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Vol 39, No S2 (2020)

Articles
NORDIC WALKING AS A MEANS TO INCREASE PHYSICAL ENDURANCE AND HEALTH OF MILITARY SERVANTS
Abuseva G.R., Kovlen D.V., Silchuk A.M., Adhamov B.M., Ivaschev V.V.
Abstract
In the modern world, characterized by an increase in the level of physical and neuropsychic workload among military personnel, the need arose to search for health-improving physical training in order to increase physical endurance and functional capabilities of the body.
Russian Military Medical Academy Reports. 2020;39(S2):6-8
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SENSORY DEPRIVATION THERAPY AS WELLNESS PROGRAM TO INCREASE PHYSICAL ENDURANCE
Abuseva G.R., Silchuk A.M., Khoziainova S.S.
Abstract
In modern sports, characterized by progressive growth of training and competitive loads, as well as taking into account growth of population with pathology of musculoskeletal system and psychoemotional disorders, the problem of increase of physical endurance and tolerance to physical loads is extremely important.
Russian Military Medical Academy Reports. 2020;39(S2):9-11
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ASSESSMENT OF FUNCTIONAL STATE AND PHYSICAL PREPAREDNESS OF CADETS OF UNIVERSITIES OF THE FEDERAL PENITENTIARY SERVICE OF RUSSIA
Avramenko V.I., Dudus A.N., Kushnirchuk I.I.
Abstract
Studies have shown the low effectiveness of the existing physical training program for cadets of higher educational institutions of the Federal Penitentiary Service of Russia. It was established that most cadets become full-fledged specialists only after a certain time after graduating from higher educational institutions of the Federal Penitentiary Service of Russia. Breaking the usual stereotype of life, being in a new team, increased physical and mental stress, strict regime, the need for unconditional obedience and fulfillment of other requirements lead to the fact that the first weeks or even months of service in the FSIN of Russia are quite difficult. They have increased morbidity, nervous breakdowns, a slight decrease in memory, attention, mental activity, and difficulties in interpersonal communication.
Russian Military Medical Academy Reports. 2020;39(S2):12-14
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ON THE USE OF TRANSCRANIAL THERAPY IN SPORTS TRAINING
Ageev E.V., Selitrenikova T.A., Selitrenikov V.S., Gadylgareev V.V.
Abstract
The article indicates that the system of endogenous opioid peptides provides protective, adaptive, behavioral, homeostatic and other processes of the athlete's body, as well as plays a role in the processes of life support and self-regulation. The article proves that the method of transcranial electrical stimulation should be used to normalize the psychophysiological status of a single-sportsman, improve his training regime and ensure the best preparation for sports competitions. Application of methods of diagnostics of the psychophysiological status of the athlete and functional parameters of activity of his organism is shown. Parameters of the electrical activity of the wrestlers ' brain were determined using electroencephalography. We have obtained reliable data on the successful use of TES therapy in the process of sports training in order to improve the quality of training of an athlete.
Russian Military Medical Academy Reports. 2020;39(S2):15-16
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HYGIENIC DIAGNOSTICS OF RISK FACTORS FOR VARICOSE DISEASE IN MILITARY SERVICE
Alekseev P.E., Belousov D.A.
Abstract
Varicose veins of the lower extremities is one of the most common pathologies of the cardiovascular system, affecting 30% of the adult population. Military personnel are at risk, because during the performance of military duties they are for a long time in a standing position or in a sitting position, which are factors in the development of varicose veins. One of the measures of primary prevention can be physical therapy and wearing preventive compression hosiery. In athletes with signs of chronic venous insufficiency, sports compression hosiery has proven itself in reducing the symptoms of chronic venous insufficiency, especially in combination with physiotherapy. The issue of primary prevention of varicose veins among military personnel has not been widely studied, therefore, there is a need for field studies of effective preventive measures.
Russian Military Medical Academy Reports. 2020;39(S2):17-18
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SUDDEN DEATH IN SPORT: REASONS, FREQUENCY OF APPEARANCE AND PREVENTION
Alimsultanov I.I., Krainyukov I.P.
Abstract
The article provides a review of the literature of sudden death in sports under excessive stress. The average statistics, causes and circumstances of cardiac death in athletes from 13 to 35 years old are considered. Sudden cardiac death (SCD) among athletes remains one of the most serious and urgent problems of modern sports medicine, which usually causes a negative reaction from society and the media. Every year, 1 million athletes account for 1 to 5 cases of sudden cardiac death. Based on the scientific literature data, two main groups of measures for the prevention of SD in sports were identified: the first - measures for the prevention of aircraft that are not dependent on the athlete (compliance with safety measures when organizing trainings, competitions in terms of injury prevention, compliance with sanitary and hygienic conditions) and the second - recommendations to the athlete himself
Russian Military Medical Academy Reports. 2020;39(S2):19
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COMPARATIVE EVALUATION OF THE FITNESS OF STUDENTS OF THE FIRST AND FOURTH COURSE MEDICAL UNIVERSITY BY CARE RESPIRATORY LOAD TESTING
Andriyanenko A.O., Panchenko M.N.
Abstract
The article is devoted to assessing the physical fitness of students of a medical university using cardiorespiratory stress testing. The data of the results of the load test and indicators for the physical preparation of first- and fourth-year students over the past six months have been systematized. The relationship between the indicator of maximum oxygen consumption and the results of physical training in students of different courses is demonstrated. It was established that the indicators of cardiorespiratory stress testing and the results of physical preparation in first-year students are significantly higher. Cardiorespiratory stress testing can be used as a prognostic criterion that demonstrates the student's ability to perform complex physical tasks during training.
Russian Military Medical Academy Reports. 2020;39(S2):20-21
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INFLUENCE OF SWIMMING IN FASTERS ON THE ORGANISM OF PUPILS OF GENERAL EDUCATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS OF THE MO RF
Antonov A.V., Dräger D.I., Sivashenko P.P.
Abstract
Swimming in flippers, in comparison with other types of physical exercises, is distinguished by its characteristic features, which boil down to the following - in the process of swimming, the athlete performs movements when he is in the aquatic environment, excluding any solid support. Due to this position of the body, the motor abilities of a person increase, which improves their development. In this case, the mobility of almost all parts of the body increases, and the organs and systems of the body develop and strengthen. In adolescents, the difference in maximum oxygen consumption at different levels of fitness is less pronounced than in adults. Adolescents reach the maximum level of oxygen consumption faster, but cannot maintain it for a long time. The possibilities of anaerobic (oxygen-free) metabolism in adolescents are limited. The total energy expenditure for performing work of equal volume in adolescents is higher than in adults and is accompanied by the formation of a large oxygen debt and, accordingly, a large accumulation of lactic acid. In adolescents, blood sugar is reduced faster. Scuba diving is widely used as a means of hardening and preventing colds. Due to the increased heat transfer in water, the metabolism in the body is activated, energy consumption increases. This helps to achieve optimal weight, the optimal ratio of adipose and muscle tissue. Water pressure on the chest stimulates the development of respiratory muscles, mobility of the chest, increase its size, increase the vital capacity of the lungs. Swimming in fins harmoniously develops physical qualities - strength, agility, endurance. Tube breathing stimulates the development of the cardiovascular and respiratory systems.
Russian Military Medical Academy Reports. 2020;39(S2):22-25
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TECHNIQUE FOR INDEPENDENT WAYS OF SWIMMING AND BASIS OF TRAINING
Antonov A.V., Maltseva A.A., Vazhenin Y.A., Taranenko D.V.
Abstract
The article discusses the features of distinctive swimming methods, the main methodological techniques used in the learning process of various swimming methods. When learning to swim, it is necessary to resort to such methodological techniques as facilitating and complicating the conditions for performing exercises, performing movements at a slow pace, and using landmarks. Facilitating the learning environment, teachers conduct classes in a shallow place across the pool, use assistive devices, etc. Performing exercises at a slow pace allows the beginner to become more familiar with their shape, better master the coordination of movements, which is difficult to achieve when swimming at a fast pace. Short-term study of exercises in complicated conditions facilitates their implementation in simplified conditions. For example, after trying to overcome the crawl 25 m along the pool, it is much easier for a novice to cope with the task of swimming across the pool across the same way (15 m), and after completing an exercise in swimming with feet without a board, students better swim with a board, etc. Distinguish between visual and auditory landmarks. Visual landmarks can be teacher gestures, dark lines at the bottom of the pool, transverse lines at the bottom and squares on the walls, flags above the water, and much more. Auditory guidelines include the teacher’s signals (voice or whistle), fixing the beginning or end of any element or movement cycle as a whole. Using all of the above material, conducting swimming lessons will be an interesting and productive process, both for the teacher and for students. Everyone will take something useful from such activities.
Russian Military Medical Academy Reports. 2020;39(S2):26-29
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THE RESEARCHER'S DIALOGUE WITH THE SCIENTIFIC AND EDUCATIONAL SOCIETY: QUESTIONS OF THEORY AND METHODS OF PHYSICAL CULTURE
Asriev S.A., Storogenko I.I.
Abstract
At the present stage of development of society, a high level of education and culture, professional competence, openness to the perception of innovations, as well as creativity, mobility, and readiness for continuous work on oneself are becoming a priority in the professional life of a specialist. The article deals with the issues of dialogue as a means of obtaining new pedagogical knowledge. The essential characteristic of society as a form of organization of interaction of the scientific community is given.
Russian Military Medical Academy Reports. 2020;39(S2):30-31
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CONTENTS OF TECHNOLOGY FOR APPLYING AN INDIVIDUAL APPROACH TO THE DEVELOPMENT OF PHYSICAL ENDURANCE AT CADETS OF UNIVERSITIES OF THE FEDERAL PENITENTIARY SERVICE OF RUSSIA
Bibyaev V.N., Lopatin S.B., Sevryukov V.V.
Abstract
The paper presents the results of a study on the application of technology of an individual approach to the development of physical endurance among cadets of higher educational institutions of the Federal Penitentiary Service of Russia. The high efficiency of the developed technology has been experimentally proven. A study on the educational process during the development of physical endurance among cadets of higher educational institutions of the Federal Penitentiary Service of Russia made it possible to determine the reasons requiring the use of an individual approach. These include: the lack of clear indicators of the adequacy of the use of training loads corresponding to upcoming professional activities; underestimation by the teaching staff of the individual nature of the restoration of the body after intense muscular work for each cadet; the different nature of the adaptation of cadets to the conditions of study in a higher educational institution; different levels of their physical condition. In the process of further research, the developed technology for applying an individual approach to the development of physical endurance among cadets was experimentally verified. The results of the pedagogical experiment indicate the high efficiency of the developed methodology for the implementation of an individual approach to the development of physical endurance among cadets of higher educational institutions of the Federal Penitentiary Service of Russia.
Russian Military Medical Academy Reports. 2020;39(S2):32-35
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STRUCTURE OF FACTORS DETERMINING THE RESTORATION DIRECTION OF PHYSICAL PREPARATION OF OFFICERS OF FSIN AFTER STAFF
Bogatyrev R.V., Borisov A.V., Yanchenkov Y.A., Karapetyan R.K.
Abstract
The article presents the results of the authors' studies to identify factors that determine the restorative orientation of physical training of FSIN officers after duty. As the main factors determining the restorative orientation of the physical training of FSIN officers after duty, respondents noted the presence of a military professional load associated with a risk to life, as well as the need to remove a high level of anxiety and nervous tension in FSIN officers after duty. Respondents also drew attention to such factors as the significant expenditure of the functional reserves of the body during duty, as well as the need for rehabilitation after stress. Important factors are a noticeable decrease in the level of physical and mental performance of officers of the FSIN after duty, as well as a different degree of perception by officers of the peculiarities of activity during duty.
Russian Military Medical Academy Reports. 2020;39(S2):36-38
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EVALUATION OF THE GENERAL RESERVES OF THE ORGANISM AT THE OFFICERS OF THE FSIN AFTER THE DUTY
Bogatyrev R.V., Selkin F.E., Fedorin S.V.
Abstract
The article presents the results of research by the authors to identify the general body reserves of officers of the FSIN of Russia after duty. It was established that a high level of adaptive reserves of the body of officers of all age groups suggests that the body's capabilities, which ensure the body's adaptation to physical activity, are at a high level and are an indicator of the health of officers. This is confirmed by the results. The identification of the general reserves of the officers' body made it possible to determine that their body has great potential, however, it is necessary to train it based on the use of optimal physical exertion to restore and increase performance after duty. The body of officers adapted to physical exertion of varying degrees is able to withstand emotional stress during actions during duty and during intensive professional activities.
Russian Military Medical Academy Reports. 2020;39(S2):39-41
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CONTENTS OF THE MODEL OF PHYSICAL PREPARATION OF OFFICERS OF FSIN AFTER DUTY
Bogatyrev R.V., Selkin F.E., Sivashchenko P.P.
Abstract
The article presents the results of the authors' studies on the substantiation of the physical training model of FSIN officers after duty. It was established that the expansion of the functional reserves of the body of officers can be achieved on the basis of the adaptive multi-level restructuring of its structure to physical exertion. At the cellular level, these processes are due to an increase in the number of actively working elements of the muscle structure to the total number of existing ones. At the level of individual organs and systems, an increase in functional reserves occurs due to an increase in the power and efficiency of individual components, and a decrease in the relative energy costs during their operation. At the level of the whole organism, reserves expand the possibilities of solving a wide range of tasks of increased complexity in extreme conditions. As a result of the restructuring of the work of organs and systems of the body, new mechanisms for the restoration of officers of the FSIN are formed.
Russian Military Medical Academy Reports. 2020;39(S2):42-45
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STRUCTURE OF PEDAGOGICAL CONDITIONS NECESSARY FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF SPEED-POWER QUALITIES IN BASKETBALLERS TAKING INTO ACCOUNT THEIR SOMATOTYPES
Bogdanovsky A.N., Gorovenko E.S., Lesheva N.S., Kushnirchuk I.I.
Abstract
The article discusses the pedagogical conditions necessary for the development of speed-power qualities in young basketball players, taking into account their somatotypes. These conditions include: the implementation of an individual approach to the selection of means for developing speed-power qualities among young basketball players; the use of speed-strength exercises mainly in the first part of the training session; selection of exercises for the development of speed-power qualities based on the account of the gaming functions of young basketball players; assessment of the impact of the development of speed-power qualities on the growth of technical skills of young basketball players; the use of training tasks based on the individual capabilities of basketball players; taking into account individual characteristics and the level of technical skill of young basketball players.
Russian Military Medical Academy Reports. 2020;39(S2):46-48
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STRUKTURA FAKTOROV, OPREDELYaYuShchIKh NEOBKhODIMOST' RAZVITIYa SKOROSTNO-SILOVYKh KAChESTV U BASKETBOLISTOV
Bogdanovskiy A.N., Gorovenko E.S., Lesheva N.S., Omel'chenko A.V.
Abstract
В статье рассматриваются факторы, определяющие необходимость развития скоростно-силовых качеств у юных баскетболистов с учетом их соматотипов. К этим факторам относятся: высокие требования, предъявляемые к развитию скоростно-силовых качеств у баскетболистов; генетически определенные различия их антропометрических данных; особенности игрового амплуа юных баскетболистов; различия в их физическом развитии; необходимость использования индивидуального подхода к развитию скоростно-силовых качеств; разная степень готовности к перенесению физической нагрузки скоростно-силового характера.
Russian Military Medical Academy Reports. 2020;39(S2):49-50
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HISTORY OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF HEALTH-IMPROVING PHYSICAL CULTURE
Boitsova Y.A., Silchuk A.M., Silchuk S.M.
Abstract
An analysis of the literature has been carried out The main stages of development of health-improving physical culture including in the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation and other States have been identified. The experience of antiquity, classicism, and the heyday of health-improving physical culture in the 20th century has been considered. The experience of development of health-improving physical culture in the Armed Forces of various States is presented there and the relevance of improving it in our country is shown.
Russian Military Medical Academy Reports. 2020;39(S2):51-52
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ESTIMATION OF EFFICIENCY OF TECHNOLOGY OF SPEED-POWER TRAINING OF BASKETBALLERS TAKING INTO ACCOUNT SOMATOTYPES
Bolotin A.E., Bogdanovsky A.N., Gorovenko E.S., Lesheva N.S., Yakovlev V.V.
Abstract
The article shows that the main thing in the speed-strength training of young basketball players is the search for the optimal selection of training means and methods for athletes of different somatotypes. It was found that the use of the developed technology and specially selected means and training methods for young basketball players in the training process based on the consideration of different somatotypes allows achieving better results in the development of their speed-strength qualities. The results of the pedagogical experiment indicate the high efficiency of the developed technology of speed-strength training of young basketball players, taking into account somatotypes. Indicators of speed-strength preparedness, technical and tactical skills among young basketball players of the experimental group were significantly better than in the control group.
Russian Military Medical Academy Reports. 2020;39(S2):53-59
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CONTENTS OF TECHNOLOGY OF PROFESSIONAL TRAINING OF SPECIAL DIVISIONS OF THE FSIN OF RUSSIA USING HAND BATTLE
Bolotin A.E., Erastov A.E., Dudus A.N., Karapetyan R.K.
Abstract
The article presents the results of research by the authors on the development of technology for the training process for the personnel of special units of the Federal Penitentiary Service of Russia, using hand-to-hand combat. This technology includes five interconnected complexes. The first complex is aimed at training and practicing individual methods of hand-to-hand combat, in conditions of limited space; the second - to train and practice self-defense techniques from an armed and unarmed enemy, in a confined space; the third - to work out group actions to forcefully detain criminals in a limited space; the fourth - for training, combining individual and group actions to forcefully detain criminals against fatigue (after overcoming an obstacle course in combination with a 3-5 km march); fifth - for training in special training grounds for the violent detention of criminals with elements of hand-to-hand combat and modeling various combat situations (suppressing crimes and offenses at the facilities of the Federal Penitentiary Service of Russia, searching and seizing especially dangerous criminals, ensuring security at special events, releasing hostages taken by convicted prisoners and other).
Russian Military Medical Academy Reports. 2020;39(S2):60-62
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THE ROLE OF KINESIOTHERAPY IN REHABILITATION OF POST-STROKE PATIENTS
Vasiyarova N.M.
Abstract
The role of the use of such a method of therapeutic physical culture as kinesiotherapy in restoring the motor functions of patients after an episode of acute cerebrovascular accident was examined. This disease is one of the leading pathologies leading to disability of the adult population and significantly reducing their quality of life. This fact indicates the need for timely rehabilitation to maintain the quality of life of post-stroke patients at the proper level. An analysis of foreign and domestic literature data was carried out and results were obtained that indicate the positive impact of the use of kinesiotherapy in the restoration of lost motor functions in post-stroke patients, the importance of the timely start of physical rehabilitation, which includes performing active and passive physical exercises, as well as the general the healing effect of performing physical exercises.
Russian Military Medical Academy Reports. 2020;39(S2):63-64
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HYGIENIC SUBSTANTIATION OF PREVENTION OF RISK FACTORS OF ARRHYTHMIS AND MYOCARDIAL CONDITION DISORDERS IN RUNNERS
Velibekov R.T., Ivashinenko F.M.
Abstract
The frequency and types of rhythm disturbances and electrophysiological features of myocardial conduction in athletes-runners of adolescence without concomitant cardiac pathology compared with a group of healthy individuals were studied. When studying the obtained data, attention was drawn to the presence of statistically significant changes in the number of the following rhythm and conduction disturbances: in the group of athletes-runners, episodes of sinus bradycardia, atrial pacemaker migration, atrial rhythm, pause of more than 2 seconds, AV block 1 were significantly more frequent. degrees, single polytopic supraventricular extarsystoles. Based on the data obtained, certain preventive measures were put forward, associated primarily with the need for a deeper and more thorough examination of the cardiovascular system to prevent the development of severe cardiac pathologies and the correctness of the preparation of the training plan both in the preparatory and in the competitive periods.
Russian Military Medical Academy Reports. 2020;39(S2):65-66
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FEATURES OF STUDENTS ' ADAPTATION TO PHYSICAL TRAINING
Venediktov I.A., Sivashchenko P.P.
Abstract
Higher education In comparison with school has significant differences, which include a larger volume of educational material, as well as a greater physical load and the ability to choose different academic disciplines and sports sections, less control over independent training on the part of teachers.
Russian Military Medical Academy Reports. 2020;39(S2):67-68
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MONITORING OF STUDENTS PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT AND FUNCTIONAL CAPABILITIES
Vintovkina N.E., Sapsaeva T.V., Fedorin S.V.
Abstract
Recently, there has been a steady decline in the level of physical and functional readiness of students. The period of 17-18 years is a transition from the older age group of adolescents to the adult population and represents a stage of life that is associated with the choice of a profession, the formation of a number of important life attitudes and goals [1,2]. Timely adaptation of young people to the conditions of modern life will determine the future reproductive and labor potential of the country, and will preserve the health of the present and future generations.
Russian Military Medical Academy Reports. 2020;39(S2):69-70
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ASSESSMENT OF FLUID LOSS BY SERVICEMEN OF 35 YEARS UNDER EXERTION AND METHODS FOR REPLENISHING IT DURING EXERCISE AND DURING RECOVERY
Vorobyov I.A., Pluzhnikov D.K.
Abstract
For a number of military specialties, frequent physical activities, during which the body loses a large amount of water and ions, are important aspects of the daily activities of military personnel. To maintain homeostasis during intense physical exertion, a complete replenishment of the physiological losses of the body is required. According to the results of the study, it was found that depending on the performed loads, climatic conditions, etc., the human body needs a different amount of water and ions. At rest, at an air temperature of 27 ° C, 3 liters of water is enough. On average, military personnel should consume ≈ 4.3 liters of water, with increasing loads, this figure increases. One of the important tasks of the medical service in the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation is to ensure the life safety of military personnel in performing various tasks, including during physical training, as well as in the performance of daily and combat missions. To maintain a normal state, water consumption standards were developed for military personnel of older age groups. The implementation of these standards is often difficult, therefore, modern means have been developed to replenish water and ions as isotonic drinks. In this article, we present the results of a study of fluid loss in an experimental group consisting of 10 military officers of the 3rd and 4th age groups of the Military Medical Academy, and also consider the methodology for replenishing water and ions during and after physical exertion.
Russian Military Medical Academy Reports. 2020;39(S2):71-72
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STRUCTURE OF INDICATORS DETERMINING THE READINESS OF INSTRUCTORS FOR HANDMADE POWER STRUCTURES FOR PEDAGOGICAL ACTIVITY
Vorozheykin A.V., Komissarov B.Y., Lopatin S.B., Khizhnyak R.V.
Abstract
The article identifies indicators that determine the willingness of instructors in hand-to-hand combat of power structures for pedagogical activity. These include: a high level of methodological preparedness for learning hand-to-hand combat techniques; good knowledge of the specifics of the tasks being handled in hand-to-hand combat; high level of individual readiness of hand-to-hand combat instructors in all sections of martial arts; the ability to use an individually-differentiated approach to the training of military personnel in hand-to-hand combat. Also important are the skills to use complex modern methods of teaching hand-to-hand combat techniques and the skills of hand-to-hand combat instructors to concentrate all their physical and spiritual strengths in training military personnel.
Russian Military Medical Academy Reports. 2020;39(S2):73-75
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SUBSTANTIATION OF THE PEDAGOGICAL MODEL OF TRAINING OF INSTRUCTORS FOR HANDMARKING POWER STRUCTURES USING SITUATIONAL TASKS
Vorozheikin A.V., Komissarov B.Y., Shumansky I.I., Gadylgareev V.G.
Abstract
The article identifies indicators that determine the willingness of instructors in hand-to-hand combat of power structures for pedagogical activity. These include: a high level of methodological preparedness for learning hand-to-hand combat techniques; good knowledge of the specifics of the tasks being handled in hand-to-hand combat; high level of individual readiness of hand-to-hand combat instructors in all sections of martial arts; the ability to use an individually-differentiated approach to the training of military personnel in hand-to-hand combat. Also important are the skills to use complex modern methods of teaching hand-to-hand combat techniques and the skills of hand-to-hand combat instructors to concentrate all their physical and spiritual strengths in training military personnel.
Russian Military Medical Academy Reports. 2020;39(S2):76-79
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METHODOLOGICAL AND THEORETICAL FOUNDATIONS AND PREREQUISITES FOR THE FORMATION OF EXPERIENTIAL WORK IN THE EDUCATIONAL SPACE
Vrage E.V., Strizhkov A.P., Sevrukov V.V.
Abstract
Currently, the role of methodology has significantly increased as a doctrine of the principles of construction, forms and methods of scientific and cognitive activity, in determining the foundations of experimental work in pedagogy of vocational education. Socio-economic and socio-cultural transformations taking place in Russia over the past decades, associated with changes in social values and norms, reorientation of all social institutions, including the education system. Objective: to develop the methodological foundations of experimental work in pedagogy of vocational education. A condition for achieving the goal can be the solution of the following tasks: justify the organization of experimental work based on systemic and technological approaches; to determine the principles of the organization of experimental work; identify the functions of experimental work; present the types of experimental work; describe the program of experimental work The authors have developed the methodological foundations of experimental work and substantiated its organization as a component of research into the problems of professional education. The program of experimental work is described and the functions of experimental work are identified. The pedagogy of vocational education is a practice-oriented science. The interconnection between basic and applied research is ensured by experimental work, the quality of which is determined by methodological knowledge.
