Vol 36, No 2 (2017)

Articles
IMPROVING MEDICAL SUPPORT FOR EVENTS TO TRAIN MILITARY PERSONNEL TO PERFORM TASKS IN THE HIGHLANDS
Soldatov E.A., Anisimov A.S., Blinov V.A., Belkin N.V.
Abstract
Most of the military conflicts in the last decades with participation of the Armed forces of our country took place in the mountain landscape, namely Afghanistan, counterterrorist operations in the Northern Caucasus, peacemaking missions in South Ossetia and Abkhazia. The warriors passed through «trouble spots» know that a war in mountains is not the same as a war in plain and it requires special preparation. It is necessary to take into consideration factors of climate and geography which influence medical provision in mountains as well as sanitary casualty’s formation and mode of evacuation and treatment. Based on literature data, the historical facts of warfare conduction in mountains were presented. Factors of climate and geography adversely affected the human health during warfare conduction in mountains. The analysis of the mountain training medical provision organization was carried out. Based on that some proposals for improvement of mountain training medical provision of military personnel of the Armies forces of the Russian Federation were formulated
Bulletin of the Russian Military Medical Academy. 2017;36(2):3-8
views
IMPROVING MEDICAL SUPPORT FOR EVENTS TO TRAIN MILITARY PERSONNEL TO PERFORM TASKS IN THE HIGHLANDS
Prokhorov A.V., Prokhorova N.D., Shevelev A.A.
Abstract
The article is dedicated to the current problems of angled towards some actual problems of etiology and diagnostics of community-acquired pneumonia, antibacterial and adjuvant treatment and the applications of scientific researches in everyday clinical practice
Bulletin of the Russian Military Medical Academy. 2017;36(2):9-14
views
GENETIC REASONS OF SUDDEN CARDIAC DEATH
Kolyubaeva S.N.
Abstract
The review presents the recent data on genetic reasons of sudden cardiac death. Mutations discuss in gens associated with sudden cardiac death. Channalopathies, such as Brugada syndrome, long QT syndrome, short QT syndrome and catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia are characterized by arrhythmias in normal heart resulting from genetic anomalies in ion channels
Bulletin of the Russian Military Medical Academy. 2017;36(2):15-22
views
EMPATHY AS A COMPOSITION OF DIALOGICAL COMMUNICATION IN THE PROCESS OF TRANSFER OF NEW INFORMATION
Ulyukin I.M., Emelyanov V.N., Bolekhan V.N., Orlova E.S.
Abstract
The review considers the communicative aspect of the professional activity of a doctor, where communication acts as a diagnostic and therapeutic tool. The concept of «Empathy» was examined. The necessity of forming empathic abilities as a professionally important quality is substantiated, and as a condition for productive professional communication during the period of study at the university. The principles of the organization of the educational process that contribute to an increase in the level of empathy among students in the conditions of a medical college are described, as well as the psychological mechanism for the formation of professional self-development of to-be specialists’ personality. The methods that allow not only to form the empathic culture of the student are enumerated, as well as methods permitting to maintain a certain level of the empathic culture of the teacher himself. The results of the study of the components of professional burnout and the level of empathic tendencies of medical workers of various specialties are considered. Sex differences in the evaluation of personal empathy and selfishness as well as age differences in the evaluation of altruistic behavior are discussed
Bulletin of the Russian Military Medical Academy. 2017;36(2):23-30
views
PROGNOSTIC VALUE OF MORPHOMETRIC PARAMETERS OF ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY AND PLACENTOMETRY
Ivanova L.A., Ророvа А.V., Karpov K.P.
Abstract
Objective. The aim of the study was to compare the morphometric parameters of echocardiography in a normally occurring pregnancy. Comparison of the obtained data with the data of heart measurement in children perinatally perished, as well as the analysis of the mass indexes of the fetus and placenta in healthy fetuses and fetuses perinatally lost. Materials and methods. We analyzed 94 protocols for the investigation of post-mortem and the protocols for autopsy of fetuses and newborn infants perinatal in various maternity hospitals in St. Petersburg and the Leningrad Region (group 1). The control group 2 consisted of 12 patients who were registered for pregnancy, were examined according to the usual pattern, later they had urgent deliveries to healthy newborns, the histological structure of the placenta was represented by reactive and compensatory-adaptive changes characteristic of the placenta of the normal structure. Patients of control group 2 underwent evaluation of echocardiograms obtained during the third screening test during pregnancy, performed at the time of 32-34 weeks. Control group 3 included 335 observations of full term pregnancy, which resulted in the birth of a healthy fetus. In this group, an analysis was made of the mass indexes of the fetus, placenta, and the integral index of the placental-fetal ratio. Results of the study. Massometric parameters of the fetus, placenta and integral index of the placental-fetal ratio in the patients of the main and control groups were analyzed. Typical changes in the weight of the placenta and placental-fetal ratio in patients with perinatal fetal death were determined. Opportunities were identified for risk groups for perinatal fetal death according to the analysis of the sonocardiogram. Conclusion. 8 conclusions are presented that represent the possibility of predicting perinatal losses depending on the size of the placenta, placental-fetal ratio, the isolation of risk groups for perinatal fetal death according to the data of sonocardiography
Bulletin of the Russian Military Medical Academy. 2017;36(2):31-36
views
CHARACTERISTICS OF THE TUBERCULOSIS RISK GROUP AMONG MILITARY SERVICEMEN AND DETERMINATION OF THE PATHS FOR THE FURTHER IMPROVEMENT OF ANTI-TUBERCULOSIS MEASURES IN THE ARMED FORCES OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION
Muchaidze R.D., Dantsev V.V., Beznosik R.V., Grishin V.K., Shitov Y.N., Spitsyn M.G.
