which is one the main tools of analysis of the relationship of the morpho-functional state of the CNS with mental processes and human behavior both in normal and in various pathological conditions. Neurocognitive deficiency identified in patients with AN is considered as a significant factor of the disease development, of its pathogenetic pathogenic mechanisms and causes of the significant number of adverse outcomes, despite the improvement of therapeutic interventions. This review summarizes the results of neuropsychological studies, modern views on the problem of neurocognitive deficits in patients with AN, an analysis and discussion of the data presented.
Neurology Bulletin. 2016;XLVIII(1):69-76
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THE EXPERIENCE OF THE HABILITATION OF THE PATIENT WITH HEREDITARY SENSORIMOTOR NEUROPATHY CHARCOT-MARIE-TOOTH TYPE 1X IN UNIVERSITY CLINIC
Goncharova S.I., Shnayder N.A., Shevchenko S.A.
Abstract
The article is devoted to an actual problem of neurology - the methods of non-drugs treatment of hereditary sensory neuropathy Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT). Up to now there is no distinct conception of non-drug habilitation and its clinical significance in hereditary CMT. Work research for complex habilitation has not been performed in the Russian Federation and was the basisfor doing the present study. The experience of the habilitation of the patient with hereditary motor-sensory neuropathy Charcot- Marie-Tooth 1X type on the program S. Goncharova is described. This patients ‘ habilitation program can be used to reduce the rate of disease progression and improvement of functional status of the neuromuscular system, mechanisms of neuro-muscular transmission, elimination of pain, and thereby to increase daily physical activity of patients, improve the quality of life and psychoemotional status.
Neurology Bulletin. 2016;XLVIII(1):77-89
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RELATIONSHIP OF ANTICIPATION CONSISTENCY AND INTUITIVENESS IN PATIENTS WITH NEUROTIC DISORDERS
Granitsa A.S.
Abstract
This article presents the research results of intuitive and anticipation consistency in group of patients (79) with neurotic disorders. The study found the relationship of intuitive abilities with the personal-situational anticipation and overall solvency. The obtained results allow asserting that between anticipation consistency and intuitiveness in patients with various neurotic disorders there is a distinct relationship, suggesting that these mechanisms of neuronogenesis complement each other.
Neurology Bulletin. 2016;XLVIII(1):90-93
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SIMILARITIES AND DIFFERENCES BETWEEN PROFILES OF CHEMICAL AND NONCHEMICAL ADDICTIONS
Zalmunin K.Y.
Abstract
The article presents the results of clinical psychopathological research and a comparative evaluation of groups of 127 patients with different addictions (alcoholism, drug and tobacco addiction, pathological gambling). The immanent profile for each patient’s disease (disorder) was described. The addictive potential for different addictions is then graded, allowing comparing addictive potential of different addictions. The most pronounced addictive symptoms were found in groups where the participants were addicted to drugs or to pathological gambling. The least pronounced were found where the participants were addicted to tobacco. Participants addicted to alcohol were in the middle range.
Neurology Bulletin. 2016;XLVIII(1):94-97
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MANUAL THERAPY OR (AND) OSTEOPATHY
Ivanichev G.A., Liev A.A.
Abstract
There was conducted historical and theoretical review of manipulative medicine, in particular osteopathy and manual therapy. It was stressed that officially osteopathy as a medical discipline took shape in the early nineteenth century, i.e. before the manual therapy, and a direct predecessor of manual therapy, chiropractics - in the late nineteenth century. In the mid-twentieth century there was defined a new kind of manipulative medicine, which has absorbed the positive from osteopathy and chiropractics. It turned out that the techniques of osteopathy and manual therapy have a lot in common, andthe techniques of osteopathy are physiologically less dangerous than energetic and sometimes dangerous techniques of manual therapy. However, the basic ideological stance of osteopathy - “osteopathic dysfunction” restricts the creative thinking of the obvious practical advantages of osteopathy in comparison with manual therapy. Manual therapy defined its theoretical base as the concept of barrier functions of locomotor system, which is a significant contribution to the understanding of the mechanisms of pathological conditions development and in their elimination. This seeming contradiction unfortunately prevents fruitful cooperation of these types of medical activities. Contrasting them with the aim of identifying the superiority of one of them is dialectically and gnosiologically meaningless, as meaningless, for example, is a comparison of the usefulness of right and left hands. Persistent sensitivity, a key requirement for the specialist of manual therapy is no less relevant in osteopathy.
Neurology Bulletin. 2016;XLVIII(1):98-108
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PROFESSOR A.U. FREZE IN KAZAN(TO THE 190TH ANNIVERSARY OF HIS BIRTH)
Ziganshin F.G., Sozinov A.S., Mendelevich D.M., Mitrofanov I.A.
Abstract
In connection with the 190th anniversary of the birth of A.U. Freze on the basis of published data and archival documents there were described the main stages of work of A.U. Freze in Kazan, his role in the conversion of the doctrine of mental illness in the category of medical disciplines and the emergence of clinical teaching of psychiatry in Kazan. There was revealed his contribution to the development of domestic psychiatry. There was performed analysis of his works and their importance in the development of forensic psychiatry.
Neurology Bulletin. 2016;XLVIII(1):109-112
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