Russian Military Medical Academy Reports. 2020;39(S2):80-82
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SYSTEMIC APPROACH IN PREVENTION OF CORONAVIRUS INFECTION IN FITNESS CENTERS: MEASURES OF PUBLIC AND PERSONAL HYGIENE
Gavrilov R.V., Kuznetsov S.M., Maydan V.A.
Abstract
The research is Concerned with the hygienic assessment of risk factors for the spread of coronavirus 2019-nCoV and the implementation of a systematic approach to the planning and implementation of primary prevention measures in sports clubs and fitness centers. A survey of the administration of the institution and clients of fitness centers in relation to the implementation of elements of social and personal hygiene was conducted. The results of the survey allowed us to establish an insufficient level of interaction between the relevant Executive committees, club management and citizens themselves, which significantly reduces the effectiveness of preventive measures. The lack of a systematic approach to determining critical space-time, procedural elements of the training process, as well as the lack of disinfection tools at all stages of fitness, determines a higher probability of infection with coronavirus 2019 - nCoV, which does not allow you to justify and implement the most effective prevention measures and ensure high quality and reliability of disinfection of sports equipment and premises. The obtained results indicate the need to improve the level of public hygiene in fitness centers and observe the elements of personal hygiene by athletes, as well as early detection of infected people, their isolation for the period of incubation to further reduce the risk of infection.
Russian Military Medical Academy Reports. 2020;39(S2):83-84
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STRUCTURE OF FACTORS DETERMINING THE NEED FOR USE OF INDIVIDUAL TASKS IN THE PROCESS OF GENERAL PHYSICAL TRAINING OF BASKETBALLERS OF STUDENT TEAMS
Gorovenko E.S., Lesheva N.S., Korgenevskii G.E.
Abstract
The article shows the factors that determine the need to use individual tasks in the process of general physical preparation (OFP) for basketball players of student teams. These include: various growth and weight indicators of student basketball players; various game functions of basketball players, based on their role; genetically determined differences in the mechanism of energy supply of muscle activity; increased interest of basketball players in the use of individual tasks; the presence of high motivation among basketball players to increase the level of general physical fitness. The objective conditions for organizing the general physical training of student basketball players are also important.
Russian Military Medical Academy Reports. 2020;39(S2):85-87
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SYSTEM OF INDICATORS OF READINESS OF TRAINERS OF STUDENT BASKETBALL TEAMS FOR TRAINING ACTIVITY
Gorovenko E.S., Shipovskaya V.V., Okuneva A.A., Chernov V.D., Gadylgareev V.G.
Abstract
The article identifies indicators that determine the readiness of basketball coaches of student teams for coaching. These include: a high level of development of methodological skills in organizing the training process of basketball players; knowledge of the tactics of the game of basketball and the specifics of the organization of the game in defense, attack, in isolation; good knowledge in the field of psychology of communication and interaction with players of the basketball team; the ability to create a positive psychological climate in a team and a positive emotional background. Good skills are important to apply the latest achievements of sports science in the training process of basketball players, as well as the ability to live up to the needs of the team, to show exactingness and empathy for the players.
Russian Military Medical Academy Reports. 2020;39(S2):88-89
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FORMATION OF PHYSICAL CULTURE AND SPORTS ACTIVITY OF STUDENTS ON THE BASIS OF SELF-EDUCATION AND SELF-IMPROVEMENT
Datsenko A.A., Sivashenko P.P.
Abstract
Changes in socio-economic and environmental conditions, the intensification of labor require the rising generation of a high level of social and professional competence, competitiveness and tolerance, independence and activity, the development of which is impossible without harmonization of the spiritual and physical development of man. Purpose of work: to actualize the problem of searching for optimal means, methods and conditions for the formation of students' readiness for active physical education self-education and self-improvement. According to the results obtained during the experiment, it was found that 12.2% of students systematically engage in physical exercises and consider themselves to be athletes; 25.5% of respondents also consider themselves to be athletes and regularly engage in sports; 30.1% of students do not consider it mandatory for them to engage in physical education and sports. A fairly significant number of students - 30.2% are not sure that physical culture products can positively affect their physical and emotional state. In a modern society characterized by instability of socio-economic conditions and ever-increasing competition, independent, proactive and creative young people are more in demand, ready to adapt to changing working conditions as soon as possible, to do work with optimal energy consumption, capable of self-education, self-education and self-development, which is impossible without harmonization of the spiritual and physical development of man. The results of the study, as well as literature data, may indicate the urgent need for students to develop physical education and sports skills in physical self-education and self-improvement, as a means of organizing a student’s personality in their behavior, which affects the effectiveness of physical education and sports and further development personality.
Russian Military Medical Academy Reports. 2020;39(S2):90-92
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INFLUENCE OF SPORTS ON STUDENT LIFE
Dorokhov S.I., Dergachev V.B.
Abstract
The article discusses the role of sport and exercise for the health of the younger generation. Currently, modern youth is not very willing to engage in physical education and sports. If we compare the 70s, the beginning of pedagogical activity, when the student sports were held, then in the gyms the apple had nowhere to fall. Purpose of the study. Formative work was carried out in the process of organizing sports events with students. The formative experiment program was discussed with sports trainers. The content and specifics of the students' sports activities at the university make it possible to reveal many issues of a healthy lifestyle, not only from an informational, but also from an emotional point of view. Studying almost every topic in physical culture and sport, it is possible to correlate it with the provisions of the psychology of human health and the organization on this basis of their own behavior. While mastering the knowledge in the discipline “Physical Culture” to a greater extent allows the formation of skills and abilities for physical self-improvement, self-esteem, self-knowledge, understanding and organizing one’s own life on the basis of health savings, sports pedagogy as a science of the laws of the pedagogical process, as the practice of training, education and management in the process of physical culture and sports activities allows us to consider the same problems in connection with interaction with other people, responsibility for x and problems of self-improvement.
Russian Military Medical Academy Reports. 2020;39(S2):93-95
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STRUKTURA FAKTOROV, OPREDELYaYuShchIKh NEOBKhODIMOST' ISPOL'ZOVANIYa UPRAZhNENIY DLYa OSVOENIYa SPETsIAL'NYKh DEYSTVIY PRI PODGOTOVKE INSTRUKTOROV PO RUKOPAShNOMU BOYu SILOVYKh STRUKTUR
Zyukin A.V., Vorozheykin A.V., Komissarov B.Y., Shumanskiy I.I., Komnirenko A.A.
Abstract
В статье представлены факторы, определяющие необходимость использования упражнений для освоения специальных действий. К ним относятся: направленность обучения инструкторов на решение конкретных задач при выполнении специальных действий; необходимость учета специфики решаемых задач сотрудниками силовых ведомств в разных условиях боевой обстановки; высокая значимость эффективности специальных действий при решении боевых задач сотрудниками силовых ведомств; необходимость использования индивидуально-дифференцированного подхода к освоению специальных действий. Важными факторами также являются направленность содержания программы подготовки инструкторов на освоение специальных действий и на решение конкретных практических проблемных ситуаций. в ходе исследования были выявлены факторы, определяющие необходимость использования упражнений для освоения специальных действий. К ним относятся: направленность обучения инструкторов на решение конкретных задач при выполнении специальных действий; необходимость учета специфики решаемых задач сотрудниками силовых ведомств в разных условиях боевой обстановки; высокая значимость эффективности специальных действий при решении боевых задач сотрудниками силовых ведомств; необходимость использования индивидуально-дифференцированного подхода к освоению специальных действий. Важными факторами также являются направленность содержания программы подготовки инструкторов на освоение специальных действий и на решение конкретных практических проблемных ситуаций. Проведенные исследования свидетельствуют о необходимости учета влияния данных факторов на эффективность освоения инструкторами специальных действий, направленных на решение конкретных практических проблемных ситуаций.
Russian Military Medical Academy Reports. 2020;39(S2):96-98
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THEORETICAL JUSTIFICATION OF CONFLICT MANAGEMENT IN THE TEACHING STAFF AS A FACTOR IN CREATING PSYCHOLOGICAL AND PEDAGOGICAL CONDITIONS
Zyukin A.V., Storogenko I.I.
Abstract
In pedagogy and psychology, there is a multi-variant typology of conflict depending on the criteria that are taken as the basis. In relation to an individual subject, conflicts can be internal and external. The first are intrapersonal; the second are interpersonal, between a person and a group, and intergroup. The duration of the conflict can be divided into short-term and long-term. By the nature of conflicts, it is customary to divide them into objective and subjective. By their consequences: constructive and destructive. Knowing the causes and conditions of school conflicts, you can better understand the nature of the conflict itself, and therefore determine the methods of influencing it or behaviors in the process of it. The article argues for the need to manage conflicts in a modern educational organization, describes the main causes of conflicts and psychological and pedagogical conditions that affect the effectiveness of conflict management in the teaching staff.
Russian Military Medical Academy Reports. 2020;39(S2):99-101
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PSYCHOLOGICAL AND PEDAGOGICAL ASPECTS OF STUDENTS ' CRITICAL THINKING DEVELOPMENT
Ivanenko A.V., Astafiev V.V., Fedorin S.V.
Abstract
The article considers the content of critical thinking from different scientific positions, defines organizational and pedagogical; psychological and pedagogical; social and pedagogical conditions for the development of critical thinking of students.
Russian Military Medical Academy Reports. 2020;39(S2):102-104
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ENDOGENIC AND EXOGENIC RISK FACTORS OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF CARDIOMYOPATHY IN ATHLETES AND THEIR HYGIENIC EVALUATION
Ivashinenko F.M., Velibekov R.T.
Abstract
The study is devoted to a hygienic assessment of the influence of direct damaging factors that lead to stressful cardiomyopathy in athletes. A systematic analysis of domestic and foreign literature showed that stressful cardiomyopathy develops when the strength and duration of exposure to factors of sports activity do not correspond to the adaptive capabilities of the athlete's body. Excessive physical exertion causes an overstrain in the functioning of many organs and systems, disrupts neuroendocrine regulation and contributes to the development of pathological changes, primarily from the side of the cardiovascular system. To solve this problem, a detailed in-depth study of the pathogenetic mechanisms of the development of heart damage in athletes is required, the identification of early diagnostic criteria and the development of preventive measures to prevent this disease. This will help maintain the health and physical performance of athletes with a reduced risk of sudden death.
Russian Military Medical Academy Reports. 2020;39(S2):105-106
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PHYSICAL CULTURE AS A FACTOR OF SOCIALIZATION OF A STUDENT'S PERSONALITY
Kalitov A.B., Kushnirchuk I.I.
Abstract
The relevance of the problem is to find the most correct and possibly the most universal means and methods of physical culture that contribute to improving the effectiveness of the process of socialization of the individual. Physical culture as a specific type of human activity can become a powerful factor of socialization. It is especially important to emphasize that in the system of cultural universal values, a high level of health and physical fitness largely determines the ability to master other values and in this sense is the basis without which the process of socialization is not effective.
Russian Military Medical Academy Reports. 2020;39(S2):107-109
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THE USE OF SPECTRAL ANALYSIS OF RHYTHM TO ASSESS THE DYNAMICS OF THE FUNCTIONAL STATE AND PERFORMANCE OF ATHLETES
Kim A.E., Tsygan V.N., Kudryashov V.S.
Abstract
The article describes the groups of indicators necessary for a comprehensive assessment of an athlete's activity, provided that it is not possible to determine direct indicators of physical performance. These include energy, information, operational, effector and activation indicators. The possibility of using a computer analysis of heart rate variability to assess the state of recovery after a previous workout, as well as determining the characteristics of the response of the functional regulatory systems of the body to physical activity and the features of the regulation of recovery processes after physical exercise, is also indicated.
Russian Military Medical Academy Reports. 2020;39(S2):110-111
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BIOLOGICAL BASIS OF PERSONIFIED PHARMACOLOGICAL SUPPORT IN THE SPORT OF THE HIGHEST ACHIEVENTS
Kim A.E., Tsygan V.N., Kudryashov V.S.
Abstract
The article provides an analysis of the dependence of the individual approach to the training process and its biomedical support on the individual characteristics of the athlete’s energy and plastic metabolism. The data on the actively developing direction of the genetic typing of athletes for various factors affecting the level of the maximum achievable sports result are presented. An analysis of the heritability of the qualities of motor activity is given, as well as groups of qualities that ensure the individual differences of athletes are highlighted.
Russian Military Medical Academy Reports. 2020;39(S2):112-113
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ANALYSIS OF THE CONTENT OF MODULES OF THE BATTLE TRAINING PROGRAM
Kovalenko V.N., Fofanov A.M., Kotov P.A., Kushnirchuk I.I.
Abstract
An analysis of the actions of the Armed Forces in various local wars and armed conflicts showed that there are a number of serious shortcomings in the preparation of military personnel, military units, units and command and control bodies for conducting combat operations. The personnel have weak skills in the effective use of individual and collective weapons, the choice of firing positions, their engineering equipment, guarding and camouflage, firing at night and in conditions of limited visibility, conducting anti-sniper and mine action, and operating within the units. The article discusses the content of individual program modules and reveals the existing inconsistencies - the lack of content of comprehensive control exercises. The purpose of the study is to establish the relationship of physical and tactical training of motorized riflemen to determine the content of complex control exercises. Materials and research methods. Theoretical and experimental studies were conducted with military personnel of motorized rifle units. In the course of the study, a survey of military personnel was carried out, an analysis of the professional activities of the military personnel was carried out, and on its basis the content of complex control exercises was determined. The analysis shows that the module "Single training" provides for verification of military personnel for 46 exercises, the module "Defense" - for 17 exercises and the standard of complex control exercises as part of the unit. The “Offensive” module for 17 exercises and the implementation of the standard of complex control exercises within the unit. The “March” module for 8 exercises and the standard of complex control exercises as part of the unit. The module "Special Tasks" for the implementation of the standard of complex control exercises in the unit. Along with this combat training program, the content of the standards for comprehensive control exercises in the unit for the program modules is not provided. It is not possible to verify the level of physical fitness of military personnel at the completion of training modules for several physical training exercises (from 8 to 46). Based on all this, we consider it necessary to develop the content of comprehensive control exercises that would correspond to the target settings of the presented modules, and would be used to train and assess the level of physical fitness of military personnel.
Russian Military Medical Academy Reports. 2020;39(S2):114-118
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SUBSTANTIATION OF CONTENTS OF COMPLEX CONTROL EXERCISES FOR MOTOR SHOTS
Kovalenko V.N., Fofanov A.M., Kotov P.A., Demchik A.V.
Abstract
The main target setting for the physical training of military personnel involves ensuring their performance for a specific professional activity [1, 3]. Based on this goal, the orientation and content of the physical training of military personnel of motorized rifle units of the Ground Forces should be based on the following: the use of physical training should be focused on the development and maintenance at the required level of important physical and mental qualities that ensure the success of military professional activities; the applied means and methods of physical training should correspond to the substantive part of the modules of the combat training program; the training methodology should be focused on modeling the features of military professional activity for specific types of combat employment of military personnel; the use of a comprehensive method of physical training using weapons and elements of military equipment in various forms of physical training.
Russian Military Medical Academy Reports. 2020;39(S2):119-122
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STRUCTURE OF FACTORS DETERMINING THE EXPEDIENCY OF APPLICATION OF REMOTE EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PROCESS OF INCREASING THE QUALIFICATION OF INSTRUCTORS BY HANDMARKING POWER STRUCTURES
Komissarov B.Y., Vorozheikin A.V., Gadylgareev V.G.
Abstract
The authors of the article substantiated the ranking structure of factors determining the feasibility of using distance educational technologies in the process of training instructors in hand-to-hand combat of power structures. These factors are: the significant remoteness of the place of service of instructors in hand-to-hand combat of power structures from the head university; simplicity and reliability in organizing the process of advanced training of instructors in hand-to-hand combat of power structures; insufficient level of knowledge, methodological abilities and instructors in hand-to-hand combat of power structures. Less significant factors are: reduced material costs associated with the training of instructors in hand-to-hand combat of power structures; the ability to control the increase in the level of knowledge of instructors in hand-to-hand combat of power structures; insufficient level of pedagogical skills for conducting classes.
Russian Military Medical Academy Reports. 2020;39(S2):123-125
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DYNAMICS OF MILITARY-PROFESSIONAL AND PHYSICAL READINESS OF CADET ENGINEERING SPECIALTIES AT STAGES OF TRAINING IN A UNIVERSITY
Korochkin A.V., Levin S.V., Maryin A.A.
Abstract
The dynamics of military-professional and physical readiness of cadets is of interest from several sides: firstly, the dynamics reflects objective data of cadets' physical readiness at the stages of training at the Higher Educational Institution of Higher Education, which allows us to observe the development of training levels of cadets for various physical exercises performed under extreme conditions; secondly, the variability of physical readiness is proportionally dependent on the development of physical qualities, which allows us to identify their regular relationships in the learning process at the Higher School of Education; thirdly, it makes it possible to purposefully select and combine means and methods of developing physical qualities necessary for the military-professional readiness of cadets of an engineer-engineering university at the stage of direct preparation for combat operations at a certain level of training. This article analyzes the dynamics of the military-professional and physical readiness of cadets of engineering and combat engineering specialties at various stages of their education at the university and the dynamics of the development of their physical qualities.
Russian Military Medical Academy Reports. 2020;39(S2):126-129
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SCIENTIFIC AND THEORETICAL ANALYSIS OF THE SPECIAL DIRECTION OF THE PHYSICAL TRAINING OF CADETES OF ENGINEERING AND MINE-MAIN UNIVERSITIES
Korochkin A.V., Lavrinenko V.V., Maryin A.A., Sidorov A.V.
Abstract
In the article, a scientific and theoretical analysis of the special physical and psychological qualities of the military engineer-sapper troops is carried out taking into account the specifics of their military professional activity, i.e. such qualities that ensure the sustainability of the professional skills of specialists on the battlefield and allow successfully perform combat missions in accordance with their mission.
Russian Military Medical Academy Reports. 2020;39(S2):130-133
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USE OF COMPRESSION CLOTHING BY MARATHON ATHLETES IN THE SYSTEM OF SPORTS MEDICINE
Krainyukov I.P., Alimsultanov I.I.
Abstract
The article deals with the problem of using compression clothing by marathon athletes, the positive effect of this approach in equipment, the purpose of which is to prevent the development of occupational diseases, in particular varicose veins of the lower extremities. Varicose veins of the lower extremities are quite common among athletes, both professionals and Amateurs. This study analyzes foreign and domestic sources of scientific literature, presents the advantages of using compression equipment in relation to conventional clothing. Clothing with the stated effect is a necessary addition to the equipment of marathon athletes of different classes, as it has a useful effect at all stages of the training process and during the competition, as well as an effective method of preventing varicose veins of the lower extremities.
Russian Military Medical Academy Reports. 2020;39(S2):134-135
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REMOTE ISCHEMIC PRE-CONDITIONING AS A METHOD OF ADAPTATION TO PHYSICAL LOADS
Kudryashov V.S., Kim A.E.
Abstract
The first effect of ischemic preconditioning was discovered by Murry et al. in a 1986 experiment in dogs, it was shown that short-term sessions of ischemia-reperfusion (IR) reproduced by occlusion of the envelope branch of the heart significantly reduced the size of the heart attack caused by a subsequent 40-minute occlusion. Since the discovery of the phenomenon to the present, researchers have considered DIP, mainly as a way to protect organs and cells from ischemic damage in clinical practice. In the foreign literature, data have appeared on the use of the method of distant ischemic preconditioning as a non-drug method for increasing physical performance. This study launched the subsequent study of DIP as a method of increasing physical performance. A number of experiments showed a positive effect of DIP on physical performance indicators, while others, on the contrary, indicated the absence of a preconditioning effect. The dynamics of physical performance indicators was assessed using an anaerobic exercise test on a bicycle ergometer (30 s Wingate-test) 24 hours after the last pre-conditioning session and an aerobic exercise test on a bicycle ergometer (VO2 max) 48 hours and 7 days after the last pre-conditioning session. Anaerobic performance after a one-week cycle of exposure changed as follows: maximum developed power (Wpeak) increased by 11%, average power (Wawerage) - 4.3%, the level of perceived fatigue decreased by 12.1%. Aerobic performance also improved: the maximum oxygen consumption 48 hours after the last preconditioning session was 9.5% higher and by the seventh day after preconditioning it increased to 12.8% compared with the level before the application of distant preconditioning. Maximum aerobic power (Wmax) also increased by 18.5%, but decreased to 16.1% by the seventh day after exposure. As a result of the experiment, it was found that the use of the DIP protocol for five episodes of two minutes each with a two-minute subsequent reperfusion reduced the average duration of swimming in the experimental group from the background 257.8.3 ± 90.6 s. up to 156 ± 53.8 s on the fifth day and up to 170 ± 22, s. on the ninth day. The differences identified on the ninth day are statistically significant (p = 0.03). In the control group, there was no statistically significant fluctuation in the average swimming time: the background value was 258.0 ± 93 s., 285.5 ± 112.1 s on the fifth day and 247.8 ± 89.4 s. on the ninth day. According to the results of the experiments, it can be concluded that the use of DIP in the protocol with a five-fold use of ischemia adversely affects the physical performance of laboratory animals. We plan to further study the influence of DIP on performance indicators with the search for the optimal protocol for its use, in particular with a decrease in the frequency of use of ischemia and an increase in reperfusion time.
Russian Military Medical Academy Reports. 2020;39(S2):136-139
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PHYSICAL CULTURE AND HEALTH TECHNOLOGIES IN STRENGTHENING THE HEALTH STATUS OF STUDENTS
Kuznetsova A.S.
Abstract
The modern educational process, with its technology, volume of information, structure, specifics and conditions of classes, makes demands on young people that often do not correspond to their individual age, mental and physical capabilities. This imbalance in the learning process leads to a decrease in the compensatory and adaptive capabilities of the body.
Russian Military Medical Academy Reports. 2020;39(S2):140-141
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PROFESSIONAL POLYNEUROPATHY OF THE UPPER EXTREMITIES FROM PHYSICAL OVERLOAD
Kuprina N.I., Sevrukov V.V.
Abstract
The relevance of the study is caused by the need to determine diagnostic criteria for the diagnosis of polyneuropathies of the upper extremities of professional etiology. The study was conducted on a sample of 71 patients who underwent in-patient examination and treatment at the occupational pathology clinic of the Federal State Budgetary Institution “Scientific and Research Center for Hygiene and Public Health” from 2015 to 2019. When comparing between the control group and the group of patients with occupational polyneuropathy of the upper limbs, a statistically significant difference (p <0.05) was found between the velocity indices of the main arteries of the ulnar artery on the right hand. Conclusion: Ultrasound diagnosis of peripheral angioedema of the upper extremities of professional etiology can be based on an increase in blood flow during ultrasound. At the same time, an isolated increase in the blood flow velocity along the ulnar artery indicates the presence of professional polyneuropathy of the upper extremities on the side of the "working" hand. Objectification of the diagnosis of peripheral angioedema of the upper extremities of professional etiology using ultrasound diagnostics can be an important factor in conducting a professional examination of disability and determining the relationship of conditions labor with the occurrence of occupational disease.
Russian Military Medical Academy Reports. 2020;39(S2):142-143
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TOP LEVEL SWIMMER’S TRAINING MANAGEMENT
Lebanin V.S., Ryabchuk V.V., Taranenko D.V.
Abstract
Preparing athletes for competitions is a very versatile process that includes many different aspects. From physical and psychological preparation to biomedical support and rehabilitation procedures - all this will help athletes achieve the necessary results. The key to success in any sport is competently built management. Due to it, athletes are provided with the necessary material and technical parts, competent financing and organization of the training process at various stages of preparation are built. The article discusses the formation of a management system in swimming, the impact of management on the results of athletes in competitions at various levels, as well as a comparison of various indicators in the domestic system from other countries. The main start in the life of every athlete is the Olympic Games. It is from the results of the games that one can judge the level of sport in the country as a whole. Sport, in turn, is in addition to being the most important factor in assessing social and economic well-being in the state, but also national prestige and pride. Therefore, government bodies and political parties are doing everything to ensure that sport in the country flourishes. Proceeding from this, management is the most important direction of development for improving the results of the team’s performances. Based on a study and a detailed analysis of existing management systems in various countries, we will be able to identify and recommend new aspects that have a positive effect. Thus, improving the management system, we will try to improve the results of athletes at all possible levels. As a result of the analysis of the effectiveness of the applied management methods in the training system for high-class swimmers in our country, we will be able to obtain the necessary information for the progress of all domestic swimming. However, it is necessary to consider this issue at all levels of the organization, from the national team to the university team. In the harsh modern realities, it is this aspect of training athletes that "stands at the forefront» Numerous endless scandals surrounding domestic sports can be associated precisely with miscalculations of the management of national teams.
Russian Military Medical Academy Reports. 2020;39(S2):144-145
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SYSTEM STRESSES AND METHODS FOR FORMING STRESS RESISTANCE OF MILITARY SERVERS
Lemesheva V.I., Soldatov E.A.
Abstract
In the modern Armed Forces of the Russian Federation, military personnel are required to have high rates of physical and mental preparation, since in the performance of their duties, military personnel are faced with situations of risk to life. In such situations, each soldier is required to have a high level of stress tolerance in order to remain in combat readiness and the ability to continue to perform their duties. In this article, the authors analyze the nature of stress and the experience of the formation of stress resistance in the military personnel of the Russian Federation, and also consider the role of physical training in the formation of stress resistance in the military personnel. Stress resistance is a combination of personal qualities of a person aimed at combating extreme conditions. A fundamental place in training a serviceman is the formation of high stress resistance in all aspects. The need to constantly maintain and improve the physical preparation and analysis of the psychological state of the military.
Russian Military Medical Academy Reports. 2020;39(S2):146-147
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CONTENTS OF TECHNOLOGY OF SPEED-POWER TRAINING OF BASKETBALLERS TAKING INTO ACCOUNT SOMATOTYPES
Lesheva N.S., Bogdanovsky A.N., Gorovenko E.S., Korgenevskii G.E.
Abstract
The article shows that the goal of speed-strength training of young basketball players, taking into account their somatotypes, is to create conditions for the optimal development of speed-power qualities, the formation of the functional capabilities of all body systems, the growth of tactical and technical skill of athletes. For this, it is necessary to use traditional approaches to training young basketball players on the basis of an individual-personal approach. The goals and objectives of speed-strength training of young basketball players should be closely linked to a specific set of training tools and methods, which are selected taking into account their somatotypes.
Russian Military Medical Academy Reports. 2020;39(S2):148-149
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SUBSTANTIATION OF FACTORS DETERMINING THE NEED TO USE FITNESS TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PROCESS OF GENERAL PHYSICAL PREPARATION OF BASKETBALLERS
Lesheva N.S., Gorovenko E.S., Korgenevskii G.E.
Abstract
The article presents the factors that determine the need for the use of fitness technologies in the process of general physical training of basketball players: insufficient level of physical readiness of basketball players for competitions; high efficiency of fitness technologies to ensure physical fitness of basketball players for competitions; the objective need to expand the means and methods of the general physical preparation of basketball players; the need for a "point" effect on individual muscle groups of basketball players. Significant factors are the target orientation of the general physical preparation of basketball players, as well as the need to maintain interest in occupations during the general physical preparation of basketball players.
Russian Military Medical Academy Reports. 2020;39(S2):150-152
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LEGISLATION OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION HEALTH AND MEDICAL SUPPORT FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING AND SPORTS OF MILITARY SERVICE THE ARMED FORCES OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION
Marin A.A., Storozhenko I.I.
Abstract
In recent years, severe injuries and even fatal cases have occurred, both among professional athletes and military personnel of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation. The realities today are such that most often doctors, physical education and physical training specialists grab their heads only after an injury or tragedy has already occurred. One of the main reasons for getting injured, including with fatal cases, there are deficiencies in the organization and methodology of conducting training sessions in physical training and sports. Injuries occur not only through the fault of physical training and sports specialists, but also by medical personnel, therefore medical support of physical training and sports is an obligatory part of the work of any medical and preventive organization and every medical worker.
Russian Military Medical Academy Reports. 2020;39(S2):153-156
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PHYSICAL TRAINING OF FEMALE MILITARY PERSONNEL USING A MULTIFUNCTIONAL TRAINING COMPLEX
Mironov V.V., Gorobets V.I., Devyatov V.N., Shulev A.A.
Abstract
In the current NFP - 2009, for the first time “General control exercise on a single obstacle course for female soldiers” (exercise No. 32a) and “Running with overcoming an obstacle course as part of a unit for female military personnel” (exercise No. 39a). Given the physiological characteristics of the female body, these purely "male" complexes of physical exercises require compliance with some methodological features of training.
Russian Military Medical Academy Reports. 2020;39(S2):157-160
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TRAINING OF MILITARY PERSONNEL IN PHYSICAL TRAINING IN THE FIELD
Mironov V.V., Gorobets V.I., Devyatov V.N., Shulev A.A.
Abstract
The article shows that in a modern, complex geopolitical situation, when the need to maintain constant combat readiness and improve field, sea and air training of military personnel is highlighted, conducting physical training classes at permanent deployment centers becomes problematic and is transferred to field conditions-landfills, tankodrom, airfields, shooting ranges, field camps. The equipment of training places with elements of a portable training material base and collapsible simulators for various purposes, which allow simulating a physical training system in the field, turns into a problem of national importance.
Russian Military Medical Academy Reports. 2020;39(S2):161-162
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DETERMINING THE POTENTIAL OF SPORTS-GIFTED CHILDREN
Mitrafanova S.M., Ryabchuk V.V., Silchuk S.M.
Abstract
The article discusses the ability to determine potential sports-gifted children to choose the right specialization for the purpose of sports. Objectivity and necessity are determined sports testing for children modern methods of detecting predisposition to sports.
Russian Military Medical Academy Reports. 2020;39(S2):163-166
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IDENTIFICATION OF SPORTS-GIFTED CHILDREN WITHIN GENERAL EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS
Mitrafanova S.M., Ryabchuk V.V., Silchuk C.M.
Abstract
The article discusses the essence of pedagogical interaction with sports gifted in the framework of educational institutions. The concepts of giftedness, gifted child, sports giftedness, as well as the characteristic features of this category of children are revealed.
Russian Military Medical Academy Reports. 2020;39(S2):167-168
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THE BENEFIT OF PHYSICAL CULTURE AS PREVENTION OF DISEASES, PRESERVATION, STRENGTHENING AND CORRECTION OF HEALTH OF STUDENTS
Namazov A.K., Boyakova E.N., Evseev V.V., Namazov K.A., Bobkov I.G.
Abstract
This article discusses the role of physical education in disease prevention, preservation, strengthening and correction of students' health. Physical culture is primarily a sphere of social activity, which is aimed at strengthening and maintaining human health, as well as bringing a psychological state into harmony and developing certain personal qualities in a person - determination, perseverance, activity, perseverance, will. The aim of the present work is to study the role of physical culture in disease prevention, preservation, strengthening and correction of students' health. The subject of this work is to convey to students the importance of physical activity for health. The object of work is physical education as the prevention of diseases, preservation, strengthening and correction of students' health. People who pay little attention to physical activity are sick much more often. Low physical activity can lead to the development of diseases such as angina pectoris, arterial hypertension, diabetes mellitus, myocardial infarction, osteoporosis, atherosclerosis, stroke, and obesity.
Russian Military Medical Academy Reports. 2020;39(S2):169-170
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COMPETITIVE STRESS AND INDIVIDUAL PSYCHOLOGICAL FEATURES OF SPORTSMEN
Namazov A.K., Olennikova M.V., Tabolina A.V., Namazov K.A., Storogenko I.I.
Abstract
The problem of stress is currently one of the most relevant in sports psychology. Therefore, the "value" of the athlete is largely determined by his tolerance to stress. The purpose of the work is to identify specific ways of overcoming stress by athletes in competitive sports activities. The individual psychological characteristics of athletes depend on the specific content of a particular sport, on the specifics of competitive activities that exist in any sport. In order to overcome stress in sports practice, psychological support is used for the athlete, i.e., the activity of a psychologist aimed at improving or updating mental properties, processes and conditions to increase the effectiveness of the training process, prepare for competitions and performances in them. The psychological support of athletes to overcome stress consists of measures of psychodiagnostics, psychoprophylaxis and psychoregulation. Thus, the use of various means, methods and techniques of psychological preparation, based on the individual psychosomatic and personality characteristics of athletes, the specifics of their competitive activity and the prevailing stress factors of internal and external nature, contributes to the formation of the necessary personality traits responsible for successfully overcoming stress in sports competitive activity.
Russian Military Medical Academy Reports. 2020;39(S2):171-173
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SURVEY OF RELATIONSHIP OF STUDENTS’ SELF-ATTITUDE WITH READINESS FOR RISK
Namazov A.K., Yusupov A.K., Shamraj L.V., Namazov K.A., Karapetian R.K.
Abstract
The problem of student self-attitude has always been and remains relevant, in view of its importance as a key indicator for organizing professional activities and insufficient development. The aim of the study was the relationship between the components of students' self-attitude and readiness for risk. As a methodology was chosen the methodology of self-attitude by S.R. Panteleev. The object of the study was 100 2-4 years students at the Peter the Great St. Petersburg Polytechnic University divided into two groups of 50 people. The first group included students who play sports under the general education program, and the second group included student-sportsmen. In the course of our study, the following main results were obtained: self-relation is considered as a representation of the individual about the meaning of his own “I” and is largely determined by the experience of self-worth, expressed in a fairly wide range of feelings: from self-esteem to self-humiliation; the structure of self-attitude of student-sportsmen is characterized by greater integrity and structural coherence.
Russian Military Medical Academy Reports. 2020;39(S2):174-176
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DIAGNOSTICS AND REGULATION OF MENTAL STATUS OF ATHLETES DURING AND BEFORE COMPETITIONS
Namazov A.K., Lipovka A.Y., Burova A.Y., Namazov K.A., Storogenko I.I.
Abstract
The relevance of this work is due to the fact that the psychological preparation of athletes is often not worth carrying out with their physical form but is a professional sport of even more important criteria. Therefore, the aim of this work is a comprehensive, in-depth study in the field of diagnosis and regulation of the mental state of athletes during competitions, before and after. As an object of study, competitions are held in the psychological component of the preparation of athletes for professional competitions. The research is based on relationships, as well as psychological training between athletes and specialists. In the course of the research conducted in this work, it was revealed that the diagnosis and regulation of the athlete’s psychological state before the competition, during which it is a fundamental component in the achievement of high performance by athletes in professional sports.
Russian Military Medical Academy Reports. 2020;39(S2):177-179
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CHARACTERISTICS OF THE FUNCTIONAL STATE OF BIATHLETES IN THE PREPARATORY PERIOD OF THE ONE-YEAR CYCLE
Pavlova A.N., Ryabchuk V.V., Gadylgareev V.G.
Abstract
The article presents a characteristic of the functional state of biathletes during the preparatory period using the method of assessment of variability of heart rhythms (HRV). The purpose of the study - to determine the dynamics of the functional status of biathletes during the preparatory period of the one-year preparation cycle by estimating the variability of heart rhythms. The objectives of the study were research of the HRV biathletes before physical activity, study of trends in indicators during the preparatory period. The research was attended by youths (10 persons) - members of the National State University named after P.F. Lesgaft biathlon team. The measurements were carried out using the software-hardware complex "Dynamics, Omega-pro". The analysis of the obtained data was carried out in accordance with the method of R.M. Bayevsky. It was found out that the group of biathletes has a slight decrease in the functional state according to the HRV indicators, and adjustment of training programs is required.
Russian Military Medical Academy Reports. 2020;39(S2):180-181
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SIGNIFICANCE OF INCLUSION OF NUTRITIVE SUPPORT AND VITAMINS IN THE DIET OF FOOD OF HIGHLY QUALIFIED ATHLETES
Panchenko M.N., Andriyanenko A.O., Maydan V.A.
Abstract
This study is devoted to the hygienic assessment of promising methods for restoring athletes' performance in the sports system of the highest achievements based on the inclusion of vitamins in their diet and the use of dry and liquid nutrient mixtures. Systematization of data from domestic and foreign literature on the possibility of using formulations used in enteral nutrition in the system of nutritional support in medical institutions has been carried out. The need to ensure adequate nutrition in conditions of intense physical exertion, the stress of energy, protein, vitamin and mineral metabolism based on modern nutrition schemes, including balanced dry and liquid nutritional mixtures, has been confirmed.
Russian Military Medical Academy Reports. 2020;39(S2):182-183
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STUDY OF THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN MOTIVATION OF STUDENTS OF ST. PETERSBURG STATE UNIVERSITY. PROF. M. A. BONCH-BRUEVICH TO PHYSICAL CULTURE AND SPORTS WITH AWARENESS IN THIS AREA
Polishchuk N.V., Sevrukov V.V.
Abstract
The formation of a socially active personality in harmony with physical development is an important condition for preparing a university graduate for professional activities in a society that develops according to the laws of a market economy. The purpose of the study: to identify the relationship between the awareness of students about sports and leisure activities with motivation for physical education and sports. The changes taking place in society and the state have clearly revealed the contradiction between the need for specialists with a high level of mobility, good physical development and a real reduction in the role of physical education and sports in the country's universities. The analysis of research materials showed that for the effective formation of motives for physical education classes, it is necessary to identify their features, as well as the system of relations of the individual to physical education. Since there are currently no direct criteria for assessing students' motivation in the field of physical education and sports, it is proposed to use a repertory grid for this purpose. The hypothesis expressed in the article was not confirmed: with an approximately equal degree of awareness of first and second year students, the degree of their motivation is noticeably different, therefore, awareness is not directly related to motivation in the field of study. One can see a preponderance towards external motivation among students of both the first and second courses. Taking into account the fact that “physical culture and sports activity, which includes students, is one of the effective mechanisms for merging social and personal interests, the formation of socially necessary individual needs” It is advisable to transform external motivation into internal, which is one of the goals of physical student education
Russian Military Medical Academy Reports. 2020;39(S2):184-186
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ESTIMATION OF EFFICIENCY OF PHYSICAL TRAINING MODEL FOR CADETS OF HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS OF THE FEDERAL PENITENTIARY SERVICE OF RUSSIA
Pomogaeva N.S., Avramenko V.I., Kushnirchuk I.I.
Abstract
It has been established that one of the main tasks in reforming vocational education is to improve the quality of training of cadets of higher educational institutions of the Federal Penitentiary Service of Russia. To solve this problem, an appropriate model of physical training of cadets was developed, which in its essence reveals the content of curricula and requirements. The practical implementation of the developed model of physical fitness made it possible to analyze the changes in some indicators of physical fitness among cadets of the experimental and control groups according to the results of training. The main attention in the analysis of the obtained data was focused on comparing the performance indicators of the developed model of physical preparation and the current curriculum for cadets of higher educational institutions of the Federal Penitentiary Service of Russia.
Russian Military Medical Academy Reports. 2020;39(S2):187-188
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STRUCTURE OF REQUIREMENTS FOR PHYSICAL PREPAREDNESS OF CADETS OF UNIVERSITIES OF THE FEDERAL PENITENTIARY SERVICE OF RUSSIA
Pomogaeva N.S., Avramenko V.I., Dergachev V.B.
Abstract
It has been established that at the moment, all the processes that take place in various spheres of life in our society present ever new, higher requirements for graduates of higher educational institutions of the Federal Penitentiary Service of Russia. At the same time, there is a lack of physical fitness among cadets of higher educational institutions of the Federal Penitentiary Service of Russia for the characteristics of professional activity. The studies showed that the physical training of cadets is completely divorced from the specifics of the possible future professional activity of graduates of higher educational institutions of the Federal Penitentiary Service of Russia.
Russian Military Medical Academy Reports. 2020;39(S2):189-191
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RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN LOAD INTENSITY AND NUTRITION REGIME WITH FIRST-YEAR STUDENTS
Ponomarev O.I., Sivashenko P.P.
Abstract
The process of education in higher education institutions, especially in technical Universities, is characterized by a variety of forms and methods of training, high intensity of training loads, and the introduction of new technical tools. Informational and emotional stresses that accompany training make certain requirements for the health of students. Changing the sleep and nutrition regime, the inability to independently distribute their time, causes students psychoemotional discomfort. As a result, incorrect models of food, somatic and mental behavior may be formed, which in the future is the basis for the emergence and progression of various pathological conditions (Lakshin F. M., Kozhevnikova N. G., 2008). The problem of unbalanced, inadequate nutrition is very relevant in the modern world, but it has not been studied enough.
Russian Military Medical Academy Reports. 2020;39(S2):192-194
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RELATIONSHIP OF PHYSICAL TRAINING EXERCISES WITH THE TACTICAL TRAINING STANDARDS FOR MOTOR SHOTS
Popov A.V., Dmitriev G.G., Storozhenko I.I.
Abstract
Military personnel of motorized rifle units carry out combat missions in difficult conditions, under the influence of large, and sometimes extreme loads (emotional, physical and psychological) [1]. The complexity of the tasks solved by the military under the conditions of fundamental changes in the tactics of actions of units and subunits, the increase in physical, moral and psychological stress places high demands on the professionally important qualities of military personnel [2]. Much attention is currently being paid to improving the combat readiness of units and subunits. In general, the combat readiness of the RF Armed Forces depends on the qualitative and quantitative composition of all types of aircraft. In turn, from the combat readiness of individual units of the squad, platoon, company, etc. the combat readiness of units, formations and, in the end, in general, the RF Armed Forces [3].
Russian Military Medical Academy Reports. 2020;39(S2):195-197
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SUBSTANTIATION OF THE CONTENTS OF PHYSICAL PREPARATION OF MILITARY SERVANTS IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE TACTICS OF ACTION OF MOTOR SHOTS AT THE PRESENT STAGE
Popov A.V., Dmitriev G.G., Storozhenko I.I.
Abstract
Based on the analysis of the characteristics of the professional activities of servicemen of motorized rifle units, the results of a study of the level of physical fitness of motorized riflemen, as well as on the basis of the requirements for tactics of their actions as part of contingent combat groups, the content of physical training is substantiated in preparation for the implementation of combat training and combat missions.
Russian Military Medical Academy Reports. 2020;39(S2):198-201
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FORMATION OF PROFESSIONAL HEALTH OF STUDENTS IN THE PROCESS OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION AT THE UNIVERSITY
Romanenko N.V., Zyukin A.V., Dergachev V.B.
Abstract
One of the leading directions in modern state policy is to preserve and strengthen the health of the younger generation. This is evidenced by the annual addresses to the Federal Assembly of the President of the Russian Federation V. V. Putin, as well as a number of documents regulating this area of state policy in Russia. Health is an important indicator and sensitive indicator of the well-being of society. It is the health of people that should serve as the main "business card" of socio-economic maturity, culture and prosperity of the state. Taking care of students ' health is a priority task of higher education, which should act as a guar
Russian Military Medical Academy Reports. 2020;39(S2):202-204
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SPORTS FOR HEALTH
Sapsaeva T.V., Kushnirchuk I.I.
Abstract
The article discusses the state of physical health of modern society, the negative dynamics of these changes is noted. The reasons for the decline in the quality of life are indicated, and possible ways to improve health through physical culture and sports are suggested. The concept of sport includes: health promotion; mastery of the basics of physical culture and a healthy lifestyle; achievement of an optimal level of physical qualities. In addition to influencing the physical side of human development, sport contributes to the development of a person’s psychological readiness for professional activities (dedication, inner stamina and confidence in achieving the goal). According to statistics, annually over 300 people are recognized as disabled due to osteoporosis. Of these, 76% are people of working age. In order to prevent this disease, it is necessary to fight a sedentary lifestyle [2]. Osteoporosis is not the only disease that can occur due to low physical activity. Along with it, there is also a risk of cardiovascular pathology, obesity, insomnia and sleep disturbances, neurosis-like disorders, cerebrovascular accidents, etc. In addition to personal preferences in organizing your motor activity, there are also state motives for increasing the physical performance of the country's population, all its layers. The proof of this is the many promising laws of the field of physical education and sports, adopted in the Russian Federation recently. A fully justified desire, which, if successfully implemented, will bear fruit. Something like this: the continuation of life, the productivity efficiency of the able-bodied population, the birth rate increase, etc. Definitely, this is a good and timely trend in our country - it is gaining momentum.
Russian Military Medical Academy Reports. 2020;39(S2):205-207
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STRUCTURE OF INDICATORS INFLUENCING THE EFFICIENCY OF FORMATION OF SKILLS OF COMBAT FIGURES AT THE EMPLOYEES OF THE CRIMINAL CORRECTION SYSTEM
Selkin F.E., Bolotin A.E., Storogenko I.I.
Abstract
The article presents the results of research by the authors on the justification of indicators affecting the effectiveness of the formation of skills in the implementation of combat fighting techniques, among the employees of the penal correction system. The results of the ranking of indicators indicate that the main one is: the level of development of the skills of performing combat fighting techniques, among the staff of the penal correction system who arrived to study; the level of preparedness of the teaching staff of educational institutions of the Federal Penitentiary Service of Russia; the systematic use of physical exercises aimed at developing the skills of combat fighting techniques. This also includes the state of the educational and material base of educational institutions of the Federal Penitentiary Service of Russia for conducting classes, as well as knowledge of the features of the use of combat techniques of combat by the penal correction system officers in the course of official activity. The revealed indicators make it possible to determine the orientation of the functioning of the pedagogical system in the process of the formation of the skills of the fighting personnel in the UIS staff.
Russian Military Medical Academy Reports. 2020;39(S2):208-209
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CHANGING THE HEALTH OF OFFICERS AND WAYS TO IMPROVE IT
Sivashchenko P.P., Petryakin D.N., Silchuk A.M., Mamaeva S.A.
Abstract
In the past few decades, in our country in all spheres of life there have been great changes. The Armed Forces also affected these changes, in which reform began in 2008 on optimizing the size of the RF Armed Forces, developing the social sphere, training personnel, equipping troops with new military equipment, and increasing the intensity of combat training. The psychoemotional burden on officers has especially increased. The picture of the primary incidence of officers in the period before the reform from 2003 to 2008 and during the reform period from 2008 to 2019. for 19 classes it looks quite stable. With an increase in the indicator during the period of reduction of the officer corps after 2008 and an increase in the intensity of military service, the primary incidence of officers increased by 20-30%, and then stabilized at 440-560 ‰. Thus, a systemic shift in the system of medical support for officers, coupled with the intensification of everyday activities, reduced the health status of officers. The triad: obesity, diabetes mellitus, atherosclerosis and the associated hypertension and dorsopathy are clearly visible. In this situation, it seems logical to return to the state of affairs when the medical and preventive measures taken by the military medical service allowed the officers to remain healthy for a long time. Based on the current situation, when officers who have received chronic illnesses are forbidden to do regular physical training, just like medical specialists in the troops are forbidden to carry out physical therapy according to new standards, this category of officers can independently engage in hygienic gymnastics, health training, perform exercises from the yoga system to promote health. Officers with limited health can perform this physical activity in the sports halls of military units under the guidance of the chiefs of physical training of the units and under the control of their health by military doctors: monitoring health status is not only forbidden for military medical specialists, but it is their direct responsibility.
Russian Military Medical Academy Reports. 2020;39(S2):210-214
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SCIENTIFIC AND METHODOLOGICAL BASES OF IMPROVING HEALTH-IMPROVING PHYSICAL CULTURE OF MILITARY PERSONNEL
Silchuk A.M., Silchuk S.M., Bolotin A.E.
Abstract
The article presents the scientific and methodological basis for improving the health-improving physical culture of military personnel. The authors note that the modern military professional activity of the personnel of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation requires new approaches to the organization and conduct of such an important element as physical training, namely, the creation of flexible training systems for different categories of military personnel that ensure their professional longevity. Special attention should be paid to improving physical culture (AFC). This is due to changes in the objective conditions of military service, a low level of health of conscripts, an increase in the number of officers and other categories of military personnel included in the group of dispensary-dynamic monitoring.
Russian Military Medical Academy Reports. 2020;39(S2):215-220
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PROBLEMS OF EDUCATION OF STUDENTS
Sklyarova I.V., Sevrukov V.V.
Abstract
Немаловажное значение в современных социально-экономических условиях является необходимость профессиональной физической подготовки специалистов в высших учебных заведениях. Это ставит важную задачу - целенаправленно формировать у молодого поколения здоровые интересы, настойчиво бороться с вредными привычками и наклонностями, последовательно прививать потребность физического совершенствования, воспитывать высокие волевые качества, мужество и выносливость. Специалисты отмечают, что в современных условиях действующая система физического воспитания студенческой молодежи не справляется с существующими проблемами ухудшения уровня физического здоровья студентов и низкой эффективностью образовательного процесса в сфере здоровьесбережения. Статья посвящена поиску путей решения данных проблем за счет использования в образовательном процессе по физическому воспитанию студентов индивидуальных программ обучения и целенаправленному формированию и развитию у молодых людей здоровьесберегающих компетенций. Развитие физической культуры и спорта в студенческой среде - актуальная общественная потребность. Развитие студенческого спорта - это в первую очередь научная проблема, которая нуждается в глубокой методологической разработке, создании педагогической системы управления, развитием этой разновидности спорта, разработке соответствующих психологических и управленческих технологий. В этих условиях возрастает роль целенаправленной физической подготовки, которая в большинстве случаев бывает важным действенным, а иногда и решающим средством приспособления человека к новым условиям. Таким образом, физкультурная подготовка в высших учебных заведениях важна не только для спорта высших достижений, но и для студентов.
Russian Military Medical Academy Reports. 2020;39(S2):221-223
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MEDICAL-GEOGRAPHICAL FEATURES OF THE TERRITORIES OF THE FAR NORTH AND THEIR INFLUENCE ON THE PROCESSES OF ATHLETES
Staroded A.S., Maidan V.A., Kuznetsov S.M.
Abstract
A physiological and hygienic assessment of the adaptation process to the conditions of the Far North, an analysis of scientific data on the problem of acclimatization to cold exposure, an insufficient level of insolation in the winter, a deficiency of macro- and micronutrients in the diet of athletes were carried out. An analysis of the incidence. An assessment is given of promising methods of correction of the adaptation process. Proposals have been developed for optimizing nutrition and preventing the diseases of athletes. The following diseases are found: 1) Tick-borne encephalitis 2) Within the zones of tundra, taiga, with the exception of Kamchatka and Chukotka, natural foci of tularemia were recorded. 3) Brucellosis diseases are sporadically recorded. 4) Anthrax, tetanus, botulism are rare. Parasitic diseases are represented mainly by helminthic invasions. Nutrition in the North requires scientific justification and correction of physiological norms of food substances, taking into account the specifics of the Arctic, as well as the characteristics of the adaptation of the body of athletes. In this case, it is necessary to take into account the monitoring data of environmental factors and their impact on the functional capabilities of the human body.
Russian Military Medical Academy Reports. 2020;39(S2):224-225
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RESEARCH AND METHODOLOGICAL ACTIVITIES IN THE FIELD OF PHYSICAL CULTURE AND SPORTS
Starodubtsev M.P., Silchuk A.M., Silchuk S.M., Gadylgareev V.G.
Abstract
The purpose of science in physical culture and sports is the production of new knowledge, the identification of patterns of the directed use of factors affecting the human body with the goal of physical improvement, strengthening health, enhancing sports achievements, and promoting the harmonious development of personality; the formation of theoretical generalizations in the field of physical education, physical education and sports. The goal, the immediate tasks of scientific and theoretical research and methodological activity are to find common features in a number of individual phenomena, to reveal the laws by which such phenomena arise, function, develop, that is, to penetrate into their deep essence. At the present stage, studies related to the health, educational and educational effects of physical culture and sports are highly relevant. Including new, non-traditional physical-sports types for different categories of people involved in age, sex, level of education, lifestyle, training, work.
Russian Military Medical Academy Reports. 2020;39(S2):226-228
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METHODS OF FORMATION OF CONSCIOUSNESS IN THE NECESSITY OF SPORTS
Starodubtseva O.M., Sivashenko P.P.
Abstract
The method of forming consciousness is a special way of organized pedagogical activity aimed at solving a specific educational task of forming a certain personal quality. Human health is a socially significant phenomenon, by the level and condition of which they judge the welfare of society. Deterioration of health occurs against a background of low motor activity, inactivity among children and adults in Russia has reached 80%. The essence of the method of forming consciousness in the need to engage in FC and sports is that physical culture should contribute to maintaining and strengthening health, increasing adaptive capabilities. It can be said with certainty that the system of physical education classes that has developed in our country, in fact, of the same type, is largely outdated and weakly forms the need for physical improvement. Educational institutions should have the right to widespread use of various forms of organizing the physical education of pupils and students, taking into account their interests. From the same type, the traditional "assignment", "regulation" should be disposed of in the organization of physical education and health work with students. The need to create “for all people, such living conditions under which everyone will have the opportunity to freely develop their human nature”, which F. Engels wrote about, turned out to be relevant for our time.
Russian Military Medical Academy Reports. 2020;39(S2):229-231
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PEDAGOGICAL CONDITIONS OF FORMATION OF MOTIVATIONAL-VALUE ATTITUDE TO HEALTH AMONG UNIVERSITY STUDENTS IN PHYSICAL EDUCATION
Strizhkov A.P., Dergachev V.B.
Abstract
The problem of researching the topic is due to the fact that the problem of maintaining the health of the younger generation and youth is of national and state importance, since the prospects of the country's development, its labor potential, the welfare of its citizens and their socio-psychological security depend on the level of health of graduates. Motivational-value attitude to health is defined as a system of personality motives, accumulating and directing its moral, spiritual, physical manifestations in different areas of life from the standpoint of health conservation; as a component of the personality structure, it is a structural-level, dynamic, integrative education, consisting of cognitive, emotional and behavioral components. The results of the study indicate that the formation of a motivational-value attitude to health among university students in the process of physical education is carried out effectively when the identified pedagogical conditions are realized.
Russian Military Medical Academy Reports. 2020;39(S2):232-234
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CONTENTS OF METHODS FOR CARRYING OUT HANDMARK WITH PERSONALITY OF SPECIAL DIVISIONS OF FSIN FOR EFFECTIVE ACTIONS IN CONDITIONS OF LIMITED SPACE
Tarasenko A.A., Yanchenkov Y.A., Fedorin S.V.
Abstract
In their daily activities, employees of special units of the Federal Penitentiary Service of Russia are forced to make physical contact with persons representing extreme public danger, suspected of committing serious and especially serious crimes. Not infrequently, the guilt of such persons is proven and, knowing this, they are ready, to prevent their detention, to commit new, even more serious crimes using both cold steel and firearms. During the study, the main components of the preparedness of the personnel of special units for hand-to-hand combat and the factors determining the high efficiency of the preparation of special units of the FSIN for combat operations in confined spaces were identified. The paper presents the results of a study on the application of methods of conducting hand-to-hand combat training with the personnel of special units of the Federal Penitentiary Service to effective actions in conditions of limited space. The high efficiency of the developed technique has been experimentally proven. The developed methodology for conducting hand-to-hand combat training with the personnel of the special units of the Federal Penitentiary Service contributed to a more effective preparation of employees for combat operations in confined spaces.
Russian Military Medical Academy Reports. 2020;39(S2):235-237
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PHASE METHOD IN IMPROVING THE ENERGY SYSTEM OF ATHLETES IN THE PROCESS OF IMPROVING PHYSICAL TRAINING
Khazova D.A., Strizhkov A.P., Rusakov A.P.
Abstract
The Phase method of influence is used in improving functional performance, restoring power systems, systems, functions of athletes, sportswomen in cyclic, acyclic and mixed sports activities. The article reveals the phase method in increasing the power system, which affects the prediction, recovery and functional performance of athletes performing training and competitive loads.
Russian Military Medical Academy Reports. 2020;39(S2):238-240
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KINESIOTAPING IN PREVENTION OF SPORTS INJURIES AND REHABILITATION OF ATHLETES
Khoziainova S.S., Abuseva G.R., Podberezkina L.A.
Abstract
The method of kinesio taping is widely used in sports. Multi-colored ribbons stand out clearly on the bodies of athletes. Kinesiological tapes - is this a real help or a tribute to fashion? Objective. Analysis of evidence-based studies containing sound data on the use of kinesiotaping. Materials and methods. The article is based on a scientometric analysis of more than 200 studies conducted from 2000 to 2019, which were devoted to the use of kinesiology tapes. Results. Recently, there has been a noticeable increase in the number of studies devoted to kinesiotherapy. The method is widely used in neurological and traumatological practice. Conclusion. The use of kinesiology tape reduces pain, makes the work of muscles and joints the most optimal, increases muscle endurance, mobility in the joints, there is a marked decrease in edema and a decrease in hematoma. The results of the scientific research of the method allow to introduce it more widely into sports practice.
Russian Military Medical Academy Reports. 2020;39(S2):241-242
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SUBSTANTIATION OF THE PROGRAM OF PREPARATION OF MILITARY SERVANTS FOR HANDMARKING WEAPONS
Chikhachev A.Y., Soldatov E.A.
Abstract
The article studies the influence of various situations on the quality of performing various techniques, justifies new means (combat training complexes and complexes of hand-to-hand combat with weapons) hand-to-hand combat and the method of their application, which contribute to increasing the level of preparedness of military personnel for hand-to-hand combat.
Russian Military Medical Academy Reports. 2020;39(S2):243-246
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PREPARATION OF MILITARY FOR HANDBAT AT A MODERN STAGE
Chikhachev A.Y., Soldatov E.A.
Abstract
Based on the results of a survey of servicemen of various units and subunits, the article examines the characteristics of close combat in modern combat, examines the conditions of the battle and the factors that contribute to achieving an advantage over the enemy. Based on the results of the survey, directions for improving the process of preparing military personnel for hand-to-hand combat were determined.
Russian Military Medical Academy Reports. 2020;39(S2):247-250
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PREPARATION OF SPECIALISTS IN THE FIELD OF PHYSICAL CULTURE AND SPORTS IN UNIVERSITIES OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION AND THE REPUBLIC OF POLAND ON THE EXAMPLE OF RSPU NAMED AFTER A. I. HERZEN AND THE JÓZEF PILSUDSKI WARSAW ACADEMY OF PHYSICAL CULTURE AND SPORT (BRANCH IN BIALA PODLASKA)
Shumakova I.D., Ryabchuk V.V., Silchuk S.M.
Abstract
The article we consider how the training system has changed specialists in the field of physical culture and sports in connection with the Bologna process. A comparative analysis of the systems of professional training of specialists in this field in the Russian Federation and the Republic of Poland is carried out in order to identify the possibility of creating a double degree program for students of specialized areas.
Russian Military Medical Academy Reports. 2020;39(S2):251-253
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ON THE IMPORTANCE OF USING INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE EDUCATIONAL PROCESS OF PHYSICAL CULTURE
Yavdoshenko E.O., Kushnirchuk I.I.
Abstract
Modern society is characterized by the globalization of processes and phenomena. The sphere of physical education and sports is no exception. This fact is a factor increasing the amount of information that must be processed daily by the leaders of sports organizations, coaches, and teachers. Quantity needs to be turned into quality. This is facilitated by the use of computer technology. This article is about the importance of the use of information technology in the educational process and sports practice. This fact is a factor increasing the amount of information that must be processed daily by the leaders of sports organizations, coaches, and teachers. Quantity needs to be turned into quality. This is facilitated by the use of computer technology. Information technology - a combination of hardware and software, in turn, will be a factor in optimal development due to: 1. More effective implementation of managerial functions - primarily planning and control; 2. Streamlining the activities of employees; 3. Standardization of paperwork; 4. Improving the management of the training process of athletes. The organization based on the use of modern information technologies is one of the promising directions in improving the higher education system. The creation and dissemination of information flows enriching specialists striving to become true professionals is the basis for the implementation of the new management strategy - management through increasing the intelligence of the trainer, teacher, and managers of all levels.
Russian Military Medical Academy Reports. 2020;39(S2):254-256
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THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN STUDENT SELF-EXPOSURE AND RISK PREPAREDNESS
Namazov A.K., Namazov K.A., Lipovka A.Y., Lipovka V.P., Sevrukov V.V.
Abstract
The study of the relationship between students ' self-attitude and their willingness to take risks is an actual topic and goal of this work. It allows you to compare the data obtained between groups of students who are engaged in sports in the General education program and student-athletes. The object of research is students of 2-4 courses studying under the bachelor's program. The subject of the study was the relationship between the components of students ' self-attitude and risk-taking. For the study, we used the diagnostic method of the questionnaire of the level of subjective control (E. F. Bazhin, E. A. Golynkina, A. M. Etkind) and the Freiburg personal questionnaire (FPI-B). In General, based on the results of our research, we were able to study the features of students ' self-attitude and readiness for risk, depending on the degree of professionalism in sports, to identify the formation of the desire for risk, to identify the degree of readiness for risk. In the course of the research, we can draw the following conclusions: risk is the most important characteristic of a person's professional life and determines the characteristics of behavior, interaction with the social environment; self-attitude is considered as a representation of the person's sense Of self and is largely determined by the experience of self-worth, expressed in a fairly wide range of feelings: from self-respect to self-deprecation.
Russian Military Medical Academy Reports. 2020;39(S2):257-258
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FEATURES OF THE INFLUENCE OF PHYSICAL OVERLOADS ON THE STATE OF VESSELS OF UPPER EXTREMITIES
Kuprina N.I., Malkova N.Y., Kochetova O.A., Sivashenko P.P.
Abstract
The relevance of the study is due to the need to improve objective diagnostic criteria for the relationship of the professional impact of physical overload on the development of polyneuropathies of the upper extremities. The purpose of this study is to determine the characteristics of the effect of physical overload on the state of the vessels of the upper extremities using ultrasound diagnostics. The study was conducted on the basis of the Northwest Scientific Center of Hygiene and Public Health in the period from 2015 to 2019. All patients were aged 44 to 55 years, average age 52 ± 1.3 years, work experience 14.9 ± 2.9 years old. In 36 people (18 men and 18 women), professional polyneuropathy of the upper extremities was revealed due to the influence of physical overloads. For differential diagnosis with no pathology, a control group was composed of 29 people (4 men and 14 women) with a diagnosis of “practically healthy”. The proposed method is intended objective, confirmed by ultrasound methods for the diagnosis of peripheral angioedema of the upper extremities of professional etiology: angioedema syndrome in professional polyneuropathy of the upper extremities due to exposure to physical overload. Using ultrasound of the arteries of the upper extremities, the pulse velocity of blood flow was determined by the ulnar and radial arteries in the distal third of the forearm. As a result, a statistically significant increase in the velocity of blood flow through the ulnar artery was noted. There were no changes in radiation data. The developed method of ultrasound diagnosis of vessels of the upper extremities allows us to find pathognomonic signs for peripheral angioedema of the upper extremities of professional etiology, which can be used in the examination of the connection of existing diseases with a profession related to physical and professional polyneuropathy of the upper extremities, vibration disease associated with the impact of local vibration in the centers professional pathology.
Russian Military Medical Academy Reports. 2020;39(S2):259-260
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FEATURES OF THE INFLUENCE OF PHYSICAL OVERLOADS ON THE STATE OF VESSELS OF UPPER EXTREMITIES
Kuprina N.I., Ulanovskaya E.V., Shilov V.V., Kushnirchuk I.I.
Abstract
The developed method for diagnosing vessels of the upper extremities allows us to find pathognomonic signs for peripheral angioedema of the upper extremities of professional etiology, which can be further used in the examination of the connection of existing diseases with the profession - professional polyneuropathy of the upper extremities, vibration disease associated with local vibration in centers of professional pathology. The presence or absence of stenosis, occlusions, aneurysms is assessed, sites with abnormal blood flow are searched for - since their presence can significantly affect the further interpretation of the examination results on the data of the distal main arteries of the upper extremities. Further, for the same purpose, the axillary artery is examined all along - the patient takes the arm 90 degrees away with the rotation outside, the brachial artery - the arm moves away at 45 degrees with the rotation outside to the point of its bifurcation with the mandatory measurement of vessel diameter in B-mode, TCIM, in the PW mode of speed and spectral indices at the level of its distal third of the shoulder (arterial diameter, intima-media complex thickness, systolic (pulse) blood flow velocity, diastolic blood flow velocity, TAMAX - time-averaged maximum blood flow velocity - time average maximum, RI - resistance index (Purselo index), PI - pulsation index (Gosling index), TAMAX - time average maximum blood flow velocity (time average velocity). The method is accessible and easy to learn, does not require invasive interventions, radiation load on the patient is excluded, with its help it becomes possible to assess changes in the dynamics. Isolation and use in ultrasound examination of certain sections of the arteries in professional peripheral angioedema of the upper horse NOSTA promotes standardization study protocol such patients and receive data, suitable for further comparative statistical processing.
Russian Military Medical Academy Reports. 2020;39(S2):261-262
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DYNAMICS OF PAIR CORRELATION OF INDICATORS HYPOXIC TEST AT STUDY STAGES
Myznikov I.L., Zhil'cova I.I., Korolyov Y.N.
Abstract
In 42 subjects, the authors demonstrated the use of correlation analysis to study the indicators at the coupled diagnostic stages in an experiment with inhalation of a respiratory mixture with 10% oxygen content at normal atmospheric pressure. Continuous inhalation was carried out for 10 minutes. The assessment presented in this paper of the effect of the hypoxic factor on the basis of the pair correlation coefficients and the dynamics of variability of the indicator sample at the stages of the experiment demonstrates additional possibilities in the study of physiological responses of the person by indirect indicators, including the identification of their time periods, the step dominance of individual control circuits.
Russian Military Medical Academy Reports. 2020;39(S2):263-265
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STRUCTURAL STUDY OF REACTIONS OF HUMAN BODY TO HYPOXIC TRAINING (APPROACHES TO STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS)
Golubev V.N., Myznikov I.L., Zhil'cova I.I., Korolyov Y.N.
Abstract
The study of the dynamics of various physiological processes sometimes requires the researcher to determine some "transitional" states that allow to identify the presence or absence of changes in the action of controlled factors on the human body. Myznikov I. L. (per com, 2018) proposed to introduce structural analysis into the practice of physiological research. The authors of the article show the possibility of constructing a structural description of physiological processes on the model of the Protocol of inhalation by a gas medium with a low oxygen content. The article presents the decisive rules that allow to evaluate the similarity of inhalation protocols both between different subjects and individually at the stages of the study on the Ryabtsev index. The study of structure itself does not deny the use of other statistical practices. The values of structural differences allow to form more homogeneous groups of subjects, and the severity of structural differences - to talk about the effectiveness of factorial action (eg, hypoxic training). The article presents a new approach to the evaluation of such functional studies, and this approach can be applied to other blocks of logically related indicators recorded in the experiments.
Russian Military Medical Academy Reports. 2020;39(S2):266-270
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SOME ASPECTS OF THE PHYSICAL EDUCATION OF MILITARY SERVANTS
Stepanov A.P., Abramova I.A., Sevryukov V.V.
Abstract
The officer must use the educational potential of the military team in his work. The education of military personnel in and through the collective is carried out by creating an atmosphere of mutual understanding, friendship, military camaraderie, social justice, high responsibility and a high culture of relations. The main areas of physical education of military personnel are: organization of physical training during scheduled exercises for various categories of military personnel in accordance with the tasks of the branches of the Armed Forces and the combat arms of the Armed Forces; holding sports events; organization of active leisure for personnel on weekends and holidays; promotion of healthy lifestyles; popularization of the best sports achievements. The article deals with the issues of physical education and problematic issues associated with increased injuries during physical training activities.
Russian Military Medical Academy Reports. 2020;39(S2):271-272
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VISUALIZATION MEANS IN THE ELECTRONIC EDUCATIONAL ENVIRONMENT OF A MILITARY UNIVERSITY
Mamaeva N.A., Selezneva O.V., Ivanov V.V., Borisov D.N.
Abstract
Visualization of information is a powerful tool for conveying thoughts and ideas to the end user, an assistant in the perception and analysis of data, the role of which has especially increased in connection with the active development of information technology. The main modern most commonly used visualization tools are the following: 1. Graphs and charts. 2. Maps and cartograms. 3. Infographics 4. Timeline (time line) 5. Dashboards are the so-called interactive displays on which interconnected indicators are displayed in the form of graphs, charts and tables, the data in which change in accordance with the change in the presented reflected parameters. 6. Tables, schemes. Preparation of electronic visualization tools is always a big, painstaking, but also very useful work that allows you to systematize educational material and present it in a form convenient for students to perceive. Designing a lesson using modern information technology requires compliance with certain didactic principles and scientific and methodological provisions. In order for the used electronic visual aids to achieve the necessary educational goals, in addition to the traditional methodological requirements, it is necessary to observe a number of specific (relating specifically to electronic products) rules for their presentation and design.
Russian Military Medical Academy Reports. 2020;39(S2):273-277
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DYNAMICS OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF PHYSICAL PREPAREDNESS AT MEDICAL COURSES IN THE PROCESS OF TRAINING IN THE ACADEMY
Alekseeva M.S., Marin A.A., Storozhenko I.I.
Abstract
The relevance of the study is associated with a change in the organization of the school day, the regime of work and rest, the nutrition system in the process of training cadets, and consists in the need for a hygienic assessment of the dynamics of the effectiveness of the physical training process, which is allocated about four hundred hours during the training process. In addition, the daily routine provides for active activities, such as daily, except weekends, morning physical exercise, mass sports and independent physical training. However, starting from the 3rd year, physical activity in accordance with the daily routine has been significantly reduced due to the cadets living outside the university. In addition, the food system is changing, which does not provide for an organized visit to the dining room. Therefore, only a soldier with a high level of motivation for his physical fitness, rational nutrition and a healthy lifestyle can positively regulate physical activity in favor of the formation of an optimal level of physical fitness and performance. The listed aspects of military professional activity, therefore, motivate to conduct special studies regarding the effectiveness of the process of physical training among military personnel in the training process.
Russian Military Medical Academy Reports. 2020;39(S2):278-280
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HEALTH PROTECTION AND MEDICAL SUPPORT OF PHYSICAL TRAINING AND SPORTS OF MILITARY SERVICE THE ARMED FORCES OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION IN THE GUIDING DOCUMENTS OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION
Marin A.A., Storozhenko I.I.
Abstract
The protection and promotion of health of both the entire population of the Russian Federation and the military, in particular, is the most important task of the state. This is evidenced by many governing documents in the Russian Federation, including: the Constitution of the Russian Federation; Federal laws of the Russian Federation dated November 21, 2011 № 323-FL “On the basics of protecting the health of citizens in the Russian Federation” and dated December 4, 2007 № 329-FL “On physical education and sports in the Russian Federation”; Order of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation dated March 01, 2016 №134n “On the procedure for organizing the provision of medical assistance to persons involved in physical education and sports, including the procedure for medical examination persons wishing to undergo sports training, engage in physical education and sports in organizations and (or) fulfill the standards of tests (tests) of the All-Russian physical culture and sports complex “Ready for work and defense”; Temporary instructions for the organization of medical examinations, preventive and therapeutic measures, medical supervision of servicemen of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation (Approved by the Deputy Minister of Defense of the Russian Federation T. Ivanov on December 29, 2018); Order of the Minister of Defense of the Russian Federation No. 560 dated July 31, 2013 "On Amending the Manual on Physical Training in the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation, approved by Order of the Minister of Defense of the Russian Federation dated 04.21.2009 № 200" and others. Medical and pedagogical observations appear in the guidance documents as one of the most important conditions for the protection and promotion of the health of military personnel during physical training and sports and are carried out by individuals involved in physical education and sports in order to determine an individual reaction to training and competitive loads and are carried out by doctors physiotherapy exercises, sports medicine in conjunction with a trainer of persons involved in physical education and sports, and are carried out in several stages.
Russian Military Medical Academy Reports. 2020;39(S2):281-284
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ENHANCING AND MAINTAINING ENDURANCE AT CADETS OF THE ACADEMY DURING THE WINTER PERIOD USING TRAINING DEVICES
Rebrov M.B., Storozhenko I.I.
Abstract
A high level of readiness of a military doctor to conduct complex professional activities is achieved by regular targeted physical and psychophysiological training. This is, first of all, due to the fact that with their help it is possible to selectively and effectively influence the development of a whole range of professionally important qualities and skills, increase the body's resistance to adverse factors, and compensate for negative functional changes in the process of intensive medical activity. Maintaining the health of military personnel, their level of physical fitness and working capacity necessary to perform a specific job is determined by the requirements for the specifics of the military professional activities of medical personnel and the need for scientific justification and the development of new methods for improving and maintaining the level of physical fitness, endurance and performance, allowing long work intensively, since they are one of the chapters s health indicators.
Russian Military Medical Academy Reports. 2020;39(S2):285-290
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DEVELOPED INFORMATION-EDUCATIONAL ENVIRONMENT OF A UNIVERSITY - THE BASIS OF EFFECTIVE PREPARATION OF MILITARY PERSONNEL
Mamaeva N.A., Selezneva O.V., Borisov D.N., Otev D.P.
Abstract
The development of the modern army, as well as the development of modern society as a whole, is based on the introduction and development of information technology. The battle space is saturated with “smart” combat systems, robots, high-precision weapons, satellite communications systems, electronic maps, positioning and navigation tools, the skillful handling of which requires military specialists not only to have higher technical education and practical experience, but also knowledge and skills in areas of application of hardware and software information technology. As a result, the development and improvement of the information and educational environment for the training of military personnel is one of the priority tasks assigned to the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation by the President of the Russian Federation. At present, the implementation of measures to improve the quality of the functioning of the university’s IOS continues in the following main directions: 1. A targeted transition to domestic software, including using the received tablet computers with a touch screen and a removable keyboard approved by the Minister of Defense of the Russian Federation in the educational process. 2. Development and processing of electronic textbooks and manuals using the SunRav BookOffice software package, adapted to the requirements of military schools and ensuring the functioning of ESM under the control of the domestic operating system Astra Linux, with a view to their subsequent placement in a single electronic library of educational and scientific organizations of the Ministry of Defense RF 3. The completion by security administrators of structural units of the process of connecting workstations and registering users to the institute's domain network, as well as the completion of the process of connecting the university to the upgraded software package “Electronic-Digital Educational Resource”, which contains a common database of electronic textbooks and manuals. 4. Further optimization of the structure of the electronic information and educational environment in order to increase the efficiency of its functioning in the process of implementing the delivery plan of specialized software and hardware for military schools, which will automate the main areas of educational activity. Thus, only the comprehensive implementation of all of the above activities will ensure the full and effective functioning of the integrated components of the IOS of the university in order to improve the quality and accessibility of education for the training of military personnel.
Russian Military Medical Academy Reports. 2020;39(S2):291-294
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