Abstract
The result of analysis of the tuberculosis morbidity of military servicemen in 2009-2015 is presented. The most significant risk factors and the contribution of risk group in the morbidity in modern conditions are established. Quality of the dispensary observation of risk group is estimated, the principal defects are revealed. The paths for the further improvement of anti-tuberculosis measures in the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation are offered: carrying out the immunodiagnostics of tuberculosis at citizens before the beginning of military service and profound medical examination of all young army reinforcement
Bulletin of the Russian Military Medical Academy. 2017;36(2):37-42
views
THE LEGAL FRAMEWORK OF MEDICAL MONITORING OF POPULATION IN WATER SUPPLY (TROOPS)
Bokarev M.A., Kuznetsov S.M., Maydan V.A.
Abstract
In accordance with the organizational and legal framework preventing soldiers of diseases caused by water factors, presented the direction and content of medical control and the state sanitary and epidemiological surveillance of water supply in areas of permanent deployment of troops. Substantiated basic preventive control function of the medical service of military units and sanitary facilities on the design, construction, acceptance and operation of water supply facilities in the military towns. The attention is focused on the prognostic role of hygienic diagnostics in relation to troops water supply. Televisions perspective directions of information-analytical support of public health monitoring and hygienic diagnostics in medical monitoring of water supply of military towns
Bulletin of the Russian Military Medical Academy. 2017;36(2):43-52
views
DISCUSSION AS A TECHNIQUE FOR MANAGEMENT OF EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITIES
Kitunina N.N., Kraynova A.S., Efimchik S.M.
Abstract
The article is devoted to the analysis of the scientific and publicistic genre of the discussion as one of the methods of managing educational activity and conducting a discussion in the final lessons on the discipline “Introduction to clinical rhetoric” (bibliography: 10 refs)
Bulletin of the Russian Military Medical Academy. 2017;36(2):53-56
views
TO THE HISTORY OF TARKHOVSKY MILITARY SANATORIUM
Yaremko V.I., Cherkasova V.L., Korovin A.E.
Abstract
The article presents data from the archives on the history of the health resort-Sanatorium “Tarkhovsky” of the Ministry of defense of the Russian Federation. The history of creation of the sanatorium from 1933 to the present time is reflected. A unique location of the sanatorium in the city of Sestroretsk, close to the Gulf of Finland and lake Sestroretsky Spill. The article deals with the healing effects of sea air, obtaining medical procedures for the rehabilitation of servicemen, pensioners of the Ministry of defense, civil personnel of the Ministry of defense and others. In 2018, the branch “Sanatorium «Tarhovsky»” part of the Sanatorium complex “Zapadny” will celebrate its anniversary - 85 years (4 figs, bibliography: 1 ref.).
Bulletin of the Russian Military Medical Academy. 2017;36(2):57-63
views
IN MEMORIAM OF VALENTIN PETROVICH SHCHERBINA
Mokrousov V.N., Kozlov S.S., Kravtsov V.Y.
Abstract
The 85th anniversary of Valentin Petrovich Shcherbina was on the 17th of July 2017. He started scientific investigations as a student of the Faculty of training Medics for the Land and Missile Forces. After his admission to the Department of Biology and Medical Parasitology, Valentin Petrovich was busy with teaching activity. In 1972 after the defense of the thesis he became assistant professor. Since 1976, being the head of the department, he reconstructed Department’ Museum. He organized scientific expeditions to South Caucasus and Middle Asia. Department’ employees traveled to the region of the Baikal-Amur Railway for studying vectors and parasites. Valentin Petrovich was the first military-medical parasitologist who visited areas of military units’ deployment. For many years V. P. Shcherbina was a permanent chairman of Parasitologe Society of Leningrad. He is an author of several hundred textbooks, articles and methodical guides, the supervisor of many candidate and doctoral dissertations.
Bulletin of the Russian Military Medical Academy. 2017;36(2):64-66
views
VLADIMIR MONOMAKH
Alekseev Y.G.
Abstract
This article is the last completed work of the famous historian, doctor of historical Sciences, Professor of St. Petersburg state University Yuri G. Alekseev. XI century. In Russia ended the great era. Yesterday’s pagan Russia is consecrated by the light of Orthodoxy. There comes a time of Yaroslav’s sons the inheritors of a great epoch. Leadership ability and activity of Vladimir Monomakh - the pinnacle of martial arts of Ancient (pre-Mongolian) Russia. The political expediency of his actions, a well-thought-out strategy, organization and management of the troops ensured the solution of the most important political task. Russian land for several decades is protected from the danger of the Polovtsian invasion. Direct descendants of Monomakh, having gone through all the hardships, managed to create a great Russian power.
Bulletin of the Russian Military Medical Academy. 2017;36(2):67-70
views
ALEXEY IVANOVICH VASIL’EV - THE ARCHITECT OF THE MODERN SYSTEM OF MILITARY MEDICAL EDUCATION: THE 275th ANNIVERSARY OF BIRTH
Ivchenko E.V., Ovchinnikov D.V., Karpushenko E.G., Ermakov V.V.
Abstract
One of the greatest statesmen of the Russian Empire in the late XVIII century, count Aleksei Ivanovich Vasil’ev, is one of the few personalities who have left their mark in different fields - Finance and health care. Being a financier by education and the main duration of activity and having done much for formation of harmonious budgetary policy of Russia, he was able to reconstruct system of health care and medical education, to turn the medical and surgical schools located in St. Petersburg into the Academy which became the basis of medical education in Russia
Bulletin of the Russian Military Medical Academy. 2017;36(2):71-76
views

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies